سورة سبأ   

Surah Name: As-Saba Meaning: The Sabians

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 6
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 54
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 34
  • Rukū / Section 1 contains Āyāt / Parts 9
  • Siparah / Volume 22


الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي لَهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ فِي الْآخِرَةِ وَهُوَ الْحَكِيمُ الْخَبِيرُ

Alhamdu lillahi allathee lahu ma fee a(l)ssamawati wama fee alardi walahu alhamdu fee alakhirati wahuwa alhakeemu alkhabeer(u)

All praise to Allah-SWT Whose is what is in the heavens and what is in the earth; and His-SWT is the Praise in the Hereafter. And He-SWT is the Wise, the Aware.


يَعْلَمُ مَا يَلِجُ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَمَا يَخْرُجُ مِنْهَا وَمَا يَنزِلُ مِنَ السَّمَاء وَمَا يَعْرُجُ فِيهَا وَهُوَ الرَّحِيمُ الْغَفُورُ

YaAAlamu ma yaliju fee alardi wama yakhruju minha wama yanzilu mina a(l)ssamai wama yaAAruju feeha wahuwa a(l)rraheemu alghafoor(u)

He-SWT knows what penetrates into the earth and what comes forth from it, and what descends from the heaven and what ascends to it. And He-SWT is the Merciful, the Forgiving.


وَقَالَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لَا تَأْتِينَا السَّاعَةُ قُلْ بَلَى وَرَبِّي لَتَأْتِيَنَّكُمْ عَالِمِ الْغَيْبِ لَا يَعْزُبُ عَنْهُ مِثْقَالُ ذَرَّةٍ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَلَا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا أَصْغَرُ مِن ذَلِكَ وَلَا أَكْبَرُ إِلَّا فِي كِتَابٍ مُّبِينٍ

Waqala allatheena kafaroo la tateena a(l)ssaAAatu qul bala warabbee latatiyannakum AAalimi alghaybi la yaAAzubu AAanhu mithqalu tharratin fee a(l)ssamawati wala fee alardi wala asgharu min thalika wala akbaru illa fee kitabin mubeen(in)

Those who disbelieve say: The Hour will not come unto us. Say you-SW: Yea! By my Rabb-SWT , the Knower of the Unseen, it will surely come unto you. Not an atoms weight escapes Him-SWT in the heavens or in the earth, nor is there anything smaller than it or greater but it is inscribed in a luminous Book.


لِيَجْزِيَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ أُوْلَئِكَ لَهُم مَّغْفِرَةٌ وَرِزْقٌ كَرِيمٌ

Liyajziya allatheena amanoo waAAamiloo a(l)ssalihati olaika lahum maghfiratun warizqun kareem(un)

That He-SWT may recompense those who believed and worked righteous deeds. Those! Theirs shall be forgiveness and a generous provision


وَالَّذِينَ سَعَوْا فِي آيَاتِنَا مُعَاجِزِينَ أُوْلَئِكَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ مِّن رِّجْزٍ أَلِيمٌ

Wa(a)llatheena saAAaw fee ayatina muAAajizeena olaika lahum AAathabun min rijzin aleem(in)

And those who attempted to frustrate Our-SWT Signs-those! Theirs shall be a chastisement of afflictive calamity.


وَيَرَى الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْعِلْمَ الَّذِي أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ مِن رَّبِّكَ هُوَ الْحَقَّ وَيَهْدِي إِلَى صِرَاطِ الْعَزِيزِ الْحَمِيدِ

Wayara allatheena ootoo alAAilma allathee onzila ilayka min rabbika huwa alhaqqa wayahdee ila sirati alAAazeezi alhameed(i)

And those who have been vouchsafed knowledge behold the Book revealed to you-SW from your-SW Rabb-SWT ,-It is the truth and it guides to the path of the Mighty, the Laudable.


وَقَالَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا هَلْ نَدُلُّكُمْ عَلَى رَجُلٍ يُنَبِّئُكُمْ إِذَا مُزِّقْتُمْ كُلَّ مُمَزَّقٍ إِنَّكُمْ لَفِي خَلْقٍ جَدِيدٍ

Waqala allatheena kafaroo hal nadullukum AAala rajulin yunabbiokum itha muzziqtum kulla mumazzaqin innakum lafee khalqin jaded(in)

And those who disbelieve say: Shall we direct you to a man declaring to you that when you have dispersed with full dispersion, then you will be raised unto a new creation,


أَفْتَرَى عَلَى اللَّهِ كَذِبًا أَم بِهِ جِنَّةٌ بَلِ الَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِالْآخِرَةِ فِي الْعَذَابِ وَالضَّلَالِ الْبَعِيدِ

Aftara AAala Allahi kathiban am bihi jinnatun bali allatheena la yuminoona bi(a)lakhirati fee alAAathabi wa(al)ddalali albaAAeed(i)

Has he-SW fabricated a lie against Allah-SWT , or is there a madness in him-SW? Nay, but those who disbelieve in the Hereafter are themselves in a torment and error far-reaching.


