سورة النساء   

Surah Name: An-Nisa' Meaning:The Women

  • Revealed at Madinah
  • The evolution of a society is based upon the determination of rights and duties. It is the responsibility of the ruler or the State to ensure compliance by the people and to punish the negligent. Since the duty of one is the right of another, any failure in the performance will surely lead to the extortion of people's rights. This is the basic concept of every social system though we may not like its particular manner of determination of duties. Islam far surpasses others in this regard. It begins by fixing the rights and duties of people. It reminds the State of its responsibilities. It goes still further and makes an individual stand before Allah-SWT , and motivates him to perform his duties to gain His-SWT Pleasure, He-SWT , Whose-SWT Providence he enjoys every moment and Who-SWT knows him inside out; Whose-SWT Nearness is his destination; Whose-SWT Pleasure is his aim of life; and Whose-SWT Grace is his ambition and desire. Abiding by the rules and regulations is one thing, and feelings of the Qalb is another. Spending on parents, wives, children and orphans is a noble act; but emotions, such as respect, love, kindness, cannot be measured by any scale, nor can be commanded. Therefore, the reward for such noble feelings will be Allah-SWT's Pleasure. Since this Surah deals especially with the rights of women, it has been named An-Nisa'
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 24
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 176
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 4
  • Rukū / Section 22 contains Āyāt / Parts 10
  • Siparah/ Volume 4, 5 & 6


يَسْأَلُكَ أَهْلُ الْكِتَابِ أَن تُنَزِّلَ عَلَيْهِمْ كِتَابًا مِّنَ السَّمَاء فَقَدْ سَأَلُواْ مُوسَى أَكْبَرَ مِن ذَلِكَ فَقَالُواْ أَرِنَا اللّهِ جَهْرَةً فَأَخَذَتْهُمُ الصَّاعِقَةُ بِظُلْمِهِمْ ثُمَّ اتَّخَذُواْ الْعِجْلَ مِن بَعْدِ مَا جَاءتْهُمُ الْبَيِّنَاتُ فَعَفَوْنَا عَن ذَلِكَ وَآتَيْنَا مُوسَى سُلْطَانًا مُّبِينًا

Yasaluka ahlu alkitabi an tunazzila AAalayhim kitaban mina a(l)ssamai faqad saaloo moosa akbara min thalika faqaloo arina Allaha jahratan faakhathathumu a(l)ssaAAiqatu bithulmihim thumma ittakhathoo alAAijla min baAAdi ma jaathumu albayyinatu faAAafawna AAan thalika waatayna moosa sultanan mubeena(n)

The People of the Book ask you to bring down a Book to them from the heaven. But surely they asked Musa a thing even greater than that; they said: 'show us God openly'. Thereupon thunderbolt overtook them for their ungodliness. Then they took a calf after there had come to them the evidences. Even so We-SWT pardoned that, and We-SWT invested Musa-AS with manifest authority.


وَرَفَعْنَا فَوْقَهُمُ الطُّورَ بِمِيثَاقِهِمْ وَقُلْنَا لَهُمُ ادْخُلُواْ الْبَابَ سُجَّدًا وَقُلْنَا لَهُمْ لاَ تَعْدُواْ فِي السَّبْتِ وَأَخَذْنَا مِنْهُم مِّيثَاقًا غَلِيظًا

WarafaAAna fawqahumu a(l)ttoora bimeethaqihim waqulna lahumu odkhuloo albaba sujjadan waqulna lahum la taAAdoo fee a(l)ssabti waakhathna minhum meethaqan ghaleetha(n)

We-SWT raised the Tur over them for this bond. And We-SWT said to them: enter the gate prostrating yourselves; and We-SWT said to them: do not violate the Sabt, and We-SWT took from them a firm bond.


