سورة المائدة   

Surah Name: Al-Ma'idah Meaning:The Table Spread

  • Revealed at Madinah
  • Completion and Perfection of Islam as Deen (way of life) declared in this Surah.

    With reference to its revelation, it is amongst those Surahs, which were revealed at the end. Part of it was also revealed on the eve of the last Hajj of the Holy Prophet-SW, after which he-SW lived for only about eighty days. Certain Sections were revealed at the time of the Conquest of Makkah, while some on journey to Hudaibiyah. Whereas Surah An-Nisa' discusses mutual relations, dealings and the rights and duties, this Surah lays further emphasis on practising them. The believers are being specifically instructed: "Fulfill your undertakings."

  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 16
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 120
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 5
  • Rukū / Section 16 contains Āyāt / Parts 5
  • Siparah/ Volume 6 & 7


وَإِذْ قَالَ اللّهُ يَا عِيسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ أَأَنتَ قُلتَ لِلنَّاسِ اتَّخِذُونِي وَأُمِّيَ إِلَـهَيْنِ مِن دُونِ اللّهِ قَالَ سُبْحَانَكَ مَا يَكُونُ لِي أَنْ أَقُولَ مَا لَيْسَ لِي بِحَقٍّ إِن كُنتُ قُلْتُهُ فَقَدْ عَلِمْتَهُ تَعْلَمُ مَا فِي نَفْسِي وَلاَ أَعْلَمُ مَا فِي نَفْسِكَ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ عَلاَّمُ الْغُيُوبِ

Waith qala Allahu ya AAeesa ibna maryama aanta qulta li(l)nnasi ittakhithoonee waommiya ilahayni min dooni Allahi qala subhanaka ma yakoonu lee an aqoola ma laysa lee bihaqqin in kuntu qultuhu faqad AAalimtahu taAAlamu ma fee nafsee wala aAAlamu ma fee nafsika innaka anta AAallamu alghuyoob(i)

And when Allaah-SWT will say: O’ Isa-AS, son of Maryam-AS! Was it you who said to the people: take me and my mother as two gods beside Allaah-SWT ? Isa-AS will say: Praise be to You-SWT; it was not for me to say that to which I had no right; had I said it, You-SWT were sure to know it. You-SWT know what is in my mind, and I do not know what is in Your-SWT mind. Verily You-SWT , only You-SWT are the Great Knower of things hidden.


مَا قُلْتُ لَهُمْ إِلاَّ مَا أَمَرْتَنِي بِهِ أَنِ اعْبُدُواْ اللّهَ رَبِّي وَرَبَّكُمْ وَكُنتُ عَلَيْهِمْ شَهِيدًا مَّا دُمْتُ فِيهِمْ فَلَمَّا تَوَفَّيْتَنِي كُنتَ أَنتَ الرَّقِيبَ عَلَيْهِمْ وَأَنتَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ شَهِيدٌ

Ma qultu lahum illa ma amartanee bihi ani oAAbudoo Allaha rabbee warabbakum wakuntu AAalayhim shaheedan ma dumtu feehim falamma tawaffaytanee kunta anta a(l)rraqeeba AAalayhim waanta AAala kulli shayin shaheed(un)

I said not to them anything save what You-SWT bade me: worship Allah-SWT, Rabb-SWT of me and Rabb-SWT of you. I was a witness over them so long as I abode among them; then when You-SWT took me up, You-SWT have been the Watcher, and You-SWT are a witness over everything.


إِن تُعَذِّبْهُمْ فَإِنَّهُمْ عِبَادُكَ وَإِن تَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ فَإِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ

In tuAAaththibhum fainnahum AAibaduka wain taghfir lahum fainnaka anta alAAazeezu alhakeem(u)

Should You-SWT torment them, then verily they are Your-SWT creatures and should You-SWT forgive them, then verily You-SWT , only You-SWT are the Mighty, the Wise.


قَالَ اللّهُ هَذَا يَوْمُ يَنفَعُ الصَّادِقِينَ صِدْقُهُمْ لَهُمْ جَنَّاتٌ تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهَا الأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا أَبَدًا رَّضِيَ اللّهُ عَنْهُمْ وَرَضُواْ عَنْهُ ذَلِكَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ

Qala Allahu hatha yawmu yanfaAAu a(l)ssadiqeena sidquhum lahum jannatun tajree min tahtiha alanharu khalideena feeha abadan radiya Allahu AAanhum waradoo AAanhu thalika alfawzu alAAatheem(u)

Allah-SWT will say, this is a Day when their truthfulness will benefit the truthful. Theirs shall be Gardens beneath which streams flow; they shall abide there forever. Well-pleased is Allaah-SWT with them, and .well-pleased are they with Allah-SWT; this is an achievement supreme.


