سورة ق   

Surah Name: Al-Qaf Meaning: The Qaf

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 3
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 45
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 50
  • Rukū / Section 2 contains Āyāt / Parts 14
  • Siparah/ Volume 26


وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنسَانَ وَنَعْلَمُ مَا تُوَسْوِسُ بِهِ نَفْسُهُ وَنَحْنُ أَقْرَبُ إِلَيْهِ مِنْ حَبْلِ الْوَرِيدِ

Walaqad khalaqna alinsana wanaAAlamu ma tuwaswisu bihi nafsuhu wanahnu aqrabu ilayhi min habli alwareed(i)

Assuredly We-SWT have created man, and We-SWT know what his soul whispers within him, We-SWT are nearer to him than his jugular vein.


إِذْ يَتَلَقَّى الْمُتَلَقِّيَانِ عَنِ الْيَمِينِ وَعَنِ الشِّمَالِ قَعِيدٌ

Ith yatalaqqa almutalaqqiyani AAani alyameeni waAAani a(l)shshimali qaAAeed(un)

Behold! When the two receivers receive-one on the right hand and the other on the left-a sitter.


مَا يَلْفِظُ مِن قَوْلٍ إِلَّا لَدَيْهِ رَقِيبٌ عَتِيدٌ

Ma yalfithu min qawlin illa ladayhi raqeebun AAateed(un)

Not a word he utters but there is a watcher ready.


وَجَاءتْ سَكْرَةُ الْمَوْتِ بِالْحَقِّ ذَلِكَ مَا كُنتَ مِنْهُ تَحِيدُ

Wajaat sakratu almawti bi(a)lhaqqi thalika ma kunta minhu taheed(u)

And the stupor of death will come in truth; this is what you have been avoiding.


وَنُفِخَ فِي الصُّورِ ذَلِكَ يَوْمُ الْوَعِيدِ

Wanufikha fee a(l)ssoori thalika yawmu alwaAAeed(i)

And the Trumpet will be blown; this is the Day of Threat.


وَجَاءتْ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ مَّعَهَا سَائِقٌ وَشَهِيدٌ

Wajaat kullu nafsin maAAaha saiqun washaheed(un)

And there shall come every soul, with whom will be a driver and a witness.


لَقَدْ كُنتَ فِي غَفْلَةٍ مِّنْ هَذَا فَكَشَفْنَا عَنكَ غِطَاءكَ فَبَصَرُكَ الْيَوْمَ حَدِيدٌ

Laqad kunta fee ghaflatin min hatha fakashafna AAanka ghitaaka fabasaruka alyawma hadeed(un)

Assuredly you have been heedless thereof; now We--SWT have lifted off from you your veil, so your sight Today is piercing.


وَقَالَ قَرِينُهُ هَذَا مَا لَدَيَّ عَتِيدٌ

Waqala qareenuhu hatha ma ladayya AAateed(un)

And his companion will say: This is what with me is ready.


أَلْقِيَا فِي جَهَنَّمَ كُلَّ كَفَّارٍ عَنِيدٍ

Alqiya fee jahannama kulla kaffarin AAaneed(in)

Cast you twain into Hell every person, rebellious, contumacious.


مَّنَّاعٍ لِّلْخَيْرِ مُعْتَدٍ مُّرِيبٍ

MannaAAin lilkhayri muAAtadin mureeb(in)

Hinderer of good, trespasser, doubter.


الَّذِي جَعَلَ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَهًا آخَرَ فَأَلْقِيَاهُ فِي الْعَذَابِ الشَّدِيدِ

Allathee jaAAala maAAa Allahi ilahan akhara faalqiyahu fee alAAathabi a(l)shshadeed(i)

Who set up with Allah-SWT another god, so cast him you twain in the severe torment.


قَالَ قَرِينُهُ رَبَّنَا مَا أَطْغَيْتُهُ وَلَكِن كَانَ فِي ضَلَالٍ بَعِيدٍ

Qala qareenuhu rabbana ma atghaytuhu walakin kana fee dalalin baAAeed(in)

His companion will say: Rabb-SWT ! I did not cause him to transgress, he was himself in error far-off.


قَالَ لَا تَخْتَصِمُوا لَدَيَّ وَقَدْ قَدَّمْتُ إِلَيْكُم بِالْوَعِيدِ

Qala la takhtasimoo ladayya waqad qaddamtu ilaykum bi(a)lwaAAeed(i)

Allah-SWT will say: Do not wrangle in My-SWT presence, and I-SWT had already proffered to you the warning.


