سورة الجاثية   

Surah Name: Al-Jathia Meaning: The Kneeling

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 4
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 37
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 45
  • Rukū / Section 3 contains Āyāt / Parts 5
  • Siparah/ Volume 26


وَخَلَقَ اللَّهُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ بِالْحَقِّ وَلِتُجْزَى كُلُّ نَفْسٍ بِمَا كَسَبَتْ وَهُمْ لَا يُظْلَمُونَ

Wakhalaqa Allahu a(l)ssamawati wa(a)larda bi(a)lhaqqi walitujza kullu nafsin bima kasabat wahum la yuthlamoon(a)

Allah-SWT has created the heavens and the earth with purpose, and that every soul may be recompensed for what it has earned. And they will not be wronged.


أَفَرَأَيْتَ مَنِ اتَّخَذَ إِلَهَهُ هَوَاهُ وَأَضَلَّهُ اللَّهُ عَلَى عِلْمٍ وَخَتَمَ عَلَى سَمْعِهِ وَقَلْبِهِ وَجَعَلَ عَلَى بَصَرِهِ غِشَاوَةً فَمَن يَهْدِيهِ مِن بَعْدِ اللَّهِ أَفَلَا تَذَكَّرُونَ

Afaraayta mani ittakhatha ilahahu hawahu waadallahu Allahu AAala AAilmin wakhatama AAala samAAihi waqalbihi wajaAAala AAala basarihi ghishawatan faman yahdeehi min baAAdi Allahi afala tathakkaroon(a)

Have you seen him who takes for his god his own vain desire, and Allaah-SWT has sent him astray despite his knowledge, and has sealed up his hearing and his heart and has set up a covering on his sight? Who will guide him after Allaah-SWT ? Will you not then be admonished?


وَقَالُوا مَا هِيَ إِلَّا حَيَاتُنَا الدُّنْيَا نَمُوتُ وَنَحْيَا وَمَا يُهْلِكُنَا إِلَّا الدَّهْرُ وَمَا لَهُم بِذَلِكَ مِنْ عِلْمٍ إِنْ هُمْ إِلَّا يَظُنُّونَ

Waqaloo ma hiya illa hayatuna a(l)ddunya namootu wanahya wama yuhlikuna illa a(l)ddahru wama lahum bithalika min AAilmin in hum illa yathunnoon(a)

And they say: Nothing is there but the life of this world, we die and we live, and none kills us save time. And they have no true knowledge of it, they only conjecture.


وَإِذَا تُتْلَى عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتُنَا بَيِّنَاتٍ مَّا كَانَ حُجَّتَهُمْ إِلَّا أَن قَالُوا ائْتُوا بِآبَائِنَا إِن كُنتُمْ صَادِقِينَ

Waitha tutla AAalayhim ayatuna bayyinatin ma kana hujjatahum illa an qaloo itoo biabaina in kuntum sadiqeen(a)

And when Our-SWT manifest revelations are rehearsed to them, their argument is no other than that they say; Bring back our fathers if you are truthful.


قُلِ اللَّهُ يُحْيِيكُمْ ثُمَّ يُمِيتُكُمْ ثُمَّ يَجْمَعُكُمْ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ لَا رَيبَ فِيهِ وَلَكِنَّ أَكَثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

Quli Allahu yuhyeekum thumma yumeetukum thumma yajmaAAukum ila yawmi alqiyamati la rayba feehi walakinna akthara alnnasi la yaAAlamoona

Say (unto them, O Muhammad-SW): Allaah-SWT giveth life to you, then causeth you to die, then gathereth you unto the Day of Resurrection whereof there is no doubt. But most of mankind know not.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

Allaah-SWT has based this entire Universal System on justice and equity like its creation and build-up. Everything is assigned a status and a right. Similarly, the requital will also be there beyond doubt. For instance, the outcome of eating is satiation and if the food is nourishing, it will improve health, otherwise cause illness .Whether that food was earned lawfully or not will be determined on the Day of Judgment where none will be wronged.

Taking Vain Desires As Deities

The problem with these infidels is that they have taken their vain desires as deities, though no one confesses it. The essence of worship is indeed obedience. If anyone is obeyed except Allah-SWT, it will amount to his worship. According to the Holy Prophet-SW, the most damned and accursed deity, in Allah-SWT ’s view, is the vain desire. The outcome of worshipping these desires is that Allaah-SWT withdraws the capacity to do good and a person wittingly gets on to the wrong path. The hearts are sealed and the urge to seek  Allah-SWT ’s nearness or  His-SWT obedience snuffs out .The ears are deafened and the eyes are draped to observe the truth. This is the sequel in this temporal life, a horrifying punishment indeed, for when Allaah-SWT has divested the capacity to see and follow the path of guidance; nobody else can show the way.


Waywardness Or Reward

Certain deeds lead to the sealing of the hearts and the ears while the eyes fail to see the truth, especially when a person follows his fancies and considers his actions right and the Divine Commands inappropriate or wrong. The punishment thereof is waywardness in this world and eternal Hell in the Akhirah. Sadly enough, this disease is rapidly growing amongst the so-called progressive Muslim elite today. Likewise the reward for every noble act is the generation of an urge in the heart to obey Allaah-SWT with devotion. Pleasure is derived from piety and hatred for sin increases, leading to eternal bliss .So every individual ought to evaluate his own reward in a way .The concept that rewards are credits payable in the Akhirah is erroneous and ought to be corrected.

Howrver, despite all reasoning the infidels insist that there will be no Akhirah. They reiterate that worldly life is everything and it is only the time that degenerates human faculties to extinction. But do these effects occur in time independently. Normally the infidels seek logical cause of everything, but strangely enough, here they suggest time or era as the cause of life and death! Even if so, who created the time or era and gave it the qualities? And if time exists by itself having independent qualities, indeed it is Allaah-SWT ! These fools have named Him-SWT as time or era in order to evade obedience and acknowledgement of His-SWT Magnificence. That is why the Holy Prophet-SW forbids calling time or era as bad, as they have associated the Divine Attributes with this name, Dahr or Time. However, Dahr is not one of His-SWT Attributive Names.

The infidels never had any logical evidence to support this belief, nor have they any proof backed by knowledge. They only conjecture and when clear revelations, based on knowledge and logic, are presented as evidence they are dumbfounded. They resort to foolish demand that the Holy Prophet-SW may quicken their forefathers and bring them back if there was life after death. How stupid is this demand when he has never suggested a return to this worldly life. They better ponder over their own creation. The Omnipotent Who-SWT creates a human being from a mean droplet and puts a great many stalwarts to death will indeed quicken them and gather them for reckoning. There is no room for any doubt yet most people do not understand.