سورة الحديد   

Surah Name: Al-Hadid Meaning: The Iron

  • Revealed at Madinah
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 4
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 29
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 57
  • Rukū / Section 4 contains Āyāt / Parts 4
  • Siparah/ Volume 27


وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا نُوحًا وَإِبْرَاهِيمَ وَجَعَلْنَا فِي ذُرِّيَّتِهِمَا النُّبُوَّةَ وَالْكِتَابَ فَمِنْهُم مُّهْتَدٍ وَكَثِيرٌ مِّنْهُمْ فَاسِقُونَ

Walaqad arsalna noohan waibraheema wajaAAalna fee thurriyyatihima a(l)nnubuwwata wa(a)lkitaba faminhum muhtadin wakatheerun minhum fasiqoon(a)

Assuredly We-SWT sent Nuh-AS and Ibrahim-AS, and placed in the posterity of the twain the Prophethood and the Book. Then of them are some guided ones, and many of them are ungodly.


ثُمَّ قَفَّيْنَا عَلَى آثَارِهِم بِرُسُلِنَا وَقَفَّيْنَا بِعِيسَى ابْنِ مَرْيَمَ وَآتَيْنَاهُ الْإِنجِيلَ وَجَعَلْنَا فِي قُلُوبِ الَّذِينَ اتَّبَعُوهُ رَأْفَةً وَرَحْمَةً وَرَهْبَانِيَّةً ابْتَدَعُوهَا مَا كَتَبْنَاهَا عَلَيْهِمْ إِلَّا ابْتِغَاء رِضْوَانِ اللَّهِ فَمَا رَعَوْهَا حَقَّ رِعَايَتِهَا فَآتَيْنَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنْهُمْ أَجْرَهُمْ وَكَثِيرٌ مِّنْهُمْ فَاسِقُونَ

Thumma qaffayna AAala atharihim birusulina waqaffayna biAAeesa ibni maryama waataynahu alinjeela wajaAAalna fee quloobi allatheena ittabaAAoohu rafatan warahmatan warahbaniyyatan ibtadaAAooha ma katabnaha AAalayhim illa ibtighaa ridwani Allahi fama raAAawha haqqa riAAayatiha faatayna allatheena amanoo minhum ajrahum wakatheerun minhum fasiqoon(a)

And thereafter We-SWT caused Our-SWT Messengers-AS to follow in their footsteps, and We-SWT caused 'Isa-AS, son of Maryam-AS, to follow them, and We-SWT vouchsafed to him the Bible, and We-SWT placed in the hearts of those who truly followed him, tenderness and compassion. And asceticism, We-SWT did not prescribe it for them; they innovated it, only seeking Allah-SWT ’s goodwill, but they tended it not with the tendency due to it. So We-SWT vouchsafed to such of them as believed their wage; and many of them are ungodly.


يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَآمِنُوا بِرَسُولِهِ يُؤْتِكُمْ كِفْلَيْنِ مِن رَّحْمَتِهِ وَيَجْعَل لَّكُمْ نُورًا تَمْشُونَ بِهِ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ وَاللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

Ya ayyuha allatheena amanoo ittaqoo Allaha waaminoo birasoolihi yutikum kiflayni min rahmatihi wayajAAal lakum nooran tamshoona bihi wayaghfir lakum wa(A)llahu ghafoorun raheem(un)

O’ believers! Fear Allah-SWT and believe in His-SWT Messenger, He-SWT will vouchsafe to you twofold portions of His-SWT Mercy and will assign to you a light with which you will walk, and He-SWT will forgive you. And Allah-SWT is Forgiving, Merciful.


