سورة النازعات   

Surah Name: An-Nazi'at Meaning: Those That Drag Forth

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 2
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 46
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 79
  • Rukū / Section 1 contains Āyāt / Parts 26
  • Siparah/ Volume 30


وَالنَّازِعَاتِ غَرْقًا

WaalnnaziAAati gharqan

By the angels-AS who drag forth vehemently.


وَالنَّاشِطَاتِ نَشْطًا

Waalnnashitati nashtan

By the angels-AS who release most gently.


وَالسَّابِحَاتِ سَبْحًا

Waalssabihati sabhan

By the angels-AS who glide swimmingly.


فَالسَّابِقَاتِ سَبْقًا

Faalssabiqati sabqan

And who then speed with foremost speed.


فَالْمُدَبِّرَاتِ أَمْرًا

Faalmudabbirati amran

And who then manage the affair decreed.


يَوْمَ تَرْجُفُ الرَّاجِفَةُ

Yawma tarjufu alrrajifatu

A  Day shall come when the quaking will quake.


تَتْبَعُهَا الرَّادِفَةُ

TatbaAAuha alrradifatu

And there will follow it the next blast.


قُلُوبٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ وَاجِفَةٌ

Quloobun yawmaithin wajifatun

Hearts that Day will be throbbing.


أَبْصَارُهَا خَاشِعَةٌ

Absaruha khashiAAatun

Their looks will be downcast.


يَقُولُونَ أَئِنَّا لَمَرْدُودُونَ فِي الْحَافِرَةِ

Yaqooloona ainna lamardoodoona fee alhafirati

They are saying: Shall we indeed be restored to our former state


أَئِذَا كُنَّا عِظَامًا نَّخِرَةً

Aitha kunna AAithaman nakhiratan

After we have become decayed bones?


قَالُوا تِلْكَ إِذًا كَرَّةٌ خَاسِرَةٌ

Qaloo tilka ithan karratun khasiratun

They are saying: That indeed shall be a losing return?


فَإِنَّمَا هِيَ زَجْرَةٌ وَاحِدَةٌ

Fainnama hiya zajratun wahidatun

In fact, it will be only a scaring shout.


فَإِذَا هُم بِالسَّاهِرَةِ

Faitha hum bialssahirati

And lo! They all shall appear on the surface.


هَلْ أتَاكَ حَدِيثُ مُوسَى

Hal ataka hadeethu moosa

Has there come to you the story of Musa?


إِذْ نَادَاهُ رَبُّهُ بِالْوَادِ الْمُقَدَّسِ طُوًى

Ith nadahu rabbuhu bialwadi almuqaddasi tuwan

Recall when your Rabb-SWT called to him in the holy vale of Tuwa.


اذْهَبْ إِلَى فِرْعَوْنَ إِنَّهُ طَغَى

Ithhab ila firAAawna innahu tagha

Go you to the Pharaoh; verily he has waxed exorbitant.


فَقُلْ هَل لَّكَ إِلَى أَن تَزَكَّى

Faqul hal laka ila an tazakka

Then say you: Would you be purified?


وَأَهْدِيَكَ إِلَى رَبِّكَ فَتَخْشَى

Waahdiyaka ila rabbika fatakhsha

I shall guide you to your Rabb-SWT , so that you shall fear.


فَأَرَاهُ الْآيَةَ الْكُبْرَى

Faarahu alayata alkubra

Then he showed him the great Sign.


فَكَذَّبَ وَعَصَى

Fakaththaba waAAasa

Yet he belied and rebelled.


ثُمَّ أَدْبَرَ يَسْعَى

Thumma adbara yasAAa

Then he turned back striving.


فَحَشَرَ فَنَادَى

Fahashara fanada

Then he gathered his people and cried aloud.


فَقَالَ أَنَا رَبُّكُمُ الْأَعْلَى

Faqala ana rabbukumu alaAAla

And he said: I am your Rabb, most high.


فَأَخَذَهُ اللَّهُ نَكَالَ الْآخِرَةِ وَالْأُولَى

Faakhathahu Allahu nakala alakhirati waaloola

Thereupon Allaah-SWT seized him with the chastisement of the Hereafter and the present.


