سورة الأنعام   

Surah Name: Al-An'am Meaning:The Cattle

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • The entire Sarah was revealed at one time during the last year of the Holy Prophet-SW stay at Makkah. It, therefore, sums up the major articles of faith, the unity of Allah-SWT , life beyond life, and the Prophethood together with their practical application to human life. Simultaneously, it rejects the wrong beliefs of the Polytheists, giving answers to their objections-and comforts the Holy Prophet-SW and his Companions-RAU at this most critical juncture, against the reckless persecutions of the non-believers. It ends up with the solemn declaration chosen for the true believers: “Surely my Salaat, my devotion, my life and my death are all for Allah-SWT .

    Excellence in every aspect is attributed to the Creator of the heavens and the earth: of the light and the darkness

  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 20
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 165
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 6
  • Rukū / Section 13 contains Āyāt / Parts 10
  • Siparah/ Volume 7 & 8


بَدِيعُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ أَنَّى يَكُونُ لَهُ وَلَدٌ وَلَمْ تَكُن لَّهُ صَاحِبَةٌ وَخَلَقَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ وهُوَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ

BadeeAAu a(l)ssamawati wa(a)lardi anna yakoonu lahu waladun walam takun lahusahibatun wakhalaqa kulla shayin wahuwa bikulli shayin AAaleem(un)

Originator of the heavens and the earth! How should He-SWT have a son when there is for Him-SWT no spouse? He-SWT has everything and He-SWT is the Knower of everything.


ذَلِكُمُ اللّهُ رَبُّكُمْ لا إِلَـهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ خَالِقُ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ فَاعْبُدُوهُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَكِيلٌ

Thalikumu Allahu rabbukum la ilaha illa huwa khaliqu kulli shayin fa(o)AAbudoohu wahuwa AAala kulli shayin wakeel(un)

Such is Allah-SWT , your Rabb-SWT ! There is no Rabb-SWT but He-SWT , the Creator of everything: so worship Him-SWT . And He-SWT is of everything a Guardian.


لاَّ تُدْرِكُهُ الأَبْصَارُ وَهُوَ يُدْرِكُ الأَبْصَارَ وَهُوَ اللَّطِيفُ الْخَبِيرُ

La tudrikuhu alabsaru wahuwa yudriku alabsara wahuwa allateefu alkhabeer(u)

Sights comprehend Him-SWT not. He-SWT comprehends all sights; and He-SWT is the Subtle, the Aware.


قَدْ جَاءكُم بَصَآئِرُ مِن رَّبِّكُمْ فَمَنْ أَبْصَرَ فَلِنَفْسِهِ وَمَنْ عَمِيَ فَعَلَيْهَا وَمَا أَنَاْ عَلَيْكُم بِحَفِيظٍ

Qad jaakum basairu min rabbikum faman absara falinafsihi waman AAamiya faAAalayha wama ana AAalaykum bihafeeth(in)

Surely there has come to you enlightenment from your Rabb-SWT . Whoever then will see will do so for his own soul, and whoever blinds himself, will do so to his own hurt. And say you-SW: I am not over you an overseer.


وَكَذَلِكَ نُصَرِّفُ الآيَاتِ وَلِيَقُولُواْ دَرَسْتَ وَلِنُبَيِّنَهُ لِقَوْمٍ يَعْلَمُونَ

Wakathalika nusarrifu alayati waliyaqooloo darasta walinubayyinahu liqawmin yaAAlamoon(a)

And thus We-SWT variously propound the revelation, and this is in order that they may say: you have studied; and that We-SWT may expound it to a people who know.


اتَّبِعْ مَا أُوحِيَ إِلَيْكَ مِن رَّبِّكَ لا إِلَـهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ وَأَعْرِضْ عَنِ الْمُشْرِكِينَ

IttabiAA ma oohiya ilayka min rabbika la ilaha illa huwa waaAArid AAani almushrikeen(a)

Follow you what has been revealed to you by your Rabb-SWT; no god is there but He-SWT , and turn you away from the polytheists.


