سورة المدثر   

Surah Name: Al-Muddathir Meaning: The Enveloped

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 2
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 56
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 74
  • Rukū / Section 1 contains Āyāt / Parts 31
  • Siparah/ Volume 29


يَا أَيُّهَا الْمُدَّثِّرُ

Ya ayyuha almuddaththiru

O’ you-SW enveloped!


قُمْ فَأَنذِرْ

Qum faanthir

Arise, and warn.


وَرَبَّكَ فَكَبِّرْ

Warabbaka fakabbir

And magnify your-SW Rabb-SWT .


وَثِيَابَكَ فَطَهِّرْ

Wathiyabaka fatahhir

And purify your-SW raiment.


وَالرُّجْزَ فَاهْجُرْ

Waalrrujza faohjur

And shun pollution.


وَلَا تَمْنُن تَسْتَكْثِرُ

Wala tamnun tastakthiru

And show not favour, seeking more from them.


وَلِرَبِّكَ فَاصْبِرْ

Walirabbika faisbir

And be you-SW patient for the goodwill of your-SW Rabb-SWT


فَإِذَا نُقِرَ فِي النَّاقُورِ

Faitha nuqira fee alnnaqoori

Then when the Trumpet sounds.


فَذَلِكَ يَوْمَئِذٍ يَوْمٌ عَسِيرٌ

Fathalika yawmaithin yawmun AAaseerun

That Day will be a day hard.


عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ غَيْرُ يَسِيرٍ

AAala alkafireena ghayru yaseerin

For the infidels, not easy.


ذَرْنِي وَمَنْ خَلَقْتُ وَحِيدًا

Tharnee waman khalaqtu waheedan

Let Me-SWT alone with him whom I-SWT created lonely.


وَجَعَلْتُ لَهُ مَالًا مَّمْدُودًا

WajaAAaltu lahu malan mamdoodan

And for whom I-SWT assigned extended wealth.


وَبَنِينَ شُهُودًا

Wabaneena shuhoodan

And sons present by his side.


وَمَهَّدتُّ لَهُ تَمْهِيدًا

Wamahhadtu lahu tamheedan

And for whom I-SWT smoothed everything.


ثُمَّ يَطْمَعُ أَنْ أَزِيدَ

Thumma yatmaAAu an azeeda

And who yet covets that I-SWT shall increase.


كَلَّا إِنَّهُ كَانَ لِآيَاتِنَا عَنِيدًا

Kalla innahu kana liayatina AAaneedan

Certainly not; he has been a foe to Our-SWT Signs.


سَأُرْهِقُهُ صَعُودًا

Saorhiquhu saAAoodan

Soon I-SWT shall afflict him with a fearful woe.


إِنَّهُ فَكَّرَ وَقَدَّرَ

Innahu fakkara waqaddara

Surely he considered and devised.


فَقُتِلَ كَيْفَ قَدَّرَ

Faqutila kayfa qaddara

Perish he: How maliciously he schemed!


ثُمَّ قُتِلَ كَيْفَ قَدَّرَ

Thumma qutila kayfa qaddara

And again perish he! How maliciously he schemed!


ثُمَّ نَظَرَ

Thumma nathara

Then looked he.


ثُمَّ عَبَسَ وَبَسَرَ

Thumma AAabasa wabasar(a)

Then frowned he, and scowled.


ثُمَّ أَدْبَرَ وَاسْتَكْبَرَ

Thumma adbara wa(i)stakbara

Then turned he back, and grew stiff-necked


فَقَالَ إِنْ هَذَا إِلَّا سِحْرٌ يُؤْثَرُ

Faqala in hatha illa sihrun yutharu

Then he said: Nothing is this but magic from of old


إِنْ هَذَا إِلَّا قَوْلُ الْبَشَرِ

In hatha illa qawlu albashari

Nothing is this but the word of man.


سَأُصْلِيهِ سَقَرَ

Saosleehi saqara

Soon I-SWT shall roast him in the Scorching Fire.


وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا سَقَرُ

Wama adraka ma saqaru

And what know you what the Scorching Fire is?


لَا تُبْقِي وَلَا تَذَرُ

La tubqee wala tatharu

It shall not spare any one guilty, nor teave


لَوَّاحَةٌ لِّلْبَشَرِ

Lawwahatun lilbashari

Scorching the skin.


عَلَيْهَا تِسْعَةَ عَشَرَ

AAalayha tisAAata AAashara

Over it are appointed nineteen angels


وَمَا جَعَلْنَا أَصْحَابَ النَّارِ إِلَّا مَلَائِكَةً وَمَا جَعَلْنَا عِدَّتَهُمْ إِلَّا فِتْنَةً لِّلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لِيَسْتَيْقِنَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ وَيَزْدَادَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِيمَانًا وَلَا يَرْتَابَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ وَلِيَقُولَ الَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٌ وَالْكَافِرُونَ مَاذَا أَرَادَ اللَّهُ بِهَذَا مَثَلًا كَذَلِكَ يُضِلُّ اللَّهُ مَن يَشَاء وَيَهْدِي مَن يَشَاء وَمَا يَعْلَمُ جُنُودَ رَبِّكَ إِلَّا هُوَ وَمَا هِيَ إِلَّا ذِكْرَى لِلْبَشَرِ

