سورة الصافات   

Surah Name: As-Saffaat Meaning: The Ranks

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 5
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 182
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 37
  • Rukū / Section 4 contains Āyāt / Parts 25
  • Siparah / Volume 23


وَلَقَدْ مَنَنَّا عَلَى مُوسَى وَهَارُونَ 

Walaqad mananna AAala moosa waharoon(a)

And assuredly We-SWT gave grace to Musa-AS and Harun-AS.


وَنَجَّيْنَاهُمَا وَقَوْمَهُمَا مِنَ الْكَرْبِ الْعَظِيمِ

Wanajjaynahuma waqawmahuma mina alkarbi alAAatheem(i)

And  delivered them and their people from the great affliction


وَنَصَرْنَاهُمْ فَكَانُوا هُمُ الْغَالِبِينَ 

Wanasarnahum fakanoo humu alghalibeen(a)

And We-SWT succoured them, so they became the victors.


وَآتَيْنَاهُمَا الْكِتَابَ الْمُسْتَبِينَ 

Waataynahuma alkitaba almustabeen(a)

And We-SWT vouchsafed to the twain a Book luminous.


وَهَدَيْنَاهُمَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ

Wahadaynahuma a(l)ssirata almustaqeem(a)

And We-SWT led the twain on to the straight path.


وَتَرَكْنَا عَلَيْهِمَا فِي الْآخِرِينَ

Watarakna AAalayhima fee alakhireen(a)

And We-SWT left for the twain among the posterity.


سَلَامٌ عَلَى مُوسَى وَهَارُونَ

Salamun AAala moosa waharoon(a)

Peace be unto Musa-AS and Harun-AS.


إِنَّا كَذَلِكَ نَجْزِي الْمُحْسِنِينَ 

Inna kathalika najzee almuhsineen(a)

Verily  We-SWT ! Thus do We-SWT recompense the pious.


إِنَّهُمَا مِنْ عِبَادِنَا الْمُؤْمِنِينَ 

Innahuma min AAibadina almumineen(a)

Verily the twain were of Our-SWT believing bondmen.


وَإِنَّ إِلْيَاسَ لَمِنْ الْمُرْسَلِينَ 

Wainna ilyasa lamina almursaleen(a)

And verily, Ilyas-AS was of the sent ones.


إِذْ قَالَ لِقَوْمِهِ أَلَا تَتَّقُونَ

Ith qala liqawmihi ala tattaqoon(a)

Recall when he said to his people: Do you not fear?


أَتَدْعُونَ بَعْلًا وَتَذَرُونَ أَحْسَنَ الْخَالِقِينَ

AtadAAoona baAAlan watatharoona ahsana alkhaliqeen(a)

Do you call upon B’al, and forsake the Best of creators?


وَاللَّهَ رَبَّكُمْ وَرَبَّ آبَائِكُمُ الْأَوَّلِينَ 

Allaha rabbakum warabba abaikumu alawwaleen(a)

Allah-SWT , your Rabb-SWT , and the Rabb-SWT of your forefathers?


فَكَذَّبُوهُ فَإِنَّهُمْ لَمُحْضَرُونَ 

Fakaththaboohu fainnahum lamuhdaroon(a)

Then they belied him, so verily they are to be brought up.


إِلَّا عِبَادَ اللَّهِ الْمُخْلَصِينَ 

Illa AAibada Allahi almukhlaseen(a)

Except the sincere bondmen of Allah-SWT .


وَتَرَكْنَا عَلَيْهِ فِي الْآخِرِينَ

Watarakna AAalayhi fee alakhireen(a)

And We-SWT left for him among the posterity.


سَلَامٌ عَلَى إِلْ يَاسِينَ

Salamun AAala il yaseen(a)

                                                 Peace be on Ilyasin-AS



إِنَّا كَذَلِكَ نَجْزِي الْمُحْسِنِينَ 

Inna kathalika najzee almuhsineen(a)

Verily We-SWT ! Thus do We-SWT recompense the well-doers.