لِلّهِ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ وَمَا فِيهِنَّ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

Lillahi mulku a(l)ssamawati wa(a)lardi wama feehinna wahuwa AAala kulli shayin qadeer(un)

Allah-SWT's is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth and whatsoever is therein and He-SWT is Potent over everything.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

Prophet 'lsa-AS will be questioned before a massive gathering: "O’ Isa-AS! Did you teach your people to believe in you and your mother as Gods besides Allah-SWT ?" It means that whatever we practise in the name of Din shall be put forth to the Prophets-AS for endorsement. If they accept responsibility for the action as being motivated by their teachings, only then will it be approved. For example, in the era of the Holy Prophet-SW, there were neither any religious institutions, nor curriculum nor the present day books. Ahadith were in scattered form, mostly stored in memory and some reduced to writing. But the command to teach, learn and to acquire knowledge is there. The present day religious institutions or books, if not in violation of any aspect of Shari'ah do serve the orders of the Holy Prophet-SW. But the innovations like Death Anniversaries (‘Urs) and Eleventh Day Celebrations (Giyarween Sharif) amidst musical concerts must not be expected to win His-SWT Reward. However, if the Holy Prophet-SW accepts that he-SW had ordered such celebrations, these will be part of Din. But the Prophets-SW teaches nothing against Din. Therefore, any attempt to prove the rituals as Din will be a source of embarrassment. Like the Christians will face difficulty when Prophet Isa-AS will depose: “O Allah-SWT ! It was not proper for me to say anything against reality, and for which I had no authority. Had I said such a thing, it must have been in Your-SWT knowledge, as You-SWT are Aware of everything, even what lies in the depths of my heart. I could not have attained any knowledge apart from what You-SWT revealed to me. You-SWT are the Knower of the Unseen and it is Your-SWT special Attribute to know without any source. The entire creation can only know what You-SWT let them know. I did tell them but only what You-SWT Commanded me to”. This means that teachings of the Prophets-AS are never against the Pleasure and Commandment of Allah-SWT . An authentic Hadith shall certainly be corroborated by Allah-SWT ’s Book. Therefore, Prophet ‘Isa-AS told his people: worship Allah-SWT , Who-SWT is my Rabb-SWT and yours too. He-SWT has created us and is sustaining us. He-SWT provides for all our needs. And O’ Allah-SWT ! You-SWT are the best witness! As long as I was amidst them I taught them whatever You-SWT Commanded me to. But when You-SWT summoned me to the heavens only You-SWT could have watched over them, because a human being is but human, who can only report what he sees around him. Keeping vigilance over everyone, everywhere simultaneously is only Your-SWT Attribute. Now if You-SWT wish to punish them it is upto You-SWT , as they are Your-SWT servants, Your-SWT creation, whom You-SWT provided the best of things and loved them. And if it pleases You-SWT , You-SWT may forgive them, as no one can overrule Your-SWT decision, for You-SWT are the Mightiest. They can neither escape You-SWT , nor fight You-SWT back. If You-SWT forgive them it would be out of Your-SWT logic and wisdom; and if You-SWT punish them, that too will be out of Wisdom."


It will then be announced: "O’ people! Today is the Day of Truth and Reckoning. This Day the truthful shall benefit from their truth and the sincere from their sincerity, while falsehood, fraud and fabrications, shall be of no avail to anyone."


Those who strove in Allah-SWT's Cause with sincerity and devotion; their human errors and omissions shall be forgiven by the intercession of the Prophets-AS, the Aulia, their noble deeds and offsprings who died in childhood. Only such people shall abide in the exalted place, where the season is always a blooming spring, with honour and dignity. Allah-SWT shall be pleased with them; they will never have any complaints and will be pleased with Him-SWT . This indeed is the real and the grand success. Those lacking sincerity and devotion have not even been mentioned here; so let them be as Allah-SWT is sufficient to reckon with them. And it must be known to all that whether it is the earth or the heavens, or even another world in the universe, the sole Authority and Absolute Rule rests with Allah-SWT . He-SWT Alone is the Owner of everything and has the power to do whatever pleases Him-SWT . No one can stop Him-SWT from implementing His-SWT Plans.