سورة الدخان   

Surah Name: Ad-Dukhan Meaning: The Smoke

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 3
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 59
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 44
  • Rukū / Section 2 contains Āyāt / Parts 13
  • Siparah/ Volume 25


وَلَقَدْ نَجَّيْنَا بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ مِنَ الْعَذَابِ الْمُهِينِ

Walaqad najjayna banee israeela mina alAAathabi almuheen(i)

Assuredly We-SWT saved the Children of Israil from a degrading scourge.


مِن فِرْعَوْنَ إِنَّهُ كَانَ عَالِيًا مِّنَ الْمُسْرِفِينَ

Min firAAawna innahu kana AAaliyan mina almusrifeen(a)

From the Pharaoh, verily he was haughty and of the extravagant.


وَلَقَدِ اخْتَرْنَاهُمْ عَلَى عِلْمٍ عَلَى الْعَالَمِينَ

Walaqadi ikhtarnahum AAala AAilmin AAala alAAalameen(a)

And assuredly We-SWT chose them with knowledge purposely above the worlds.


وَآتَيْنَاهُم مِّنَ الْآيَاتِ مَا فِيهِ بَلَاء مُّبِينٌ

Waataynahum mina alayati ma feehi balaon mubeen(un)

And We-SWT vouchsafed to them Signs in which was a manifest favour from Us-SWT .


إِنَّ هَؤُلَاء لَيَقُولُونَ

Inna haolai layaqooloon(a)

Verily these! They say.


إِنْ هِيَ إِلَّا مَوْتَتُنَا الْأُولَى وَمَا نَحْنُ بِمُنشَرِينَ

In hiya illa mawtatuna aloola wama nahnu bimunshareen(a)

Nothing is there but our first death, and we shall not be raised again.


فَأْتُوا بِآبَائِنَا إِن كُنتُمْ صَادِقِينَ

Fatoo biabaina in kuntum sadiqeen(a)

Bring back then our fathers, if you speak the truth.


أَهُمْ خَيْرٌ أَمْ قَوْمُ تُبَّعٍ وَالَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ أَهْلَكْنَاهُمْ إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا مُجْرِمِينَ

Ahum khayrun am qawmu tubbaAAin wa(a)llatheena min qablihim ahlaknahum innahum kanoo mujrimeen(a)

Are these better or the People of Tubba and those before them? We-SWT destroyed them, they were culprits.


وَمَا خَلَقْنَا السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا لَاعِبِينَ

Wama khalaqna a(l)ssamawati wa(a)larda wama baynahuma laAAibeen(a)

And We-SWT did not create the heavens and the earth and what is in-between in sport.


مَا خَلَقْنَاهُمَا إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ وَلَكِنَّ أَكْثَرَهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

Ma khalaqnahuma illa bi(a)lhaqqi walakinna aktharahum la yaAAlamoon(a)

We-SWT did not create them save with a purpose, yet most of them know not.


إِنَّ يَوْمَ الْفَصْلِ مِيقَاتُهُمْ أَجْمَعِينَ

Inna yawma alfasli meeqatuhum ajmaAAeen(a)

Verily the Day of Decision is the term appointed for all of them.


يَوْمَ لَا يُغْنِي مَوْلًى عَن مَّوْلًى شَيْئًا وَلَا هُمْ يُنصَرُونَ

Yawma la yughnee mawlan AAan mawlan shayan wala hum yunsaroon(a)

A Day whereon a friend shall not avail a friend at all, nor shall they be succoured.


إِلَّا مَن رَّحِمَ اللَّهُ إِنَّهُ هُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الرَّحِيمُ

Illa man rahima Allahu innahu huwa alAAazeezu a(l)rraheem(u)

Save those on whom Allaah-SWT will have Mercy. Verily He-SWT ! He-SWT is the Mighty, the Merciful.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

Allaah-SWT delivered the Bani Israil from the humiliating oppression by the Pharaoh, who was extremely rebellious and had crossed all limits. He-SWT also blessed them with superiority over their contemporaries in terms of knowledge and with Signs of His-SWT Magnificence, both physical as well as spiritual. The deliverance from the Pharaoh was a physical symbol, while the Prophetic knowledge and the miracles were spiritual in the form of a reward and a trial from Allaah-SWT .

These infidels do not draw any lessons from the events of earlier nations. They say that this worldly life is only once and when they die there will be no resurrection. Their logic is that if there were life beyond life, then why does the Holy Prophet-SW not bring back their forefathers while the quickening they are being warned about is the reckoning for requital on the Day of Judgment and not for a comeback to this world. And the assumption that being a mighty nation no harm shall come to them is false, as those far more powerful like the nation of Tubb'a, have been destroyed in the past. They too had opted for the path of sin.


The Nation of Tubb’a

Tubb’a was the title of the emperors who ruled Yemen for a long time. With Western Yemen as the capital, they expanded the boundaries of their kingdom to the African States, 'Arabia, Syria and 'Iraq. The King Tubb'a referred here was the bravest and ruled the longest. His conquests reached as far as Samarqand. He embraced faith in Prophet Musa-AS guided by the Jewish scholars and his nation subsequently converted to Islam. But they again reverted to evil ways and idolatry, and were destroyed, despite the fact that they were one of the most powerful nations of their time, leaving only their tales amongst the Arabs. Moreover, the heavens, the earth, rather the entire universe have not been created in sport, whereby there will be no requital for virtue and vice in the Akhirah This creation is based on Truth, which demands that every type of character must meet its own end. However, most people neither understand nor possess the requisite knowledge.


For sure, the Day of Gathering is for accountability. It is a Day when no friendship will avail anyone, save by Allah-SWT's Mercy. And the infidels will be completely deprived of it. Friendships cultivated for His-SWT sake, or only those relationships that invoke His-SWT Mercy will be worthwhile. Allaah-SWT is Supreme, only His-SWT decisions will be enforced, and He-SWT indeed is the Most Merciful.