سورة الصف   

Surah Name: As-Saff Meaning: The Ranks

  • Revealed at Madinah
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 2
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 14
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 61
  • Rukū / Section 1 contains Āyāt / Parts 9
  • Siparah/ Volume 28


سَبَّحَ لِلَّهِ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ

Sabbaha lillahi ma fee a(l)ssamawati wama fee alardi wahuwa alAAazeezu alhakeem(u)

Hallows Allah-SWT whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. And He-SWT is the Mighty, the Wise.


يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا لِمَ تَقُولُونَ مَا لَا تَفْعَلُونَ

Ya ayyuha allatheena amanoo lima taqooloona ma la tafAAaloon(a)

O’ faithful! Why do you say what you do not act?


كَبُرَ مَقْتًا عِندَ اللَّهِ أَن تَقُولُوا مَا لَا تَفْعَلُونَ

Kabura maqtan AAinda Allahi an taqooloo ma la tafAAaloon(a)

Most odious it is to Allah-SWT that you should say what you do not act.


إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الَّذِينَ يُقَاتِلُونَ فِي سَبِيلِهِ صَفًّا كَأَنَّهُم بُنيَانٌ مَّرْصُوصٌ

Inna Allaha yuhibbu allatheena yuqatiloona fee sabeelihi saffan kaannahum bunyanun marsoos(un)

Verily Allah-SWT loves those who fight in His-SWT cause drawn up in ranks, as though they were a structure well-compacted.


وَإِذْ قَالَ مُوسَى لِقَوْمِهِ يَا قَوْمِ لِمَ تُؤْذُونَنِي وَقَد تَّعْلَمُونَ أَنِّي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ إِلَيْكُمْ فَلَمَّا زَاغُوا أَزَاغَ اللَّهُ قُلُوبَهُمْ وَاللَّهُ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْفَاسِقِينَ

Waith qala moosa liqawmihi ya qawmi lima tuthoonanee waqad taAAlamoona annee rasoolu Allahi ilaykum falamma zaghoo azagha Allahu quloobahum wa(A)llahu la yahdee alqawma alfasiqeen(a)

And recall when Musa-AS said to his people: my people! Why do you hurt me when you know surely that I am Allah-SWT ’s Messenger-AS to you? Then when they swerved, Allah-SWT made their hearts swerve; and Allah-SWT does not guide a transgressing people.


وَإِذْ قَالَ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ يَا بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ إِنِّي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ إِلَيْكُم مُّصَدِّقًا لِّمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيَّ مِنَ التَّوْرَاةِ وَمُبَشِّرًا بِرَسُولٍ يَأْتِي مِن بَعْدِي اسْمُهُ أَحْمَدُ فَلَمَّا جَاءهُم بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ قَالُوا هَذَا سِحْرٌ مُّبِينٌ

Waith qala AAeesa ibnu maryama ya banee israeela innee rasoolu Allahi ilaykum musaddiqan lima bayna yadayya mina a(l)ttawrati wamubashshiran birasoolin yatee min baAAdee ismuhu ahmadu falamma jaahum bi(a)lbayyinati qaloo hatha sihrun mubeen(un)

And recall when 'Isa-AS, son of Maryam-AS, said: O’ Children of Israil! Verily I am Allah-SWT's Messenger-AS to you, confirming the Torah before me and conveying the glad news of a Messenger-SW coming after me: His name will be Ahmad-SW. Then when he came to them with evidence, they said: This is manifest magic.


وَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّنِ افْتَرَى عَلَى اللَّهِ الْكَذِبَ وَهُوَ يُدْعَى إِلَى الْإِسْلَامِ وَاللَّهُ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ

Waman athlamu mimmani iftara AAala Allahi alkathiba wahuwa yudAAa ila alislami wa(A)llahu la yahdee alqawma a(l)ththalimeen(a)

And who is a greater wrong doer than he who, when he is summoned to Islam, fabricates a lie against Allah-SWT ? And Allah-SWT does not guide an ungodly people.


يُرِيدُونَ لِيُطْفِؤُوا نُورَ اللَّهِ بِأَفْوَاهِهِمْ وَاللَّهُ مُتِمُّ نُورِهِ وَلَوْ كَرِهَ الْكَافِرُونَ

Yureedoona liyutfioo noora Allahi biafwahihim wa(A)llahu mutimmu noorihi walaw kariha alkafiroon(a)

They intend to extinguish the light of Allah-SWT with their mouths, and Allah-SWT is going to accomplish His-SWT light, though the infidels may be averse.