لِئَلَّا يَعْلَمَ أَهْلُ الْكِتَابِ أَلَّا يَقْدِرُونَ عَلَى شَيْءٍ مِّن فَضْلِ اللَّهِ وَأَنَّ الْفَضْلَ بِيَدِ اللَّهِ يُؤْتِيهِ مَن يَشَاء وَاللَّهُ ذُو الْفَضْلِ الْعَظِيمِ

Lialla yaAAlama ahlu alkitabi alla yaqdiroona AAala shayin min fadli Allahi waanna alfadla biyadi Allahi yuteehi man yashao wa(A)llahu thoo alfadli alAAatheem(i)

This He-SWT will award that the People of the Book may know that they control nothing of the Grace of Allah-SWT , and that the grace is in Allah-SWT ’s hand. He-SWT vouchsafes it to whom He-SWT will, and Allah-SWT is the Owner of Mighty Grace.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

For the guidance and reformation of mankind Allah-SWT raised Nuh-AS and Ibrahim-AS as His-SWT Messengers-AS and blessed than with Shari'ah. He-SWT introduced Prophethood in their progeny whereby the knowledge of His-SWT Books was conveyed to mankind. The fortunate amongst them chose the path of guidance, while the majority denied. Yet the Chain of Prophethood continued until Prophet Isa-AS was raised with the Bible. Again, some accepted and other refuted him. The former were imbued with tenderness, love and mercy in their hearts, as the Prophetic excellences and the Barakah of Messengership are absorbed only by the Qalb.



They then took to monasticism, though it was never enjoined on them. They chose it on purpose and it meant renouncing all worldly pleasures including the permissible. In fact, there were three factions among the Christians. The first one opposed the infidels, fought them and also fell martyrs. The second comprised those who lacked the power to fight, yet they continued to strive for upholding the Truth, and did not compromise with falsehood. In the process they were tortured and martyred. The third faction though weaker, yet did not compromise with the ungodly atmosphere and took to reclusion. They withdrew away from the settlements, never married nor build houses and tried to save their faith. But those who followed them lacked the requisite level of faith and made reclusion a source of acquiring mundane gains. Apparently looking paupers, they amassed tons of wealth. They should have at least observed the limits of monasticism, but failed to do so.


Monasticism and Islam

It is infidelity to declare the lawful and permissible as unlawful or forbidden, for it amounts to distortion of Islam. A Muslim must not consider something permissible as unlawful. However, if he avoids it for any religious or temporal goal, for instance, abstaining in sickness or staying aloof from social evils or eating and sleeping less for spiritual uplift, it is permissible. But once the aim is achieved, it must end. This is Taqwa or an effort to attain it. Thirdly, a believer does not consider any permissible thing as unlawful but does not use it in a manner established by the Sunnah, taking it as piety. This indeed is exceeding the limits and is prohibited by Ahadith. Those followers of Prophet 'Isa-AS who stood firm were amply rewarded by Allah-SWT , yet a majority of them proved to be malefactors. So O’ Believers! Be modest and truly believe in Allah-SWT and His-SWT Messenger-SW   


Believing in the Holy Prophet-SW is Mandatory

Though the People of the Book are already faithful, yet now that the Holy Prophet-SW has been raised, they must believe in him, lest their previous faith is also vitiated and they are classified as infidels. But if they believe in the Holy Prophet-SW their good deeds done earlier will also avail them, and they will be additionally rewarded.


An Infidel's Good Deeds

The scholars conclude that a non believer embracing Islam is also rewarded for the good deeds of his past life. And Allah-SWT bestows a light that enlightens his heart and blesses him with the power to act piously. This very light shall act as a lamp in the grave and in Barzakh as well as on the Bridge. In other words, it will continuously illuminate the path of his life. He-SWT also remits mistakes of a non believer upon embracing Islam, and a believer upon repentance. All this has been expounded for the benefit of the People of the Book, who should not assume that they have been deprived of the excellence and blessings because the Prophethood is no longer in them. All good emanates from Allah-SWT and He-SWT may grant it to whosoever He-SWT wills, whenever He-SWT may choose; being the Owner of Infinite Kindness.