سورة فصلت   

Surah Name: Fussilat Meaning: The Explanation (Explained in Detail)

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • This Sūrah is also known as Ha Mim As-Sajdah.
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 6
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 54
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 41
  • Rukū / Section 3 contains Āyāt / Parts 7
  • Siparah/ Volume 24 & 25


وَيَوْمَ يُحْشَرُ أَعْدَاء اللَّهِ إِلَى النَّارِ فَهُمْ يُوزَعُونَ

Wayawma yuhsharu aAAdao Allahi ila a(l)nnari fahum yoozaAAoon(a)

And on the Day when the enemies of Allah-SWT will be gathered towards the Fire, they will be set in bands.


حَتَّى إِذَا مَا جَاؤُوهَا شَهِدَ عَلَيْهِمْ سَمْعُهُمْ وَأَبْصَارُهُمْ وَجُلُودُهُمْ بِمَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

Hatta itha ma jaooha shahida AAalayhim samAAuhum waabsaruhum wajulooduhum bima kanoo yaAAmaloon(a)

Until when they come to it their ears and their sights and their skins will bear witness against them of what they had been working.


وَقَالُوا لِجُلُودِهِمْ لِمَ شَهِدتُّمْ عَلَيْنَا قَالُوا أَنطَقَنَا اللَّهُ الَّذِي أَنطَقَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ وَهُوَ خَلَقَكُمْ أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ وَإِلَيْهِ تُرْجَعُونَ

Waqaloo lijuloodihim lima shahidtum AAalayna qaloo antaqana Allahu allathee antaqa kulla shayin wahuwa khalaqakum awwala marratin wailayhi turjaAAoon(a)

And they will say to their skins: Why do you bear witness against us? They will say: Allaah-SWT has caused us to speak, as He-SWT causes everything to speak, and Who-SWT created you the first time, and to Whom you are now caused to return.


وَمَا كُنتُمْ تَسْتَتِرُونَ أَنْ يَشْهَدَ عَلَيْكُمْ سَمْعُكُمْ وَلَا أَبْصَارُكُمْ وَلَا جُلُودُكُمْ وَلَكِن ظَنَنتُمْ أَنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَعْلَمُ كَثِيرًا مِّمَّا تَعْمَلُونَ

Wama kuntum tastatiroona an yashhada AAalaykum samAAukum wala absarukum wala juloodukum walakin thanantum anna Allaha la yaAAlamu katheeran mimma taAAmaloon(a)

And you have not been taking cover against yourselves, lest your ears and your eyes and your skins should bear witness against you, and you imagined that Allaah-SWT did not know much of what you were working.


وَذَلِكُمْ ظَنُّكُمُ الَّذِي ظَنَنتُم بِرَبِّكُمْ أَرْدَاكُمْ فَأَصْبَحْتُم مِّنْ الْخَاسِرِينَ

Wathalikum thannukumu allathee thanantum birabbikum ardakum faasbahtum mina alkhasireen(a)

That conception of yours which you formed of your Rabb-SWT has ruined you, and you have become of the losers.


فَإِن يَصْبِرُوا فَالنَّارُ مَثْوًى لَّهُمْ وَإِن يَسْتَعْتِبُوا فَمَا هُم مِّنَ الْمُعْتَبِينَ

Fain yasbiroo fa(al)nnaru mathwan lahum wain yastaAAtiboo fama hum mina almuAAtabeen(a)

Then if they are patient, the Fire is their very home, and if they seek term to please Allah-SWT, then they will not be of those who are allowed to please Allaah-SWT .


وَقَيَّضْنَا لَهُمْ قُرَنَاء فَزَيَّنُوا لَهُم مَّا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ وَحَقَّ عَلَيْهِمُ الْقَوْلُ فِي أُمَمٍ قَدْ خَلَتْ مِن قَبْلِهِم مِّنَ الْجِنِّ وَالْإِنسِ إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا خَاسِرِينَ

Waqayyadna lahum quranaa fazayyanoo lahum ma bayna aydeehim wama khalfahum wahaqqa AAalayhimu alqawlu fee omamin qad khalat min qablihim mina aljinni wa(a)linsi innahum kanoo khasireen(a)

And We-SWT have assigned to them comrades who had bedecked to them what was before them and what was behind them. Justified upon them was the word pronounced on the communities of Jinn and mankind who passed away before them. Verily they were the losers.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

Despite His-SWT devastating Wrath, Allaah-SWT protected those who had embraced Islam and obeyed Him-SWT with utmost sincerity. The destruction of these rebellious nations was a mere prelude to the Day when the enemies of Allaah-SWT will be assembled at the site of reckoning, to be cast in Hell.


Testimony by the Organs

They will vehemently deny the iniquity of their conduct, but Allaah-SWT will make their limbs and organs speak in corroboration of the records kept by the angels in their Registers of Conduct. By His-SWT Omnipotence, the infidel will hear the words spoken by his organs and will cross-question them, yet this faculty will be of no avail to him on that Day. It is inferred here that an accomplished believer can attain such excellence in this temporal life because of the light of faith, whereby it is possible for him to speak to inert objects, plants or organs of the body.


The organs testifying against the infidels will not only include the limbs but also the eyes and ears, even the skin. They will elaborate on all their deeds. The infidels will ask to why they were testifying against them, whereas everything the infidels had done was for their sake and they were bound to share the punishment. They will say that the power to testify was given by the Omnipotent Who-SWT has granted this power to everyone who speaks. "And it was He-SWT Who-SWT had initially given you life and has quickened you now for reckoning. You ignored His-SWT Magnificence in the world thinking that He-SWT does not know your deeds. But it was not within your powers to conceal these even from your limbs. Your neglect of the Omnipresence of the One-SWT Who-SWT is constantly fulfilling all your needs led to your destruction and this irreparable loss."


Tasawwuf is an Awareness of Allah-SWT ’s Presence

After embracing Islam, enlightening one's heart with Zikr through the Tawajjuh of an accomplished Shaikh in order to acquire the awareness that "My Rabb-SWT is constantly with me", with a view to self reformation is Tasawwuf. At the Site of Reckoning, the patience of the infidels over their ill fate will be futile as they will be destined for Hell. If they try to express regrets, it will be of no use, for Akhirah is a place of retribution and not actions. They had been such flagrant sinners that as a sequel to their misdeeds, Allaah-SWT made the devils of human and Jinn genre dominate them in the world.


Domination by the Satan

These Satan had made their misdeeds fair seeming to them with a promising outcome. Allah-SWT's decree is now enforced as it had been on the preceding groups of humans and Jinn guilty of the same crime. Their loss is indeed great.


Satan Dominates the Jinn as Well

It is highlighted here that just as human beings, because of their evil conduct, are punished by subjection to evil people and Jinn, so are the Jinn punished for their misdeeds. They are subjected to the company of Satan and iniquitous Jinn as friends, who ultimately lead them to destruction.