سورة الأنعام   

Surah Name: Al-An'am Meaning:The Cattle

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • The entire Sarah was revealed at one time during the last year of the Holy Prophet-SW stay at Makkah. It, therefore, sums up the major articles of faith, the unity of Allah-SWT , life beyond life, and the Prophethood together with their practical application to human life. Simultaneously, it rejects the wrong beliefs of the Polytheists, giving answers to their objections-and comforts the Holy Prophet-SW and his Companions-RAU at this most critical juncture, against the reckless persecutions of the non-believers. It ends up with the solemn declaration chosen for the true believers: “Surely my Salaat, my devotion, my life and my death are all for Allah-SWT .

    Excellence in every aspect is attributed to the Creator of the heavens and the earth: of the light and the darkness

  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 20
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 165
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 6
  • Rukū / Section 9 contains Āyāt / Parts 12
  • Siparah/ Volume 7 & 8


قُلْ أَنَدْعُو مِن دُونِ اللّهِ مَا لاَ يَنفَعُنَا وَلاَ يَضُرُّنَا وَنُرَدُّ عَلَى أَعْقَابِنَا بَعْدَ إِذْ هَدَانَا اللّهُ كَالَّذِي اسْتَهْوَتْهُ الشَّيَاطِينُ فِي الأَرْضِ حَيْرَانَ لَهُ أَصْحَابٌ يَدْعُونَهُ إِلَى الْهُدَى ائْتِنَا قُلْ إِنَّ هُدَى اللّهِ هُوَ الْهُدَىَ وَأُمِرْنَا لِنُسْلِمَ لِرَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ

Qul anadAAoo min dooni Allahi ma la yanfaAAuna wala yadurruna wanuraddu AAala aAAqabina baAAda ith hadana Allahu ka(a)llathee istahwathu a(l)shshayateenu fee alardhayrana lahu ashabun yadAAoonahu ila alhuda itina qul inna huda Allahi huwa alhuda waomirna linuslima lirabbi alAAalameen(a)

Say you-SW: shall we call upon, beside Allah-SWT , what can neither profit us nor hurt us, and shall we turn our heels after Allah-SWT has guided us, like one whom devils have beguiled to wander bewildered in the land, his companions calling him to the right path: come to us? Say you-SW: verily the guidance of Allah-SWT is the real Guidance, and we are bidden to submit ourselves to the Rabb-SWT of the world:


وَأَنْ أَقِيمُواْ الصَّلاةَ وَاتَّقُوهُ وَهُوَ الَّذِيَ إِلَيْهِ تُحْشَرُونَ

Waan aqeemoo a(l)ssalata wa(i)ttaqoohu wahuwa allathee ilayhi tuhsharoon(a)

And that: establish Salat and fear Him-SWT , and it is He-SWT to Whom you shall be gathered.


وَهُوَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ بِالْحَقِّ وَيَوْمَ يَقُولُ كُن فَيَكُونُ قَوْلُهُ الْحَقُّ وَلَهُ الْمُلْكُ يَوْمَ يُنفَخُ فِي الصُّوَرِ عَالِمُ الْغَيْبِ وَالشَّهَادَةِ وَهُوَ الْحَكِيمُ الْخَبِيرُ

Wahuwa allathee khalaqa a(l)ssamawati wa(a)larda bi(a)lhaqqi wayawma yaqoolu kun fayakoonu qawluhu alhaqqu walahu almulku yawma yunfakhu fee a(l)ssoori AAalimu alghaybi wa(al)shshahadati wahuwa alhakeemu alkhabeer(u)

It is He-SWT Who has created the heavens and the earth with a purpose. And the Day when He-SWT says: be, it shall become. His-SWT saying is the Reality. His-SWT will be the dominion the Day the Trumpet will be blown. Knower of the unseen and. the seen. He-SWT is the Wise, the Aware.


وَإِذْ قَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ لأَبِيهِ آزَرَ أَتَتَّخِذُ أَصْنَامًا آلِهَةً إِنِّي أَرَاكَ وَقَوْمَكَ فِي ضَلاَلٍ مُّبِينٍ

Waith qala ibraheemu liabeehi azara atattakhithu asnaman alihatan innee araka waqawmaka fee dalalin mubeen(in)

Re-call when Ibrahim-AS said to his father: Azar! Do you take idols for gods? I see you and your people in manifest error.


وَكَذَلِكَ نُرِي إِبْرَاهِيمَ مَلَكُوتَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ وَلِيَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُوقِنِينَ

Wakathalika nuree ibraheema malakoota a(l)ssamawati wa(a)lardi waliyakoona mina almooqineen(a)

And in like manner did We-SWT show Ibrahim-AS the governance of the heavens and the earth, in order that he might become of the convinced.


