سورة السجدة   

Surah Name: As-Sajdah Meaning: The Prostration

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 3
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 30
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 32
  • Rukū / Section 3 contains Āyāt / Parts 8
  • Siparah / Volume 21


وَلَقَدْ آتَيْنَا مُوسَى الْكِتَابَ فَلَا تَكُن فِي مِرْيَةٍ مِّن لِّقَائِهِ وَجَعَلْنَاهُ هُدًى لِّبَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ

Walaqad atayna moosa alkitaba fala takun fee miryatin min liqaihi wajaAAalnahu hudan libanee israeel(a)

Assuredly We-SWT vouchsafed the Book to Musa-AS; So be you not in doubt in receiving it. And We-SWT assigned it to be a guidance to the Children of Israil.


وَجَعَلْنَا مِنْهُمْ أَئِمَّةً يَهْدُونَ بِأَمْرِنَا لَمَّا صَبَرُوا وَكَانُوا بِآيَاتِنَا يُوقِنُونَ

WajaAAalna minhum aimmatan yahdoona biamrina lamma sabaroo wakanoo biayatina yooqinoon(a)

And we appointed from amongst them leaders, guiding others by Our-SWT Command, when they had persevered, and of Our-SWT Signs they were convinced.


إِنَّ رَبَّكَ هُوَ يَفْصِلُ بَيْنَهُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ فِيمَا كَانُوا فِيهِ يَخْتَلِفُونَ

Inna rabbaka huwa yafsilu baynahum yawma alqiyamati feema kanoo feehi yakhtalifoon(a)

Verily your-SW Rabb-SWT : He-SWT shall decide between them on the Day of Judgement concerning that wherein they have been differing.


أَوَلَمْ يَهْدِ لَهُمْ كَمْ أَهْلَكْنَا مِن قَبْلِهِم مِّنَ الْقُرُونِ يَمْشُونَ فِي مَسَاكِنِهِمْ إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ أَفَلَا يَسْمَعُونَ

Awalam yahdi lahum kam ahlakna min qablihim mina alqurooni yamshoona fee masakinihim inna fee thalika laayatin afala yasmaAAoon(a)

Has this not guided them: How many a generation We-SWT have destroyed before them amidst whose dwellings they walk? Surely therein are Signs; will they not listen?


أَوَلَمْ يَرَوْا أَنَّا نَسُوقُ الْمَاء إِلَى الْأَرْضِ الْجُرُزِ فَنُخْرِجُ بِهِ زَرْعًا تَأْكُلُ مِنْهُ أَنْعَامُهُمْ وَأَنفُسُهُمْ أَفَلَا يُبْصِرُونَ

Awalam yaraw anna nasooqu almaa ila alardi aljuruzi fanukhriju bihi zarAAan takulu minhu anAAamuhum waanfusuhum afala yubsiroon(a)

Do they not see that We-SWT drive water to a bare land, and bring forth therewith crops of which for cattle and they themselves eat? Will they not therefore be enlightened?


وَيَقُولُونَ مَتَى هَذَا الْفَتْحُ إِن كُنتُمْ صَادِقِينَ

Wayaqooloona mata hatha alfathu in kuntum sadiqeen(a)

And they say: When will this Decision arrive, if you-SW say the truth?


قُلْ يَوْمَ الْفَتْحِ لَا يَنفَعُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا إِيمَانُهُمْ وَلَا هُمْ يُنظَرُونَ

Qul yawma alfathi la yanfaAAu allatheena kafaroo eemanuhum wala hum yuntharoon(a)

Say you-SW: On the Day of the Decision their belief will not profit those who have disbelieved; nor will they be respited.


فَأَعْرِضْ عَنْهُمْ وَانتَظِرْ إِنَّهُم مُّنتَظِرُونَ

FaaAArid AAanhum wa(i)ntathir innahum muntathiroon(a)

So turn aside you-SW from them, and await, verily they are awaiting.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

We blessed Musa-AS (Moses-AS) with a Book. He-AS had to brave many hardships on the Path of truth but eventually the Book proved to be a source of guidance for the Bani Israil. And this has always been the Divine Way that the Prophets-AS are blessed with Books while every individual is given the choice to believe in it or not. The deniers do try to create obstacles for the believers without much avail. Therefore, the Holy Prophet-SW must rest assured and not worry in the least as he-SW too is being given the Book. Opposition will naturally arise but eventually it will be he-SW who will prevail and this very Book will be the source of guidance. The learned Commentators have also interpreted this Aayah Fi Mirya-tin-Min Liqaehee (not in doubt of receiving it) as a tiding to the Holy Prophet-SW that he-SW would certainly meet Prophet Musa-AS himself. This came true on the Night of Ascension. It also betides the Holy Prophet-SW’s about his-SW sway over the infidels, just as Prophet Musa-AS prevailed over the Pharaoh and his people.


The Qualities Of Imam

Allah-SWT raised from amongst the Bani Israil aaimah, who guided the people. When the Bani Israil persevered (that is, diligently practiced Shari’ah in spite of hardships) and firmly believed in the Revelations of Allah-SWT (that is, acquired the knowledge of Shari’ah), Allah-SWT raised these aaimah amongst them. Here the word Imam (pl. aaimah) has been used in conjunction with the word guidance, referring to them as leaders of the guided lot. Otherwise, the leaders of the infidels are also referred such. Two characteristics have been declared as prerequisites for this title; the practice and the knowledge. Although knowledge is first in the normal sequence, yet practice has been listed here first to highlight the fact that without practice knowledge cannot be credible.


And O’ Prophet-SW! Your-SW Rabb-SWT will resolve the disputes amongst people on the Day of Judgment. When the believers and the non believers will reach their respective destinations the disputes will be over. Even now the infidels must see the fate met by the preceding infidels as a forewarning. Countless prosperous and flourishing nations were destroyed for their infidelity! There is clear evidence in these recounts, can’t they even listen? Don’t they witness the Omnipotence of Allah-SWT in their everyday lives as to how He-SWT makes the rain to pour down and reach the arid lands through the streams and the rivers?


The Creative System Of The World Is An Evidence Of Akhirah

And when the water reaches the soil a host of herbage begins to grow, which provide nourishment to the animals. So it is not difficult for the all-Powerful Allah-SWT , Who gives life to each and every particle, to resurrect them. Don’t they witness these phenomena? They ask the holy Prophet-SW when would the era of his-SW dominance commence, or when would the Day of Judgment be established. And if what the Holy Prophet-SW tells is true then why is it not happening? He-SW must, therefore, tell them that when the time for their destruction will come, it will not be a moment of joy for them. Whether they are killed at Badr or the Doomsday is established, their repentance will not be accepted once the throes of death commence. And when they will be of no avail to them nor will they be granted any respite. So the Holy Prophet-SW must not pay any heed to what these people say but should wait for the looming hour of their destruction.