سورة البلد   

Surah Name: Al-Balad Meaning: The City

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 1
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 20
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 90
  • Rukū / Section 1 contains Āyāt / Parts 20
  • Siparah/ Volume 30


لَا أُقْسِمُ بِهَذَا الْبَلَدِ 

La oqsimu bihatha albalad(i)

I-SWT swear by this city.


وَأَنتَ حِلٌّ بِهَذَا الْبَلَدِ 

Waanta hillun bihatha albalad(i)

And you-SAAW shall be allowed in this city.


وَوَالِدٍ وَمَا وَلَدَ 

Wawalidin wama walad(a)

And by the begetter and what he begot.


لَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنسَانَ فِي كَبَدٍ 

Laqad khalaqna alinsana fee kabad(in)

Assuredly We-SWT have created man in toil.


أَيَحْسَبُ أَن لَّن يَقْدِرَ عَلَيْهِ أَحَدٌ 

Ayahsabu an lan yaqdira AAalayhi ahad(un)

Does he think that none can overcome him?


يَقُولُ أَهْلَكْتُ مَالًا لُّبَدًا 

Yaqoolu ahlaktu malan lubada(n)

He says:  I have squandered abundant riches.


أَيَحْسَبُ أَن لَّمْ يَرَهُ أَحَدٌ 

Ayahsabu an lam yarahu ahad(un)

Does he suppose that no one has seen him?


أَلَمْ نَجْعَل لَّهُ عَيْنَيْنِ 

Alam najAAal lahu AAaynayn(i)

Have We-SWT not made for him two eyes?


وَلِسَانًا وَشَفَتَيْنِ 

Walisanan washafatayn(i)

And a tongue and two lips.


وَهَدَيْنَاهُ النَّجْدَيْنِ 

Wahadaynahu a(l)nnajdayn(i)

And shown to him the two highways?


فَلَا اقْتَحَمَ الْعَقَبَةَ 

Fala iqtahama alAAaqaba(ta)

Yet he does not attempt the steep.


وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا الْعَقَبَةُ 

Wama adraka ma alAAaqaba(tu)

And what shall make you understand what the steep is?


فَكُّ رَقَبَةٍ 

Fakku raqaba(tin)

It is freeing the neck.


أَوْ إِطْعَامٌ فِي يَوْمٍ ذِي مَسْغَبَةٍ 

Aw itAAamun fee yawmin thee masghaba(tin)

Or, feeding in a day of privation.


يَتِيمًا ذَا مَقْرَبَةٍ 

Yateeman tha maqraba(tin)

An orphan of kin.


أَوْ مِسْكِينًا ذَا مَتْرَبَةٍ 

Aw miskeenan tha matraba(tin)

Or a poor man, cleaving to the dust.


ثُمَّ كَانَ مِنَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالصَّبْرِ وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالْمَرْحَمَةِ 

Thumma kana mina allatheena amanoo watawasaw bi(al)ssabri watawasaw bi(a)lmarhama(ti)

Then he became one of those who believed and enjoined on each other steadfastness and enjoined on each other compassion.


أُوْلَئِكَ أَصْحَابُ الْمَيْمَنَةِ 

Olaika ashabu almaymana(ti)

These are the fellows of the right-hand.


وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا بِآيَاتِنَا هُمْ أَصْحَابُ الْمَشْأَمَةِ

Wa(a)llatheena kafaroo biayatina hum ashabu almashama(ti)

And those who disbelieved in Our-SWT Signs-they are the fellows of the left-hand.


عَلَيْهِمْ نَارٌ مُّؤْصَدَةٌ

AAalayhim narun musada(tun)

Over them shall be the Fire closing round.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

By this great city of Makkah, that is, the sanctity enjoyed by this city because of K'abah, whose magnificence is appreciated both by the infidels as well as the polytheists. Its grandeur has now been magnified by the presence of the Holy Prophet-SAAW. The greatness of this city by itself bears witness to the Magnificence of Allaah-SWT.The Commentators also add that this sacred city where fighting was otherwise prohibited shall soon be made permissible for the Holy Prophet-SAAW to fight the infidels therein, indeed a prophecy of the Conquest of Makkah.


Prophet Adam-AS himself and all his progeny as well as the entire life span of all the human beings, from birth to death, bear witness to the fact that mankind by virtue of genesis is bound to toil throughout life. Not a single moment of human life passes by without hard work. Kings as well as paupers remain subjected to physical or mental labour. It was thus desirable that mankind acknowledging this status and constant dependency should have opted for the path of Allaah-SWT ’s obedience. Yet the infidels chose to rebel, assuming that nobody could ever overpower them. Having spent a lot on their ungodly endeavors they feel as if they have secured themselves against all dangers. Or by spending their unlawful earnings to acquire fame, they feel protected against the doom in Akhirah.


The Notion of Security through Illegal Wealth

 Ironically today the Muslim rulers and the affluent, after having usurped the rights of people and plundered the National Exchequer, perform Hajj and 'Umrah and also spend on the public works at will and assume that it will be a source of forgiveness. Do all malefactors presume that their real intentions and motives are not known to Allaah-SWT or that He-SWT is not witnessing them? If only they ponder over the fact that Allaah-SWT gave them two eyes to see and is Himself-SWT watching everything constantly commensurate to His-SWT Magnificence. He-SWT also gave them the tongue and the lips whereby they instantly put their thoughts into words and speak out. The bestower of this beautiful system of expression is also well Aware of each and every affair of the entire universe, indeed being run by His-SWT Command.


And He-SWT gave them the capacity to discern good and bad, and though His-SWT Prophets-AS highlighted both aspects leaving no room for any ambiguity yet they did not accept the exacting path of Din and willingly endured every hardship in mundane pursuits. 'Uqabah refers to a difficult and narrow passage through treacherous mountains. Shari'ah is also a safe passage through the colossal mountains of desires. However, one has to bear the routine hardships which they refuse to do. And what indeed is this narrow passage? It is the most beautiful division of rights and duties laid down by Islam, for instance, freeing a slave.


To Win Freedom for Someone is the Highest Virtue

 Just as today the believers are captives of ungodly systems of Government, freeing them will be a great act of piety. Similarly to strive for the rights of the needy and the downtrodden in general by making the means of livelihood available to them over and above the orphan and destitute relatives, are all acts of piety. And unless the task of freedom from ungodly systems is accomplished, protection of the rights of people cannot be achieved. These two tasks are indeed the two components of Islam, and only the truly faithful toil to perfect their faith and exhort one another to His-SWT worship and mutual love besides being compassionate to Allah-SWT's creation at large. These are the people who will be handed over the Register of Conduct in their right hand and shall indeed be the winners. And those who had opted for denial and had belied the revelation, overtly or covertly by repudiating the Quranic system of life shall indeed be laid into the Fire to abide therein just as the bricks are laid in a wall.