سورة يس   

Surah Name: Ya-Seen Meaning: Ya Seen

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 5
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 83
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 36
  • Rukū / Section 5 contains Āyāt / Parts 16
  • Siparah / Volume 22 & 23


وَمَنْ نُعَمِّرْهُ نُنَكِّسْهُ فِي الْخَلْقِ أَفَلَا يَعْقِلُونَ

Waman nuAAammirhu nunakkishu fee alkhalqi afala yaAAqiloon(a)

And whom We-SWT grant long life We-SWT reverse him in creation; why then they do not reflect?


وَمَا عَلَّمْنَاهُ الشِّعْرَ وَمَا يَنبَغِي لَهُ إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا ذِكْرٌ وَقُرْآنٌ مُّبِينٌ

Wama AAallamnahu a(l)shshiAAra wama yanbaghee lahu in huwa illa thikrun waquranun mubeen(un)

And We-SWT have not taught him-SW poetry, nor does it become him-SW. This is but an Admonition and a luminous Recital.


لِيُنذِرَ مَن كَانَ حَيًّا وَيَحِقَّ الْقَوْلُ عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ

Liyunthira man kana hayyan wayahiqqa alqawlu AAala alkafireen(a)

In order that it may warn him who is alive, and that the sentence may be justified on the infidels.


أَوَلَمْ يَرَوْا أَنَّا خَلَقْنَا لَهُمْ مِمَّا عَمِلَتْ أَيْدِينَا أَنْعَامًا فَهُمْ لَهَا مَالِكُونَ

Awalam yaraw anna khalaqna lahum mimma AAamilat aydeena anAAaman fahum laha malikoon(a)

Do they not see that We-SWT have created or them, of what Our-SWT hands have created, cattle, so that they are their owners.


وَذَلَّلْنَاهَا لَهُمْ فَمِنْهَا رَكُوبُهُمْ وَمِنْهَا يَأْكُلُونَ

Wathallalnaha lahum faminha rakoobuhum waminha yakuloon(a)

And to them We-SWT have subdued so that some of them they have for riding. And on some they feed?


وَلَهُمْ فِيهَا مَنَافِعُ وَمَشَارِبُ أَفَلَا يَشْكُرُونَ

Walahum feeha manafiAAu wamasharibu afala yashkuroon(a)

And they have there from other benefits and drinks. Will they not then give thanks?


وَاتَّخَذُوا مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ آلِهَةً لَعَلَّهُمْ يُنصَرُونَ

Wa(i)ttakhathoo min dooni Allahi alihatan laAAallahum yunsaroon(a)

And they have taken besides Allah-SWT gods, hoping that they may perchance be succoured.


لَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ نَصْرَهُمْ وَهُمْ لَهُمْ جُندٌ مُّحْضَرُونَ

La yastateeAAoona nasrahum wahum lahum jundun muhdaroon(a)

They are not able to give them succour, whereas they shall be against them host brought forward.


فَلَا يَحْزُنكَ قَوْلُهُمْ إِنَّا نَعْلَمُ مَا يُسِرُّونَ وَمَا يُعْلِنُونَ

Fala yahzunka qawluhum inna naAAlamu ma yusirroona wama yuAAlinoon(a)

So let not their speech grieve you-SW. Verily We-SWT ! We-SWT know what they conceal and what they disclose.


أَوَلَمْ يَرَ الْإِنسَانُ أَنَّا خَلَقْنَاهُ مِن نُّطْفَةٍ فَإِذَا هُوَ خَصِيمٌ مُّبِينٌ

Awalam yara alinsanu anna khalaqnahu min nutfatin faitha huwa khaseemun mubeen(un)

Does not man see that We-SWT have created him of sperm? Yet lo! he is a manifest opponent.


وَضَرَبَ لَنَا مَثَلًا وَنَسِيَ خَلْقَهُ قَالَ مَنْ يُحْيِي الْعِظَامَ وَهِيَ رَمِيمٌ (36:78)

Wadaraba lana mathalan wanasiya khalqahu qala man yuhyee alAAithama wahiya rameem(un)

And he recounts for Us-SWT a similitude and forgets his creation. He says: Who shall quicken the bones after they are decayed?


قُلْ يُحْيِيهَا الَّذِي أَنشَأَهَا أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ وَهُوَ بِكُلِّ خَلْقٍ عَلِيمٌ

Qul yuhyeeha allathee anshaaha awwala marratin wahuwa bikulli khalqin AAaleem(un)

Say you-SW: He-SWT shall quicken them Who-SWT brought them forth for the first time. And He-SWT is the Knower of every manner of creation.


الَّذِي جَعَلَ لَكُم مِّنَ الشَّجَرِ الْأَخْضَرِ نَارًا فَإِذَا أَنتُم مِّنْهُ تُوقِدُونَ

Allathee jaAAala lakum mina a(l)shshajari alakhdari naran faitha antum minhu tooqidoon(a)

Who gives you fire out of the green tree, and lo! You kindle therewith.


أَوَلَيْسَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ بِقَادِرٍ عَلَى أَنْ يَخْلُقَ مِثْلَهُم بَلَى وَهُوَ الْخَلَّاقُ الْعَلِيمُ

Awalaysa allathee khalaqa a(l)ssamawati wa(a)larda biqadirin AAala an yakhluqa mithlahum bala wahuwa alkhallaqu alAAaleem(u)

Is not He-SWT Who created the heavens and the earth for the first time able to create the like of them? Yea! He-SWT is the Supreme Creator, the Knower.


