سورة محمد   

Surah Name: Muhammad-SW Meaning: Prophet Muhammad-SW

  • Revealed at Madinah
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 4
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 38
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 47
  • Rukū / Section 4 contains Āyāt / Parts 10
  • Siparah/ Volume 26


أَمْ حَسِبَ الَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٌ أَن لَّن يُخْرِجَ اللَّهُ أَضْغَانَهُمْ

Am hasiba allatheena fee quloobihim maradun an lan yukhrija Allahu adghanahum

Do then in whose hearts is a disease imagine that Allaah-SWT will never bring to light their rancour?


وَلَوْ نَشَاء لَأَرَيْنَاكَهُمْ فَلَعَرَفْتَهُم بِسِيمَاهُمْ وَلَتَعْرِفَنَّهُمْ فِي لَحْنِ الْقَوْلِ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ أَعْمَالَكُمْ

Walaw nashao laaraynakahum falaAAaraftahum biseemahum walataAArifannahum fee lahni alqawli wa(A)llahu yaAAlamu aAAmalakum

And if We-SWT willed, We-SWT would surely show them to you, so that you should know them by their marks. And you shall surely know them by the mode of their speech. And Allaah-SWT knows your works.


وَلَنَبْلُوَنَّكُمْ حَتَّى نَعْلَمَ الْمُجَاهِدِينَ مِنكُمْ وَالصَّابِرِينَ وَنَبْلُوَ أَخْبَارَكُمْ

Walanabluwannakum hatta naAAlama almujahideena minkum wa(al)ssabireena wanabluwa akhbarakum

And of a surety We-SWT shall put you to the proof till We-SWT know the valiant among you and the steadfast, and We-SWT shall know your different states.


إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَصَدُّوا عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَشَاقُّوا الرَّسُولَ مِن بَعْدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُمُ الهُدَى لَن يَضُرُّوا اللَّهَ شَيْئًا وَسَيُحْبِطُ أَعْمَالَهُمْ

Inna allatheena kafaroo wasaddoo AAan sabeeli Allahi washaqqoo a(l)rrasoola min baAAdi ma tabayyana lahumu alhuda lan yaduroo Allaha shayan wasayuhbitu aAAmalahum

Verily those who have disbelieved and have hindered others from the Path of Allaah-SWT and have opposed the Messengers-AS after the guidance has become manifest to them shall not hurt  Allah-SWT at all, and soon He-SWT shall make their works fruitless


يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَلَا تُبْطِلُوا أَعْمَالَكُمْ

Ya ayyuha allatheena amanoo ateeAAoo Allaha waateeAAoo a(l)rrasoola wala tubtiloo aAAmalakum

O’ you who believe! Obey Allaah-SWT and obey the Messenger-SW, and do not render your works vain your works vain.


إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَصَدُّوا عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ ثُمَّ مَاتُوا وَهُمْ كُفَّارٌ فَلَن يَغْفِرَ اللَّهُ لَهُمْ

Inna allatheena kafaroo wasaddoo AAan sabeeli Allahi thumma matoo wahum kuffarun falan yaghfira Allahu lahum

Verily those who disbelieve and hinder others from the Path of Allaah-SWT and die as infidels; Allaah-SWT shall by no means forgive them.


فَلَا تَهِنُوا وَتَدْعُوا إِلَى السَّلْمِ وَأَنتُمُ الْأَعْلَوْنَ وَاللَّهُ مَعَكُمْ وَلَن يَتِرَكُمْ أَعْمَالَكُمْ

Fala tahinoo watadAAoo ila a(l)ssalmi waantumu alaAAlawna wa(A)llahu maAAakum walan yatirakum aAAmalakum

So do not faint, nor cry out for peace; and you shall triumph. And Allah-SWT is with you, and will not defraud you of your works.


إِنَّمَا الحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا لَعِبٌ وَلَهْوٌ وَإِن تُؤْمِنُوا وَتَتَّقُوا يُؤْتِكُمْ أُجُورَكُمْ وَلَا يَسْأَلْكُمْ أَمْوَالَكُمْ

Innama alhayatu a(l)ddunya laAAibun walahwun wain tuminoo watattaqoo yutikum ojoorakum wala yasalkum amwalakum

The life of this world is but a sport and a pastime. And if you believe and shun evil, He-SWT will give you your wage and will not require of you your substance.


إِن يَسْأَلْكُمُوهَا فَيُحْفِكُمْ تَبْخَلُوا وَيُخْرِجْ أَضْغَانَكُمْ

In yasalkumooha fayuhfikum tabkhaloo wayukhrij adghanakum

If He-SWT required it of you and importuned you, you would be niggardly, and He-SWT will bring to light your secret malevolence.


