سورة يس   

Surah Name: Ya-Seen Meaning: Ya Seen

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 5
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 83
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 36
  • Rukū / Section 3 contains Āyāt / Parts 18
  • Siparah / Volume 22 & 23


وَآيَةٌ لَّهُمُ الْأَرْضُ الْمَيْتَةُ أَحْيَيْنَاهَا وَأَخْرَجْنَا مِنْهَا حَبًّا فَمِنْهُ يَأْكُلُونَ

Waayatun lahumu alardu almaytatu ahyaynaha waakhrajna minha habban faminhu yakuloon(a)

And a Sign unto them is dead land. We-SWT revive it and there out We-SWT bring forth grain, so that they eat of it.


وَجَعَلْنَا فِيهَا جَنَّاتٍ مِن نَّخِيلٍ وَأَعْنَابٍ وَفَجَّرْنَا فِيهَا مِنْ الْعُيُونِ

WajaAAalna feeha jannatin min nakheelin waaAAnabin wafajjarna feeha mina alAAuyoon(i)

And We-SWT place therein the gardens of date-palms and vines, and therein We-SWT cause springs to gush forth.


لِيَأْكُلُوا مِن ثَمَرِهِ وَمَا عَمِلَتْهُ أَيْدِيهِمْ أَفَلَا يَشْكُرُونَ

Liyakuloo min thamarihi wama AAamilathu aydeehim afala yashkuroon(a)

That they may eat the fruit thereof. And their hands worked it not. Will they not, therefore, give thanks?


سُبْحَانَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ الْأَزْوَاجَ كُلَّهَا مِمَّا تُنبِتُ الْأَرْضُ وَمِنْ أَنفُسِهِمْ وَمِمَّا لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

Subhana allathee khalaqa alazwaja kullaha mimma tunbitu alardu wamin anfusihim wamimma la yaAAlamoon(a)

Hallowed be He-SWT , Who-SWT has created all the pairs of what the earth grows and of themselves, and of what they know not.


وَآيَةٌ لَّهُمْ اللَّيْلُ نَسْلَخُ مِنْهُ النَّهَارَ فَإِذَا هُم مُّظْلِمُونَ

Waayatun lahumu allaylu naslakhu minhu a(l)nnahara faitha hum muthlimoon(a)

And a Sign with them is night, We-SWT draw off the day there from, and lo! They are darkened.


وَالشَّمْسُ تَجْرِي لِمُسْتَقَرٍّ لَّهَا ذَلِكَ تَقْدِيرُ الْعَزِيزِ الْعَلِيمِ

Wa(al)shshamsu tajree limustaqarrin laha thalika taqdeeru alAAazeezi alAAaleem(i)

And the sun runs to its assigned term; that is the disposition of the Mighty, the Knowing.


وَالْقَمَرَ قَدَّرْنَاهُ مَنَازِلَ حَتَّى عَادَ كَالْعُرْجُونِ الْقَدِيمِ

Wa(a)lqamara qaddarnahu manazila hatta AAada ka(a)lAAurjooni alqadeem(i)

And the moon! For it We-SWT have decreed mansions till it reverts like the old branch of a palm tree.


لَا الشَّمْسُ يَنبَغِي لَهَا أَن تُدْرِكَ الْقَمَرَ وَلَا اللَّيْلُ سَابِقُ النَّهَارِ وَكُلٌّ فِي فَلَكٍ يَسْبَحُونَ

La a(l)shshamsu yanbaghee laha an tudrika alqamara wala allaylu sabiqu a(l)nnahari wakullun fee falakin yasbahoon(a)

It is not permitted to the sun to overtake the moon, nor can the night outstrip the day; each in an orbit, they float.


وَآيَةٌ لَّهُمْ أَنَّا حَمَلْنَا ذُرِّيَّتَهُمْ فِي الْفُلْكِ الْمَشْحُونِ

Waayatun lahum anna hamalna thurriyyatahum fee alfulki almashhoon(i)

And a Sign unto them is that We-SWT bear their offspring in a laden ship.


وَخَلَقْنَا لَهُم مِّن مِّثْلِهِ مَا يَرْكَبُونَ

Wakhalaqna lahum min mithlihi ma yarkaboon(a)

And We-SWT have created for them of the like thereunto so on them they ride.


وَإِن نَّشَأْ نُغْرِقْهُمْ فَلَا صَرِيخَ لَهُمْ وَلَا هُمْ يُنقَذُونَ

Wain nasha nughriqhum fala sareekha lahum wala hum yunqathoon(a)

And if We-SWT Will, We-SWT shall drown them, and there will be no shout for them, nor will they be saved.