وَلَوْ شَاء اللّهُ مَا أَشْرَكُواْ وَمَا جَعَلْنَاكَ عَلَيْهِمْ حَفِيظًا وَمَا أَنتَ عَلَيْهِم بِوَكِيلٍ

Walaw shaa Allahu ma ashrakoo wama jaAAalnaka AAalayhim hafeethan wamaanta AAalayhim biwakeel(in)

Had Allah-SWT willed, they would not have joined others with Him-SWT ; and We-SWT have not made thee a watcher over them, nor are you an overseer unto them.


وَلاَ تَسُبُّواْ الَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِ اللّهِ فَيَسُبُّواْ اللّهَ عَدْوًا بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ كَذَلِكَ زَيَّنَّا لِكُلِّ أُمَّةٍ عَمَلَهُمْ ثُمَّ إِلَى رَبِّهِم مَّرْجِعُهُمْ فَيُنَبِّئُهُم بِمَا كَانُواْ يَعْمَلُونَ

Wala tasubboo allatheena yadAAoona min dooni Allahi fayasubboo Allaha AAadwan bighayri AAilmin kathalika zayyanna likulli ommatin AAamalahum thumma ila rabbihim marjiAAuhum fayunabbiohum bima kanoo yaAAmaloon(a)

Revile not those whom they invoke besides Allah-SWT , lest they may revile Allah-SWT spitefully without knowledge. Thus fair-seeming to every community We-SWT have made their work; then to their Rabb-SWT is their return, and then He-SWT will declare to them what they were used to work.


وَأَقْسَمُواْ بِاللّهِ جَهْدَ أَيْمَانِهِمْ لَئِن جَاءتْهُمْ آيَةٌ لَّيُؤْمِنُنَّ بِهَا قُلْ إِنَّمَا الآيَاتُ عِندَ اللّهِ وَمَا يُشْعِرُكُمْ أَنَّهَا إِذَا جَاءتْ لاَ يُؤْمِنُونَ

Waaqsamoo bi(A)llahi jahda aymanihim lain jaathum ayatun layuminunna biha qul innama alayatu AAinda Allahi wama yushAAirukum annaha itha jaat la yuminoon(a)

And they swore by God with you their solemn oaths, if there came to them a Sign they would surely believe therein. Say you-SW: J Signs are but with Allah-SWT , and what will make you perceive that even if it came they will not believe.


وَنُقَلِّبُ أَفْئِدَتَهُمْ وَأَبْصَارَهُمْ كَمَا لَمْ يُؤْمِنُواْ بِهِ أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ وَنَذَرُهُمْ فِي طُغْيَانِهِمْ يَعْمَهُونَ 

Wanuqallibu afidatahum waabsarahum kama lam yuminoo bihi awwala marratin wanatharuhum fee tughyanihim yaAAmahoon(a)

And We-SWT shall turn aside their hearts and their eye-sights, even as they disbelieved therein for the first time, and We-SWT shall let them wander in their exorbitance perplexed.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

Allah-SWT created the heavens and the earth, from the scratch. It is not that there existed any models, which He-SWT copied, or there were ingredients available, which He-SWT simply put together. Rather there was nothing; He-SWT created everything from nothing. Besides His-SWT Magnificent Being, everything else is His-SWT creation and He-SWT Alone is the Creator! A son born of a father certainly is of his kind and bears his father's traits. A human child, no matter of what characteristics, will atleast be human. So if there is a possibility of Him-SWT having a son then He-SWT is no more unique in His-SWT Being and His-SWT Attributes. He-SWT must also be having a wife; and if this is true then the creation can claim some similarity and equality with the Creator. This is impossible. He-SWT is the only One and Unique. He-SWT neither has a wife nor a son, but He-SWT is the Manufacturer, the Creator and the Provider of everything. No one except His-SWT Exalted Being is worthy of worship. It is not proper for a creation to worship another Therefore, worship the only Creator Who-SWT takes care of everyone! If people divert to the worship of anyone besides Him-SWT , it will be of no avail, as whoever they will turn to, will be but a creation and thus dependant.


