سورة الأحقاف   

Surah Name: Al-Ahqaf Meaning: The Sandhills (Sand-dunes)

  • Revealed at Madinah
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 4
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 35
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 46
  • Rukū / Section 1 contains Āyāt / Parts 10
  • Siparah/ Volume 26




Ha Mim.


تَنْزِيلُ الْكِتَابِ مِنَ اللَّهِ الْعَزِيزِ الْحَكِيمِ

Tanzeelu alkitabi mina Allahi alAAazeezi alhakeem(i)

The revelation of the Book is from Allah-SWT, the Mighty, the Wise.


مَا خَلَقْنَا السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ وَأَجَلٍ مُّسَمًّى وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا عَمَّا أُنذِرُوا مُعْرِضُونَ

Ma khalaqna a(l)ssamawati wa(a)larda wama baynahuma illa bi(a)lhaqqi waajalin musamman wa(a)llatheena kafaroo AAamma onthiroo muAAridoon(a)

We-SWT created not the heavens and the earth and what is in-between save with a purpose and for a term determined. And those who disbelieve backslide from what they are warned of.


قُلْ أَرَأَيْتُم مَّا تَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ أَرُونِي مَاذَا خَلَقُوا مِنَ الْأَرْضِ أَمْ لَهُمْ شِرْكٌ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ اِئْتُونِي بِكِتَابٍ مِّن قَبْلِ هَذَا أَوْ أَثَارَةٍ مِّنْ عِلْمٍ إِن كُنتُمْ صَادِقِينَ

Qul araaytum ma tadAAoona min dooni Allahi aroonee matha khalaqoo mina alardi am lahum shirkun fee a(l)ssamawati eetoonee bikitabin min qabli hatha aw atharatin min AAilmin in kuntum sadiqeen(a)

Say you-SW : Think! Whatsoever you call upon besides Allah-SWT – show me whatsoever they have created of the earth? Or, have they any share in the creation of the heavens? Bring me a Book before this or some trace of knowledge, if you are truthful.


وَمَنْ أَضَلُّ مِمَّن يَدْعُو مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ مَن لَّا يَسْتَجِيبُ لَهُ إِلَى يَومِ الْقِيَامَةِ وَهُمْ عَن دُعَائِهِمْ غَافِلُونَ

Waman adallu mimman yadAAoo min dooni Allahi man la yastajeebu lahu ila yawmi alqiyamati wahum AAan duAAaihim ghafiloon(a)

And who is more misguided than he who calls beside Allah-SWT such as will not answer him till the Day of Resurrection, and who are even unaware of their call.


وَإِذَا حُشِرَ النَّاسُ كَانُوا لَهُمْ أَعْدَاء وَكَانُوا بِعِبَادَتِهِمْ كَافِرِينَ

Waitha hushira a(l)nnasu kanoo lahum aAAdaan wakanoo biAAibadatihim kafireen(a)

And when mankind are gathered they will became enemies unto them, and will became deniers of their worship.


وَإِذَا تُتْلَى عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتُنَا بَيِّنَاتٍ قَالَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لِلْحَقِّ لَمَّا جَاءهُمْ هَذَا سِحْرٌ مُّبِينٌ

Waitha tutla AAalayhim ayatuna bayyinatin qala allatheena kafaroo lilhaqqi lamma jaahum hatha sihrun mubeen(un)

And when Our-SWT manifest revelations are rehearsed to them, those who disbelieve say of the truth when it comes to them: This is magic manifest.


أَمْ يَقُولُونَ افْتَرَاهُ قُلْ إِنِ افْتَرَيْتُهُ فَلَا تَمْلِكُونَ لِي مِنَ اللَّهِ شَيْئًا هُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا تُفِيضُونَ فِيهِ كَفَى بِهِ شَهِيدًا بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَكُمْ وَهُوَ الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ

Am yaqooloona iftarahu qul ini iftaraytuhu fala tamlikoona lee mina Allahi shayan huwa aAAlamu bima tufeedoona feehi kafa bihi shaheedan baynee wabaynakum wahuwa alghafooru a(l)rraheem(u)

Do they say: He-SWT has fabricated it? Say you-SW : If I have fabricated it, you cannot avail me against Allah-SWT in anything. He-SWT is the Knower of what you utter respecting it. He-SWT suffices as witness between me and you and He-SWT is Forgiving, Merciful.


قُلْ مَا كُنتُ بِدْعًا مِّنْ الرُّسُلِ وَمَا أَدْرِي مَا يُفْعَلُ بِي وَلَا بِكُمْ إِنْ أَتَّبِعُ إِلَّا مَا يُوحَى إِلَيَّ وَمَا أَنَا إِلَّا نَذِيرٌ مُّبِينٌ

Qul ma kuntu bidAAan mina a(l)rrusuli wama adree ma yufAAalu bee wala bikum in attabiAAu illa ma yooha ilayya wama ana illa natheerun mubeen(un)

Say you-SW: I am not an innovator among the Messengers-AS nor I know what would be done with me or with you: I only follow what is revealed to me, and I am but a manifest warner.