إِلَّا رَحْمَةً مِّنَّا وَمَتَاعًا إِلَى حِينٍ

Illa rahmatan minna wamataAAan ila heen(in)

Unless it be a Mercy from Us-SWT , and as an enjoyment for the season.


وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمُ اتَّقُوا مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيكُمْ وَمَا خَلْفَكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُرْحَمُونَ

Waitha qeela lahumu ittaqoo ma bayna aydeekum wama khalfakum laAAallakum turhamoon(a)

And when it is said to them; fear what is before you and what it behind you, that perchance you may find Mercy, they withdraw.


وَمَا تَأْتِيهِم مِّنْ آيَةٍ مِّنْ آيَاتِ رَبِّهِمْ إِلَّا كَانُوا عَنْهَا مُعْرِضِينَ

Wama tateehim min ayatin min ayati rabbihim illa kanoo AAanha muAArideen(a)

And not a Sign of the Signs of their Rabb-SWT comes to them, but they are ever backsliders there from.


وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ أَنفِقُوا مِمَّا رَزَقَكُمْ اللَّهُ قَالَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَنُطْعِمُ مَن لَّوْ يَشَاء اللَّهُ أَطْعَمَهُ إِنْ أَنتُمْ إِلَّا فِي ضَلَالٍ مُّبِينٍ

Waitha qeela lahum anfiqoo mimma razaqakumu Allahu qala allatheena kafaroo lillatheena amanoo anutAAimu man law yashao Allahu atAAamahu in antum illa fee dalalin mubeen(in)

And when it is said to them: Expend of that with which Allah-SWT has provided you, those who disbelieve say to the faithful: Shall we feed those whom Allah-SWT Himself would have fed, had He-SWT Willed? You are but in error manifest.


وَيَقُولُونَ مَتَى هَذَا الْوَعْدُ إِن كُنتُمْ صَادِقِينَ

Wayaqooloona mata hatha alwaAAdu in kuntum sadiqeen(a)

And they say: When will the Promise be fulfilled, if you are truthful.


مَا يَنظُرُونَ إِلَّا صَيْحَةً وَاحِدَةً تَأْخُذُهُمْ وَهُمْ يَخِصِّمُونَ

Ma yanthuroona illa sayhatan wahidatan takhuthuhum wahum yakhissimoon(a)

They await not but a single shout which shall seize them while they are yet wrangling.


فَلَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ تَوْصِيَةً وَلَا إِلَى أَهْلِهِمْ يَرْجِعُونَ

Fala yastateeAAoona tawsiyatan wala ila ahlihim yarjiAAoon(a)

And they will not be able to make a disposition, nor their family they will return.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

One of the Great manifestations of Allah-SWT’s Omnipotence is the lifeless land they live on. When struck by drought it becomes desolate and dust is all that can be seen all around. And when Allah-SWT wishes, He-SWT revives it and every particle of the soil spews out life. The flora and grain sprout not only to endorse its animation but also to serve as a source of sustaining mankind, being the staple foods for them. Allah-SWT has blessed certain portions of land with greenery. It could not have become green after being parched had Allah-SWT not made springs to gush forth and adorned it with fruit laden orchards.


Human Intellect Turns A Single Food Into Variety Of Flavours

They also possess date-palm gardens and grape vineyards. From these fruits they obtain delicious food, cooked or otherwise, through different recipes. Should He-SWT then not be thanked for these blessings together with the sense to utilise them, the capacity to derive pleasure from and respite to enjoy them? So why do they not show their gratitude to Him-SWT ?


Allah-SWT is Pure; there exists no possibility of any shortfall in the Omnipotence. He-SWT has created multitude of species and it is impossible to enumerate their physical features and other peculiarities. And within every creation exists a complete system, in itself a separate world. Take a look at the plants, each and every leaf, flower or fruit has a separate world of its own. Within every particle exist millions of atoms and each atom contains an independent system. And within the human bodies also exist such diversities. Although all have the same physical features yet no two human beings, out of billions, are identical. Everyone enjoys a different level of intellect, wisdom and contemplation. Everyone leads a life distinct from another and differs in health, knowledge and conduct. And within each cell of a human body exists a separate world of its own. Yet there are so many of His-SWT creations beyond human access. Another great Sign is the night; the original universe is also dark. It is by His-SWT Omnipotence that He-SWT created the planets and illuminated them with daylight. When He-SWT draws it back darkness prevails and night is said to have set in.


