سورة فصلت   

Surah Name: Fussilat Meaning: The Explanation (Explained in Detail)

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • This Sūrah is also known as Ha Mim As-Sajdah.
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 6
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 54
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 41
  • Rukū / Section 4 contains Āyāt / Parts 7
  • Siparah/ Volume 24 & 25


وَقَالَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لَا تَسْمَعُوا لِهَذَا الْقُرْآنِ وَالْغَوْا فِيهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَغْلِبُونَ

Waqala allatheena kafaroo la tasmaAAoo lihatha alqurani wa(i)lghaw feehi laAAallakum taghliboon(a)

And those who disbelieve say: Listen not to this Quran, and babble therein, so that you may overcome.


فَلَنُذِيقَنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا عَذَابًا شَدِيدًا وَلَنَجْزِيَنَّهُمْ أَسْوَأَ الَّذِي كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

Falanutheeqanna allatheena kafaroo AAathaban shadeedan walanajziyannahum aswaa allathee kanoo yaAAmaloon(a)

So We-SWT will cause those who disbelieve to taste a severe torment, and We-SWT will surely requite them the worst of what they have been working,


ذَلِكَ جَزَاء أَعْدَاء اللَّهِ النَّارُ لَهُمْ فِيهَا دَارُ الْخُلْدِ جَزَاء بِمَا كَانُوا بِآيَاتِنَا يَجْحَدُونَ

Thalika jazao aAAdai Allahi a(l)nnaru lahum feeha daru alkhuldi jazaan bima kanoo biayatina yajhadoon(a)

That is the fate of the enemies of Allaah-SWT -the Fire. Therein is their home of abidance-a sequel to their refuting Our-SWT Signs.


وَقَالَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا رَبَّنَا أَرِنَا الَّذَيْنِ أَضَلَّانَا مِنَ الْجِنِّ وَالْإِنسِ نَجْعَلْهُمَا تَحْتَ أَقْدَامِنَا لِيَكُونَا مِنَ الْأَسْفَلِينَ

Waqala allatheena kafaroo rabbana arina allathayni adallana mina aljinni wa(a)linsi najAAalhuma tahta aqdamina liyakoona mina alasfaleen(a)

And those who disbelieve will say: Our Rabb-SWT ! Show us those of Jinn and mankind who led us astray and we will place them under our feet that they may be of the nethermost.


إِنَّ الَّذِينَ قَالُوا رَبُّنَا اللَّهُ ثُمَّ اسْتَقَامُوا تَتَنَزَّلُ عَلَيْهِمُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ أَلَّا تَخَافُوا وَلَا تَحْزَنُوا وَأَبْشِرُوا بِالْجَنَّةِ الَّتِي كُنتُمْ تُوعَدُونَ

Inna allatheena qaloo rabbuna Allahu thumma istaqamoo tatanazzalu AAalayhimu almalaikatu alla takhafoo wala tahzanoo waabshiroo bi(a)ljannati allatee kuntum tooAAadoon(a)

Verily those who said: Our Rabb-SWT is Allah-SWT, and have thereafter stood by it-on them will descend the angels saying: Fear not. Nor grieve, and rejoice at the glad-tidings of the Garden which you have been promised.


نَحْنُ أَوْلِيَاؤُكُمْ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ وَلَكُمْ فِيهَا مَا تَشْتَهِي أَنفُسُكُمْ وَلَكُمْ فِيهَا مَا تَدَّعُونَ

Nahnu awliyaokum fee alhayati a(l)ddunya wafee alakhirati walakum feeha ma tashtahee anfusukum walakum feeha ma taddaAAoon(a)

We-SWT have been your friends in the life of the world, and are such in the Hereafter; herein whatever you desire shall be yours and whatever you call for shall be yours.


نُزُلًا مِّنْ غَفُورٍ رَّحِيمٍ

Nuzulan min ghafoorin raheem(in)

An entertainment for you from your Rabb-SWT , the Forgiving, the Merciful.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

Now that these infidels have been logically humbled, they ask one another to create a commotion whenever the Holy Prophet-SW recites the Quran, so as to preclude listening and deprive people of its Barakah.


Recitation and its Etiquette

Mufti Muhammad Shafi-RUA writes in his Mu'arif ul Quran that listening to the recitation is obligatory. It has become a common practice that the Quran is recited over the radio, while the people carry on with their noisy business in public places like hotels etc. This is a trait typical of the infidels. They should not turn the radio on in the first place. If they do, they should only turn it on when they can pay attention to it and let others also listen in peace. In the light of this comment it is worthwhile analyzing the contemporary overnight recitation sessions where a number of Huffaz recite the Quran on loud speakers throughout the night. This practice certainly embarrasses the believers in the neighbourhood. Instead of being meritorious for the organizers and the reciters, it will be a source of reprimand because it is disrespectful to the Quran. However, if the recitation is done without the use of loudspeakers whereby the audience can listen in peace and the sound is not carried beyond the masjid or house where it is being held, it is fine.


Allah-SWT promises the infidels a severe punishment over such pranks. They will have to bear a tormenting doom in requital of their evil deeds. They will face turmoil in this world, while permanent residence inside the blazing Hell awaits these enemies of Allaah-SWT . Once inside the Hell, they will develop a deep hatred for their evil friends and pray to Allaah-SWT to identify those human beings, Jinn and Satan who had paved their way into Hell. They will long to trample their mentors under their feet to cause them greater distress.


The Sublime Providence

Remember that the successful people are those who acknowledge His-SWT Providence. In other words, besides His-SWT Divinity they accept Him-SWT as Provider of all their needs. Under no duress or temptation do they associate any hopes with anyone save Him-SWT and always persevere on His-SWT obedience.



Perseverance refers to the virtue of practically endorsing one's belief in Allaah-SWT as the Rabb-SWT . According to Hadhrat 'Umar-RAU perseverance demands that one must obey what is commanded, refrain from the prohibited and must never try to find excuses for sinful actions. Upon the persevering lot descend the angels, enabling them to act piously in this temporal life. They remain their companions on the eve of death, after resurrection and while in Jannah. On the throes of death, these angels comfort the believer not to be afraid or anxious, but to rejoice over his transfer from this world of turmoil to the peaceful abode of Jannah promised by Allaah-SWT . The angels also inform him that just as they were with him throughout his stay in the world, they will also accompany him in the Akhirah. Allah-SWT's bounties await him in Jannah, where everything will be made available as desired. Even a fleeting desire crossing his mind will be fulfilled instantly. Such is the hospitality of the Almighty Allah-SWT, the Most Forgiving and Merciful.