سورة النساء   

Surah Name: An-Nisa' Meaning:The Women

  • Revealed at Madinah
  • The evolution of a society is based upon the determination of rights and duties. It is the responsibility of the ruler or the State to ensure compliance by the people and to punish the negligent. Since the duty of one is the right of another, any failure in the performance will surely lead to the extortion of people's rights. This is the basic concept of every social system though we may not like its particular manner of determination of duties. Islam far surpasses others in this regard. It begins by fixing the rights and duties of people. It reminds the State of its responsibilities. It goes still further and makes an individual stand before Allah-SWT , and motivates him to perform his duties to gain His-SWT Pleasure, He-SWT , Whose-SWT Providence he enjoys every moment and Who-SWT knows him inside out; Whose-SWT Nearness is his destination; Whose-SWT Pleasure is his aim of life; and Whose-SWT Grace is his ambition and desire. Abiding by the rules and regulations is one thing, and feelings of the Qalb is another. Spending on parents, wives, children and orphans is a noble act; but emotions, such as respect, love, kindness, cannot be measured by any scale, nor can be commanded. Therefore, the reward for such noble feelings will be Allah-SWT's Pleasure. Since this Surah deals especially with the rights of women, it has been named An-Nisa'
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 24
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 176
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 4
  • Rukū / Section 14 contains Āyāt / Parts 4
  • Siparah/ Volume 4, 5 & 6


إِنَّ الَّذِينَ تَوَفَّاهُمُ الْمَلآئِكَةُ ظَالِمِي أَنْفُسِهِمْ قَالُواْ فِيمَ كُنتُمْ قَالُواْ كُنَّا مُسْتَضْعَفِينَ فِي الأَرْضِ قَالْوَاْ أَلَمْ تَكُنْ أَرْضُ اللّهِ وَاسِعَةً فَتُهَاجِرُواْ فِيهَا فَأُوْلَـئِكَ مَأْوَاهُمْ جَهَنَّمُ وَسَاءتْ مَصِيرًا

Inna allatheena tawaffahumu almalaikatu thalimee anfusihim qaloo feema kuntum qaloo kunna mustadAAafeena fee alardi qaloo alam takun ardu Allahi wasiAAatan fatuhajiroo feeha faolaika mawahum jahannamu wasaat maseera(n)

Verily to those whom the angels carry off in death while yet they are wronging their souls, they will say: what were you in. They will say 'weakened were we in the land'. They will say, 'was not Allah-SWT's land wide so that you could migrate thereto'? These! Their resort is Hell: an evil retreat.


إِلاَّ الْمُسْتَضْعَفِينَ مِنَ الرِّجَالِ وَالنِّسَاء وَالْوِلْدَانِ لاَ يَسْتَطِيعُونَ حِيلَةً وَلاَ يَهْتَدُونَ سَبِيلاً

Illa almustadAAafeena mina a(l)rrijali wa(al)nnisai wa(a)lwildani la yastateeAAoonaheelatan wala yahtadoona sabeela(n)

Excepting the weak ones among men, women and children, unable to find a stratagem and not guided to the way.


فَأُوْلَـئِكَ عَسَى اللّهُ أَن يَعْفُوَ عَنْهُمْ وَكَانَ اللّهُ عَفُوًّا غَفُورًا

Faolaika AAasa Allahu an yaAAfuwa AAanhum wakana Allahu AAafuwwan ghafoora(n)

These are they whom Allaah-SWT is likely to pardon, and Allaah-SWT is ever Pardoning, Forgiving.


وَمَن يُهَاجِرْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللّهِ يَجِدْ فِي الأَرْضِ مُرَاغَمًا كَثِيرًا وَسَعَةً وَمَن يَخْرُجْ مِن بَيْتِهِ مُهَاجِرًا إِلَى اللّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ ثُمَّ يُدْرِكْهُ الْمَوْتُ فَقَدْ وَقَعَ أَجْرُهُ عَلى اللّهِ وَكَانَ اللّهُ غَفُورًا رَّحِيمًا

Waman yuhajir fee sabeeli Allahi yajid fee alardi muraghaman katheeran wasaAAatan waman yakhruj min baytihi muhajiran ila Allahi warasoolihi thumma yudrikhu almawtu faqad waqaAAa ajruhu AAala Allahi wakana Allahu ghafooran raheema(n)

And he who migrates in the way of Allaah-SWT shall find in the earth plentiful refuge and amplitude: and he who goes forth from his house as a fugitive unto Allaah-SWT and His-SWT Messenger-SW  , and death overtakes him, his wage has surely devolved upon Allah-SWT; and Allaah-SWT is ever Forgiving Merciful.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