هُوَ الَّذِي أَرْسَلَ رَسُولَهُ بِالْهُدَى وَدِينِ الْحَقِّ لِيُظْهِرَهُ عَلَى الدِّينِ كُلِّهِ وَلَوْ كَرِهَ الْمُشْرِكُونَ

Huwa allathee arsala rasoolahu bi(a)lhuda wadeeni alhaqqi liyuthhirahu AAala alddeeni kullihi walaw kariha almushrikoon(a)

He-SWT it is Who has sent His-SWT Messenger--SW with guidance and true faith that He-SWT may make it triumph over every other faith, though the associaters may be averse.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

Everything that exists on earth or in heavens praises Allah-SWT , by word and by its state. Allah-SWT is Predominant and Wise. So O’ believers! Do not declare doing something that you actually do not intend to do as it is a grave sin with Allah-SWT .


Capital Sins and Preaching

Today's leaders make tall claims about enforcing Islam or fulfilling peoples' basic needs, but they do not mean it. This is a capital sin. As for the preaching, if a person is himself weak in practising Islam but invites others to it, he should be mindful of the difference between claim and preaching. A preacher must try to be practising Muslim personally but in case of any weakness, he should not relax in calling others to piety. This is an act that makes practice easy for him.


Allah-SWT's Pleasure is for those who fight in His-SWT Cause, obliterate tyranny with might and their ranks are impregnable like fortified structure. They are unlike Prophet Musa--AS's folk who refused Jihad saying: "You and your Rabb-SWT go and do the fighting; while we wait right here". Prophet Musa--AS told them: "I am Allah-SWT's Messenger--SW and only conveyed His-SWT Word; so why are you so unfair as to vex me."


Hurting a Prophet-AS Snaps the States of Qalb

They were adamant, so Allah-SWT turned their hearts and diminished their fervour of faith. Allah-SWT never guides those who distress their Prophet-AS by disobeying him.


Prophet 'Isa-AS's Prophecy

Prophet 'Isa--AS was similarly treated when he told his nation: "I am the true Prophet and I confirm Torah that preceded me. I have nothing new to offer. I only reiterate the same belief conveyed by the Prophets and Books before me. I also give the good news that an exalted Prophet--SW would be appointed after me, whose illustrious name would be Ahmed--SW ." Inspite of manifest evidences, his people refuted him and attributed all his miracles to magic when he would bring the dead back to life, turn clay birds into living fowls and cure many chronic illnesses.


Though frantic efforts have been made to distort prophecies of the Bible about the Holy Prophet--SW yet these are still traceable. Izhar-ul-Haque by Maulana Rehmatullah Kiranwi as translated by Maulana Akbar 'Ali and Muhammad Taqi 'Usmani, published from Karachi, is worth reading in this context. The infidels have always been trying to extinguish the light of Allah-SWT that is Islam by nefarious activities and propaganda but blatantly foiled. Allah-SWT will uncompromisingly spread the light of His-SWT Din, regardless of how much the non believers feel bad about it.


Allah-SWT is the Supreme Being Who raised Muhammad--SW as His-SWT Messenger, whose ultimate miracle, the Quran contains the most comprehensive, the most beneficial and the purest code of life for the entire mankind, to ensure its dominance of all evil systems and false religions that exist in the world. It was revealed to spare mankind from degeneration of beliefs and practises, a purpose it will definitely achieve despite the polytheists prejudice.


The Holy Prophet-SW and the Great Miracle

The Holy Prophet--SW was raised at a time when none on the face of earth knew Allah-SWT . Disbelief, polytheism and tyranny were rampant. Nations were ruled by a number of diabolic systems and religions. He--SW gave a complete Code of Life to humanity, comprising politics, economics, morality and justice. Many across the globe, having diverse languages, attires, foods and climates formidable wielded formidable military might. It was only by His-SWT Will that the Muslims rose from the  deserts of Arabia, not only to convey Islam's Message to the world but also to practically enforce it in three fourth of the then known world, in less than quarter of a century, following the completion of Quran. Though Islam is practised in all  parts of the world today yet it is a failure on the part of contemporary Muslims that Islamic systems of state are no longer enforced anywhere. It is obligatory for Muslims to establish the same, through Jihad as practising Islam continues to be as easy as it was from the very outset.