وَأَغْطَشَ لَيْلَهَا وَأَخْرَجَ ضُحَاهَا

Waaghtasha laylaha waakhraja duhaha

And He-SWT made dark the night thereof, and He-SWT brought forth the morn thereof.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

By the angels who drag out the disbeliever's Ruh. The angel of death drags it out from each hair and from the roots of each nail. This is so because Barzakh is unveiled before the dying, and the Ruh clings tighter to the body witnessing Allah-SWT's punishment. And by the angels-AS, who take away the believer's Ruh comfortably This means that right from the time of death, the believers comfort and the infidel's pain commence, though not visible. The apparent state of the dying seldom depicts what is happening in the subtle world, exceptions apart. These Ayat describe the spiritual situation that a believer and an infidel go through. With these Arwah; the angels-AS rush towards the heaven, to carry out the instructions issued and manage all affairs pertaining to each.



 The above Ayat has been interpreted in various ways, wherein Ruh is appropriately discussed. When the Four Elements combine, the soul is born, which is termed as Ruh by the physicians. But in fact Ruh is a Divine subtlety whose refulgence illuminates the soul just as a mirror facing the sun becomes sun in itself. Soul is the life for the body, and Ruh is the life for the soul. The author of Mu'arif al Quran, with reference to Tafsir-e-Mazhari, writes that death is caused by the separation of soul from the physical body, whence the Ruh of a believer moves to the Iliyin whereas the soul stays in the grave. The requital is conferred upon the soul which also affects the Ruh.


But in my humble opinion, though the soul is surely illuminated by Ruh, yet the latter also has an everlasting connection with each cell of the body. Upon death when the constituents of the body disintegrate, the soul also ceases to exist. But the connection of Ruh persists with each and every cell while its particular facet responsible for temporal life is terminated from each cell of the body, harshly in case of the infidel and easily for the believer. It is the Ruh that maintains a link simultaneously with the grave as well as its station in the Akhirah. Allah-SWT, however, knows best. The requital is with reference to the Ruh. Its deprivation from Allah-SWT's nearness brings agony to the body, and its absorption in Allah-SWT's Cognition ushers in comfort and rewards, whereby every cell of the physical body is affected wherever and howsoever it may be.


This grand system of life, death at the time ordained and the seizure of Arwah, their stay in Barzakh and the determination of the stations there according to their status, are witness to the fact that the Day of Judgment will surely be. With the first blowing of Trumpet, everything will be jolted, all life shall extinguish, the oceans will evaporate, the sun and the moon shall disintegrate and the heavens will explode. With the second blowing, all dead will be quickened to face the reckoning. So many hearts will sink in terror and so many eyes will cling to the earth in shame. The sinners will wail: Woe that we are alive again after our bones had turned to dust! How shall we face the Reckoning? Woe, that its a time arduous!" But they will be totally helpless. Everything will now be in the Field of Reckoning. If they still deny all, let the episode of Prophet Musa-AS be recollected. He was blessed with a dialogue with Allaah-SWT in the sacred valley of Tuwa when after a farewell to Prophet Shu'aib-AS he was on his way to Egypt along with his wife, children, servant and flock goats. As night fell and it became cold, he saw a light and hastened to fetch the fire for warmth. As he reached the source of light, he discovered that it was in fact Divine Refulgence and he was blessed with a Dialogue. He was commanded to go to the rebellious Pharaoh, and to counsel him to cleanse himself of the filth of disbelief and evil. He could show him the way to Allah-SWT's Pleasure. He could make his bond with the Rabb-SWT so strong and intimate that he would think about Him-SWT before doing anything against His-SWT wishes.


Beneficence and Sheikh’s Barakah

 This, in fact, is the kind of spiritual beneficence that a follower receives from his Prophet-AS. His belief is purified and his conduct is reformed, and the feeling of being in Allah-SWT's Presence stays with him all the time. The same blessing should be available through an Accomplished Shaikh. The temporal affairs for everyone are however, being met by a System predetermined by Him-SWT .


As an evidence to his Prophet-hood, Prophet Musa-AS had presented miracles but the Pharaoh blandly refuted and labelled him a liar and turned away from guidance. He thoroughly opposed him with all his might and announced his own providence to his people that he was superior to all other claimants if at all there were any. So Allaah-SWT seized him. His monarchy and kingdom were snatched away and he was swallowed by the sea along with his entire army. They entered the punishing fire of Barzakh the moment they were drowned; and shall taste the real torment, much more severe, after the Reckoning. This whole incident is an eye-opener for those deluded by mundane riches and power, provided the hearts are alive to Allah-SWT's splendour.