فَبِمَا نَقْضِهِم مِّيثَاقَهُمْ وَكُفْرِهِم بَآيَاتِ اللّهِ وَقَتْلِهِمُ الأَنْبِيَاء بِغَيْرِ حَقًّ وَقَوْلِهِمْ قُلُوبُنَا غُلْفٌ بَلْ طَبَعَ اللّهُ عَلَيْهَا بِكُفْرِهِمْ فَلاَ يُؤْمِنُونَ إِلاَّ قَلِيلاً

Fabima naqdihim meethaqahum wakufrihim biayati Allahi waqatlihimu alanbiyaa bighayri haqqin waqawlihim quloobuna ghulfun bal tabaAAa Allahu AAalayhabikufrihim fala yuminoona illa qaleela(n)

Accursed are they then for their breach of the bond and their rejection of the Commandments of Allaah-SWT and their putting of the Prophets-AS to death without justification, and their saying: our hearts are sealed. Aye! Allaah-SWT has set a seal upon them for their disbelief, so they believe not but a little.


وَبِكُفْرِهِمْ وَقَوْلِهِمْ عَلَى مَرْيَمَ بُهْتَانًا عَظِيمًا

Wabikufrihim waqawlihim AAala maryama buhtanan AAatheema(n)

And for their blasphemy and for the uttering against Maryam-AS a grievous calumny.


وَقَوْلِهِمْ إِنَّا قَتَلْنَا الْمَسِيحَ عِيسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ رَسُولَ اللّهِ وَمَا قَتَلُوهُ وَمَا صَلَبُوهُ وَلَـكِن شُبِّهَ لَهُمْ وَإِنَّ الَّذِينَ اخْتَلَفُواْ فِيهِ لَفِي شَكٍّ مِّنْهُ مَا لَهُم بِهِ مِنْ عِلْمٍ إِلاَّ اتِّبَاعَ الظَّنِّ وَمَا قَتَلُوهُ يَقِينًا

Waqawlihim inna qatalna almaseeha AAeesa ibna maryama rasoola Allahi wamaqataloohu wama salaboohu walakin shubbiha lahum wainna allatheena ikhtalafoo feehi lafee shakkin minhu ma lahum bihi min AAilmin illa ittibaAAa a(l)ththanni wama qataloohu yaqeena(n)

And for their saying: we put to death the Messiah Isa-AS,son of Maryam-AS, a Messenger of Allaah-SWT . Yet they killed him not, nor did they send him to the cross, but it was made dubious to them. And surely those who differ therein are in doubt about it; they have no true knowledge thereof; they but follow a conjecture; of a surety they killed him not.


بَل رَّفَعَهُ اللّهُ إِلَيْهِ وَكَانَ اللّهُ عَزِيزًا حَكِيمًا

Bal rafaAAahu Allahu ilayhi wakana Allahu AAazeezan hakeema(n)

But Allaah-SWT raised him unto Himself-SWT , and Allaah-SWT is ever Mighty, Wise.


وَإِن مِّنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ إِلاَّ لَيُؤْمِنَنَّ بِهِ قَبْلَ مَوْتِهِ وَيَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ يَكُونُ عَلَيْهِمْ شَهِيدًا

Wain min ahli alkitabi illa layuminanna bihi qabla mawtihi wayawma alqiyamati yakoonu AAalayhim shaheeda(n)

And there is none among the People of the Book but shall surely believe in him before his death, and on the Day of Judgement he shall be a witness against them.


فَبِظُلْمٍ مِّنَ الَّذِينَ هَادُواْ حَرَّمْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ طَيِّبَاتٍ أُحِلَّتْ لَهُمْ وَبِصَدِّهِمْ عَن سَبِيلِ اللّهِ كَثِيرًا

Fabithulmin mina allatheena hadoo harramna AAalayhim tayyibatin ohillat lahum wabisaddihim AAan sabeeli Allahi katheera(n)

So because of the wrong-doing on the part of those who are Judaised We-SWT forbade to them the good things that had been allowed to them and also because of their keeping away from Allah-SWT's Way.


وَأَخْذِهِمُ الرِّبَا وَقَدْ نُهُواْ عَنْهُ وَأَكْلِهِمْ أَمْوَالَ النَّاسِ بِالْبَاطِلِ وَأَعْتَدْنَا لِلْكَافِرِينَ مِنْهُمْ عَذَابًا أَلِيمًا

Waakhthihimu a(l)rriba waqad nuhoo AAanhu waaklihim amwala a(l)nnasi bi(a)lbatili waaAAtadna lilkafireena minhum AAathaban aleema(n)

And also because of their taking the usury that unlawfully. And for the infidels among them We-SWT have prepared a torment afflictive.