فَلَمَّا جَنَّ عَلَيْهِ اللَّيْلُ رَأَى كَوْكَبًا قَالَ هَـذَا رَبِّي فَلَمَّا أَفَلَ قَالَ لا أُحِبُّ الآفِلِينَ

Falamma janna AAalayhi allaylu raa kawkaban qala hatha rabbee falamma afala qala la ohibbu alafileen(a)

Then when the night darkened on him, he saw a star. He said: this is my Rabb-SWT . Then when it set, he said: I love not the setting ones.


فَلَمَّا رَأَى الْقَمَرَ بَازِغًا قَالَ هَـذَا رَبِّي فَلَمَّا أَفَلَ قَالَ لَئِن لَّمْ يَهْدِنِي رَبِّي لأكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْقَوْمِ الضَّالِّينَ

Falamma raa alqamara bazighan qala hatha rabbee falamma afala qala lain lam yahdinee rabbee laakoonanna mina alqawmi a(l)ddalleen(a)

Then when he saw the moon rising up, he said: this is my Rabb-SWT . Then when it set he said: were it not that my Rabb-SWT kept me guiding, I must have been of the erring people.


فَلَمَّا رَأَى الشَّمْسَ بَازِغَةً قَالَ هَـذَا رَبِّي هَـذَآ أَكْبَرُ فَلَمَّا أَفَلَتْ قَالَ يَا قَوْمِ إِنِّي بَرِيءٌ مِّمَّا تُشْرِكُونَ

Falamma raa a(l)shshamsa bazighatan qala hatha rabbee hatha akbaru falammaafalat qala ya qawmi innee bareeon mimma tushrikoon(a)

Then when he saw the sun rising up, he said: this is my Rabb-SWT ! This is the greatest. Then when it set, he said: O’ my people! I am quit of what you associate with Allaah-SWT .


إِنِّي وَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِيَ لِلَّذِي فَطَرَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ حَنِيفًا وَمَا أَنَاْ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ

Innee wajjahtu wajhiya lillathee fatara a(l)ssamawati wa(a)lardhaneefan wama anamina almushrikeen(a)

Verily I have set my face towards Him-SWT Who has created the heavens and the earth, upright, and I am not of the associators.


وَحَآجَّهُ قَوْمُهُ قَالَ أَتُحَاجُّونِّي فِي اللّهِ وَقَدْ هَدَانِ وَلاَ أَخَافُ مَا تُشْرِكُونَ بِهِ إِلاَّ أَن يَشَاء رَبِّي شَيْئًا وَسِعَ رَبِّي كُلَّ شَيْءٍ عِلْمًا أَفَلاَ تَتَذَكَّرُونَ

Wahajjahu qawmuhu qala atuhajjoonnee fee Allahi waqad hadani wala akhafu matushrikoona bihi illa an yashaa rabbee shayan wasiAAa rabbee kulla shayin AAilman afala tatathakkaroon(a)

And his people contended with him. He said: do you contend with me regarding Allaah-SWT when He-SWT has guided me? I am not at all afraid of what you associate with Him-SWT , save anything that my Rabb-SWT may will. My Rabb-SWT comprehends everything in His-SWT Knowledge. Will you not then be admonished?


وَكَيْفَ أَخَافُ مَا أَشْرَكْتُمْ وَلاَ تَخَافُونَ أَنَّكُمْ أَشْرَكْتُم بِاللّهِ مَا لَمْ يُنَزِّلْ بِهِ عَلَيْكُمْ سُلْطَانًا فَأَيُّ الْفَرِيقَيْنِ أَحَقُّ بِالأَمْنِ إِن كُنتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ

Wakayfa akhafu ma ashraktum wala takhafoona annakum ashraktum bi(A)llahi malam yunazzil bihi AAalaykum sultanan faayyu alfareeqayni ahaqqu bi(a)lamni in kuntum taAAlamoon(a)

And how should I fear what you have associated with Him-SWT , while you do not fear to associate with  Allaah-SWT that for which He-SWT has sent down to you no authority? Which then of the two parties is worthier of security, if you but knew?


الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ وَلَمْ يَلْبِسُواْ إِيمَانَهُم بِظُلْمٍ أُوْلَـئِكَ لَهُمُ الأَمْنُ وَهُم مُّهْتَدُونَ

Allatheena amanoo walam yalbisoo eemanahum bithulmin olaika lahumu alamnu wahum muhtadoon(a)

It is those who believe and do not confound their belief with wrongdoing. These! Theirs is the security and they are the guided.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

Being Possessed by a Jinn

In the worldly matters there is a middle course called "give and take," that is, the parties involved display flexibility and come to a compromise. But this does not work at all in religious matters. This is because in former case, the parties concerned are human with equal chance to err and their opinion cannot be taken as the final word. However, religion is based on Allah-SWT's Commandments Who is the only One without any partners and with unfathomable knowledge, which is His-SWT Personal Attribute. He-SWT is Aware of the requirements of His-SWT creations and is also the Creator of what is beneficial or harmful. To accept anyone else's opinion by ignoring His-SWT Words is indeed blatant misguidance. The infidels must not expect this from Muslims, whose only course of action is that Divine Commandments be accepted without any hesitation. It is futile to believe in others than Him-SWT as no one else is capable of benefiting or causing any harm. Even after embracing Islam holding such a belief tantamounts to falling headlong into darkness. Such a person is like the one possessed by Satan or Jinn and turned a lunatic, running around wildly. In this state, even when invited to the straight path, he does not understand anything.


