سورة الأنعام   

Surah Name: Al-An'am Meaning:The Cattle

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • The entire Sarah was revealed at one time during the last year of the Holy Prophet-SW stay at Makkah. It, therefore, sums up the major articles of faith, the unity of Allah-SWT , life beyond life, and the Prophethood together with their practical application to human life. Simultaneously, it rejects the wrong beliefs of the Polytheists, giving answers to their objections-and comforts the Holy Prophet-SW and his Companions-RAU at this most critical juncture, against the reckless persecutions of the non-believers. It ends up with the solemn declaration chosen for the true believers: “Surely my Salaat, my devotion, my life and my death are all for Allah-SWT .

    Excellence in every aspect is attributed to the Creator of the heavens and the earth: of the light and the darkness

  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 20
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 165
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 6
  • Rukū / Section 8 contains Āyāt / Parts 10
  • Siparah/ Volume 7 & 8


وَهُوَ الْقَاهِرُ فَوْقَ عِبَادِهِ وَيُرْسِلُ عَلَيْكُم حَفَظَةً حَتَّىَ إِذَا جَاء أَحَدَكُمُ الْمَوْتُ تَوَفَّتْهُ رُسُلُنَا وَهُمْ لاَ يُفَرِّطُونَ

Wahuwa alqahiru fawqa AAibadihi wayursilu AAalaykum hafathatan hatta itha jaa ahadakumu almawtu tawaffathu rusuluna wahum la yufarritoon(a)

And He-SWT is the Supreme over His-SWT creatures and He-SWT sends guardians over you until when death comes to one of you. Our-SWT Messengers-AS take his soul, and! They do not fail.


ثُمَّ رُدُّواْ إِلَى اللّهِ مَوْلاَهُمُ الْحَقِّ أَلاَ لَهُ الْحُكْمُ وَهُوَ أَسْرَعُ الْحَاسِبِينَ

Thumma ruddoo ila Allahi mawlahumu alhaqqi ala lahu alhukmu wahuwa asraAAu alhasibeen(a)

Then they all shall be taken back to Allah-SWT, their true Master. Lo! His-SWT shall be the decision, and He-SWT is the Most Swift of Reckoners.


قُلْ مَن يُنَجِّيكُم مِّن ظُلُمَاتِ الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ تَدْعُونَهُ تَضَرُّعاً وَخُفْيَةً لَّئِنْ أَنجَانَا مِنْ هَـذِهِ لَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الشَّاكِرِينَ

Qul man yunajjeekum min thulumati albarri wa(a)lbahri tadAAoonahu tadarruAAan wakhufyatan lain anjana min hathihi lanakoonanna mina a(l)shshakireen(a)

Say you-SW: who delivers you from the darkness of the land and the sea, when you cry unto Him-SWT in humility and secretly; if He-SWT delivers us from this, we will surely be of the thankful.


قُلِ اللّهُ يُنَجِّيكُم مِّنْهَا وَمِن كُلِّ كَرْبٍ ثُمَّ أَنتُمْ تُشْرِكُونَ

Quli Allahu yunajjeekum minha wamin kulli karbin thumma antum tushrikoon(a)

Say you-SW : Allaah-SWT delivers you from this and from every pain, yet you join thereafter others with Him-SWT .


قُلْ هُوَ الْقَادِرُ عَلَى أَن يَبْعَثَ عَلَيْكُمْ عَذَابًا مِّن فَوْقِكُمْ أَوْ مِن تَحْتِ أَرْجُلِكُمْ أَوْ يَلْبِسَكُمْ شِيَعاً وَيُذِيقَ بَعْضَكُم بَأْسَ بَعْضٍ انظُرْ كَيْفَ نُصَرِّفُ الآيَاتِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَفْقَهُونَ

Qul huwa alqadiru AAala an yabAAatha AAalaykum AAathaban min fawqikum aw min tahti arjulikum aw yalbisakum shiyaAAan wayutheeqa baAAdakum basa baAAdin onthur kayfa nusarrifu alayati laAAallahum yafqahoon(a)

Say you-SW: He-SWT is Able to stir up chastisement on you from above you or from beneath your feet or to confound you by faction and to make you taste the violence of one another. Behold! How variously We-SWT propound the Signs that perchance they may understand.


وَكَذَّبَ بِهِ قَوْمُكَ وَهُوَ الْحَقُّ قُل لَّسْتُ عَلَيْكُم بِوَكِيلٍ

Wakaththaba bihi qawmuka wahuwa alhaqqu qul lastu AAalaykum biwakeel(in)

And your-SW people belie it, while it is certain to befall, say you-SW: I am not a guardian over you.


