سورة آل عمران   

Surah Name: Aal-e-Imran Meaning:The Family of Imran

  • Revealed at Madinah
  • The Second largest Sūrah of the Quran
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 20
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 200
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 3
  • Rukū / Section 19 contains Āyāt / Parts 9
  • Siparah/ Volume 3 & 4


لَّقَدْ سَمِعَ اللّهُ قَوْلَ الَّذِينَ قَالُواْ إِنَّ اللّهَ فَقِيرٌ وَنَحْنُ أَغْنِيَاء سَنَكْتُبُ مَا قَالُواْ وَقَتْلَهُمُ الأَنبِيَاء بِغَيْرِ حَقٍّ وَنَقُولُ ذُوقُواْ عَذَابَ الْحَرِيقِ

Laqad samiAAa Allahu qawla allatheena qaloo inna Allaha faqeerun wanahnu aghniyaon sanaktubu ma qaloo waqatlahumu alanbiyaa bighayri haqqin wanaqooluthooqoo AAathaba alhareeq(i)

Surely Allah-SWT has heard the words of those who say, “Truly Allah-SWT is poor and we are rich.” We-SWT shall certainly record what they have said and their slaying of the Prophets-AS without right, and We-SWT shall say, “Taste the punishment of the burning.”


ذَلِكَ بِمَا قَدَّمَتْ أَيْدِيكُمْ وَأَنَّ اللّهَ لَيْسَ بِظَلاَّمٍ لِّلْعَبِيدِ

Thalika bima qaddamat aydeekum waanna Allaha laysa bithallamin lilAAabeed(i)

This is because of what your hands have sent on before. For Allah-SWT is never unjust to His-SWT slaves.


الَّذِينَ قَالُواْ إِنَّ اللّهَ عَهِدَ إِلَيْنَا أَلاَّ نُؤْمِنَ لِرَسُولٍ حَتَّىَ يَأْتِيَنَا بِقُرْبَانٍ تَأْكُلُهُ النَّارُ قُلْ قَدْ جَاءكُمْ رُسُلٌ مِّن قَبْلِي بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ وَبِالَّذِي قُلْتُمْ فَلِمَ قَتَلْتُمُوهُمْ إِن كُنتُمْ صَادِقِينَ

Allatheena qaloo inna Allaha AAahida ilayna alla numina lirasoolin hatta yatiyanabiqurbanin takuluhu a(l)nnaru qul qad jaakum rusulun min qablee bi(a)lbayyinati wabi(a)llathee qultum falima qataltumoohum in kutum sadiqeen(a)

Those who say, “Surely Allah-SWT took our promise that we shall not believe in a Messenger-AS unless he-AS brings to us a sacrifice which fire shall consume.” Say, “Surely there came to you Messengers-AS before me with clear signs and even with what you ask for, then why did you kill them if you are truthful?”


فَإِن كَذَّبُوكَ فَقَدْ كُذِّبَ رُسُلٌ مِّن قَبْلِكَ جَآؤُوا بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ وَالزُّبُرِ وَالْكِتَابِ الْمُنِيرِ

Fain kaththabooka faqad kuththiba rusulun min qablika jaoo bi(a)lbayyinati wa(al)zzuburi wa(a)lkitabi almuneer(i)

If then they reject you-SW, even so were rejected Messengers-AS be­fore you-SW, who came with clear signs and the Scriptures and the luminous Book.


كُلُّ نَفْسٍ ذَآئِقَةُ الْمَوْتِ وَإِنَّمَا تُوَفَّوْنَ أُجُورَكُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ فَمَن زُحْزِحَ عَنِ النَّارِ وَأُدْخِلَ الْجَنَّةَ فَقَدْ فَازَ وَما الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا إِلاَّ مَتَاعُ الْغُرُورِ

Kullu nafsin thaiqatu almawti wainnama tuwaffawna ojoorakum yawma alqiyamati faman zuhziha AAani a(l)nnari waodkhila aljannata faqad faza wama alhayatu a(l)ddunya illa mataAAu alghuroor(i)

Every soul shall taste death and only on the Day of Judgement you will be paid your recompense in full. Then he who is drawn away from the Fire and admitted to Paradise will indeed have succeeded; for the life of this world is but an illusory enjoyment.