أَفَلَمْ يَرَوْا إِلَى مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُم مِّنَ السَّمَاء وَالْأَرْضِ إِن نَّشَأْ نَخْسِفْ بِهِمُ الْأَرْضَ أَوْ نُسْقِطْ عَلَيْهِمْ كِسَفًا مِّنَ السَّمَاء إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لَآيَةً لِّكُلِّ عَبْدٍ مُّنِيبٍ

Afalam yaraw ila ma bayna aydeehim wama khalfahum mina a(l)ssamai wa(a)lardi in nasha nakhsif bihimu alarda aw nusqit AAalayhim kisafan mina a(l)ssamai inna fee thalika laayatan likulli AAabdin muneeb(in)

Do they not see what is before them and what is behind them of the heaven and the earth? If We-SWT Will, We-SWT shall sink the earth with them, or cause a fragment of the sky to fall on them. Verily there is a Sign therein unto every penitent bondman.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

All Virtues and Excellences are only attributable to Allah-SWT , the Creator and the Sole Owner of the heavens and the earth and everything that lies therein. He-SWT is extremely Sagacious and Aware of each and every particle, its effects and its output both in this world and in the Akhirah. He-SWT knows very well how each particle of the soil is penetrated by rain, rays of the sun, moonlight and other gases, and how it acts to transform the seed into fruit, flowers or grains. And how each particle will reach the body it is destined for through complex processes. Besides, Allah-SWT is well Aware of what He-SWT sends down from the heaven and how far it is possible for mankind to act on it. Moreover, the reactions of people and their responses to Divine Commands are also in His-SWT Knowledge. It is only by His-SWT Mercy that respite is given. If anyone resorts to repentance, He-SWT indeed is Mighty in Forgiving.


Swear Upon Rabb-SWT

The infidels assert that they will not experience the Doomsday. The Holy Prophet-SW must swear by the attribute of Divine Providence that it will certainly take place. When will it be is, however, only known to Allah-SWT . Mark that the swearing here is by His-SWT Attribute of Providence. Swearing upon someone denotes that the sworn bears witness over that issue or event. That is why it is not permissible to swear upon anyone else save Allah-SWT , Allah-SWT’s Knowledge is so vast that human intellect cannot even guess it. Each and every particle in the universe, or something even minuter, or the most colossal things are recorded in the book called the Guarded Tablet. How can then one possibly estimate the diversity of His-SWT Knowledge? He-SWT created this entire system to ensure that all those who become believers by choice lead a beautiful and splendid life, engulfed by His-SWT favours and His-SWT forgiveness. Those who impede the enforcement of His-SWT Commands, neither practise themselves not let others do so, will be subjected to a painful doom. All these are the natural consequences of this universal system designed by the All Knowing and the Aware.


People blessed with the knowledge of preceding Books can very well evaluate that whatever has been revealed unto the Holy Prophet-SW is the Truth. It guides mankind to Allah-SWT , Who-SWT is Almighty and Owner of all Excellence. Despite observing such a beautiful system of creation, the infidels deny the eternal life and assume that it is impossible to bring the scattered particles back together for resurrection. So they invite others to hear a person who claims that once they are reduced to dust, they will be quickened. They give the impression as if this man is either attributing a lie to Allah-SWT or has been seized by Jinn, whereby he-SW is not aware for what he-SW is speaking. How can the dead be possibly quickened, they ask. This, of course, is due to ignorance. They have gone astray, by denying the Akhirah, for which they will be duly punished. They indeed have drifted far away from the Truth.


A Call For Contemplation, That Is, Scientific Research

These infidels are so ignorant that they fail to appreciate how the heavens and the earth, the constant process of creation, the system of life and death incessantly going around, bears witness to His-SWT Omnipotence. This indeed is, what science is all about. It discovers elements and analyzes their peculiarities so that it may serve as an evidence to Allah-SWT’s Magnificence. They should have understood that everything is sustained by His-SWT Omnipotence. If He-SWT Wills, the earth, instead of bearing the burden of the infidels would sink in with them. Or He-SWT may cause the sky to be torn asunder and fall, crushing them in the state of infidelity. Scientific studies are loaded with ample evidence for the one who reverts towards Allah-SWT .