O' Prophet-SW! Inform these people that the guidance is from Allah-SWT and no one else has the right to declare what is virtue or vice. The criteria is that whatever is laid down by Allah-SWT as virtue is indeed a virtue and we must accept it whole-heartedly and exert fully to obey Him-SWT , as He-SWT is the Sustainer of the entire universe. And also worship Him-SWT so that the capacity to be obedient is granted to us. We must develop Taqwa, a special kind of relationship with Him-SWT , which will make us feel ashamed in case of any disobedience. It is to Him-SWT that we all shall return one day. He-SWT Who is the Most Powerful and Who-SWT created the heavens and the earth to perfection. He-SWT created this universe, a workshop of life, from non-existence and He-SWT will simply command its resurrection whenever it pleases Him-SWT . This is because what He-SWT declares is true to the hilt and He-SWT has informed us on resurrection. Indeed when the Trumpet will be blown and the Day of Judgement will commence, every claimant of power shall acknowledge that Allah-SWT is the only Sovereign, Who-SWT is Aware of every thing whether visible or concealed. He-SWT is the Wisest, and it is because of His-SWT Prudence that people get respite, otherwise He-SWT is not unaware of their deeds.


The First Person Crowned

Allah-SWT quotes the example of Prophet lbrahim-AS. When he was raised the condition of people was similar to that of the Arabs of the Holy Prophet-SW’s time. They had become heedless of Allah-SWT and had accepted their king as Rabb-SWT , identified by the Commentators as Namrud bin Kanan. According to Tafsir Mazhari, he was the first person who was crowned and had claimed divinity for himself. These people, besides worshipping many idols, also worshipped the stars. The king after declaring himself as God had promoted many such rituals. Prophet lbrahim-AS began his campaign from his own home. He asked his father who was also Namrud's minister why he and all the rest worshipped idols; without any genuine reason as they chiselled them out of stone by their own very hands. He further told his father that an idol was dependant on people for its own creation. How could it be of any benefit to them or be worthy of worship, while it could not even fulfill any of its own needs? He pointed out that his father and the entire nation was clearly heading in the wrong direction.



Prophet Ibrahim-AS was blessed with an insight to behold the wonders of the heavens and the earth. The Commentators assert that he was standing on a rock when Allaah-SWT unveiled the entire universe before him; how each and every atom, each and every leaf was following its predetermined course enjoined by Him. The effects of things, the results of actions, the role of angels, the sun. the moon, the stars, and the winds; how the actions are recorded and where will people end up as a result; so much so that he also saw his own dwelling in the Paradise. This form of observation and knowledge is termed as Kashf.


Kashf, Ilham or Ilqa and Wijdan are the sources of acquiring knowledge directly from Allaah-SWT . The Prophets-AS are always given knowledge through these mediums, which are superior to any other source of acquiring knowledge. This blessing is given to a Wali only because of his adherence to a Prophet-AS. Wali is different from a Prophet-AS in two major ways. Firstly, a Prophet-AS obeys Allaah-SWT directly; a Wali also obeys Him-SWT but through the Prophet-AS. Secondly, the Prophet-AS's Kashf, Ilham, llqa or Wijdan, even his dreams, are a form of Divine Revelation i.e. such a categorical and sure knowledge upon which it is mandatory for the Prophet-AS and his people to act The Kashf of a Wali cannot at all be taken as a Divine Revelation and does carry the possibility of an error That is why it merits rejection when in conflict with the information given by a Prophet-AS. Besides, the Kashf of a Wali forms a pretext only for himself; no one else is bound to accept it. The vision of the universe was revealed to Prophet Ibrahim-AS so that he could acquire that level of surety which can be attained only after seeing something with one's own eyes. Although he was already absolutely sure because he was blessed with knowledge directly from Allah-SWT, yet the vision was granted as an additional reward and to add a new dimension to his faith. Similarly the Kashf and visions of a Wali help in strengthening his faith, and adding more clarity to the understanding of the Divine Commandments and the teachings of the Prophets-AS.