The Journey Of The Sun

The cycle of days and nights is merely a game of darkness and light. In fact the sun is in motion, travelling to reach its preordained destinations. This cycle has given a system of determining the time of birth, age span and death of every person. Time is on the move towards its preordained destination, the Day of Reckoning. To continue this journey without any deviation even by a split second is a compulsion for the sun because Allah-SWT , the Almighty has decreed it. The Commentators have dwelt at length on the philosophy of the sun being in motion or stationary. A clear cut explanation is that Quran discusses science to reform mankind. To believe in the Doomsday is also related to it. So just as the rising and setting of the sun is a cause of creation of myriads of things and living beings, it also records the time of their advent as well as the moment of their departure from this world. And this process continuously draws the doomsday closer. The same is the case with the moon as its mansions have also been predetermined. The outcome of its journey through every mansion also influences the traffic of creation. Moreover, it also varies in its size and finally shrinks to the slenderness and curvature of an old date-palm, whence it rises afresh and once again starts growing into a full moon.


The Solar And Lunar Mansions And Astrology

Based on these solar and lunar mansions or movements a full fledged science called astrology has been evolved. The ignorant believe in many of its effects, while the opposing group does not hesitate to term it as polytheism and heresy. The truth is that the solar and lunar movements have been related to the Realm of Creation by the Creator Himself. If the human intellect has got a wind of it, the best that they can do is to predict an event of the future. It is not possible to alter their effects or influence their pace. It can be compared to a physician who may diagnose a disease or its causes by placing his hand on the patients’ pulse, which may be right or wrong. The best illustration is the incident that took place in Halaku Khan’s Court. He had inquired from his court astrologer whether the knowledge of astrology could avert an unpleasant future event. The answer was no. How was it then beneficial, asked Halaku? The astrologer suggested that the king may order a servant to throw a copper tray in the Court Hall from the upper floor when this Court assembled the next day. So when the Court was in full session a tray crashed in the hall with a bang. Everybody got scared, the hawks drew their swords, the feeble hearted ran while the King and the astrologer watched in peace. The Kings query was answered. When the hint of an on coming event is given before hand, one is mentally prepared and does not panic. That is all about astrology.


The schedule of solar and lunar movement is so strictly fixed that if there is a variation even by seconds the world would collapse. But the sun cannot dare deviate from its pace and catch up with the moon. Nor is it possible for the day to cross over the night, even though all these heavenly bodies are traversing the same zodiac region. These neither collide nor alter their schedules and are heading towards their predetermined destination.


Do people even fail to appreciate the wonders of Divine Omnipotence in how amidst fathomless depths of oceans the earth stands firmly as a safety anchored ship, aboard which mankind is enjoying life. In the same way, besides living animals created for him, man utilising his intelligence gifted by Him-SWT and the created matter has invented mechanical means of transport. If Allah-SWT Wills He-SWT may inundate the entire earth, or destroy all their inventions and no one can hear their pleas nor help them out against Him-SWT . It is because of His-SWT Mercy that life goes on and will continue until the very last moment preordained by Him-SWT . Every person can benefit from this world during his tenure of life in the given moments of respite. When told to fear His-SWT chastisement which can befall the infidels in this very world and in inevitable in the Aakhirah if they die as such, and are called upon to accept the truth to avert it, they ironically not only refuse every valid evidence but also resort to derision.


Allah-SWT ’s Providence And The Role Of People

If reminded to spend the wealth and other bounties blessed by Him-SWT in His-SWT Cause, they mock at this suggestion and argue as to why should they give to those whom Allah-SWT has chosen not to provide. It is very true that Allah-SWT indeed is the Provider but He-SWT has subordinated the provisions to the means of acquiring. So if a rich person gives something to a pauper, or an employer gives to the employee or the labourer, it is their share from Allah-SWT . Just as He-SWT makes the soil yield grain, or trees bear fruit, He-SWT provides for the employees through the pockets of the employers, in return for their services. This is the very system of smooth functioning of this universal set-up. So if anyone withholds the rights or dues of another, he in fact causes disruption in this system.


Comment By The Illustrious Shaikh Allah Yar Khan-RAU

He-RUA asserts that charity by the infidels falls under the category of favour and kindness to others, which benefits the infidels as well. Praise be to Allah-SWT ! What a splendid finding! Indeed at times an infidel may be blessed with faith in return for his virtue or else he is definitely rewarded with temporal benefits.


They also ask why does the Doomsday not come, of which they are repeatedly threatened if the warnings are correct, it should have been established. Little do they realise that it will unfold itself at the preordained hour, without them having to put any effort for it. Then with the very first shriek, they will become utterly confounded and shall start quarrelling. They will blame one another for misleading them into infidelity and the results thereof. However, the respite would have ended and nobody will have time to make a will or meet anyone or revert to his beloved ones. That shriek will destroy everything.