سورة غافر   

Surah Name: Al-Ghafir Meaning: The Forgiver

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • This Sūrah is also known as Al-Momin, The believer
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 9
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 85
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 40
  • Rukū / Section 8 contains Āyāt / Parts 10
  • Siparah/ Volume 24


أَلَمْ تَرَ إِلَى الَّذِينَ يُجَادِلُونَ فِي آيَاتِ اللَّهِ أَنَّى يُصْرَفُونَ

Alam tara ila allatheena yujadiloona fee ayati Allahi anna yusrafoon(a)

Do you not see those who wrangle concerning the revelations of Allah-SWT, whither are they turning away?


الَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِالْكِتَابِ وَبِمَا أَرْسَلْنَا بِهِ رُسُلَنَا فَسَوْفَ يَعْلَمُونَ

Allatheena kaththaboo bi(a)lkitabi wabima arsalna bihi rusulana fasawfa yaAAlamoon(a)

Those who belie the Book and the Message with which We-SWT sent Our-SWT Messengers-AS, presently they come to know.


إِذِ الْأَغْلَالُ فِي أَعْنَاقِهِمْ وَالسَّلَاسِلُ يُسْحَبُونَ

Ithi alaghlalu fee aAAnaqihim wa(al)ssalasilu yushaboon(a)

When shackles will be on their necks and also chains; they will be dragged.


فِي الْحَمِيمِ ثُمَّ فِي النَّارِ يُسْجَرُونَ

Fee alhameemi thumma fee a(l)nnari yusjaroon(a)

Into the boiling water; then into the Fire they will be stocked.


ثُمَّ قِيلَ لَهُمْ أَيْنَ مَا كُنتُمْ تُشْرِكُونَ

Thumma qeela lahum ayna ma kuntum tushrikoon(a)

Then it will be said to them; where are those whom you have been associating?


مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ قَالُوا ضَلُّوا عَنَّا بَل لَّمْ نَكُن نَّدْعُو مِن قَبْلُ شَيْئًا كَذَلِكَ يُضِلُّ اللَّهُ الْكَافِرِينَ

Min dooni Allahi qaloo dalloo AAanna bal lam nakun nadAAoo min qablu shayan kathalika yudillu Allahu alkafireen(a)

Besides Allah-SWT ? They will say: They have failed us: Aye! We have not been calling on anything before. Thus does Allah-SWT lead the infidels astray.


ذَلِكُم بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَفْرَحُونَ فِي الْأَرْضِ بِغَيْرِ الْحَقِّ وَبِمَا كُنتُمْ تَمْرَحُونَ

Thalikum bima kuntum tafrahoona fee alardi bighayri alhaqqi wabima kuntum tamrahoon(a)

That is because you had been exulting in the earth without any right, and because you had been strutting.


ادْخُلُوا أَبْوَابَ جَهَنَّمَ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا فَبِئْسَ مَثْوَى الْمُتَكَبِّرِينَ

Odkhuloo abwaba jahannama khalideena feeha fabisa mathwa almutakabbireen(a)

Enter you the gates of Hell, as abiders therein. Hapless is the abode of the stiff-necked.


فَاصْبِرْ إِنَّ وَعْدَ اللَّهِ حَقٌّ فَإِمَّا نُرِيَنَّكَ بَعْضَ الَّذِي نَعِدُهُمْ أَوْ نَتَوَفَّيَنَّكَ فَإِلَيْنَا يُرْجَعُونَ

Fa(i)sbir inna waAAda Allahi haqqun faimma nuriyannaka baAAda allathee naAAiduhum aw natawaffayannaka failayna yurjaAAoon(a)

Wherefore you be steadfast; verily the promise of Allaah-SWT is true. Then whether We-SWT let you see a portion of what We-SWT have promised them, or whether We-SWT cause you to die, to Us-SWT they all will be returned.


وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا رُسُلًا مِّن قَبْلِكَ مِنْهُم مَّن قَصَصْنَا عَلَيْكَ وَمِنْهُم مَّن لَّمْ نَقْصُصْ عَلَيْكَ وَمَا كَانَ لِرَسُولٍ أَنْ يَأْتِيَ بِآيَةٍ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ فَإِذَا جَاء أَمْرُ اللَّهِ قُضِيَ بِالْحَقِّ وَخَسِرَ هُنَالِكَ الْمُبْطِلُونَ

Walaqad arsalna rusulan min qablika minhum man qasasna AAalayka waminhum man lam naqsus AAalayka wama kana lirasoolin an yatiya biayatin illa biithni Allahi faitha jaa amru Allahi qudiya bi(a)lhaqqi wakhasira hunalika almubtiloon(a)

Assuredly   We-SWT have   sent Messengers-AS before you-SW: Of them are some whose story We-SWT have recounted to you-SW. And it was not possible for any Messenger-AS to bring a Sign save by Allah-SWT's leave.   So when   comes the command of Allah-SWT, judgement will be given with truth, and then the followers of falsehood will lose.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

Mark how the infidels not only deny Allah-SWT's Commands but also exert to prove their absurdities as valid! They are indeed misguided and have obviously lost the track by denying the Divine Book, based purely on Truth. He-SWT has not just flunked it down, but also raised His-SWT Prophet-SAAW with it, who is exemplary in nobility, piety and devotion. Nevertheless these infidels remain indifferent. The results thereof will be witnessed soon when they will be yoked, fettered and dragged through the boiling water into the blazing inferno. They will then be asked about their deities, the devils, the Jinn or the resources which they had worshipped all their lives instead of bowing before the Magnificent Allah-SWT ? They will confess that all objects of their hope had strayed away from them, as if they had never worshipped anyone. In other words, all props turned out to be worthless. Indeed, the problem with infidelity is that Allah-SWT ’s annoyance plunges an infidel into totally useless pursuits. They are punished with misguidance in the world, and will suffer Hell in the Akhirah, because they are arrogant and swollen headed. They consider accepting Allah-SWT ‘s Word as a challenge to their vanity.


So the Holy Prophet-SW and the believers must be patient over the vexation of those infidels. Standing fast on the belief that Allah-SWT ‘s promise is bound to come true is in itself a great demonstration of  patience, The punishments promised to the infidels will certainly come whether during the lifetime of the Holy Prophet--SW or after he-SW passes away. The grandeur of infidelity will surely be reduced to ashes for such an end is natural for evil. And everyone has to simultaneously appear before Him-SWT in the Akhriah.


Allah-SWT had sent Messengers-AS before. Some of them have been mentioned in detail in the Quran, while others have not been. Yet it is an established fact that all had acted entirely in accordance with Allah-SWT ‘s Will including the manifestation of miracles. They did not indulge in the magical tricks to demonstrate whatever was asked for. And when the Hour of Judgement arrives, everyone will be given a fair deal. All disputes will be settled and the followers of falsehood will realize that they had indeed incurred a serious loss.