لِّكُلِّ نَبَإٍ مُّسْتَقَرٌّ وَسَوْفَ تَعْلَمُونَ

Likulli nabain mustaqarrun wasawfa taAAlamoon(a)

For even announcement is a set time; and presently you will know.


وَإِذَا رَأَيْتَ الَّذِينَ يَخُوضُونَ فِي آيَاتِنَا فَأَعْرِضْ عَنْهُمْ حَتَّى يَخُوضُواْ فِي حَدِيثٍ غَيْرِهِ وَإِمَّا يُنسِيَنَّكَ الشَّيْطَانُ فَلاَ تَقْعُدْ بَعْدَ الذِّكْرَى مَعَ الْقَوْمِ الظَّالِمِينَ

Waitha raayta allatheena yakhoodoona fee ayatina faaAArid AAanhum hattayakhoodoo fee hadeethin ghayrihi waimma yunsiyannaka a(l)shshaytanu falataqAAud baAAda a(l)ththikra maAAa alqawmi a(l)ththalimeen(a)

And when you-SW see those who plunge in Our-SWT Revelations, keep away from them until they plunge in a discourse other than that: and if Satan causes you, to forget, than sit not you after recollection with the impious people.


وَمَا عَلَى الَّذِينَ يَتَّقُونَ مِنْ حِسَابِهِم مِّن شَيْءٍ وَلَـكِن ذِكْرَى لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَّقُونَ

Wama AAala allatheena yattaqoona min hisabihim min shayin walakin thikralaAAallahum yattaqoon(a)

And nothing on their account shall he on those who are Allah-SWT -­fearing, but admonition that perchance they also may become Allah-SWT -fearing.


وَذَرِ الَّذِينَ اتَّخَذُواْ دِينَهُمْ لَعِبًا وَلَهْوًا وَغَرَّتْهُمُ الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا وَذَكِّرْ بِهِ أَن تُبْسَلَ نَفْسٌ بِمَا كَسَبَتْ لَيْسَ لَهَا مِن دُونِ اللّهِ وَلِيٌّ وَلاَ شَفِيعٌ وَإِن تَعْدِلْ كُلَّ عَدْلٍ لاَّ يُؤْخَذْ مِنْهَا أُوْلَـئِكَ الَّذِينَ أُبْسِلُواْ بِمَا كَسَبُواْ لَهُمْ شَرَابٌ مِّنْ حَمِيمٍ وَعَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ بِمَا كَانُواْ يَكْفُرُونَ

Wathari allatheena ittakhathoo deenahum laAAiban walahwan wagharrathumu alhayatu a(l)ddunya wathakkir bihi an tubsala nafsun bima kasabat laysa laha min dooni Allahi waliyyun wala shafeeAAun wain taAAdil kulla AAadlin la yukhathminha olaika allatheena obsiloo bima kasaboo lahum sharabun min hameemin waAAathabun aleemun bima kanoo yakfuroon(a)

And leave those alone who have taken their religion as a play and a sport, and whom the life of the world has beguiled. And admonish you them by Signs lest a soul may be given up to perdition for what he has earned, when for him there shall be no friend or intercessor besides Allah-SWT, and when if he offers every equivalent it shall not be accepted of him. Those are they who are given up to perdition for what they have earned. For them shall be drink of boiling water and a painful torment, for they were wont to disbelieve


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

Allah-SWT enjoys complete Authority and Control over His-SWT servants, who are weak and dependant upon Him-SWT forever. He-SWT has appointed angels upon every human being to guard him against illnesses and accidents as well as the Recording Angels to record each and every action of a person. This is how a human being lives his life under Allaah-SWT ’s Protection; until it is time for him to die. The Guarding Angels then cooperate with the Angels of Death and never err. But all is not over at death; rather its process is a retreat to the Court of the Real Owner, Who at every step had helped and showered kindness on His-SWT creation in His-SWT Mighty Court it will be made clear that the right to pass judgment purely belonged to Him-SWT and no one can dare to speak there. Remember that it is not difficult for Him-SWT to reckon every soul nor will He-SWT take long in doing so.


O' Prophet-SAVV! Ask them that when they are in trouble, whether caught in the stormy waves of the sea or lost in the wilderness of the desert who comes to their rescue? Don't they plead and beg Allaah-SWT to save them and at the same time promise that once rescued, they will spend the rest of their lives as His-SWT obedient servants?


