سورة الفتح   

Surah Name: Al-Fatah Meaning: The Victory

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 4
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 29
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 48
  • Rukū / Section 4 contains Āyāt / Parts 3
  • Siparah/ Volume 26


لَقَدْ صَدَقَ اللَّهُ رَسُولَهُ الرُّؤْيَا بِالْحَقِّ لَتَدْخُلُنَّ الْمَسْجِدَ الْحَرَامَ إِن شَاء اللَّهُ آمِنِينَ مُحَلِّقِينَ رُؤُوسَكُمْ وَمُقَصِّرِينَ لَا تَخَافُونَ فَعَلِمَ مَا لَمْ تَعْلَمُوا فَجَعَلَ مِن دُونِ ذَلِكَ فَتْحًا قَرِيبًا

Laqad sadaqa Allahu rasoolahu a(l)rruya bi(a)lhaqqi latadkhulunna almasjida alharama in shaa Allahu amineena muhalliqeena ruoosakum wamuqassireena la takhafoona faAAalima ma lam taAAlamoo fajaAAala min dooni thalika fathan qareeba(n)

Assuredly did Allaah-SWT show a true vision to His-SWT Messenger-SW in very truth; Allaah-SWT willing, you shall surely enter the Sacred Masjid, secure, with your head shaven and your hair cropped, and you shall have no fear. He-SWT knows what you do not know. So He-SWT has assigned, besides that, a victory nearby.


هُوَ الَّذِي أَرْسَلَ رَسُولَهُ بِالْهُدَى وَدِينِ الْحَقِّ لِيُظْهِرَهُ عَلَى الدِّينِ كُلِّهِ وَكَفَى بِاللَّهِ شَهِيدًا

Huwa allathee arsala rasoolahu bi(a)lhuda wadeeni alhaqqi liyuthhirahu AAala a(l)ddeeni kullihi wakafa bi(A)llahi shaheeda(n)

He-SWT it is Who-SWT has sent his Messenger-SW with guidance and true faith that He-SWT may make it prevail over all faiths, and Allaah-SWT suffices as Witness.


مُّحَمَّدٌ رَّسُولُ اللَّهِ وَالَّذِينَ مَعَهُ أَشِدَّاء عَلَى الْكُفَّارِ رُحَمَاء بَيْنَهُمْ تَرَاهُمْ رُكَّعًا سُجَّدًا يَبْتَغُونَ فَضْلًا مِّنَ اللَّهِ وَرِضْوَانًا سِيمَاهُمْ فِي وُجُوهِهِم مِّنْ أَثَرِ السُّجُودِ ذَلِكَ مَثَلُهُمْ فِي التَّوْرَاةِ وَمَثَلُهُمْ فِي الْإِنجِيلِ كَزَرْعٍ أَخْرَجَ شَطْأَهُ فَآزَرَهُ فَاسْتَغْلَظَ فَاسْتَوَى عَلَى سُوقِهِ يُعْجِبُ الزُّرَّاعَ لِيَغِيظَ بِهِمُ الْكُفَّارَ وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ مِنْهُم مَّغْفِرَةً وَأَجْرًا عَظِيمًا

Muhammadun rasoolu Allahi wa(a)llatheena maAAahu ashiddao AAala alkuffari ruhamao baynahum tarahum rukkaAAan sujjadan yabtaghoona fadlan mina Allahi waridwanan seemahum fee wujoohihim min athari a(l)ssujoodi thalika mathaluhum fee a(l)ttawrati wamathaluhum fee alinjeeli kazarAAin akhraja shatahu faazarahu fa(i)staghlatha fa(i)stawa AAala sooqihi yuAAjibu a(l)zzurraAAa liyagheetha bihimu alkuffara waAAada Allahu allatheena amanoo waAAamiloo a(l)ssalihati minhum maghfiratan waajran AAatheema(n)

Muhammad-SW is the Messenger-SW of Allaah-SWT . And those who are with him-SW are stern against the infidels and merciful among themselves. You see them bowing down and doing Sajdah, seeking Grace from Allaah-SWT and His--SWT   Goodwill. This mark is on their faces, a trace of Sajud, such is their description in the Torah. And their description in the Like a seed that puts forth its shoot arid strengthens it, and grows and rises straight upon its stalk delighting the sowers. Such are the early Muslims described that He-SWT may enrage the infidels with them. To those among them who believe and work righteous deeds. Allaah-SWT has promised forgiveness and a splendid wage


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

What Allaah-SWT showed to His-SWT Prophet-SW in the dream will come true. The believers ‘Insha-Allah', shall enter the Sacred Precincts and will go round the K`abah in Tawaf in peace, without any apprehensions whatever.