Beholding Allah-SWT

The vision of the entire creation put together cannot encompass Allah-SWT , whereas He-SWT simultaneously monitors the subtle gazes of people, and encompasses everyone. This is because He is very meticulous in His-SWT Observations, and Knows everything. Not even a single particle in this universe escapes His-SWT Attention and there is no one else who can have such a vast knowledge. The vision of the creation is but a sensory faculty which can only observe the visible. But Allaah-SWT is beyond all imaginations and logic, being unfathomable. A very important point arises here: Is it possible to see Him-SWT in this temporal existence? The simplest answer by the righteous scholars is a straight no. This is supported by the turning down of Prophet Musa-AS direct request: "you cannot see Me-SWT ." How can anyone else claim the honour of beholding Him-SWT ?


What the Holy Prophet'-SW observed in the Night of Ascension pertained to the celestial world. According to scholars, this earth is engulfed by the heavens while the Hereafter lies beyond, where the believers shall behold Him-SWT both on the Day of Judgement as well as in Paradise. Many Ahadith support this point; in fact the highest reward of the Paradise will be the beholding of Allah-SWT . Another weighty corroboration is Hadith Ihsan, wherein the Holy Prophet"-SW asserts: "Worship Allaah-SWT as if you are beholding Him-SWT and if you cannot see Him-SWT , be absolutely sure that He-SWT is seeing you." Two levels are indicated here. The first denotes the real essence of worship whereby a worshipper can see Allaah-SWT ! Now if it is merely to be imagined, it must be remembered that something which is not possible is at the same time also unimaginable. Then why is the Holy Prophet-SW recommending something illusionary! A very simple explanation is that with this physical eye it is not possible to behold Allah-SWT in this world, but if the Qalb has the vision, it is possible to behold Him-SWT , only if He-SWT Himself-SWT desires to reveal a glimpse of His-SWT Splendour. It is also possible to visualize His-SWT Splendour but not for everyone; it is a level only for Allah-SWT's chosen personalities. For others, the highest level is the attainment of a firm belief that Allaah-SWT is always seeing them.


Prophet Musa-AS's subtle heart was enlightened enough to see the angels and the Divine Splendour, but he desired to behold Him-SWT with the physical eye, which has not been given the power to do so in this life, but shall enjoy it in the Hereafter. According to Tafsir-e-Mazhari and a few other Commentaries of the Quran, if Allaah-SWT could be seen by the physical eye in this temporal life then He-SWT would be seen not only by the human eye, but by the entire living beings capable of seeing. In that case everyone would become extinct since it would be beyond the threshold of their endurance! That explains the reason of turning down Prophet Musa-AS request: "you cannot see Me-SWT ." Otherwise given the spiritual insight or a heart capable of seeing, it is possible to peek into the Hereafter or to have a dialogue with the angels, and the Divine Lights too can be seen. However, if someone is extremely blessed, it is possible to behold His-SWT Splendour. Allaah-SWT knows the best! In the hereafter, the dwellers of the Paradise shall see Allaah-SWT . But even there, no vision will be able to fully encompass His-SWT Splendour, as the creation despite possessing immense powers is after all creation, while He-SWT is way above the grasp and comprehension of any creation. And He-SWT is well Aware of everything because of His-SWT perpetual Knowledge.