Wama jaAAalna ashaba alnnari illa malaikatan wama jaAAalna AAiddatahum illafitnatan lillatheena kafaroo liyastayqina allatheena ootoo alkitaba wayazdada allatheena amanoo eemanan wala yartaba allatheena ootoo alkitaba waalmuminoona waliyaqoola allatheena fee quloobihim maradun waalkafiroona matha arada Allahu bihatha mathalan kathalika yudillu Allahu man yashao wayahdee man yashao wama yaAAlamu junooda rabbika illa huwa wama hi ya illathikra lilbashari

And We-SWT have appointed none but the angels to be wardens of the Fire. And We-SWT have made this number only a trial for them who disbelieve, so that those who are vouchsafed the Book may be convinced, and that the faithful may increase in faith, and that those who are vouchsafed the Book and the faithful may not dubitate, and that those in whose heart is a disease and the infidels may utter: what does Allaah-SWT mean by this description? Thus does Allaah-SWT send astray whom He-SWT will, and guide whom He-SWT ‘s will. And none knows the hosts of your-SW Rabb-SWT but He-SWT . And this is not but an admonition to man



In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

This is also one of the earlier Surahs and has similar connotations as of al-Muzzammil. Some scholars are of the opinion that al-Muzzammil was revealed earlier, while others hold the opposite view. However, the contents point to al-Muzzammil being the first, as it discusses individual actions, whereas al-Muddathir calls upon the Holy Prophet-SW to address his people as a community. In any case both were revealed in the very early days of Islam, when only one or two persons had embraced Islam. It commands: O' wrapped one! Rise and preach about the Unity and Greatness of your Rabb.


Cleanliness of Dress

'And keep your raiments clean' also alludes to the environment, the conduct and, in fact, to the entire economic and financial system, for whatever wealth one earns is usually reflected in his dress. Though a non believer also looks after his disposition yet if the dress is made out of unlawful earnings, it would be unclean in reality.



Whereas a clean body, dress and place are prerequisites for worship, a believer should also be mindful of his cleanliness in general. He must not get his raiments from unlawful earnings nor use a dress prohibited by Shari'ah. He must keep away from all kinds of pollution, be it of belief or practice. The believers are commanded through the Holy Prophet-SW that their beliefs and worships rather the entire system of life must be pure of both overt and covert filth. They must not follow the non believers in any of these spheres. A favour must not be extended to anyone with the intention of receiving a bigger benefit in return. And Allah-SWT must be uncompromisingly obeyed, regardless of how fierce a resistance one has to face.


Patience is Essential for Holding Fast on Din

Patience means to restrain oneself against all attractions offered by infidelity. A believer must hold fast on to his Din under all circumstances. The infidels are heading towards their doom. The Day Trumpet is blown, will indeed be extremely hard upon them, and they would not be given the slightest relief. Allah-SWT suffices as Reckoner, He-SWT Who created human being in stark nakedness. Then He-SWT blessed him with affluence and offsprings to adorn his life beside countless other favours .But instead of being grateful, he became greedy. And it can never be that a person opposes Allah-SWT's Ayat, and is blessed any further.


Denial of a Messenger-AS causes Destruction

Individuals and nations avail the given respite, but when Prophets and Messengers-AS are raised, those opposing them indeed invite Allah-SWT ‘s punishment. It is now that a disbeliever's troubles start. Sa'ud is a mountain in Hell. Yet this world is a reflection of the Akhirah and whatever torments await a person there also affect his worldly life. The denier is so ill-fated that when he hears and ponders over Allah-SWT ’s Words, he looks for logic to deny, knowing these to be true. May he be doomed, how crooked is his thinking! He has been cursed twice for the absurdity of his arguments. He makes faces and frowns as if he is extremely disgusted, and then walks away stiff-necked in arrogance, dismissing what the Holy Prophet-SW says as magic and man-made.


An Utterance of Walid bin Mughirah, the Polytheist

The message of the Quran is for every one in general, though these Ayat were revealed upon the utterance of an infidel, Walid bin Mughirah. When he heard the Quran, he agreed that it was not the work of any man or Jinn or Satan Still he, in consultation with Abu Jahl, and after due deliberation declared it as magic, knowing it to be true. Allah-SWT announces Hell Fire for such people, a Fire that clutches on. It will not let any infidel get away and will be capable of burning to ashes. Nineteen angels are guardians over it, who do not compromise. The People of the Book know this number because it is also mentioned in their Books while the infidels are in a state of awe. For believers the Words of Allah-SWT act as the boosters of faith. Those whose hearts are plagued by doubt question these Ayat but Allaah-SWT treats people according to the beliefs they hold. He-SWT guides to the right path whoever He-SWT is pleased with, and sends astray those who annoy Him-SWT .


Nineteen Angels

As for the figure of nineteen angels appointed over Hell while His-SWT armies are enormous and no one save Him-SWT has the count, it is possible that these nineteen are the leaders. The scholars hold that nine aspects constitute, the basic beliefs while the fundamental practices are ten. Rest all actions of life are their off-shoots. It is possible that nineteen divisions of Hell are based on these nineteen basics, and a supervising angel is assigned to each, with countless subordinates. Allah-SWT Knows the best! And this Book is entirely an advice for mankind.