سورة الليل   

Surah Name: Al-Lail Meaning: The Night

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 1
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 21
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 92
  • Rukū / Section 1 contains Āyāt / Parts 21
  • Siparah/ Volume 30


وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا يَغْشَى

Wa(a)llayli itha yaghsha

By the night when it envelops.


وَالنَّهَارِ إِذَا تَجَلَّى  

Wa(al)nnahari itha tajalla

By the day when it appears in glory.


وَمَا خَلَقَ الذَّكَرَ وَالْأُنثَى  

Wama khalaqa a(l)ththakara wa(a)lontha

By Him-SWT who has created the male and the female.


إِنَّ سَعْيَكُمْ لَشَتَّى  

Inna saAAyakum lashatta

Verily your endeavours are diverse.


فَأَمَّا مَن أَعْطَى وَاتَّقَى  

Faamma man aAAta wa(i)ttaqa

Then as for him who gives and fears Him-SWT .


وَصَدَّقَ بِالْحُسْنَى  

Wasaddaqa bi(a)lhusna

And testifies to the good.


فَسَنُيَسِّرُهُ لِلْيُسْرَى  

Fasanuyassiruhu lilyusra

To him We-SWT shall indeed make easy the path to ease.


وَأَمَّا مَن بَخِلَ وَاسْتَغْنَى  

Waamma man bakhila wa(i)staghna

And as for him who stints and is unheeding.


وَكَذَّبَ بِالْحُسْنَى  

Wakaththaba bi(a)lhusna

And who belies the good.


فَسَنُيَسِّرُهُ لِلْعُسْرَى  

Fasanuyassiruhu lilAAusra

To him We-SWT shall indeed make easy the path to hardship.


وَمَا يُغْنِي عَنْهُ مَالُهُ إِذَا تَرَدَّى  

Wama yughnee AAanhu maluhu itha taradda

And when he perishes his substance will not avail him.


إِنَّ عَلَيْنَا لَلْهُدَى  

Inna AAalayna lalhuda

Verily on Us-SWT is the guidance.


وَإِنَّ لَنَا لَلْآخِرَةَ وَالْأُولَى  

Wainna lana lalakhirata wa(a)loola

And verily Ours-SWT is both the Hereafter and the present life.


فَأَنذَرْتُكُمْ نَارًا تَلَظَّى  

Faanthartukum naran talaththa

Wherefore I-SWT have warned you of a flaming Fire.


لَا يَصْلَاهَا إِلَّا الْأَشْقَى  

La yaslaha illa alashqa

None shall roast therein except the most wretched.


الَّذِي كَذَّبَ وَتَوَلَّى  

Allathee kaththaba watawalla

Who denies and turns away.


وَسَيُجَنَّبُهَا الْأَتْقَى  

Wasayujannabuha alatqa

And the pious shall avoid it altogether.


الَّذِي يُؤْتِي مَالَهُ يَتَزَكَّى  

Allathee yutee malahu yatazakka

He who spends his substance that he may be cleansed.


وَمَا لِأَحَدٍ عِندَهُ مِن نِّعْمَةٍ تُجْزَى  

Wama liahadin AAindahu min niAAmatin tujza

And who has no favour from anyone to pay back.


إِلَّا ابْتِغَاء وَجْهِ رَبِّهِ الْأَعْلَى  

Illa ibtighaa wajhi rabbihi alaAAla

But only seeks the goodwill of his Rabb-SWT the Most High.


وَلَسَوْفَ يَرْضَى  

Walasawfa yarda

And soon he shall be well-pleased.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

By the night when it overwhelms, by the day when it illuminates and by Him-SWT Who-SWT has for the purpose of procreation created the male and the female, of similar human beings. In other words, this Universal System endorses the fact that people by and large strive in two directions. Just as the effect generated by night is darkness


And by the day is illumination, or just as the qualities and functions of the male and female are diversified, so is the outcome of human conduct. Those who adopted the attitude of giving for the love and nearness of Allah-SWT ; and endorsed the sayings of the Holy Prophet-SW with their heart, tongue and conduct.


The Giving Attitude

 Life depends on the act of giving, be it the sun, moon, air, clouds, rain, plantation, produce; all are governed by the law of giving. Wherever it is impeded, life is disrupted. Here three qualities have been pronounced; the benevolence, the piety and the virtue. The belief in Allaah-SWT and in the Prophethood leads to love and craving for Allaah-SWT and for this purpose one learns to give by way of his striving, his attitude, his knowledge and authority to benefit others. For such a benefactor the path to eternal success is made easier, for now piety appeals him and evil is rejected by his nature, indeed a reward of his conduct.


And if a person chooses to be niggardly, and impedes the rights of others, or does not exert to benefit anyone from his authority, wealth, knowledge, or any other quality indeed displays indifference towards Allah-SWT's Magnificence and guidance and also turns away and refutes the sayings of the Holy Prophet-SW. These three inter-related actions will drive him to the point where the course of destruction will become facile for him. In other words, his nature will be conditioned in a way that evil shall appeal and piety will repulse him, that is, evilness will become his second nature, again an outcome of his conduct.


The Shaikh's Excellence

 An accomplished Shaikh indeed enlightens the heart of a seeker with the Barakah of the Holy Prophet-SW, and takes him to a level where he begins to derive pleasure from piety and abhors evil.


However, when the niggardly will fall into Hell, their temporal wealth will avail them not. For Allah-SWT , after creating, had not abandoned them but had blessed them with intellect, understanding, capacity and power. He-SWT sent His-SWT Book and raised the Prophets-AS to indicate the straight and clear course of life. Now whatever course is adopted by a person by his own choice, shall become his nature. Allaah-SWT enjoys Sovereignty over both this world as well as the Hereafter. The choice He-SWT has given here will be duly reckoned with there. He-SWT is forewarning mankind against Hell, the abode of those who deny the teachings of the Holy Prophet-SW, turn around and walk away.


And those who keep their duty to Allah-SWT , sacrifice all that they possess for His-SWT love, will have no fears. Very soon, in this world, in Barzakh and in Akhirah, they will be blessed with so much that they will be thoroughly pleased with their Rabb-SWT . According to Hadith, the last Ayat pertain to Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddiq–RAU.