قُلْ أَرَأَيْتُمْ إِن كَانَ مِنْ عِندِ اللَّهِ وَكَفَرْتُم بِهِ وَشَهِدَ شَاهِدٌ مِّن بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ عَلَى مِثْلِهِ فَآمَنَ وَاسْتَكْبَرْتُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ

Qul araaytum in kana min AAindi Allahi wakafartum bihi washahida shahidun min banee israeela AAala mithlihi faamana wa(i)stakbartum inna Allaha la yahdee alqawma a(l)ththalimeen(a)

Say you-SW: Think! If it is from Allah-SWT while you disbelieve in it, and a witness from the Children of Israil bears witness to the like thereof and believes, while you are still stiff-necked, then who is further astray than you? Verily Allah-SWT does not guide a wicked people.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

This Magnificent Book has been revealed by Allah-SWT, Who is Mighty and Omnipotent, capable of doing whatever He-SWT chooses. It is only by His-SWT Wisdom that respite is given to people and a Book for their guidance has been conveyed to the mankind by His-SWT true Messenger-SW. It provides evidence that Allah-SWT has created the heavens and the earth, and all that exists therein with absolute perfection, and there ought to be an outcome of this exercise. In other words, every creation itself demands that it must come to a conclusion one day, otherwise the ends of justice are not met.


And those who deny do so without any authority. When cautioned against the horrifying doom of Akhirah they simply turn and walk away. They may be asked to present anything created by their deities, to whom they call out and worship besides Allaah-SWT in hope of some gain or in fear of some loss. Do they enjoy any partnership in the heavens? If they cannot prove it logically let them present a Scriptural authority or support it by the teachings of any Prophet-AS or Messenger-AS.


Three Types of Reasoning

There are three kinds of evidence to judge the veracity of a claim. Firstly from the Divine Books, secondly the historical traditions, the most authentic being those traced to a Prophets-AS and thirdly, logical evidence. When the infidels cannot prove their stance by any of the three means, they are indeed wrong. The deities they invoke can never hear them and have no knowledge of the invoker. On the Day of Judgement these deities will turn into their enemies and deny that they were worshipped. These infidels are being conveyed clear Divine revelations, yet they dismiss these as magic and accuse the Holy Prophets-SW of fabricating lies about Allah-SWT . He may inform them that if it were so, why should he do it for their sake, knowing fully well that they cannot save him from Allah-SWT‘s Wrath?


An Impostor is Always Miserable

As a rule, an impostor is always abased and destroyed. He is not given respite for long to misguide people. The Holy Prophet-SW’s always has Allah-SWT‘s succour by his-SW side while his-SW enemies are being abased. It is a mighty evidence of his-SW truthfulness and the authenticity of his-SW Prophethood. The actions of the infidels are not concealed from Allaah-SWT and He-SWT is sufficient as Witness over them and him-SW.


If they claim that they have not been exterminated so far and as such they are right, it is absurd, because Allah-SWT‘s Book clearly rejects their ungodly beliefs. Nevertheless if they repent and reform, He-SWT is Forgiving. And indeed He-SWT is Beneficent, and that is why an infidel also avails of His-SWT General Mercy during the temporal life. The Holy Prophet-SW may also tell them that he-SW is not the first one to have been sent as His-SWT Messenger-SW, nor is Prophethood something unheard of. There have been Prophets and Messengers-AS sent before him, a fact they are fully aware of. And he does not claim to know the Unseen, whereby he can comment on his as well as their fate. Whatever he says is revealed to him-SW by Allaah-SWT and his office requires him-SW to forewarn them against the impending tribulations.


The Holy Prophet-SW and Knowledge of the Unseen

This is an issue often discussed in public debates. However, according to the consensus of the righteous scholars, to say that the Holy Prophet-SW did not know the unseen, or to make him the topic of discussion in this context is not permitted at all. In fact it is so impudent that it may well jeopardize one's faith. It is true that the Holy Prophet-SW is not a partner in His-SWT Being and His-SWT Attributes, nor anyone else. The knowledge vouchsafed to His-SWT entire creation is less than what has been given to the Holy Prophet-SW alone. The Ayah under discussion may be interpreted to mean that he-SW does not claim to know the unseen, nor does he-SW foretell anything even about himself-SW as to what may befall him-SW the next day. He-SW speaks only that of which he-SW is blessed with knowledge by Him-SWT .


They must be warned of the consequences of their denial, for undoubtedly this Quran is from Allah-SWT, duly supported by logical as well as Scriptural evidence. And many a righteous scholars of Bani Israil enjoying knowledge of the earlier Divine Scriptures have believed in it, testifying its authenticity. Other are just being arrogant, denying out of sheer ignorance and conceit. A severe punishment awaits them and Allaah-SWT does not guide such transgressors.