لَّـكِنِ الرَّاسِخُونَ فِي الْعِلْمِ مِنْهُمْ وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِمَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيكَ وَمَا أُنزِلَ مِن قَبْلِكَ وَالْمُقِيمِينَ الصَّلاَةَ وَالْمُؤْتُونَ الزَّكَاةَ وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ أُوْلَـئِكَ سَنُؤْتِيهِمْ أَجْرًا عَظِيمًا

Lakini a(l)rrasikhoona fee alAAilmi minhum wa(a)lmuminoona yuminoona bima onzila ilayka wama onzila min qablika wa(a)lmuqeemeena a(l)ssalata wa(a)lmutoona a(l)zzakata wa(a)lmuminoona bi(A)llahi wa(a)lyawmi alakhiri olaika sanuteehim ajran AAatheema(n)

But of them the well-grounded in the knowledge and believers believe in what has been sent down to you and what has been sent down before you and the establishers of Salat and the givers of Zakat and the believers in Allaah-SWT (and the Last Day-it is those to whom We-SWT shall soon give a mighty wage.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

Excuses for Transgression

The Jews are habitual quibblers. It is the history of this accursed nation that they always created awful nuisance for Allah-SWT's Prophets-AS, His-SWT people and His-SWT Din. They always think, talk and act in a crooked manner. Now they demand from the Holy Prophet'-SW that if he can fetch a printed Book from the heaven, they will believe in his Prophethood. Whereas when Prophet Musa-AS had actually brought a written Divine Scripture, they had demanded even more. They had asked him to show them Allah-SWT with naked eye and only then would they believe. For this transgression, the lightening struck them and they were devastated. It was only due to the prayer of Prophet Musa"-AS that Allah-SWT raised them from the dead. Yet again they were saved from the army of the Pharaoh when the sea had split to make way for them, and the forces of the Pharaoh perished right in front of their eyes. Moreover, they had witnessed many encounters and expeditions of Prophet Musa"-AS with the Pharaoh earlier yet they indulged in worship of the calf. As a result they were hit with punishment and were forgiven only after the intercession by Prophet Musa-AS.


Allah-SWT had granted Prophet Musa-AS such authority and domination that he took over cities without much effort. But his people were so unfortunate that they again vexed him and said that they could not abide by the Commandments of the Torah. They disdainfully asserted themselves and said that they would do as they pleased. So Allah-SWT suspended mount Tur over them compelling them into obedience. They were given power over a city without any fighting, and were only told to prostrate and be humble when entering the gate. They were also told not to go fishing on Saturdays, and they promised to obey but soon they went back on their promise, denying the Ayat of Allah-SWT . They murdered the Messengers of Allah wrongfully. When they attained power and reign they completely changed there demeanour, so much so much that when Messengers were sent by Allah, they heartlessly slew them. Murder is always wrongful, but here the word wrongful implies that the murderers also knew their victims to be innocent, yet they cruelly slew them. With such character these Jews claim that their hearts are sheathed in covers and are thus impervious to any misleading outside influences. But what has actually happened is that as a result of their blatant profligacy Allah-SWT has sealed their hearts. There may be very few among them who are blessed with faith; the majority die as infidels. They are always actively engaged in opposing the true faith.


See how outrageously they incriminated Hadhrat Maryam, accusing her of immorality. They not only denied Prophet Isa-AS but also raised an uproar against him and his pious and chaste mother. They were wicked enough to plan Prophet Isa-AS‘s assassination, as they could not defeat him rationally or intellectually. So they instigated the king to sentence Prophet lsa"-AS to death but inspite of all their efforts they could not kill him. Their claim of having slain Prophet Isa-AS is a blatant lie. Neither could they kill him nor crucify him; in fact they themselves were thoroughly confused. Some scholars comment that the person who went to search for Prophet Isa-AS alongwith troops could not find him inside the house, as Allah-SWT had taken him up to their heavens. But the face of that person was made to look like Prophet Isa-AS. 


