سورة القصص   

Surah Name: Al-Qasas Meaning: The Narratives

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 9
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 88
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 28
  • Rukū / Section 5 contains Āyāt / Parts 8
  • Siparah/ Volume 20


وَلَقَدْ آتَيْنَا مُوسَى الْكِتَابَ مِن بَعْدِ مَا أَهْلَكْنَا الْقُرُونَ الْأُولَى بَصَائِرَ لِلنَّاسِ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةً لَّعَلَّهُمْ يَتَذَكَّرُونَ

Walaqad atayna moosa alkitaba min baAAdi ma ahlakna alquroona aloola basaira li(l)nnasi wahudan warahmatan laAAallahum yatathakkaroon(a)

And assuredly We-SWT vouchsafed to Musa-AS, after We-SWT had destroyed the generations of old, the Scripture; enlightenment to mankind and a guidance and a Mercy, that perhaps they be admonished.


وَمَا كُنتَ بِجَانِبِ الْغَرْبِيِّ إِذْ قَضَيْنَا إِلَى مُوسَى الْأَمْرَ وَمَا كُنتَ مِنَ الشَّاهِدِينَ

Wama kunta bijanibi algharbiyyi ith qadayna ila moosa alamra wama kunta mina a(l)shshahideen(a)

And you-SW were not on the Western side when We-SWT decreed the affair to Musa-AS, and you-SW were not of the witnesses


وَلَكِنَّا أَنشَأْنَا قُرُونًا فَتَطَاوَلَ عَلَيْهِمُ الْعُمُرُ وَمَا كُنتَ ثَاوِيًا فِي أَهْلِ مَدْيَنَ تَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِنَا وَلَكِنَّا كُنَّا مُرْسِلِينَ

Walakinna anshana quroonan fatatawala AAalayhimu alAAumuru wama kunta thawiyan fee ahli madyana tatloo AAalayhim ayatina walakinna kunna mursileen(a)

And We-SWT produced generations and life was prolonged unto them, nor were you-SW a dweller among the people of Madyan, reciting to them Our-SWT revelations; but it is We-SWT Who were to send


وَمَا كُنتَ بِجَانِبِ الطُّورِ إِذْ نَادَيْنَا وَلَكِن رَّحْمَةً مِّن رَّبِّكَ لِتُنذِرَ قَوْمًا مَّا أَتَاهُم مِّن نَّذِيرٍ مِّن قَبْلِكَ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَذَكَّرُونَ

Wama kunta bijanibi a(l)ttoori ith nadayna walakin rahmatan min rabbika litunthira qawman ma atahum min natheerin min qablika laAAallahum yatathakkaroon(a)

Nor were you-SW beside the Tur when We-SWT called, but you-SW are sent as a Mercy from your-SW Rabb-SWT that you-SW may warn a people to whom no Warner came before you-SW, that may be they are admonished.


وَلَوْلَا أَن تُصِيبَهُم مُّصِيبَةٌ بِمَا قَدَّمَتْ أَيْدِيهِمْ فَيَقُولُوا رَبَّنَا لَوْلَا أَرْسَلْتَ إِلَيْنَا رَسُولًا فَنَتَّبِعَ آيَاتِكَ وَنَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

Walawla an tuseebahum museebatun bima qaddamat aydeehim fayaqooloo rabbana lawla arsalta ilayna rasoolan fanattabiAAa ayatika wanakoona mina almumineen(a)

And lest an affliction had visited them for what their hands had sent before, they should have said: Our Rabb-SWT ! Why did not You-SWT send a Messenger-AS unto us, so that we might have followed Your-SWT revelations and been of the believers?


فَلَمَّا جَاءهُمُ الْحَقُّ مِنْ عِندِنَا قَالُوا لَوْلَا أُوتِيَ مِثْلَ مَا أُوتِيَ مُوسَى أَوَلَمْ يَكْفُرُوا بِمَا أُوتِيَ مُوسَى مِن قَبْلُ قَالُوا سِحْرَانِ تَظَاهَرَا وَقَالُوا إِنَّا بِكُلٍّ كَافِرُونَ

Falamma jaahumu alhaqqu min AAindina qaloo lawla ootiya mithla ma ootiya moosa awalam yakfuroo bima ootiya moosa min qablu qaloo sihrani tathahara waqaloo inna bikullin kafiroon(a)

Yet when the truth has come to them from before Us-SWT , they say: Why has he-SW not been vouchsafed the like of what was given to Musa-AS? Did they not disbelieve in what was given to Musa-AS before? They say: Two magics supporting each other. And they say; We are disbelievers in all such things.