The discussion moves onto those who do not migrate. Until the conquest of Makkah, migrating from Makkah for the sake of faith was called Hijrah (migration). People migrated to Habshah and Madinah, where the foundation of an Islamic State was laid. Madinah was declared as Dar-ul-l lijrah (The Place of Migration). After the conquest of Makkah the Holy Prophet-SW  declared that the need for migrating was over. But this order pertained only to Makkah. Otherwise Islam is for all times to come and for the entire world. Whenever and wherever people are hindered from practising Islam, leaving such a society with the intention of settling at a place where Din can be followed freely will be termed as Hijrah. Liven if an evil society expels someone by force, it will be considered as Hijrah on his part. But the most important factor is that one must migrate purely for Allah-SWT , and in order to be able to live according to Islam. If a journey is undertaken in hope of worldly gains, to find employment or in love of a woman, the immigrant should not expect any reward from Allah-SWT . The discussion again turns to people who fail to migrate from a country, a city or from a vicious character. Many Ahâdĩth give a detailed account of the time when the Angels of Death approach them at the time of their death. A Hadith describes that for a believer the angels bring the fragrance, dress and Flowers etc from Paradise and draw his Ruh very gently and take it along in exquisite attire, with honour and love.


However, for the infidels, or the wrongdoers, or for those who are doomed for Hell, the angels bring with them the clothes from Hell. They carry with them whips of fire which are not only sizzling hot but also stinking and are very scary to look at. They are enraged when they address these unfortunate people and ask them what they had been doing, claiming to be Muslims and acting like infidels? The sinners helplessly reply that they were poor people, and were compelled to follow what the influential class was doing. The angels ask them that it is now time for them to depart from this world; wouldn't it have been better if they had migrated for the sake of Allaah-SWT ’s obedience at the right time? Had they done that they would have lived amongst noble people and on this day would have been escorted with much respect and honour to their eternal abode. Since they did not renounce the pleasures of this world, therefore, their punishment is condemnation to Hell, which is a horrendous place. This dialogue takes place just before the angels seize the Ruh from the body, and they never return without doing so. Therefore, it is proved that just before death even a non-believer will be granted vision to behold the angels and the punishment that awaits him. The superiority of a believer lies in the fact that he is rewarded with this vision in his normal worldly life. If the heart is quickened, awakened and enlightened by the lights of the company of the Holy Prophet-SW all such supernatural gifts can be achieved. The dialogue between the mother of Hadhrat Musa-AS and Allah-SWT and the words between Hadhrat Maryam-AS and Archangel Jibril-AS are given in the Quran, whereas both these noble women enjoyed Wilayah and not Prophethood.


Here is a point to ponder for all those who wish to migrate to Dar-al-Kufr (infidels State) just to attain a green card, even though if it may mean being deprived of an Islamic funeral and the major ingredient of food being pork. Even in medicines alcohol is the main ingredient. In Europe drinking plain water is an aberration while alcohol and beer are the main beverages. Therefore, people who migrate just for worldly gains must withhold and contemplate. Yet for those who live there and remain not only steadfast on Islam themselves but also work for its propagation, residing in Dar-al-Kufr will be considered as Jihad if their intention was to serve Islam. Such people do exist in Europe, thanks to Allah-SWT , who are striving in Allah-SWT ’s Cause. Those who cannot migrate from Dar-al-Kufr for a genuine reason and cannot alienate themselves from wrongdoers, or those women and children who are weak and unable to fight their way out of evil, can hope for Allah-SWT's Forgiveness and Mercy; provided they themselves do not adopt the ways of that evil society. But it is imperative for every believer to quit attending evil gatherings and take to the company of righteous people. He-SWT must give up his vices and take to virtues and must benefit by being with the noble. The remarkable thing is that whoever quits his homeland for Allah-SWT always finds abundance and refuge in Allah-SWT ’s land. It is a historical fact that all those determined Prophets-AS who migrated in Allah-SWT's Way, including Hadhrat Musa-AS  and Hadhrat lbrahim-AS, were blessed with sway in this world. Similarly the Holy Prophet-SW migrated from Makkah and was victorious in the end.


Thus Allah-SWT has laid down the rule that whoever will forsake his homeland in Allah-SWT's Cause shall find Allah-SWT's earth to be very vast for him and will earn rewards. This is a world of cause and effect. It is a Divine Law that things happen as a result of their means. A person migrating may go through difficult times temporarily but eventually he will be very happy and most fortunate. He-SWT will also prosper in worldly terms. The same rule applies to migration from evil beliefs and conduct. Today, we think that if we are honest and truthful we will not be able to survive; that we must lie if we have to stay in competition and market. All such thoughts arc Satanic whispers, whereas it is Allah-SWT's promise that whoever reforms himself to please Allah-SWT shall find wealth, honour and fame awaiting him. And the greatest reward is that whoever migrated from his homeland for Allah-SWT and His-SWT Prophet-SW headed for Dar-al-Islam (believers country) leaving behind him Dar-al-Kufr, left an evil environment and moved towards noble company, was malefactor but planned to change himself, yet death overtook him before he could reach his destination and could actually change himself his reward is with Allah-SWT . So much so that a Hadith states that even if a person moves forward by a few inches and dies, he will be forgiven of all his past mistakes and will be rewarded for migration. Similar is the case with reformation of character and morals. Another Hadith reveals that a true and perfect Mujahid is the one who can fight his desires and remains steadfast in the obedience of Allah-SWT and His-SWT Prophet-SW  .