The Concept of Allah-SWT

It was a common practice amongst the polytheists of Arabia that whenever they would be shipwrecked, or were lost in the desert, they would always cry out to Allaah-SWT ! They would, in those difficult moments, lose all trust in their idols and confess that worshipping them had been in vain. If only Allaah-SWT spared them this time they would never lake partners with Him-SWT again. The fact is that the concept of Allaah-SWT as an Unseen Power constantly Aware of human needs and able to help under all circumstances is a part of human nature. If someone's nature is not totally disfigured, he may not turn to Allaah-SWT under normal circumstances, but cries out to Him-SWT when caught in adversity. He also fully realizes that since he is asking Allaah-SWT for help, he will also have to obey Him-SWT , for it is not proper to disobey someone who is sought in distress. Obedience is indeed the best form of gratitude. Realizing this a person spontaneously calls out: O' Allaah-SWT help me, I shall forever be Your-SWT thankful servant!


The Cure for Illnesses

It is an irony of our times that people have, inspite of their claim to be Muslims, forgotten to ask Allaah-SWT for help even when in trouble. The glitter of modern inventions have bewildered mankind. They seek the help of doctors, scientists and politicians for their problems and cannot see beyond. Every ailment affects only when the Guarding Angels step aside. Otherwise no accident or illness can bother a person. Now the treatment has two aspects. Firstly, repentance and turning to Allah-SWT, begging for His-SWT Forgiveness and for the capability to do good in future, so that the Guarding Angels are reinstated on their job. Secondly, seeking the help of a good doctor while firmly believing that health can only be restored by Allah-SWT, otherwise, even the medicines can have adverse effects. But our condition has pitiably deteriorated to an extent that we ignore the priority and run after the secondary methods of treatment. Every distress or sickness is the outcome of some sin, but for those who do not indulge in sin, it is a way to elevate their status before Allah-SWT . Thus it is most important to be humble before Him-SWT . It is a fact that when modern technology and medical science had not developed so much, people were healthier. Those living fifty years ago were more healthy, robust and active than the people of today. The more advancement is achieved in technology the more complicated diseases pose a challenge to mankind and it has failed repeatedly to eradicate them.


Whereas the threat of diseases is ever increasing, the morals too have deteriorated. Evil has grown powerful by the day, while the beliefs and faith have weakened. All this is the outcome of alienation from Allah-SWT and neglect of His-SWT Zikr. The effects of ignoring Him-SWT are disturbing in this world, and shall be the worst in the Hereafter. May Allah-SWT protect us!


So the only way out of all the troubles is to obey Allah-SWT , Who Alone protects us against the diseases, gives health and delivers us from troubles. But man is so thankless that he forgets everything in his routine and reverts to disobedience and polytheism. If we reflect, we would certainly remember the times when we had secretly implored Allah-SWT for help, and had pledged obedience in return. However, once delivered of our troubles, we disregard all promises.


Effects of Sin

Let the people know that Allah-SWT is all Powerful. If they persist in infidelity and sin, He-SWT will send punishment from above or from beneath or divide them in warring groups to destroy each other. Instances of punishments from above are available in the history of nations. Some were destroyed by torrential rainfall, others by fire or stones from the heavens. The mighty army of Ibrah was destroyed by the swallows. The events of punishment from beneath are also recorded in history. For the People of Prophet Nuh-AS besides rainfall from the skies, water also oozed out from ground. The army of Pharaoh were drowned, the People of Prophet Lut-AS were destroyed by turning their habitations upside down while Qaroon sank in the ground. Another way to understand the point is that every seed becomes a tree and bears fruit, similarly every human action, sooner or later, bears fruit. Continuous disobedience will bring punishment in any of the forms mentioned above. It may be inflicted in the form of ruthless rulers who when approached for justice dish out humiliation, or in the form of subordinates or employees who become dishonest and deceitful and do not discharge their duties diligently. Today we are in a dismal situation whereby our punishment has been compounded, by unjust rulers on the top and dishonest subordinates below.


The third form of Divine Punishment is when people are divided into groups hostile to one another. The word Shi'ah means a group or a faction. The Quran mentions it eight times for such factions who are mischievous and shall dwell in lire. The ninth time it occurs in the context of a group who spreads obscenity and evil. It yet another Ayah, it correctly refers to the people amongst whom Prophet Ibrahim-AS was born, as this word has always been used in Allah-SWT ’s Book for a group of wrongdoers. The one under discussion points out that Allah-SWT will divide people in groups as a punishment, and they will be a cause of trouble for one another.


