سورة فصلت   

Surah Name: Fussilat Meaning: The Explanation (Explained in Detail)

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • This Sūrah is also known as Ha Mim As-Sajdah.
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 6
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 54
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 41
  • Rukū / Section 2 contains Āyāt / Parts 10
  • Siparah/ Volume 24 & 25


قُلْ أَئِنَّكُمْ لَتَكْفُرُونَ بِالَّذِي خَلَقَ الْأَرْضَ فِي يَوْمَيْنِ وَتَجْعَلُونَ لَهُ أَندَادًا ذَلِكَ رَبُّ الْعَالَمِينَ

Qul ainnakum latakfuroona bi(a)llathee khalaqa alarda fee yawmayni watajAAaloona lahu andadan thalika rabbu alAAalameen(a)

Say you-SW : Are you indeed those who disbelieve in Him-SWT Who has created the earth in two days, and set up peers unto Him-SWT ? That is the Rabb-SWT of the worlds.


وَجَعَلَ فِيهَا رَوَاسِيَ مِن فَوْقِهَا وَبَارَكَ فِيهَا وَقَدَّرَ فِيهَا أَقْوَاتَهَا فِي أَرْبَعَةِ أَيَّامٍ سَوَاء لِّلسَّائِلِينَ

WajaAAala feeha rawasiya min fawqiha wabaraka feeha waqaddara feeha aqwataha fee arbaAAati ayyamin sawaan li(l)ssaileen(a)

And He-SWT placed therein mountains firmly rooted rising above it, and He-SWT blessed it, and ordained therein the sustenance thereof, all this in four days, complete; this for the inquirers.


ثُمَّ اسْتَوَى إِلَى السَّمَاء وَهِيَ دُخَانٌ فَقَالَ لَهَا وَلِلْأَرْضِ اِئْتِيَا طَوْعًا أَوْ كَرْهًا قَالَتَا أَتَيْنَا طَائِعِينَ

Thumma istawa ila a(l)ssamai wahiya dukhanun faqala laha walilardi itiya tawAAan aw karhan qalata atayna taiAAeen(a)

He-SWT thereafter turned to the heaven, and it was as smoke, and said to it and to the earth: Do you twain come willingly or loth? They said: We come willingly.


فَقَضَاهُنَّ سَبْعَ سَمَاوَاتٍ فِي يَوْمَيْنِ وَأَوْحَى فِي كُلِّ سَمَاء أَمْرَهَا وَزَيَّنَّا السَّمَاء الدُّنْيَا بِمَصَابِيحَ وَحِفْظًا ذَلِكَ تَقْدِيرُ الْعَزِيزِ الْعَلِيمِ

Faqadahunna sabAAa samawatin fee yawmayni waawha fee kulli samain amraha wazayyanna a(l)ssamaa a(l)ddunya bimasabeeha wahifthan thalika taqdeeru alAAazeezi alAAaleem(i)

Then He-SWT decreed them as seven heavens in two days, and revealed to each heaven the command thereof. And We-SWT bedecked the nether heaven with lamps and placed therein a guard. That is the ordinance of the Mighty, the Knower.


فَإِنْ أَعْرَضُوا فَقُلْ أَنذَرْتُكُمْ صَاعِقَةً مِّثْلَ صَاعِقَةِ عَادٍ وَثَمُودَ

Fain aAAradoo fuqul anthartukum saAAiqatan mithla saAAiqati AAadin wathamood(a)

Then if they still turn away, say you-SW: I warn you of a calamity of the 'Ad and Thamud.


إِذْ جَاءتْهُمُ الرُّسُلُ مِن بَيْنِ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِمْ أَلَّا تَعْبُدُوا إِلَّا اللَّهَ قَالُوا لَوْ شَاء رَبُّنَا لَأَنزَلَ مَلَائِكَةً فَإِنَّا بِمَا أُرْسِلْتُمْ بِهِ كَافِرُونَ

Ith jaathumu a(l)rrusulu min bayni aydeehim wamin khalfihim alla taAAbudoo illa Allaha qaloo law shaa rabbuna laanzala malaikatan fainna bima orsiltum bihi kafiroon(a)

Recall when the Messengers-AS came to them from before them and behind them saying: Worship none save Allah-SWT . They said: Had our Rabb-SWT willed, He-SWT would have sent down angels, so verily we disbelieve altogether in what you have been sent with.


