The enemy troops at Badr stationed themselves at the dominating position, which was higher, and the soil was comparatively firm. The Muslims had to camp at a relatively low-lying area. Hadhrat Khabab bin Manzar-RAU suggested to the Holy Prophet-SW that if Allaah-SWT had not predetermined their present location, they should move on and get hold of the spot close to water. The Holy Prophet-SW immediately ordered the shifting of the camp as suggested. Hadhrat S'ad bin M’az-RAU suggested that a small hut should be improvised as the Command Post of the Holy Prophet-SW at a higher spot, which was done. Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddiq-RAU had the honour to attend to the Holy Prophet-SW while Hadhrat M'az-RAU assumed the responsibility of a guard. The falling night at Badr found the infidels on the higher and harder ground and the Muslims on the lower and sandy patch which impeded quick movement. Some of the Muslims needed a bath but there was not enough water. So Allah-SWT, the Almighty in His-SWT infinite kindness firstly let a slumber overtake the believers, which provided them with much needed relaxation and peace of mind.
What is Slumber?
This state of slumber is normally experienced after a link is established with the exalted stations of Suluk. Outwardly it is a kind of sleep but in fact it is not, because the person remains in his senses and can understand everything. This sedition is also termed as Jazb or absorption and is the outcome of total concentration towards Allaah-SWT . Then Allaah-SWT helped the believers by sending a heavy downpour at night. This turned the camping area of the infidels into a slippery quagmire and the sandy soil of the Muslim camp into a firm patch.
Moreover an abundant supply of water became available for drinking, ablution and bathing. The third aspect of Allah-SWT's Favour was the conferment of "Rabta-e-Qalb" (a deep hearted connection with Allaah-SWT ) on all the believers. This term occurs in Surah Kahf. In Sufi terminology Rabta means a state whereby the Divine Light generated in the heart as a result of zikr Allaah-SWT finds an access to the ‘Arsh-e-Azim’. (The great ‘Arsh) The perpetual Zikr and Tawajjuh takes the Spirit over this Rabta line higher and higher so that when the Qalb says Allah-SWT the light reaches, unto the 'Arsh-e-'Azim and beyond. It was His-SWT Generosity that He-SWT sent down a ray of Divine Splendour unto the hearts of the believers at Badr directly, the strongest form of Rabta. This gave them the steadfastness in the battlefield; driving away any thoughts of cowardice and desertion. And Allaah-SWT announced that He-SWT had blessed the believers with Rabta in order to make them stand fast on their ground in the battle.
Over and above, He-SWT told the angels that they had His-SWT Permission to instill steadfastness into the hearts of the believers through Ilqa'. And that He-SWT shall strike terror into the hearts of the infidels and the believers should chop their heads off and let them be smitten with intense pain in every single pore. It is typical of Divine Punishment that when it touches any part of the body, the whole body rocks with pain. Similarly the Hell-fire will instantly affect the heart as it touches the skin. This is because the infidels had dared to oppose Allaah-SWT and His-SWT Prophet-SW.
Opposing His-SWT Prophet-SW is Opposing Him-SWT and Invites Severe Punishment
Whoever opts for opposing Allaah-SWT and the Holy Prophet-SW must beware that His-SWT Punishments are dreadfully severe. The Messenger-AS does not speak about faith of his-SW own accord but only conveys what is revealed unto him-AS. Therefore, harbouring a hostile attitude towards the Holy Prophet-SW is a blatant defiance of Allah-SWT's Word, inviting His-SWT Wrath. There are two levels of defiance: the severer form is the disbelief, and the lesser is introducing and promoting innovations in His-SWT Din. The Divine Punishment is commensurate with the level of defiance. The hostility to the Holy Prophet-SW invokes instant punishment as well as a long term and eternal doom. At the Battle of Badr, the infidels qualified for both: humiliation and death in this world and blazing fire of Hell in the Hereafter.
Next, Allaah-SWT educates the believers on the etiquettes of battle and lays down some rules (1) They shall not turn their backs on the infidels, for defeat is a word unknown to a believer. If he falls, he will be a Shahid winning eternal bliss, and if he wins he shall enjoy the rewards of a Ghazi (victorious) (2) Movement on the battlefield employing various tactics such as pretending to flee so as to lure the enemy into a trap or to carry out a tactical withdrawal for getting reinforcements are permissible acts, because it is a world of cause and effect (3) To run away merely to save oneself is cowardice, which negates the very claim of being a believer and invokes Divine Punishment. Deserting the battlefield is, however, forbidden to believers.
The excellence of faith is the acquisition of absolute submission to the Divine Will. Its highest degree was possessed by the Holy Prophet-SW and his Companions-RAU. The Quran says that on the battlefield of Badr it was not the believers but Allaah-SWT Who-SWT killed the infidels. In other words, it was a Divine Action, manifested at the hands of the believers and this is the essence of absolute submission that not only the Qalb but also the limbs and other faculties submit completely to the Divine Will. In a Hadith Qudsi, Allaah-SWT declares: "I-SWT become the hands of a devout servant by which he holds, and his feet by which he walks, his ears by which he hears and his eyes by which he sees " This was true to the superlative degree in case of the Holy Prophet-SW, who-SW flung the sand at the enemy while Allah-SWT declared: "It was not he-SW who-SW did it but it was I-SWT Who-SWT threw it." Praise be to Allah-SWT, again an action was manifested at the hands of the Holy Prophet-SW. When the army of the infidels beat the war drums and advanced in assault onto the believers, the Holy Prophet-SW flung a handful of sand each at the heart of the enemy column and at his both flanks. There was not a single enemy soldier who did not get sand into his eyes and was not hurt by the gravel.
In other words, a complete resignation to Divine Will is not only a prerequisite of faith, but also its excellence. In a lesser degree, one must have confidence and trust in the Divine Commandments. If one does not possess even this degree of faith and his actions are guided by his own views, then it is a sign of having no faith at all, like the act of desertion from the battlefield to escape death. This indeed is a yardstick by which every Muslim can measure his own level of sincerity and faith.
To sum it up, Allaah-SWT blessed the believers with Rabta of Qalb as explained, and showered the much needed rain over them. He-SWT deputed angels for their support and blessed them with absolute submission. The Makkan period was the era of trials and tribulations, whereas from Badr began a series of Divine Rewards and Favours. All this was done to manifest and establish the truth before the mankind and to deliver a deadly blow to the pride of the infidels, reducing all their plans to dust. The infidels had prayed on the eve of their departure from Makkah, holding on to the drapes of the K'abah, that Allaah-SWT may grant victory to the superior and the truthful. In their opinion, they were on the right path while the believers were wrong; their decisive defeat at Badr highlighted the truth in no uncertain terms. It would always be better for the infidels to refrain from hostility and disbelief and to mend their ways. However, if they continue to be adamant, Allaah-SWT will debase them in similar manner. Moreover, they should not count on their numerical strength and superior weaponry, for it will never be of any use against firm faith and devotion to Allaah-SWT .