سورة المائدة   

Surah Name: Al-Ma'idah Meaning:The Table Spread

  • Revealed at Madinah
  • Completion and Perfection of Islam as Deen (way of life) declared in this Surah.

    With reference to its revelation, it is amongst those Surahs, which were revealed at the end. Part of it was also revealed on the eve of the last Hajj of the Holy Prophet-SW, after which he-SW lived for only about eighty days. Certain Sections were revealed at the time of the Conquest of Makkah, while some on journey to Hudaibiyah. Whereas Surah An-Nisa' discusses mutual relations, dealings and the rights and duties, this Surah lays further emphasis on practising them. The believers are being specifically instructed: "Fulfill your undertakings."

  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 16
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 120
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 5
  • Rukū / Section 2 contains Āyāt / Parts 6
  • Siparah/ Volume 6 & 7


يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ إِذَا قُمْتُمْ إِلَى الصَّلاةِ فاغْسِلُواْ وُجُوهَكُمْ وَأَيْدِيَكُمْ إِلَى الْمَرَافِقِ وَامْسَحُواْ بِرُؤُوسِكُمْ وَأَرْجُلَكُمْ إِلَى الْكَعْبَينِ وَإِن كُنتُمْ جُنُبًا فَاطَّهَّرُواْ وَإِن كُنتُم مَّرْضَى أَوْ عَلَى سَفَرٍ أَوْ جَاء أَحَدٌ مَّنكُم مِّنَ الْغَائِطِ أَوْ لاَمَسْتُمُ النِّسَاء فَلَمْ تَجِدُواْ مَاء فَتَيَمَّمُواْ صَعِيدًا طَيِّبًا فَامْسَحُواْ بِوُجُوهِكُمْ وَأَيْدِيكُم مِّنْهُ مَا يُرِيدُ اللّهُ لِيَجْعَلَ عَلَيْكُم مِّنْ حَرَجٍ وَلَـكِن يُرِيدُ لِيُطَهَّرَكُمْ وَلِيُتِمَّ نِعْمَتَهُ عَلَيْكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ

Ya ayyuha allatheena amanoo itha qumtum ila a(l)ssalati fa(i)ghsiloo wujoohakum waaydiyakum ila almarafiqi wa(i)msahoo biruoosikum waarjulakum ila alkaAAbayni wain kuntum junuban fa(i)ttahharoo wain kuntum marda aw AAala safarin aw jaa ahadun minkum mina alghaiti aw lamastumu a(l)nnisaa falam tajidoo maan fatayammamoo saAAeedan tayyiban fa(i)msahoo biwujoohikum waaydeekum minhu ma yureedu Allahu liyajAAala AAalaykum min harajin walakin yureedu liyutahhirakum waliyutimma niAAmatahu AAalaykum laAAallakum tashkuroon(a)

O’ you who believe! When you stand up for Salat wash your faces and your hands up to the elbows, and wipe your heads and wash your feet up to the ankles; and if you are polluted, purify yourselves. And if you are ailing or on a journey or one of you comes from the closet, or you have had contact with women betake yourselves to clean earth and wipe your faces and hands with it. Allaah-SWT does not mean to lay upon you a hardship, but means to purify you and to complete His-SWT favour upon you that perhaps you may return thanks.


وَاذْكُرُواْ نِعْمَةَ اللّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ وَمِيثَاقَهُ الَّذِي وَاثَقَكُم بِهِ إِذْ قُلْتُمْ سَمِعْنَا وَأَطَعْنَا وَاتَّقُواْ اللّهَ إِنَّ اللّهَ عَلِيمٌ بِذَاتِ الصُّدُورِ

Wa(o)thkuroo niAAmata Allahi AAalaykum wameethaqahu allathee wathaqakum bihi ith qultum samiAAna waataAAna wa(i)ttaqoo Allaha inna Allaha AAaleemun bithati a(l)ssudoor(i)

And remember Allaah-SWT ’s favour on you and His-SWT bond with which He-SWT bound you firmly when you said: we hear and we obey. And fear Allah-SWT; surely Allaah-SWT is Knower of what is in your breasts.


يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ كُونُواْ قَوَّامِينَ لِلّهِ شُهَدَاء بِالْقِسْطِ وَلاَ يَجْرِمَنَّكُمْ شَنَآنُ قَوْمٍ عَلَى أَلاَّ تَعْدِلُواْ اعْدِلُواْ هُوَ أَقْرَبُ لِلتَّقْوَى وَاتَّقُواْ اللّهَ إِنَّ اللّهَ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ

Ya ayyuha allatheena amanoo koonoo qawwameena lillahi shuhadaa bi(a)lqisti walayajrimannakum shanaanu qawmin AAala alla taAAdiloo iAAdiloo huwa aqrabu li(l)ttaqwa wa(i)ttaqoo Allaha inna Allaha khabeerun bima taAAmaloon(a)

O’ you who believe! Be maintainers of your pact with Allaah-SWT and witnesses in equity, and let not the detestation for a people incite you not to act fairly; act fairly; that is nearer to piety. And fear Allah-SWT; surely Allaah-SWT is Aware of what you do.


وَعَدَ اللّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ الصَّالِحَاتِ لَهُم مَّغْفِرَةٌ وَأَجْرٌ عَظِيمٌ

WaAAada Allahu allatheena amanoo waAAamiloo a(l)ssalihati lahum maghfiratun waajrun AAatheem(un)

Allah-SWT has promised those who believe and act righteously that for them shall be forgiveness and a mighty wage.


وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ وَكَذَّبُواْ بِآيَاتِنَا أُوْلَـئِكَ أَصْحَابُ الْجَحِيمِ

Wa(a)llatheena kafaroo wakaththaboo biayatina olaika ashabu aljaheem(i)

And those who disbelieve and belie Our-SWT signs, they shall be the inmates of the Flame.


يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ اذْكُرُواْ نِعْمَتَ اللّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ إِذْ هَمَّ قَوْمٌ أَن يَبْسُطُواْ إِلَيْكُمْ أَيْدِيَهُمْ فَكَفَّ أَيْدِيَهُمْ عَنكُمْ وَاتَّقُواْ اللّهَ وَعَلَى اللّهِ فَلْيَتَوَكَّلِ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ

Ya ayyuha allatheena amanoo othkuroo niAAmata Allahi AAalaykum ith hamma qawmun an yabsutoo ilaykum aydiyahum fakaffa aydiyahum AAankum wa(i)ttaqoo Allaha waAAala Allahi falyatawakkali almuminoon(a)

O’ you who believe! Remember Allah-SWT's favour on you when a people determined to stretch forth their hands against you, but He-SWT withheld their hands from you. And fear Allah-SWT, and on Allaah-SWT let the believers rely.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

To avoid failure in the Hereafter purity is imperative. Disbelief is synonymous to the impurity of the heart. Each wrong act pollutes the heart until it stretches to disbelief. Now to keep the heart clean and free of impurities it is essential to keep the body also clean and to establish a relationship with Allah-SWT through worship, under all circumstances. To ignore the obligatory worship is like inviting death, rather it should be supplemented with voluntary worship and Zikr according to one's capacity. For the obligatory worship the body must be clean, and the ablution must be performed. When the time for Salat commences it becomes obligatory and so do the means and sources for its completion, for example, ablution, clean clothes, the place, the direction of the K'abah etc.


The ablution comprises washing the face and the hands upto the elbows, moving wet hands over the head and washing feet upto the ankles. These four are the obligatory elements of ablution, rest are either Sunnah or preferable. If a person is in the state of pollution, which demands the purification of the entire body, a bath must be taken. However, if one is travelling and there is no facility to take a bath or perform ablution, or is suffering from an illness which may be aggravated by the use of water, then Tayemmum is to be done. This is performed by touching clean dust with both palms, and then rubbing tangibly on the face, and repeating the action on both arms upto the elbows, starting from the right. This will act as the substitute for a bath or an ablution, as long as the afore mentioned pretexts prevail.