لَتُبْلَوُنَّ فِي أَمْوَالِكُمْ وَأَنفُسِكُمْ وَلَتَسْمَعُنَّ مِنَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ الْكِتَابَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ وَمِنَ الَّذِينَ أَشْرَكُواْ أَذًى كَثِيرًا وَإِن تَصْبِرُواْ وَتَتَّقُواْ فَإِنَّ ذَلِكَ مِنْ عَزْمِ الأُمُورِ

Latublawunna fee amwalikum waanfusikum walatasmaAAunna mina allatheena ootoo alkitaba min qablikum wamina allatheena ashrakoo athan katheeran wain tasbiroo watattaqoo fainna thalika min AAazmi alomoor(i)

You-SW shall surely be tried in your possessions and your persons; and you-SW will surely hear much hurtful things from those who were given the Book before you-SW and those who join partners (with Allah-SWT ), and if you-SW endure and remain con­scious (of Him-SWT ), then surely that is a matter of great determination.


وَإِذْ أَخَذَ اللّهُ مِيثَاقَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ الْكِتَابَ لَتُبَيِّنُنَّهُ لِلنَّاسِ وَلاَ تَكْتُمُونَهُ فَنَبَذُوهُ وَرَاء ظُهُورِهِمْ وَاشْتَرَوْاْ بِهِ ثَمَناً قَلِيلاً فَبِئْسَ مَا يَشْتَرُونَ

Waith akhatha Allahu meethaqa allatheena ootoo alkitaba latubayyinunnahu li(l)nnasi wala taktumoonahu fanabathoohu warathuhoorihim wa(i)shtaraw bihi thamanan qaleelan fabisa ma yashtaroon(a)

And recall when Allah-SWT took a bond from those given the Book you shall expound it to mankind and you shall not hide it. But they cast it behind their backs and sold it for a small price, and how evil was their bargain!


لاَ تَحْسَبَنَّ الَّذِينَ يَفْرَحُونَ بِمَا أَتَواْ وَّيُحِبُّونَ أَن يُحْمَدُواْ بِمَا لَمْ يَفْعَلُواْ فَلاَ تَحْسَبَنَّهُمْ بِمَفَازَةٍ مِّنَ الْعَذَابِ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ

La tahsabanna allatheena yafrahoona bima ataw wayuhibboona an yuhmadoo bima lam yafAAaloo fala tahsabannahum bimafazatin mina alAAathabi walahum AAathabun aleem(un)

Think not that those who exult in what they have brought and love to be praised for what they have not done-think not that they will escape the punishment. And for them is a grievous punishment.


وَلِلّهِ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ وَاللّهُ عَلَىَ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

Walillahi mulku a(l)ssamawati wa(a)lardi wa(A)llahu AAala kulli shayin qadeer(un)

To Allah-SWT belongs the reign of the heavens and the earth, and Allah-SWT has power over everything.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

Surely Allah-SWT has heard the words ... Allah-SWT is never unjust to His-SWT slaves.

Allah-SWT is aware of those who mock His-SWT Commandments regarding charity and Zakat and say that they are wealthy while Allah-SWT is impoverished, asking them to contribute in His-SWT Way whereas this spending is only to benefit the creation. The Jews may not have held such an absurd belief, and may have only made such a preposterous statement to oppose the Holy Prophet-SW. Such nonsense is to be outrightly ignored.


Allah-SWT declares that everything uttered by these people is being recorded. It is not a simple matter to be casually dismissed, rather it will become a part of their Record of Conduct, which will eventually be brought forth. So the Holy Prophet-SW should ignore this nonsense. In fact, their Record of Conduct carries far more heinous crimes for they did not even spare their own Prophets-AS and wantonly put them to sword.