فَأَمَّا عَادٌ فَاسْتَكْبَرُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ بِغَيْرِ الْحَقِّ وَقَالُوا مَنْ أَشَدُّ مِنَّا قُوَّةً أَوَلَمْ يَرَوْا أَنَّ اللَّهَ الَّذِي خَلَقَهُمْ هُوَ أَشَدُّ مِنْهُمْ قُوَّةً وَكَانُوا بِآيَاتِنَا يَجْحَدُونَ

Faamma AAadun fa(i)stakbaroo fee alardi bighayri alhaqqi waqaloo man ashaddu minna quwwatan awalam yaraw anna Allaha allathee khalaqahum huwa ashaddu minhum quwwatan wakanoo biayatina yajhadoon(a)

As for the 'Ad, they grew stiff-necked on the earth without justification, and said: Who is mightier in strength than we? Did they not see that Allah-SWT Who created them-He-SWT was mightier in strength than they? And they used to deny Our-SWT Signs.


فَأَرْسَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ رِيحًا صَرْصَرًا فِي أَيَّامٍ نَّحِسَاتٍ لِّنُذِيقَهُمْ عَذَابَ الْخِزْيِ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَلَعَذَابُ الْآخِرَةِ أَخْزَى وَهُمْ لَا يُنصَرُونَ

Faarsalna AAalayhim reehan sarsaran fee ayyamin nahisatin linutheeqahum AAathaba alkhizyi fee alhayati a(l)ddunya walaAAathabu alakhirati akhza wahum la yunsaroon(a)

Wherefore We-SWT sent upon them a raging wind in inauspicious days, so that We-SWT might make them taste the torment of humiliation in the life of this world, and surely the torment of the Hereafter will be more humiliating, nor will they be succoured.


وَأَمَّا ثَمُودُ فَهَدَيْنَاهُمْ فَاسْتَحَبُّوا الْعَمَى عَلَى الْهُدَى فَأَخَذَتْهُمْ صَاعِقَةُ الْعَذَابِ الْهُونِ بِمَا كَانُوا يَكْسِبُونَ

Waamma thamoodu fahadaynahum fa(i)stahabboo alAAama AAala alhuda faakhathathum saAAiqatu alAAathabi alhooni bima kanoo yaksiboon(a)

And as for the Thamud, We-SWT guided them, but they preferred blindness to guidance, wherefore the bolt of the torment of abjection struck them because of what they had been earning.


وَنَجَّيْنَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَكَانُوا يَتَّقُونَ

Wanajjayna allatheena amanoo wakanoo yattaqoon(a)

And We-SWT delivered those who believed and used to keep their duty to Allah-SWT .


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

The Holy Prophet-SW may tell them that they are denying the Being Who-SWT created the earth in two days. They ascribe to Him-SWT rivals and take them as deities who have not created anything and are humble creation themselves. It is Allah-SWT Who is the Creator as well as the Sustainer of all the worlds. It is by His-SWT Wisdom that He-SWT created the earth in two days and pegged it with huge mountains and placed in it unlimited bounties for the nourishment of every species till the end of time, completing this task in four days. This explanation also amply answers the query of the Jews of Madinah on the subject.


He-SWT then turned to the heaven which was initially like smoke. He-SWT told both heaven as well as the earth, commensurate to their level of understanding that His-SWT decisions will be implemented therein which they will not be able to impede. It was now up to them to accept this willingly or under duress. Both pledged obedience. Some Commentators suggest that this conversation is metaphorical, while the fact is that every creation can communicate with Him. He-SWT created seven heavens in two days and perfected each in its relevant affairs. He-SWT adorned the nether heaven with lamps that also protect it. All these are the works of the Supreme Being, the Dominant and the all-Knowing.