When he came out of the house to tell the soldiers that Prophet ‘Isa-AS was not in the house, they grabbed him taking him for Prophet 'Isa-AS and crucified him. Afterwards when they went inside to search for their comrade they could not find him and on return were flabbergasted to see his body hanging on the cross. They wanted to conceal his death but could not do so. Neither could they produce the dead body of Prophet 'Isa-AS. The Jew scholars themselves differ on this episode because it is wrapped in doubt and there is no solid evidence. Thus they are guided by pure conjecture and guess work and speculate about what might have happened. The account given by the scholars also does not sound too reliable, as details are not recounted in the Quran and Hadith. Yet the Quran has clearly stated. Wa ma Qataluhu Yaqina It is definite that they could not kill him. Rather, Allaah-SWT ascended him. He-SWT is Omnipotent and Wise; and can do whatever He-SWT wants, through whatever means He-SWT chooses.


Those who interpret this Ascension to be spiritual must realize that murder or crucification would also have resulted in death. If the Jews could not kill him and Allah-SWT did, it would mean that their purpose was still served. What, then, was the logic behind Ascension and what difference did it make? This phenomenon has already been discussed in Al-Baqarah. Now a few words for better understanding of those who argue that the existence of human life in the heavens is unimaginable. They question as to what would people eat in heavens and where would they excrete? But is it easy to imagine the existence of life in the layers of the womb? Where does the fetus get its food from and where does it go to excrete? The all Powerful who can make arrangements for the baby in the womb can also provide for life the heavens. Moreover, a person is subjected to the rules pertaining to food, chronology and seasons of whatever world he lives in. Prophet Musa-AS left this world almost two thousand years ago, but in the celestial world a single day is equivalent to one thousand years of this world. Thus Prophet Isa-AS has not been there for two complete days yet. To comprehend such matters it is imperative to accept and admit the Sovereignty and Omnipotence of Allah-SWT . Those who doubt and question in fact try to assess Allah-SWT keeping their own capabilities as a standard.


How, then, would Prophet Isa-AS‘s death come about? Allah declares that he will be sent back to this world, as per details in Hadith. All the Jews and Christians will start believing in him or else they will be slain. He will get married, have children, and will be buried inside the Prophet'-SW ‘s tomb in Madinah. The space for a fourth grave is kept there. So the question of how he will die will be answered.


Maulana Thanvi-RUA asserts that before the Ruh is seized by the angel, Barzakh is revealed to the dying who comes to know the reality. But it is useless for a non-believer to embrace faith in those moments, for the time to repent over disbelief is gone past. Allah-SWT says that if these infidels still ask for more clarification they should wait for a little while as Prophet Isa-AS shall be called as a witness upon these people on the Day of Judgement and they shall be taken to task for all the atrocities they did against him and against Islam. Then they will be fully satisfied.


Allah-SWT made many things unlawful for the Jews which were formerly permissible. This was due to their wickedness and sins. Certain things are declared unlawful in Islamic Shari'ah too, but only because these are all harmful, physically or spiritually, for humans. Whereas for the Jews, certain beneficial things were also forbidden because of their misdeeds. The Jews indulged in all sorts of despicable activities, such as deviating people from Allaah-SWT ’s Path, hindering Allah-SWT's Zikr, dealing in usury which was forbidden for them, and usurping the wealth of others. All these sins led them into disbelief and they were marked for the horrendous retribution prepared for the infidels.


Yet despite all their sins, there were certain people amongst them who had a deep know ledge of Din, and were of noble character. They knew the signs and approximate time of the raising of the Holy Prophet-SW. They were watchful of the right beliefs and on top of all, were devoted and righteous. They believed in the Book they had, and followed it. Therefore, when Prophet Muhammad-SW announced his-SW  Prophethood, they embraced Islam. They established Salat with all its conditions and would tell others to offer it too. They paid Zakat and believed in Allah-SWT and the Hereafter. Such people will be rewarded fabulously by Allah-SWT , though they were very few in number. Nevertheless they were the few exceptions among the impudent Jews who as a nation always opposed the true faith and harmed the true believers. After the advent of Islam, most of the wars broke out as a result of their conspiracies. They set the foundation for sectarianism in Islam. This was the mischief of ibn-e-Saba and his group, which has been constantly damaging both Islam and the Muslims to date.