Method of Inviting to Allah-SWT

Prophet Ibrahim-AS logically rejected the idea of worshipping the stars in a manner easily comprehensible to a commoner. It is typical of the Prophets-AS that they do not engage in complicated arguments. They rather prefer easily understandable reasoning of two kinds. Firstly, those which have been revealed and form part of the Divine Scriptures. Secondly, logical reasoning in simple words which can be clearly understood by the common man. The insignificance of the idols was relatively simple to explain, but for the star worship Prophet Ibrahim-AS had to adopt a slightly different course. One night, when the sky was full of stars, he pointing towards the brightest one, enquired of the people: if that was the one they wanted him to accept as his Rabb-SWT , because it outshined the rest. After some time when it had waned Prophet Ibrahim-AS said that the star which could not even maintain its ownself can never be accepted as the Provider for his needs. Then rose the moon, which seemed brighter than the stars. Prophet Ibrahim-AS said that maybe taking it as Rabb-SWT would be wiser. However, soon the moon also set. Prophet Ibrahim-AS thought that all of these moving objects seemed to be discharging their respective duties and there must be someone who is controlling them all. Since this system is so well knitted and running so smoothly., it is clear that its creator and sustainer is one and the same. Surely the Rabb-SWT of mankind is the same too, who has the right to provide guidance. If He-SWT does not do so or if the people do not accept His-SWT Guidance, they are bound to go astray.


Then he observed the rising sun and exclaimed: "This is so big and bright that all the stars and the moon have been obscured by its light: maybe this is the Rabb-SWT !" But the sun too set and darkness followed. Prophet lbrahim-AS then addressed the people: "You ascribe stars as partners with the Most Exalted; He-SWT Who-SWT is the Creator and Sustainer of everything; but I will not do so. I am fed up with your beliefs and I hereby denounce them; and with full sincerity and devotion, I turn my face towards my Rabb-SWT Who is the Creator of heavens and the earth. I can never join those who ascribe partners in His-SWT Being or in His-SWT Attributes."He conveyed this Message to the people in a manner simply splendid. There are three distinct themes in his Message which must be clearly understood. Firstly, sincere devotion and a firm faith in Allaah-SWT is imperative. Both are blessed to the Prophets-AS directly from Allah-SWT, who pass it on to those availing their company and audience; and the same process goes on. Just as the teachings of the Prophets-AS are passed on from generation to generation, so is the Barakah of his company. The latter blessing is attained through association with the Aulia. The second theme of the address is that the invitation to Allaah-SWT must start from one's own immediate family, and then spread to others with the same love and affection. Besides, those who refuse to believe it must be told clearly that the believers and the non believers are two separate entities of mankind. They are two different nations who can only have friendships within themselves but not with one another. The third factor to be kept in mind is that the Message should be conveyed in clear words without bringing in philosophical thoughts and words to make the matter complicated lest the whole effort loses its significance.


Excellence of the Aulia

The People of Prophet Ibrahim-AS not only turned down his Message, but also started contending with him. They tried to scare him of the possible wrath of their self-proclaimed deities. He told them that he was blessed with Divine Revelations and thus guided by Allah-SWT ; but instead of learning anything they adopted a negative attitude and wanted to teach him about the Being and His-SWT Attributes. These words of Prophet Ibrahim-AS point to a very great historical fact, that the world's outstanding intellectuals, writers, scientists and philosophers can discuss any topic they like, but not Allah-SWT's Being or His-SWT Attributes, the Ruh, the Angel, the Punishments and Rewards or Life of the Hereafter. These topics have only been discussed by those exalted souls, the Prophets-AS, who have been, through different ages, blessed with Divine Revelations. Prophet Ibrahim-AS reproached his people for deviating from this rule, he made it clear to them that he was not afraid at all, as whoever develops a relationship with Allah-SWT does not fear anyone but Him-SWT . He was not afraid because he knew fully well that his Rabb-SWT was Aware of his condition and benefit or harm are entirely in His-SWT Control. He invited people to think that when they did not fear Allah-SWT , the Absolute Ruler, and ascribed partners to Him-SWT without any evidence, why on earth should he fear their idols, whereas he had all the logical evidence to prove their falsehood! Under these circumstances who should feel satisfied with his beliefs?


A Divine Rule has been laid down next that all those who are blessed with faith and never taint it with polytheism always live a truly happy and contented life. Only they can enjoy tranquility and peace because they are on the right track. The relationship between actions and beliefs has been defined in a beautiful manner. The beliefs are the path and the actions are the journey. If the latter has shortcomings, lesser distance will be covered, which is not desirable and must be avoided. However, if the beliefs are incorrect, even constant action cannot lead to the destination. Thus in the light of a saying of the Holy Prophet-SW the phrase "wrong-doing" here stands for blending one's beliefs with polytheism. Whoever refrains from it at least stays on the right track. May Allah-SWT bless us with the power to act according to His-SWT Will, and grant us firm faith!