قُلْ فَأْتُوا بِكِتَابٍ مِّنْ عِندِ اللَّهِ هُوَ أَهْدَى مِنْهُمَا أَتَّبِعْهُ إِن كُنتُمْ صَادِقِينَ

Qul fatoo bikitabin min AAindi Allahi huwa ahda minhuma attabiAAhu in kuntum sadiqeen(a)

Say you-SW: Then bring a Book from before Allah-SWT that is better in guidance than these two, and I shall follow it-if you are truthful.


فَإِن لَّمْ يَسْتَجِيبُوا لَكَ فَاعْلَمْ أَنَّمَا يَتَّبِعُونَ أَهْوَاءهُمْ وَمَنْ أَضَلُّ مِمَّنِ اتَّبَعَ هَوَاهُ بِغَيْرِ هُدًى مِّنَ اللَّهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ

Fain lam yastajeeboo laka fa(i)AAlam annama yattabiAAoona ahwaahum waman adallu mimmani ittabaAAa hawahu bighayri hudan mina Allahi inna Allaha la yahdee alqawma a(l)ththalimeen(a)

Then if they do not answer you-SW, know you-SW that they only follow their own desires; and who is farther astray than he who follows his own desire without a guidance from Allah-SWT . Verily Allah-SWT does not guide a wrong ­doing people.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

When the earlier nations had been destroyed because of their waywardness, We-SWT raised Prophet Musa-AS with a Book Supported with clear evidences for healthy minds, he-AS was guidance and Mercy from Allah-SWT Truth always appeals to the healthy minds and paves the way towards the acceptance of faith. This is termed as guidance, whereas virtuous deeds are the outcome of Mercy. All this was done for the people to pay heed. When Prophet Musa-AS was being addressed and given the Book, the Holy Prophet-SW was not present at Mount Tur to observe it for himself-SW. Then followed a long interlude, during which many a nations and epochs went by washing away facts from the peoples memory. Nor was the Holy Prophet-SW present amongst the people of Madyan, whereby he could have recounted these events with such authenticity. It is purely by Allah-SWT's Grace that He-SWT continued the chain of Prophethood and has been sending His-SWT Prophets-AS for guidance. Now He-SWT has raised the Holy Prophet-SW as His-SWT Messenger and has revealed all these facts unto him-SW by His-SWT Mercy, so that this era and its people unto whom no Prophet-AS has been sent for a long time, and who have wandered away from the truth, may benefit from him-SW.


This is to ensure that when people face disasters because of their misdeeds, they may not complain that Allah-SWT had not sent a Prophet-AS unto them who they could follow and be amongst the believers. Now when the Truth has been sent unto them from Allah-SWT they have come up with a new argument, as to why was the Quran not revealed in a single go to the Holy Prophet-SW, just as Torah was given to Prophet Musa-AS. But the point is that when Prophet Musa-AS was so honoured with Torah, did the people believe in it? Rather after listening to Quran the infidels assert that both the Books are nothing but words of magic, and as such categorically rejected.


The Holy Prophet-SW must tell them that the real objective is to adhere to the Truth. If they are adamant that Quran is not the Truth, then what is the truth? If they can they must present it by bringing forth a revealed Book which excels both Torah and the Quran in guidance. If there exists any such Book the Holy Prophet-SW shall be pleased to follow it. If they are true in their claim, they must present such a Book and if they cannot, the best option for them is to believe in the Quran, abounding in guidance and thoroughly authentic. If they still fail to comply with the Holy Prophet-SW’s advice, he-SW must be sure that they seek no guidance. Rather they are mere slaves of their vain desires. And whoever turns away from His-SWT Path and just follows his vain desires has indeed gone astray. Allah-SWT does not let such transgressors to find the way.