Abatement In Sin

It is important to note here that agreeing to evil tantamounts to participation in it. According to the Holy Prophet-SW if a person witnesses crime and raises a voice in disapproval, it is as if he was not even present there. But if a person physically absent from the scene consents to crime, it is as if he actually par­ticipated in it, just as the Jews who reconciled to the assassination of the Prophets-AS at the hands of their forefathers have become a party to that killing.


Imam Razi-RUA writes that once a person spoke in favour of the assassination of Hadhrat ‘Uthman-RAU in the presence of Imam Shibli-RUA, who declared him as an accomplice to the murder. Hence these partners-in-sin of killing their Prophets-AS will be condemned to Hell to taste the punishment as they wronged themselves by abetting the crime. And Allah-SWT does not wrong anyone ever. All these punishments are embodiments of their sins.


Those who say, ... and the Scriptures and the luminous Book.

The Jews argue that Allah-SWT had granted all the Prophets-AS or more specifically Prophet Musa-AS the miracle whereby whatever was offered in the Cause of Allah-SWT was consumed by a fire from the heavens. The Jews said that they were committed to the obedience to their Prophets-AS. Now the Prophet-SW of Islam wishes to use the collected charity in the propagation of Islam and for the welfare of poor people so it implies that he-SW is (Allah-SWT forbid) not a Prophet!


Allah-SWT tells the Holy Prophet-SW to inform them that many a miracles had been brought to them by the preceding Prophets-AS including the ones that they demand now, but they, that is their forefathers, killed those Prophets-AS. So when they failed to believe in them, how can any miracle manifested today make them accept the truth? Had they been sincere, they would have certainly believed in them. And as every Prophet-AS commanded his-AS followers to believe in the last Prophet-SW, they would have certainly embraced Islam by now. But unfortunately this is not the case. By denying the Prophethood of the Holy Prophet Muhammad-SW, they have indeed denied the Prophethood of Musa-AS too. So the Holy Prophet-SW is comforted by Allah-SWT not to be grieved by their misconduct, as they are habitual criminals. They have denied many Prophets-AS sent before with eminent Divine Scriptures and Books.


Every soul shall taste death, ... is a matter of great determination.

Turning away from the truth for materialistic gains is futile, as eventually each individual has to die. This Ayah was revealed when the Holy Prophet-SW forbade Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddiq-RAU from killing the Jew who had impudently said Allah-SWT is a pauper and we are rich, that is why we are being told to give charity. He-RAU was about to draw out his-RAU sword when the Holy Prophet-SW stopped him-RAU.


In short, one must be tolerant like Hadhrat Abu Bakr-RAU over material, personal and social turmoil as well as the verbal impudence of the non-believers. One should for the sake of Allah-SWT forego revenge, as a malefactor will only do wrong. If the virtuous also resort to act in the same way how will piety and nobility survive in this world?


Along with patience, the believers are also commanded to observe Taqwa. An attitude of fairness must be adopted to facilitate reformation in both the worlds i.e. to reduce the volume of evil here and to increase the blessings of the Here­after. And this indeed demands lot of moral courage. Jihad is imperative for the survival of the truth and revival of Islam, but fighting for personal reasons is not Jihad. Jihad is enjoined on the Muslims for the implementation and pro­tection of Din and for the eradication of oppression and demands patience and a sacrifice of personal desires.


And recall when Allah-SWT took a bond ... Allah-SWT has power over everything.

The People of the Book for the sake of vexing the Holy Prophet-SW and his-SW followers ignored the Divine Commandments, whereas they were under a pledge to publicise the virtues of the Holy Prophet-SW, mentioned in their Books, to the people. They were told not only to believe in the last Prophet-SW but also to invite people towards the truth. But they failed to honour their pledge and for petty interests denied the Prophethood of the Holy Prophet-SW and concealed his-SW characteristics given in their Books.