مَا يُبَدَّلُ الْقَوْلُ لَدَيَّ وَمَا أَنَا بِظَلَّامٍ لِّلْعَبِيدِ

Ma yubaddalu alqawlu ladayya wama ana bithallamin lilAAabeed(i)

The word shall not be changed in My-SWT presence, nor am I an oppressor at all to My-SWT bondmen.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

Nearer than the Jugular Vein

We-SWT created mail and all his qualities, so any thought that crosses his mind is well known to Us-SWT . And We-SWT are nearer to him than his jugular vein. According to the Commentators, 'nearness' here pertains to knowledge as it refers to spiritual states and the thoughts crossing his mind. It is not in terms of physical distance for He-SWT is far too exalted. However, Tafsir-e-Mazhari quotes the Sufi saints that while His-SWT Knowledge encompasses everything, He-SWT has a special type of communion with human beings, beyond definition. Its nature is not known to anyone though its presence is endorsed by Quran and the Hadith.


The nearness attained through worship is peculiar to the believers, called the Aulia and is over and above the one He-SWT  has with every  soul, believing and the non-believing alike. This is His-SWT domain and for the purpose of final proof He-SWT has appointed two Recording Angels, one on the right and the other on the left, constantly recording each and every word and action of everyone .The former records the noble deeds while the latter records the misdeeds. And every word uttered is duly recorded for the purpose of reckoning.


The throes of death unveil all realities to the believer and the non-believer alike. This is the very moment and the condition which man had tried to avoid. Though some of the Aulia’ hold death dearer, yet generally everyone strives to live on. The infidel and the malefactor are, however, extremely apprehensive of this moment and do not even wish to think of it.


On the Day of Reckoning when the second Trumpet is blown everyone will be escorted by two angels. One will drive him to the arena and the other shall carry his Register of Conduct. The infidel will be reminded of his refusal to believe in this Day. Now that the veil is lifted and his vision is reinforced, he can very well witness all the realities like Akhirah, Angels, Jannah and Hell.


After Death every Human Being can Behold

Death lifts all veils and everyone beholds the aforesaid realities, whether a believer or an infidel, pious or evildoer. The trial is in this world where one has to believe in the unseen relying on the information passed by Allah-SWT and His-SWT Prophet-SW and has to obey Allah-SWT . However, blessed with the Prophetic Barakah, a believer's inner eye opens up and he beholds these realities while still in this world. This vision is called Kashf. Hadhrat 'Ali-RAU is reported to have once said that if Akhirah was to be unveiled before him, it would not cause him the slightest amazement as it is already seen. The Kashf of the Aulia' is endorsed by a continuous chain of reporters. This helps them in sticking to the right path and in refraining from evil. Reverting back to the events on the Day of Judgement, the second Angel will present the Register of Conduct of his ward covering his temporal existence. The infidel will then be ordered to Hell along with his comrade Satan termed as Qareen, who had always inspired him to do wrong.


The Qareen Satan

According to Shaikh Allah Yar KhanRUA, this refers to the Satan who accompanies every person over and above the other devils. The Holy Prophet-SW was once asked if he too had a Satan by his side. He-SWT answered in the affirmative, adding that he had accepted Islam. Praise be to Allaah-SWT ! What a grace of the Holy Prophet-SW that even a devil in his company became a believer. These Qareen devils live for a long time even after the death of their comrade, generally in the premises of his burial. And these are the very devils that the Europeans and the Yogis mistake as Ruh and juggle with through various tricks, for it is impossible to summon the real Ruh to this world after death. Because if it is emancipated, Allaah-SWT will not let it be dragged into an inferior world, and if it is under chastisement, who will spare it to go. So what the manipulators summon as Arwah are in fact the Qareen devils. On the Day of Reckoning, every infidel will be condemned to Hell along with his Qareen as besides being an evil doer himself he had also prevented others from the path of piety and faith by concocting objections and making people skeptical. Now all those who had ascribed partners to Allah-SWT pinning hopes on them will be condemned to severe chastisement.


It is then that the Qareen shall cry out and plead not to be made a scapegoat for the sins of his comrade as the latter had been an evil doer himself. And that his role was confined only to whispering and it was upto him to ignore it for he had not forced him into acting wickedly. Allaah-SWT shall dismiss all arguments as they were forewarned of the evil consequences of denial and malefaction. Now is the time of execution of the decision already pronounced and Allaah-SWT does not alter His-SWT decisions given justly without wronging anyone in the least.