InshaAllah (Allah-SWT Willing)

In this Ayah, Allaah-SWT the Omnipotent has added ‘Insha-Allah' when referring to a future event to educate the believers. So every believer must always say so when referring to any future affair, by putting his best efforts to accomplish it. It is wrong to relax and expect results because In-sha-Allah has been invoked. The Quran prophesies that the believers will have their heads shaven or hair cropped without any fear. So the following year they availed `Umrah, and a year later Makkah was taken removing all hindrances forever. He-SWT could have led the believers to 'Umrah right away, but in His-SWT Infinite Wisdom, the Jews were to be vanquished first in order to demoralise the infidels and to close the doors of any outside support to them. And He-SWT intended to strengthen the believers with the spoils of war at Khyber, and render the victory of Islam a cause of mass conversion to it, adding to the glory of Islam and the Muslims.


Worldly Means

It is clear how in this world of cause and effect Allaah-SWT emphasises the need to employ visible means. Those who simply sit idle must learn a lesson and exert practically to implement Islam. The Supreme Being raised His-SWT Messenger-SW with True Din, directing him-SW to handle every affair of life in the most accurate manner so that Islam prevails over all ungodly religions.


Dominance of Islam is Forever

The True Din remains dominant over all ungodly religious for all times to come in two ways: (1) the powerful arguments it puts forth; (2) the political and material means, prerequisite being the uprightness of the believers both in intentions and in actions, as demonstrated by the Companions-RAU. If the infidels enjoy dominance today, it is because of the evil doings, absence of sincerity, and weariness towards Din by us. May Allaah-SWT grant us the sense to get over this callousness!


Allah-SWT declares that Muhammad-SW is His-SWT Messenger-SW; who need not be grieved by refusal of the infidels to scribe this fact on the Treaty, as Allaah-SWT has made it the cardinal statement of Islam to be repeated for all times to come. A striking sign of his-SW greatness are his-SW Companions-RAU, groomed by him-SW.


Companions-RAU Manifest the Holy Prophet's-SW Greatness

As a result of the Holy Prophet-SW ‘s company, their emotions of love and hate were moulded according to Islam, in a manner that they had been extremely caring towards one another and thoroughly invincible for the infidels. In all revolutions of the world, the leaders exploited the emotions of the masses momentarily, such as Hitler, Mao or other stalwarts while the, revolution wrought by Allah-SWT's Messenger-SW is not an emotional one. It is a conscious and factual change. His-SWT true followers are men of the highest order who enjoy complete mastery over their emotions. They know how and where to employ the feelings of love and hate, and have so disciplined these powers as to display at the right time and place. Praise be to Allaah-SWT !


O' Reader! You will find them conducting all affairs of life with utmost devotion. Obedience to the Holy Prophet-SW is a worship by itself; so every moment of their lives is marked with Ruku' and Sujud which means that whether it is worship or Jihad, they are purely in pursuit of Allah-SWT's Pleasure and Mercy. Their noble faces are radiant with the light of His-SWT nearness and their foreheads glow with His-SWT Refulgence, beaming out the light of worships and prostration. This description has been given by Allaah-SWT in the Torah as well as in the Bible, as if it were a harvest wherein a seed sprouts its shoot first, then strengthens and rises firmly upon its stalk delighting the sower, while the hearts of the infidels and the opponents singe with spite.


Spite Towards the Companions-RAU

Obviously when the preceding Divine Books testified to the veracity and trustworthiness of the Companions-RAU, it became an essential part of the faith of those nations to whom these were revealed. So how can there be any room to harbour doubts over the credibility of the Companions-RAU after the revelation of Quran? This also shows that it is typical of the infidels to be spiteful towards them. To raise objections and criticise them is, therefore, an act of infidelity. Ruh ul Mini quotes Imam Malik-RUA that infidelity of the Shi`ites is established from this Ãyah, as they are spiteful towards them. And those who believed in and obeyed the Holy Prophet-SW are promised forgiveness and salvation in the Akhirah, with a mighty recompense. The critics must also ponder over the Divine Promise that even if, by virtue of being human, the Companions-RAU had erred, Allaah-SWT shall forgive them, a fact amply reinforced by Ahâdĩth.