سورة الروم   

Surah Name: Ar-Rum Meaning: The Romans

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 6
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 60
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 30
  • Rukū / Section 6 contains Āyāt / Parts 7
  • Siparah / Volume 21


اللَّهُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُم مِّن ضَعْفٍ ثُمَّ جَعَلَ مِن بَعْدِ ضَعْفٍ قُوَّةً ثُمَّ جَعَلَ مِن بَعْدِ قُوَّةٍ ضَعْفًا وَشَيْبَةً يَخْلُقُ مَا يَشَاء وَهُوَ الْعَلِيمُ الْقَدِيرُ

Allahu allathee khalaqakum min daAAfin thumma jaAAala min baAAdi daAAfin quwwatan thumma jaAAala min baAAdi quwwatin daAAfan washaybatan yakhluqu ma yashao wahuwa alAAaleemu alqadeer(u)

Allah-SWT is He-SWT Who created you in weakness, then He-SWT assigned strength after weakness, then after strength weakness and grey hair. He-SWT creates what He-SWT will, and He-SWT is the Knower, the Potent.


وَيَوْمَ تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ يُقْسِمُ الْمُجْرِمُونَ مَا لَبِثُوا غَيْرَ سَاعَةٍ كَذَلِكَ كَانُوا يُؤْفَكُونَ

Wayawma taqoomu a(l)ssaAAatu yuqsimu almujrimoona ma labithoo ghayra saAAatin kathalika kanoo yufakoon(a)

And on the Day when the Hour arrives the culprits will swear that they stayed not but an hour, thus were they ever deluded.


وَقَالَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْعِلْمَ وَالْإِيمَانَ لَقَدْ لَبِثْتُمْ فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْبَعْثِ فَهَذَا يَوْمُ الْبَعْثِ وَلَكِنَّكُمْ كُنتُمْ لَا تَعْلَمُونَ

Waqala allatheena ootoo alAAilma wa(a)leemana laqad labithtum fee kitabi Allahi ila yawmi albaAAthi fahatha yawmu albaAAthi walakinnakum kuntum la taAAlamoon(a)

And those who have been vouchsafed knowledge and faith will say: Assuredly you have stayed according to the decree of Allah-SWT until the Day of Upraising; so this is the Day of Upraising, but you were used not to know.


فَيَوْمَئِذٍ لَّا يَنفَعُ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا مَعْذِرَتُهُمْ وَلَا هُمْ يُسْتَعْتَبُونَ

Fayawmaithin la yanfaAAu allatheena thalamoo maAAthiratuhum wala hum yustaAAtaboon(a)

On that Day the excusing of themselves will not profit them who did wrong, nor shall they be allowed to please Allah-SWT


وَلَقَدْ ضَرَبْنَا لِلنَّاسِ فِي هَذَا الْقُرْآنِ مِن كُلِّ مَثَلٍ وَلَئِن جِئْتَهُم بِآيَةٍ لَيَقُولَنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا إِنْ أَنتُمْ إِلَّا مُبْطِلُونَ

Walaqad darabna li(l)nnasi fee hatha alqurani min kulli mathalin walain jitahum biayatin layaqoolanna allatheena kafaroo in antum illa mubtiloon(a)

And assuredly We-SWT have in this Quran propounded all means of similitude for mankind, and if you-SW bring them a Sign, those who disbelieve are sure to say: You-SW are but deluded.


كَذَلِكَ يَطْبَعُ اللَّهُ عَلَى قُلُوبِ الَّذِينَ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

Kathalika yatbaAAu Allahu AAala quloobi allatheena la yaAAlamoon(a)

Thus does Allah-SWT seal the hearts of those who do not believe.


فَاصْبِرْ إِنَّ وَعْدَ اللَّهِ حَقٌّ وَلَا يَسْتَخِفَّنَّكَ الَّذِينَ لَا يُوقِنُونَ

Fa(i)sbir inna waAAda Allahi haqqun wala yastakhiffannaka allatheena la yooqinoon(a)

Have you-SW patience, verily Allah-SWT’s Promise is true. And let not those who have no conviction make you-SW unsteady.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

It is Allah-SWT , the Most Magnificent Who sends man into this world as a very weak and feeble being. Just ponder over your creation, how He-SWT develops you from a tiny cell and blesses you with human form. This entire process of His-SWT Creativity is a witness to His-SWT Magnificence. He-SWT then gradually transforms a little baby into a robust youth, who may become an intellectual, a ruler or a scholar. And finally, one by one his faculties begin to wane and he is transformed into a weak, grey-haired old man. No one can interfere in this process, for Allah-SWT does what He-SWT wants and His-SWT predestined System must run. He-SWT knows the System very well and is Potent over every thing.


Their understanding is so distorted that they will fail to discern anything even in the Akhirah. When the Day of Judgment is established and they are quickened, they will assert that it had been only a moment ago that they died and have been resurrected almost instantly. They will swear that they stayed in Barzakh only for a while, and will utter absurdities just as they used to do in the world. However, those who had been blessed with knowledge in this world based on faith will tell them that they indeed stayed in Barzakh for the term that Allah-SWT had determined in the Guarded Tablet, as an interlude before the establishment of the Day of Judgment. The Day had been established on its right time; but their ignorance had deprived them of comprehending the whole issue.


On the Day of Reckoning no excuse will be accepted from the infidels, nor will they be given the opportunity to present one. Rather, the opportunity to repent and embrace Islam is in this world only. It is here that the Quran offers similitudes of all sorts for people to understand. Yet they demand different miracles from the Holy Prophet-SW. Even if they were demonstrated, they would say that he-SW was not telling the truth and they were being beguiled. This is because Allah-SWT has scaled their hearts in punishment for their ignorancc and denial. So O’ Prophet-SW! Be patient over this distress and persevere on Allah-SWT’s obedience, as Allah-SWT’s Promise will certainly come true. O’ Reader! Let no torture by the infidels or no mundane greed stumble you while treading the right path.