They indeed made a very raw deal. Even if they were to attain all the comforts of the world death awaits them anyway, and they stand deprived of Akhirah, a place of eternal bliss. Instead, they have earned eternal punishments. It is proven here that knowledge must be passed on. If a knowledgeable person re­sorts to silence and people around him go astray, he will, according to Hadith, be harnessed with fire on the Day of Judgement. Similarly one must not be afraid effacing hardships in the propagation of Islam as all hardships and sorrows will come to an end upon death, which is inevitable for every soul. This Nufus connotes that death will be experienced by all the living beings, whether destined to Paradise or Hell. Besides, the Almighty Allah-SWT has also been termed as Being (soul) so will He-SWT be included in this literal generalization?


The author of Tafsir-e Kabir argues that it is not so. The term soul pertains to the sentient beings in this world as the Command that follows states “whosoever is saved from Hell and is admitted into Paradise has indeed succeeded.” Besides, soul is something apart from the physical body and its life and this Ayah also proves existence. That it is the one that will taste death. Obviously the one that will remain to taste, will not only exist but will also be equipped with the faculties to taste.


What Is Death?

It is obvious that death is a characteristic of the physical life but not of the incorporeal Spirit. The outcome of worldly life is death followed by requital, which will be far more severe as compared to this world and will be eternal. So the wiser course of action is to plan for that Day. This planning itself is the answer to all temporal tribulations. If the Akhirah is in sight, the troubles en­countered in the way of Din appear pleasant, as they will be a source of great rewards there. And anyone who manages to escape the Fire and is admitted into Paradise has indeed won. This blessing will only be attained by the Mus­lims whether immediately after death or after some admonition. But it is sure that those dying as Muslims will enter Paradise, and will be entitled to eternal comforts. On the other hand a non-believer will be condemned to Hell forever, so what if he acquires all the wealth and treasures in this temporary abode? The comforts of this worldly life will only serve as a source of eternal distress for him, as it is nothing but deception. Besides, Islam is another name of trial for a Muslim, who has to sacrifice life and wealth, or has to face the slanderous campaigns of the heretics! In fact the believers are being warned that they will have to listen to a lot of nonsense from the People of the Book and the polytheists. In other words, insulting the Holy Prophet-SW and the Companions-RAU is characteristic of the Jews and the polytheists. This is the situation often faced by the noble people also that the wrongdoers tease them by uttering nonsense, which is more painful than even sacrificing the life and wealth and the most challenging task of the sublime Sufi Path, but the believer is en­couraged by Allah-SWT to adopt patience and act righteously, which indeed is a very courageous conduct.


Concealing or altering any part of the sayings of the Holy Prophet-SW is indeed a serious transgression leading to eternal loss. Such criminals shall not rejoice for long. They in fact deceive the public who mistake them as genuine scholars and preachers whereas they seek their own benefits under the cover of Din. The temporary appreciation of the people cannot save such transgressors from Allah-SWT’s hold and such cheats will be punished grievously in the Akhirah.


This was basically the hallmark of the Jews and the Christian scholars who for their personal gains concealed the truth. But whosoever will follow suit and deceive people in the name of religion will be considered as one of them. Same will be the fate of many a pretenders who promote innovations in the name of Tasawwuf and Suluk and when questioned shamelessly argue that Shari’ah and Tariqah were two different entities. Their sole aim is to gain temporal benefits otherwise Tasawwuf is a serious struggle to follow Shari’ah with humility and awe in letter and in spirit. Similar is the case of those schol­ars who sell verdicts against the truth for vested interests.


In short, using Din as a stepping stone to worldly success i.e. trading in Din for this world, is a heinous act calling for painful retribution. May Allah-SWT protect us! And even if someone succeeds in accumulating heaps of wealth, he will have to leave it behind one day. The kingdom of the heavens and the earth belongs to Allah-SWT , Who-SWT is Omnipotent. If He-SWT Wills He-SWT may not allow the traders-in-Din to gain anything out of it or may cause the wealth so acquired to be a source of torture for them. And ultimately everyone has to abandon everything and move on!