سورة الروم   

Surah Name: Ar-Rum Meaning: The Romans

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 6
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 60
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 30
  • Rukū / Section 3 contains Āyāt / Parts 8
  • Siparah / Volume 21


وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ أَنْ خَلَقَكُم مِّن تُرَابٍ ثُمَّ إِذَا أَنتُم بَشَرٌ تَنتَشِرُونَ

Wamin ayatihi an khalaqakum min turabin thumma itha antum basharun tantashiroon(a)

And of His-SWT Signs is that He-SWT created you of dust, and then lo! You are human beings spreading yourselves.


وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ أَنْ خَلَقَ لَكُم مِّنْ أَنفُسِكُمْ أَزْوَاجًا لِّتَسْكُنُوا إِلَيْهَا وَجَعَلَ بَيْنَكُم مَّوَدَّةً وَرَحْمَةً إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِّقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ

Wamin ayatihi an khalaqa lakum min anfusikum azwajan litaskunoo ilayha wajaAAala baynakum mawaddatan warahmatan inna fee thalika laayatin liqawmin yatafakkaroon(a)

And of His-SWT Signs is, that He-SWT created for you from yourselves mates that you may find repose in them, and He-SWT set between you affection and mercy, verily in this are Signs for a people who ponder.


وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ خَلْقُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَاخْتِلَافُ أَلْسِنَتِكُمْ وَأَلْوَانِكُمْ إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِّلْعَالِمِينَ

Wamin ayatihi khalqu a(l)ssamawati wa(a)lardi wa(i)khtilafu alsinatikum waalwanikum inna fee thalika laayatin lilAAalimeen(a)

And of His-SWT Signs are creation of the heavens and the earth, and the variation of your languages and complexions? Verily in this are Signs for men of knowledge.


وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ مَنَامُكُم بِاللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ وَابْتِغَاؤُكُم مِّن فَضْلِهِ إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِّقَوْمٍ يَسْمَعُونَ

Wamin ayatihi manamukum bi(a)llayli wa(al)nnahari wa(i)btighaokum min fadlihi inna fee thalika laayatin liqawmin yasmaAAoon(a)

And of His-SWT Signs are your sleeping by night and day, and your seeking of His-SWT Grace. Verily in this are Signs for a people who listen.


وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ يُرِيكُمُ الْبَرْقَ خَوْفًا وَطَمَعًا وَيُنَزِّلُ مِنَ السَّمَاء مَاء فَيُحْيِي بِهِ الْأَرْضَ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهَا إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِّقَوْمٍ يَعْقِلُونَ

Wamin ayatihi yureekumu albarqa khawfan watamaAAan wayunazzilu mina a(l)ssamai maan fayuhyee bihi alarda baAAda mawtiha inna fee thalika laayatin liqawmin yaAAqiloon(a)

And of His-SWT Signs is that He-SWT shows you lightning for a fear and for a hope, and sends down from the sky water. And therewith revives the earth after its death; verily in this are Signs for a people who reflect.


وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ أَن تَقُومَ السَّمَاء وَالْأَرْضُ بِأَمْرِهِ ثُمَّ إِذَا دَعَاكُمْ دَعْوَةً مِّنَ الْأَرْضِ إِذَا أَنتُمْ تَخْرُجُونَ

Wamin ayatihi an taqooma a(l)ssamao wa(a)lardu biamrihi thumma itha daAAakum daAAwatan mina alardi itha antum takhrujoon(a)

And of His-SWT Signs is that the heavens and the earth stand fast by His-SWT Command, and thereafter when He-SWT calls you, a call from the earth, lo! You shall come forth.


وَلَهُ مَن فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ كُلٌّ لَّهُ قَانِتُونَ

Walahu man fee a(l)ssamawati wa(a)lardi kullun lahu qanitoon(a)

His-SWT is whosoever is in the heavens and the earth, all are obedient to Him-SWT .


وَهُوَ الَّذِي يَبْدَأُ الْخَلْقَ ثُمَّ يُعِيدُهُ وَهُوَ أَهْوَنُ عَلَيْهِ وَلَهُ الْمَثَلُ الْأَعْلَى فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ

Wahuwa allathee yabdao alkhalqa thumma yuAAeeduhu wahuwa ahwanu AAalayhi walahu almathalu alaAAla fee a(l)ssamawati wa(a)lardi wahuwa alAAazeezu alhakeem(u)

And He-SWT it is Who originates the creation, then shall restore it, and this is for Him-SWT very easy. His-SWT is the Most Exalted similitude in the heavens and the earth, and He-SWT is the Mighty.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

Human Creation

And of His-SWT Signs, a very significant one is the creation of human beings. He-SWT shapes the clay into different forms, varieties of food and grains, fruits, fodder for the animals to serve as sources of milk and meal. These components are then given the form of sperm and planted into the female's womb, wherein a human being is created. And once delivered, he dreams of conquering the entire world.


And then He-SWT does not create only men, but also creates the women from the same womb who are altogether different in terms of physical features, temperaments and capabilities. He-SWT then makes them a match for men that together they may serve to preserve the human race. And He-SWT did not confine their task to a mere obligation of Shari’ah but instilled feelings of mutual love in the hearts of the spouses, not only to rear a family but also prove as a Divine Mercy for everyone. If the entire system is pondered over, there are ample Signs of His-SWT Magnificence.


His-SWT Absolute Omnipotence is manifested in the creation of the heavens and the unlimited wonders they hold, and the earth with its innumerable qualities. And He-SWT has blessed the dwellers of the earth with different complexions and dialects. The residents of various countries, despite sharing similar needs, are different from one another in terms of complexion, facial features and language. If only this aspect is taken into consideration. it presents unlimited evidence for the entire world. When one sleeps at night, as if in a state of coma severing all worldly tics and distinctions, it is indeed an evidence of His-SWT Magnificence Similarly, waking up in the morning to engage once again in the temporal affairs is a sign for those who pay heed and ponder.


Thunderbolts and thundering clouds bear witness to His-SWT Absolute Omnipotence. Although they terrify the hearts, yet the showers of His-SWT Mercy also expected to pour down from these clouds in order to enliven the lifeless soil. For a person with a sound mind, these phenomena are replete with evidence. ‘Science’ is nothing but a careful deliberation over these realities. It is truly wise to understand this science and recognise Allah-SWT’s Magnificence through it. It must be seen how the Supreme Being keeps the earth and the heavens in position, without apparent supports. The earth spins around and is suspended in space by a Divine Plan. And how much life is there on earth which is constantly reverting to dust! When the Absolutely Powerful Being running such a meticulous System will summon the dead, they will promptly rise from the depths of the earth to stand before Him-SWT . The entire universal system has not come about accidentally but has been created by Him-SWT . He-SWT owns everything, be it entities, means or methods; all are subservient to Him-SWT . It is He-SWT Alone Who creates from non-existence and shall ultimately bring everyone back to life, which is indeed a very simple thing for Him-SWT to do. There is no one like Him-SWT , the Most Exalted in the heavens and the earth, Who Prevails over everything and is indeed the Wisest.