The Finality of Prophethood

O' People! Numerous clear and luminous evidences of the Greatness of Allah-SWT have been revealed and received by mankind. Then the raising of the Holy Prophet-SW, his-SW extraordinary qualities, his-SW miracles, and the Divine Revelation are with you. Now nothing more shall be revealed, nor will there be a new Message to which the mankind shall be invited. This is an exclusive proof of the finality of Prophethood that Allah-SWT has revealed whatever was required to be revealed. The Holy Prophet-SW must tell them now that it is entirely up to them to decide their course of action. Whoever contemplates over these Revelations and obeys Allah-SWT does himself a great favour and discovers the true goal of his life. On the other hand, he who closes his eyes to the truth deliberately indeed harms his own self. The Holy Prophet-SAAW must let them know that he-SW is neither a policeman nor a guardian over them who have to drag them to the Divine Court. His-SW only duty is to convey the Message of Allah-SWT to the mankind, and to uplift those who accept the call and seek guidance.


Nearness to the Holy Prophet-SW

It is indeed a Divine blessing, that He-SWT has provided such radiant evidences. Inspite of the Holy Prophet-SW being unlettered, He-SWT has blessed him-SW with a matchless piece of literature. Its text, its meanings and style are so thoroughly illustrious that even the greatest of philosophers, scholars and intellectuals fail to present anything similar and stand flabbergasted. Yet see their crookedness that they accuse him-SW of having learnt these Scriptures from somewhere! Although his-SW admirable life is like an open book before them, yet this is how the perverted people always argue. Besides, Allah-SWT does not aim at making everyone believe, but to guide those who seek the truth and knowledge. If people were to be forced to believe, who could dare indulge in polytheism? A human being who is dependant upon Allah-SWT for every single breath could not possibly have thought of His-SWT disobedience! It is His-SWT Design to put man under a trial by giving him the choice to opt for obedience or rebellion. It is, therefore, none of the Holy Prophet-SW responsibility to protect people by ensuring that no one ever goes wrong! He-SW must ignore those who indulge in polytheism or waywardness by choice and turn his countenance away. One point stands out here that only those fortunates people will be able to develop a relationship with the Holy Prophet-SW who seek Allaah-SWT with sincerity. Otherwise mere rituals, which are often baseless and are usually closer to polytheism drive those who practise them farther away from the Holy Prophet-SW. May Allaah-SWT protect us!


Reviling is Forbidden

In these Ayat a golden principle has been laid down, that the deities worshipped by the polytheists should not be reviled at. Sab (revile) is for spoken words, which the listener would dislike if associated with him and feel insulted in the presence of others. This is a sort of verbal abuse. Such words are forbidden because when they are used against the deities of infidels, the latter will retaliate and may blaspheme out of ignorance towards the Greatness of Allaah-SWT . It is part of human temperament that every individual deems his own conduct and philosophy to be correct and prefers it over the rest. As long as the urge to seek Allaah-SWT does not arouse, one does not refrain from self admiration. Therefore, the Message must be conveyed with logical reasoning and with one's own conduct as an example. It must be conveyed in a decent manner and not with sarcasm and arrogance. Here is a great lesson for those who deliver sermons, and often unscrupulously declare even the Muslims as non believers! However, those who do not accept will also return to Allah-SWT's Court one day whence He shall inform them how their conduct was and the path they had opted for.


These simpletons swear that if only they could see some Signs, they would certainly become believers, meaning thereby that what all has been revealed hitherto unto so many Prophets-AS with miracles and finally the advent of the Holy Prophet-SW himself, is totally out of their sight. So let them know that Allaah-SWT is ail Powerful, He-SWT may manifest more but this will not happen! Not because He-SWT is no longer capable of doing so but because He-SWT does not care for those not convinced by the raising of the Holy Prophet-SW and the clear Signs he brings. So if the Muslims are still hopeful that these infidels will embrace Islam, they ought to know that even if the greatest of miracle is manifested they will not budge any miracles inch. This is because the hearts which fail to nurture love for the Holy Prophet"-SW, the eyes which remain unaffected by his elegance, are deprived forever and totally ignored by Allaah-SWT . This is such a grave sin, that whoever turns away from the Holy Prophet-SW is never granted the capacity to see the door leading to Allah-SWT's Path! In fact such people are left to wander away in the darkness of misguidance forever, as punishment for this crime:


Whoever is expelled from your Court,

Is condemned and never offered support!