Allah-SWT does not wish to create difficulties for people, but the real aim is to purify the body. When people will worship Allah-SWT after cleaning themselves, they would attain the purification of the heart. This will enable them to absorb the Divine Lights and Refulgence. When the sun rises to spread light, stones are least affected, but as soon as a mirror is placed before it, it shines like a mini sun. Therefore, people must purify their hearts and adorn their breasts with mirrors, not stones, so that He-SWT may complete His-SWT favours upon them and they are able to thank Him-SWT . The capacity to thank Allah-SWT is by itself His-SWT reward. So people should always remember His-SWT favours and the pledge they have made with Him-SWT by embracing Islam. Once a person enters Islam, he in fact promises to obey and worship Allah-SWT , to listen to and execute His-SWT Commands with his heart and soul. The relationship with Allah-SWT must be very strong, and must stand above all other relations, as Allah-SWT knows the hidden secrets of the hearts.


In fact the entire structure of reformation is based on the protection of rights and the discharge of duties, the former being more important. But again it depends on the fulfillment of a duty called Shahadah or testimony. This demands an honest conveyance of the facts to the concerned authorities who largely depend on this information for arriving at the correct judgement. The testimony must be treated as a sacred trust, and must be passed on with honesty. The fear of annoying a person or a community should not deter anyone from being fair and just. Islam provides justice to enemies and friends alike. The Divine Command enjoins that even if one has to testify against one's own relatives, or even if the testimony goes against one's own self, the truth must be told. It has also been enjoined that no one, out of personal grudge or grievances, should testify against a person in a manner that may damage his rights by denying him justice. There have always been two barriers to justice. It is either the affiliations to or hatred for someone, which compel a person to give biased testimonies, whereas a believer must be above this. He should let his faith rule his emotions. Whatever he says should be only for the Pleasure of Allah-SWT , rising above personal prejudices. Scholars have included all forms of testimony under Shahadah such as a School Certificate testifying the qualification of a person, a doctor's Medical Certificate about the illness of someone and many similar matters in which decisions are based on testimony. A vote is also a form of testimony, whereby the voter endorses the suitability of the candidate for holding a public office. It is also a recommendation that he will discharge his duties honestly and faithfully and guard the rights of the citizens.


Now if a candidate proves worthy of his office and works honestly, each voter shall be a party to his noble deeds. On the contrary, every voter will have to share the consequences of the candidate's wrong doings if he is a corrupt person and unless Allah-SWT forgives us, we cannot escape it. We must repent and for the sake of our country and the welfare of our future generations, must always testify truthfully. Allah-SWT Commands us to do justice and not to lose hold, as it is closest to Taqwa. It means that the instant and the very first effect of Taqwa is justice and fair play. We must adopt Taqwa, as it is the desired goal of life. Our relationship with Allah-SWT must be strong enough to compel us to obey Him-SWT , and refrain from annoying Him-SWT . Remember that Allah-SWT is well Aware of our condition and none of our actions are concealed from Him-SWT . Those who accepted Islam, that is, corrected their beliefs and practices and adopted the path of righteousness, have been promised forgiveness and rewards by Allah-SWT . Their responsibility is to act in accordance with His-SWT Commands and the teachings of the Holy Prophet-SW and to strive in His-SWT Cause. The fruits of these efforts are purely a gift from Allah-SWT , and it is His-SWT Promise that He-SWT will compensate for any human errors or short falls, as human beings are not perfect. Allah-SWT shall forgive their mistakes and shall shower them with His-SWT bounties beyond all proportions to their deeds. On the contrary, if, after the revelation of the Divine Book and raising of the Holy Prophet-SW, someone opts for the wrong path and denies the Divine Ayat, he will be condemned to Hell.


O' Muslims! You must constantly remind yourselves of the favours Allah-SWT has done to you, for you were weak and oppressed by the Quraish, the infidels and the Jews. They had left no stone unturned to destroy you, but it was a Divine Favour that they were all disappointed and you were gifted with power, glory, and the rule over on empire. Now it does not befit you to be unjust and allow any greed or fear cause any hindrance to justice. Have faith in Allah-SWT , Who-SWT has protected you earlier. It is Him-SWT that believers must always rely upon.