إِنَّهُ مِنْ عِبَادِنَا الْمُؤْمِنِينَ 

Innahu min AAibadina almumineen(a)

Verily he was of Our-SWT believing bondmen.


وَإِنَّ لُوطًا لَّمِنَ الْمُرْسَلِينَ 

Wainna lootan lamina almursaleen(a)

And verily Lut-AS was among the sent ones.


إِذْ نَجَّيْنَاهُ وَأَهْلَهُ أَجْمَعِينَ 

Ith najjaynahu waahlahu ajmaAAeen(a)

Recall when We-SWT delivered him and his household, all.


إِلَّا عَجُوزًا فِي الْغَابِرِينَ 

Illa AAajoozan fee alghabireen(a)

Save an old woman among the lingerers.


ثُمَّ دَمَّرْنَا الْآخَرِينَ 

Thumma dammarna alakhareen(a)

Then We-SWT annihilated the others.


وَإِنَّكُمْ لَتَمُرُّونَ عَلَيْهِم مُّصْبِحِينَ 

Wainnakum latamurroona AAalayhim musbiheen(a)

And surely you pass by them in the morning.


وَبِاللَّيْلِ أَفَلَا تَعْقِلُونَ

Wabi(a)llayli afala taAAqiloon(a)

And at night; will you not then reflect?


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

Similar circumstances faced Prophets Musa-AS and Harun-AS when the Pharaoh opposed them with all his might and tried to destroy them. Yet Allah-SWT granted them sway in this world and made the Pharaoh and his legions perish in the sea. He-SWT delivered both the Prophets-AS and their nation from Pharaoh, blessed them with victory and dominance. He-SWT also blessed Prophet Musa-AS with a Book carrying clear Signs to lead the people to the path of guidance. And He-SWT made their memory to be cherished by the people in the times to come. May peace be unto both from Allah-SWT , as this is how sincere devotees and upright servants are recompensed by Him-SWT .


Later Prophet Ilyas-AS was raised who also invited his nation to guidance, denouncing their ignorant act of worshipping the idol Ba'al instead of Allah-SWT , the Most Exalted and the Best of creators. This means that the real Creator can only be the One Who originates a thing from a state of non-existence while all the rest only put together some of His-SWT creations to invent other things. They obviously cannot be worthy of being accepted as the creators. Nowadays the authors and poets are generally termed as khaliq (creators), which is totally wrong as Allah-SWT alone is the Khaliq. He-SWT takes His-SWT creations to the most perfect form and also sustains them. Prophet Ilyas-AS told them that it was He-SWT Who created them as well as their forefathers and gave them life. However, they refused to believe and resolved to confront him. as a result they were not only humiliated in this world but will also be brought on the Day of Reckoning enchained save the upright servants of Allah-SWT who had chosen to obey the Prophet-AS.


Is Prophet Ilyas-AS Alive?

 The belief that Prophet Ilyas-AS is alive is a Jewish version like Khidhr-AS’s. A simple explanation is that Allah-SWT assigns some human spirits with tasks like the angels-AS after formal death as can be seen in the story of Khidhr-AS given in the Quran. The same is true for Prophet Ilyas-AS .Some of the Aulia-RUA are also blessed with this state, though they do not have any control over it. They merely obey what they are told. However, Prophet 'Isa-AS is alive, and is stationed in the heavens, and will return to this world as established by the sayings of the Holy Prophet-SW. And Allah-SWT kept Prophet Ilyas-AS’s name alive through time. He was a very devoted person indeed. Peace be upon him! This is how Allah-SWT rewards His sincere servants.


And undoubtedly Prophet Lut-AS was also Allah-SWT 's Messenger-AS. He had to face extreme hostility and aggression from his nation. But Allah-SWT saved him and his followers, except his wife who was with the infidels at heart. She was left behind to perish with them. When Prophet Lut-AS and his followers left the settlement, Allah-SWT devastated everyone left behind. O' People of Arabia! You frequent these routes, which speak volumes on their desolation. Looking at these ruins and the uprooted settlements, don't you gather any sense?