Stages of Creation of the Earth and the Heavens

The Jews of Madinah often sought clarifications from the Holy Prophet-SW. They asked him-SW to explain the stages of the creation of the earth and the heaven. These Ayat were revealed to answer this question. He-SWT completed the earth in its present form with all its physical features, mountains and rivers followed by perfection of all the heavens, taking six days for the whole process. And if they do not wish to understand the Message being conveyed by the Holy Prophet-SW even now, they may be reminded of the doom that follows a denial, as had befallen the 'Ad and the Thamud .


The incident of ‘Utbah bin Rab’iah

One of the chieftains of Quraish of Makkah, 'Utbah bin Rabi'ah was sitting by the K'abah with his comrades one day while the Holy Prophet-SW sat all by himself at a distance from this crowd. 'Utbah-RAU took leave of them to have a word with the Holy Prophet-SW in order to allure him away from Islam with some lucrative offer. After the stalwarts like Hadhrat 'Umar-RAU and Hamza-RAU had embraced Islam, the Quraish had changed their tactics and had resorted to seduction. 'Utbah-RAU walked up to the Holy Prophet-SW t and sought his-SW permission to speak, which was duly granted. He said: “O’ my nephew! We are respectable people, while you-SW are of a noble descent amongst us. We had a grand social system which your-SW Message has disrupted; our beliefs are declared ungodly, our judicial system labeled cruel and our forefathers pronounced as infidels. Now if you-SW want money, we shall make it available to you-SW. If you-SW want State power, we are willing to accept you as our ruler. If you-SW are possessed by the Jinn, we are prepared to get you-SW treated.”


The Holy Prophet-SW patiently listened to the detailed discourse of 'Utbah and started reciting this Surah from the very beginning. As he reached thirteenth Ayat, concerning the doom that had befallen the 'Ad and Thamud, 'Utbah placed his hand on the Holy Prophet-SW ‘s  mouth and begged him-SW to stop betiding his nation of such a destruction, and walked away. His comrades asked him about the result of his meeting. He informed them that he had heard a recitation which was neither poetry nor sorcery and advised the Quraish that if they did not wish to believe in him it was up to them but they should not hinder his way. He advised them to let the Arabs deal with him. If they succeeded in defeating him the Quraish would achieve their goal, and if he turned victorious the Quraish will still be in power indirectly. Having heard him, they ignored his advice labelling him to have been spellbound by the Holy Prophet-SW‘s magic.


Worship Vis a Vis Destruction of Ad and Thamud

The reason behind the destruction of 'Ad and Thamud was that Allaah-SWT ’s Messengers-AS were sent unto them one after the other to worship none save Allaah-SWT . Worship denotes complete obedience. It is not confined to Salat and fasting; rather it encompasses the entire code of living and this is the aspect very difficult to accept. They too declared that a human being could not possibly excel them in planning, and had Allaah-SWT disapproved of their system, the best amongst humans, He-SWT would have sent angels with a better social, political and judicial system. Therefore, what their Prophet-AS said was not acceptable to them. The 'Ad were unduly ignorant when they declared that there was no one more powerful than them as to punish them, and as such they were not afraid of the Prophet-AS ‘s warning. They failed to appreciate the powers of the One Who-SWT had made them so powerful. They knew the Message to be true both logically as well as traditionally, but refused to obey out of obduracy. Allaah-SWT sent unto them stormy winds as punishment. It was as if inauspicious days had engulfed them.


Inauspicious Day

Not a single day is bad or inauspicious. This Ayah refers to those days of their life which, because of their evil doings, proved to be inauspicious for them. This punishment was to humiliate them in this world while the eternal doom will be total abjection and nobody will be able to help them.


Allah-SWT had indicated the path of guidance to the Thamud too, but they preferred to stick to their evil and tyrant ways. So destruction and humiliation befell them in sequel their conduct.