If today we look at our own situation, we can see that due to our alienation from Allah-SWT , we are gripped by all forms of punishment simultaneously. Not a single nation or country in the world today is spared. While the cure for cancer has barely been discovered, the entire non-believing world has been inflicted by AIDs, a terrifying disease indeed. In America alone, 0.5 million people afflicted are awaiting death in various hospitals. The entire modern technology and research has failed to provide a cure. An AIDs patient spends every moment of life in unimaginable anguish. The medical experts are now worried about the probable victims not yet discovered, since the disease is only detected at an almost helpless stage. This is one aspect. Moral degeneration, mental anxiety and natural disasters are now matters of normal routine. Granted that these are the results of their infidelity but where do we stand as claimants of Islam? Isn't it that we have spoiled our terms with Allah-SWT to such an extent, that today we have no security from the State. The public servants deny us our rights even after extorting bribe. The entire nation is divided into various groups on the basis of language, regions and sects who are constantly at war with one other. The masaajid look like battlefields. In the political arena chairs are hurled at each other. There is unrest all around us. No other option is open except turning to Allah-SWT . Yet to add to our misery, our intellectuals are adding fuel to the fire by propagating socialism and secularism. Remember that there is only one way to escape the Divine Punishment and that is sincere repentance. We must revert back to Allah-SWT , renew our resolve to follow the teachings of the Holy Prophet-SW, feel ashamed of our past conduct and embark upon a life full of obedience and submission. If this is done, we can still change our destiny. Allah-SWT's injunctions are clear and revealed in detail so that everyone may understand without any confusion.


To end Differences over Principles-a State Function

According to the Holy Prophet-SW 'The differences of my Ummah are a blessing’. These differences arise only in an effort to get to the reality of a certain matter in the light of Quran and the Sunnah. In actual fact, there are no real differences. Obviously, the principal matters clearly decided and laid down can never be a matter of controversy. Only in the explanation of these matters, which provide room for Ijtehad can a difference of opinion arise. In that too, those holding a different opinion will not be declared wrong but only one's own interpretation may be deemed closer to the true meaning. The differences between the jurists and the scholars are of this nature, and do not involve any clashes, as they do not consider one another to be wrong. It rather highlights all aspects of a matter and leads to the best interpretation. Therefore, it has been called a blessing. On the other hand, the kind of differences which led to the division into various sects pertain to principal matters. Here obviously both the conflicting sects cannot be right. For example, the Shi'ites and the Muslims. They differ in their beliefs from the Unity of Allah-SWT , the Prophethood, the Hereafter, the Day of Reckoning, the Paradise and Hell, to the Forbidden and the Lawful, the Book and Sunnah so much so that they differ even in the Kalimah Tayyebah of Islam. the Prophethood, the Hereafter, the Day of Reckoning, the Paradise and Hell, to the Forbidden and the Lawful, the Book and Sunnah so much so that they differ even in the Kalimah Tayyebah of Islam. Similarly the Qadyanis differ from the rest of the Ummah in their belief of Prophethood. Now it is the duty of the rulers to prevent the propagation of such anti-Islam beliefs and practices and no one should be allowed to take the law in his own hands. The best course of action for the Muslims is to stay away from such people; to kill or dishonour or plunder them is not proper at all. It is the duty of the State to deal with such individuals or organizations who promote un-Islamic precepts and practices under the cover of Islam. The differences between Deobandi, Barelvi, conformist or non-conformist are entirely differences of opinion, which should not be turned into a conflict between Islam and infidelity.


It is extremely unfortunate for us that a class has been created whose source of livelihood is the masjid. To fulfill the mundane needs they have to depend upon the religious schools or the shrines of their ancestors. Ever since religion has become a source of earning livelihood, it has given rise to hostility and competition. Efforts are exerted to prove and maintain one's superiority over the other. Years of slavery under the British has, besides other evils, handed down this disease to the Muslim nations. Before the cursed rule, our generals, our politicians, our leaders and our ministers were also religious scholars. The Britishers intentionally closed the doors of State offices to the scholars of Islam. This resulted in dual loss. Firstly, competent people turned ignorant of Islam and opted for secular education which could promote them in their careers. With the exception of few scholarly families, those who opted for Islamic education all belonged to the lot rejected from all other walks of life. Secondly, those inducted to State Service were deprived of Islamic education on purpose. It is indeed very sad that even after the Independence, the system of education has not been changed. But who could have done it? Those in authority attached no importance to Islam and the entire nation is bearing the brunt of their misdeeds. May Allaah-SWT forgive us and reinvigorate our hearts!