إِنَّمَا أَمْرُهُ إِذَا أَرَادَ شَيْئًا أَنْ يَقُولَ لَهُ كُنْ فَيَكُونُ

Innama amruhu itha arada shayan an yaqoola lahu kun fayakoon(u)

His-SWT affair, when He-SWT intends a thing, is only that He-SWT says to it: Be, and it is.


فَسُبْحَانَ الَّذِي بِيَدِهِ مَلَكُوتُ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَإِلَيْهِ تُرْجَعُونَ

Fasubhana allathee biyadihi malakootu kulli shayin wailayhi turjaAAoon(a)

Wherefore hallowed be He-SWT , in Whose Hand is the governance of everything, and to Whom you shall be returned.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

When the second Trumpet is blown people will rise from their graves and proceed to the Divine Court. If they presume that they could not be deprived of their limbs and eyesight, they better see a person driven to old age. Divested of his faculties, neither his eyes work properly nor do his limbs have any strength. Don’t they have enough sense to evaluate this scene and learn a lesson? Dumbfounded logically and left with no argument, they simply assert that what the Holy Prophet-SW tells them was nothing but poetry, which always influences minds.


Poetry Or Poetic Literature

Although poetry has been discussed earlier, yet here it has been referred to in a different context. In poetry realities are replaced by fantasies and imagination. A poet, who pens an epic, narrates wonders of swordsmanship on the battlefield whereas in real life he may not even know how to hold a sword. He traverses through forests, deserts, rivers and drifts along the clouds, while in real life he may never have stepped out of his door. The infidels referred to this aspect of poetry when they labelled the Holy Prophet-SW’s teachings as hyperbolic composition. Allah-SWT said to the Holy Prophet-SW being the final Prophet-SW was raised for the entire mankind, to expound the truth. He-SW could not possibly indulge in any form of poetic exaggerations. He-SW enjoys a status far too exalted. Poetic fantasies neither befit his-SW grace, nor has he-SW any such directions. What has been revealed unto him-SW is an embodiment of good counsel and a heavenly Book, the Quran. It is a Book that expounds truth through extremely clear proofs. However, what it says can benefit only the living; and not those with defunct hearts and lifeless conscience; who lost the capacity to benefit from it. It will be held as a pretext against them. The truth was duly conveyed but they opted for denial.


The Rule Of Ownership

Here the Quran refers to the dignity of mankind and not the rules of possession or ownership. However, once mentioned it may well be appropriately explained. There are two major economic systems in the world today, the capitalism and communism. The former claims that the basis of ownership is the capital while the latter holds that ownership is based on hard work or the labour put in. Islam has its own and the most realistic philosophy, that is, Allah-SWT has made man the owner in his capacity as a human being. For the distribution as to who will own what, it lays down a code based on the method of acquisition. When this code is observed, whatever is acquired becomes lawful, otherwise a misappropriation.


Allah-SWT has made cattle financially lucrative for mankind, as well as a source of form of meat and milk. The right course of action was to thank Allah-SWT forever and avoid indulging in foolish disputations. But the wicked turned away from Him-SWT and pinned their hopes on others, at times even on these animals. They proclaimed some animals, which cannot help anyone, as their deities. How foolish it is to expect any succour from such ungodly deities who will in fact testify against them on the Day of Reckoning, by appearing as witnesses to this crime.


The Holy Prophet-SW ’s Clemency

The Holy Prophet-SW need not be aggrieved by their words. His-SW clemency does not like even an infidel to go to Hell after his-SW raising. He-SW longs to save mankind from it and to guide them unto the straight path. Just imagine how aggrieved will he-SW be over the ungodly lifestyles of Muslims today? Allah-SWT comforts him-SW for He-SWT knows what they say and what they conceal in their hearts. Outwardly they claim to be on the right path, while within their hearts they know where the Truth lies. They do not like to abandon the enjoyments and pleasures, being entrapped in their vain desires. If only man ponders over his origin, his entire existence is confined in a single drop. His components have been gathered from different parts of the earth and consolidated inside this very drop. Allah-SWT then fashions and delivers him into this world. Yet he quarrels with Him-SWT and argues how the putrefied bones, once reduced to ashes, can be quickened. The Holy Prophet-SW must tell them that the One-SWT Who had earlier originated the drop and had created man from it can do it. He-SWT will gather these particles again and give them human form, being Potent over all kinds of creation. To reassemble scattered particles is not difficult as compared to the fire placed inside the foliage of the trees, wherefrom it is obtained by rubbing them together.


Fire Inside The Green Trees

The Arabs used to bring two types of trees from the desert and produce fire by rubbing their branches together. Today the botanists prove that combustion goes on inside every leaf wherefrom all parts of a plant or tree get their nourishment. This is only one of the billions of masterpieces. The Creator of this vast universe and a multitude of creation inhabiting it is indeed Potent over recreating everything not once but for as many times as He-SWT wants. His-SWT Omnipotence and His-SWT Knowledge encompasses all kinds of creativity down to every atom. All He-SWT has to do to resurrect is to say ‘Be’, and it is. Glorified is He-SWT , the Absolute, the Exalted, Who-SWT is Free of any shortcoming. All Sovereignty belongs to Him-SWT and every atom is subservient to His-SWT Command; and to His-SWT Court will everyone eventually return one day.