هَاأَنتُمْ هَؤُلَاء تُدْعَوْنَ لِتُنفِقُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ فَمِنكُم مَّن يَبْخَلُ وَمَن يَبْخَلْ فَإِنَّمَا يَبْخَلُ عَن نَّفْسِهِ وَاللَّهُ الْغَنِيُّ وَأَنتُمُ الْفُقَرَاء وَإِن تَتَوَلَّوْا يَسْتَبْدِلْ قَوْمًا غَيْرَكُمْ ثُمَّ لَا يَكُونُوا أَمْثَالَكُمْ

Haantum haolai tudAAawna litunfiqoo fee sabeeli Allahi faminkum man yabkhalu waman yabkhal fainnama yabkhalu AAan nafsihi wa(A)llahu alghaniyyu waantumu alfuqarao wain tatawallaw yastabdil qawman ghayrakum thumma la yakoonoo amthalakum

Look here! You are those who are called to expend in the Cause of Allah-SWT then of you there are some who are niggardly. And whosoever is niggardly is only niggardly to his soul. Allaah-SWT is Self-sufficient, and you are the needy. And if you turn away, He-SWT will substitute for you another people, and then they will not be your likes.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

Do these hypocrites with maligned hearts assume that Allaah-SWT will not expose them. Their conspiracies shall certainly be made public. And had We-SWT willed We-SWT would have let the Holy Prophet-SW identify each one of them by face but it is not so out of Our-SWT Wisdom though he shall still make out by their conversation.


The Holy Prophet-SW Knew the Hypocrites

The scholars assert that the Holy Prophet-SW knew each and every hypocrite, a knowledge vouchsafed to him-SW. In fact, there were about thirty six whose names were also revealed. Jihad is indeed a test for the believers so that the Mujahidin are widely known amongst the masses and that they may endorse their faith as well as the claim of the Holy Prophet's-SW obedience.


Those who denied, impeded others from the Path of Allaah-SWT and were hostile to the Holy Prophet-SW despite the fact that it was manifested to them through evidences and miracles. Or the People of the Book, to whom their own Books had highlighted this Path yet they did not refrain from intrigues. The Jewish scholars claimed to be the men of knowledge and that without their cooperation Islam could never be established. So do let them know that they cannot harm Islam in any way. Instead, their own deeds will go in vain because of such conduct. O' believers! Pay no heed to such impediments, rather set an example in the obedience of Allaah-SWT and His-SWT Prophet-SW so that you are duly rewarded. Infidelity is a curse, whoever opted for it earned His-SWT enmity and began to hinder others from His-SWT Path. As a result he failed to repent and ultimately died as a denier. They will never be forgiven by Allaah-SWT . So O' believers! Persevere against them and show no slackness or cowardice. Rather, invite them to peace in order to restrain them from mischief, as Islam forbids oppression and does not aim at genocide. However, if they do not give up and an encounter is inevitable, you will win as Allaah-SWT is with you. He-SWT will certainly not let your hard work go waste.


The Divine Company

His-SWT Personal Company is the highest station enjoyed only by the Holy Prophet-SW amongst the Prophets-AS and by Hadhrat Abu Bakar Siddiq-RAU amongst the non Prophets. He was assured by him-SW: “Allaah-SWT is with us". Now wherever Allah-SWT‘s Company is mentioned by the Quran, it is Attributive in nature or where Personal it is conditional to human qualities. The quality of a believer with regard to Jihad against infidelity, his pride in Islam and in the obedience of the Holy Prophet-SW to enforce Islam is the glad tiding of victory as well as a promise of His-SWT Company. Praise be to Allaah-SWT ! A Mujahid enjoys such an exalted station because of this quality. And wherever human qualities are involved, it appears that after the Prophets-AS His-SWT Company is enjoyed only by the accomplished Aulia'-RUA. But here every Mujahid is being promised this reward individually.


If Jihad calls for sacrifice of life or money, these afterall are mundane possessions. The status of this world is nothing but a sport and the results are produced only by actions. So if the believers pursue the path of obedience with sincerity, Allaah-SWT will reward them against no return. In other words, this reward cannot be purchased except with faith and righteousness. Had Allah-SWT demanded wealth, people would have turned weary due to inherent weaknesses, and resorted to niggardliness, thereby exposing themselves. Instead He-SWT enjoined Zakat or spending in His-SWT Cause, and promised His-SWT Pleasure over paltry expenditure. And when people are ordered to spend a little, the non believers tend to refrain and assert that when they earn the wealth themselves, why they should spend it on someone else's instructions and not at their own free will. And whoever displays miserliness cannot harm Allah-SWT‘s Din in any way; rather harms himself, as Allaah-SWT is without any need for anybody's wealth or obedience. And O' mankind! It is you who are dependent on Him-SWT in every affair of life. Even if all of you give up support for Islam and turn away Allaah-SWT will choose another nation to embrace Islam, fight for its dominance with total devotion to the Holy Prophet-SW, and without ever turning away.


The Status of Imam Abu Hanifa-RUA

Abu Huraira-RAU reports that the Holy Prophet-SW when asked as to who would replace them if the Companions-RAU turn away from Islam? Patting the thigh of Hadhrat Salman Farsi-RAU, he-SW is reported to have said that it will be him and his nation who would reach out to acquire faith even if it existed in the galaxy. Shaikh Jalal ud Din Sayuti-RUA asserts that Imam Abu Hanifa-RUA and his colleagues personify this Hadith, as none amongst the Persians attained this lofty status in knowledge except them.