Allah-SWT informs the Holy Prophet-SW that even if his-SW nation refuses to believe in Islam and Allah-SWT's Book and the realities revealed therein, it cannot alter the truth, and they will experience it. He-SW should let it be known to them very clearly that he-SW is not responsible to fend for their deeds, nor is he-SW their advocate to plead and defend them against whatever they do, nor their reformation forms part of his-SW duty. Not at all. However, if they wish to turn to Allah-SWT , he-SW shall guide them and intercede for them. Other than that, he-SW has no responsibility and this must be clearly understood.


It is in the nature of humans that has failed to perceive the looming devastation when their hearts are overwhelmed by darkness. They realize only when the doom hits them in Divine Punishment. Today, we are experiencing all the three forms of punishment as a nation but we are trying to find routine cures, and do not even think of repenting and correcting ourselves. This was the attitude of the infidels of Makkah who despite being caught in various turmoils, awaited the final doom and would often ask the Holy Prophet-SW when would it come? He-SW was told to inform them that the schedule of events was predetermined. Just as a fruit takes its time to ripen, the end result of every' action will also appear at the appointed hour, and if they do not mend their ways they shall soon witness it with open eyes.


Stay Away from Evil Folk

A golden principle has been laid down in these Ayat. It is indeed an enormity to make fun of the religion, and to eradicate this evil the Muslims were blessed with Jihad. Yet Jihad is the duty of the State and its Agencies and none else has the authority to enforce the law. Therefore, every individual must make sure to avoid the company of people who criticize or argue or distort injunctions of Islam or make fun of them. This situation was faced at two occasions. First, when People of the Book made fun of the Divine Commandments and distorted them as they had not accepted the Prophethood of the Holy Prophet-SW. Subsequently, when Mosalimah Kazzab, who had believed in his Prophethood, claimed to be a Prophet himself, during his lifetime. He was termed as Kazzab (liar) by the Holy Prophet-SW but the matter was resolved during the rule of Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddiq-RAU soon after the passing away of the Holy Prophet-SW.


The first instance depicts grave blasphemy and highlights the duty of the Government of an Islamic State to declare Jihad against every form of such wickedness until it is obliterated and the Din is purified for Allaah-SWT . But on the individual level it is the duty of every one to avoid such people and places.


The second occasion involves a fabrication of beliefs and innovations in the name of Islam. This indeed is a graver transgression. The very second consensus of the Companions-RAU the first being on the appointment of Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddiq-RAU as Caliph, was on the issue of Mosalimah. It was decided that for every alteration in the religion, it may be major such as Mosalimah Kazzab's lie, or minor such as the refusal of certain tribes to pay Zakat, the Islamic State shall declare Jihad against those responsible. This was promptly done, and not only Mosalimah but also all the seven imposters including two women were done to death. However, a man and a woman repented and were spared.


It was indeed the State responsibility. Individuals cannot lake the law in their hands and fight such people but must at least avoid their company.They should never support those making fun of or interpolating the religion since it gives rise to conflicts and clashes. The correct solution is that all the Muslims must stay away from these innovations and avoid participation or taking interest in their rituals. Similar is the case of Qadyanis who have accepted the Prophethood of an imposter like Mosalimah Kazzab. Now if anyone from these two groups begins to argue and insist on proving the rituals to be part of religion, every Muslim must slay away from them, especially when they are actually indulging in such activities. Their meetings should not be attended nor one should become a party to anti Islam dialogues. A boycott shall break the backbone of this anti Islam Movement which thrives on outsiders' participation. Any casual visitor must quit as soon as he realizes his mistake.


It is forbidden to sit in the company of evildoers, or go there merely for passing time. Meeting such people is permissible only under compulsion such as to settle a business deal etc or for propagation of true religion to help guide them to the straight path. Otherwise, those who take religion as a joke must be abandoned and given no importance whatsoever, for they are fools who have yielded to the temporary pleasures of this world and have been duly beguiled. It must be reminded to them that they shall be requited according to their deeds and there shall be no helper or interceder for the wrongdoers. And intercession again is subject to prior Divine Permission and will be only for those who worked hard for His-SWT obedience. However, as human being they did commit mistakes, and could not attain the desired level. On the contrary those who opted for denial, no one can help or intercede for them. The will have to taste the fruit of their misdeeds in the form of boiling water to drink, and tormenting abodes to live in. This is the end result of their infidelity which they practised in their lives.