سورة الشعراء   

Surah Name: Ash-Shu'ara Meaning: The Poets

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 11
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 227
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 26
  • Rukū / Section 6 contains Āyāt / Parts 18
  • Siparah/ Volume 19


كَذَّبَتْ قَوْمُ نُوحٍ الْمُرْسَلِينَ

Kaththabat qawmu noohin almursaleen(a)

And Nuh-AS's people belied Our-SWT envoys.


إِذْ قَالَ لَهُمْ أَخُوهُمْ نُوحٌ أَلَا تَتَّقُونَ

Ith qala lahum akhoohum noohun ala tattaqoon(a)

When their brother Nuh-AS said to them: Do you not fear?


إِنِّي لَكُمْ رَسُولٌ أَمِينٌ

Innee lakum rasoolun ameen(un)

Verily I am unto you a trusted Messenger-AS.


فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُونِ

Fa(i)ttaqoo Allaha waateeAAoon(i)

So fear Allah-SWT and obey me.


وَمَا أَسْأَلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ أَجْرٍ إِنْ أَجْرِيَ إِلَّا عَلَى رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ

Wama asalukum AAalayhi min ajrin in ajriya illa AAala rabbi alAAalameen(a)

And I ask of you no wage for it; my wage is but with the Rabb-SWT of the worlds.


فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُونِ

Fa(i)ttaqoo Allaha waateeAAoon(i)

So fear Allah-SWT and obey me.


قَالُوا أَنُؤْمِنُ لَكَ وَاتَّبَعَكَ الْأَرْذَلُونَ

Qaloo anuminu laka wa(i)ttabaAAaka alarthaloon(a)

They said: shall we believe in you-AS when the meanest of us are your-AS followers?


قَالَ وَمَا عِلْمِي بِمَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

Qala wama AAilmee bima kanoo yaAAmaloon(a)

He-AS said: I have no knowledge of what they have been working.


إِنْ حِسَابُهُمْ إِلَّا عَلَى رَبِّي لَوْ تَشْعُرُونَ

In hisabuhum illa AAala rabbee law tashAAuroon(a)

Their reckoning is upon my Allah-SWT , if you but know.


وَمَا أَنَا بِطَارِدِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

Wama ana bitaridi almumineen(a)

And I am not to drive away the believers.


إِنْ أَنَا إِلَّا نَذِيرٌ مُّبِينٌ

In ana illa natheerun mubeen(un)

I am not but a manifest Warner.


قَالُوا لَئِن لَّمْ تَنتَهِ يَا نُوحُ لَتَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْمَرْجُومِينَ

Qaloo lain lam tantahi ya noohu latakoonanna mina almarjoomeen(a)

They said. If you-AS desist not, you-AS shall be of those stoned.


قَالَ رَبِّ إِنَّ قَوْمِي كَذَّبُونِ

Qala rabbi inna qawmee kaththaboon(i)

He-AS said: Rabb-SWT ! My people have belied me.


فَافْتَحْ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَهُمْ فَتْحًا وَنَجِّنِي وَمَن مَّعِي مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

Fa(i)ftah baynee wabaynahum fathan wanajjinee waman maAAiya mina almumineen(a)

So decide You-SWT between us and them, and deliver me and those who are with me of the believers.


فَأَنجَيْنَاهُ وَمَن مَّعَهُ فِي الْفُلْكِ الْمَشْحُونِ

Faanjaynahu waman maAAahu fee alfulki almashhoon(i)

Therefore, We-SWT delivered him-AS and those with him-AS in a laden Ark.


ثُمَّ أَغْرَقْنَا بَعْدُ الْبَاقِينَ

Thumma aghraqna baAAdu albaqeen(a)

Then We-SWT drowned the rest thereafter.


إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لَآيَةً وَمَا كَانَ أَكْثَرُهُم مُّؤْمِنِينَ

Inna fee thalika laayatan wama kana aktharuhum mumineen(a)

Verily in this story is a Sign, yet most of them are not believers.


وَإِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الرَّحِيمُ

Wainna rabbaka lahuwa alAAazeezu a(l)rraheem(u)

And your-SW Rabb-SWT ! He-SWT is the Mighty, the Merciful.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

Denial Of A Prophet-AS Is The Denial Of Prophethood

The people of Prophet Nuh-AS refused to believe in him-AS. This indeed was the denial of the very office of Prophethood, rightly taken as denial of all the Prophets-AS. He-AS was not a stranger for them, being one of them, and they were well acquainted with his-AS personality. Yet when they raised a finger on his-AS conduct, he-AS reminded them that he-AS was Allah-SWT's Messenger and as such trustworthy, for he-AS tells them only what Allah-SWT Commands him-AS to. So they must fear Allah-SWT , refrain from His-SWT defiance and obey him-AS, which indeed was Allah-SWT's obedience.


Wages For Preaching And Worships

And they must also take note that he-AS was not demanding any wages for his efforts in conveying Allah-SWT's Message. Rather he-AS expected his-AS reward from Him-SWT , the Sustainer of entire universe. This point has been discussed earlier that taking wages for propagation of religion and worships is not permitted. Mufti Muhammad Shafi-RUA asserts in his Mu'arif-ul-Quran that our righteous predecessors had declared such emolument as forbidden, though the later scholars allowed it only under compelling circumstances. The best course of action, however, is to adopt other permissible means of earning livelihood and not to look for wages on preaching or worships.


For The Worldly, Rich And The Poor Are Two Nations

Prophet Nuh-AS asked the people to refrain from Allah-SWT’s disobedience and pay heed to his-AS message. They refused on the ground that the few who had become believers were impoverished and ignoble, that is, they belonged to the lower strata of society. For lovers of the world, the rich and the poor are two separate nations. They see all the virtues in the affluent, while meanness for them lies in poverty. With Allah-SWT , however, virtue lies in obedience; regardless of the fact whether one is poor or rich and meanness lies in disobedience. So he-AS told his-AS people that their thinking was incorrect for it is Allah-SWT Who requites and is Aware of secrets of the hearts. And their condition that the poor be put aside so that they could become believers, was unacceptable. However, they too were welcome to embrace the faith and join those who had already done so. The decision was theirs while his-AS assignment was just to forewarn them of the horrible consequences of evil precepts and practices. To adopt the means to avert destruction was, of course, their problem.


This straight talk infuriated them and they warned him-AS against saving or doing anything incompatible to their social set up. They cautioned him-AS not to introduce any new system, and threatened to stone him-AS to death if he-AS did so. After a very long time, when he-AS had lost all hopes, he-AS prayed to Allah-SWT : ‘O Rabb-SWT ! My people have decided to kill me as well as all the believers, and I have no hope that they will ever accept my message. So decide between us that the defiant are destroyed and we are saved from them as well as the infliction." So Allah-SWT sent His-SWT punishment, which spared Prophet Nuh-AS and all those who boarded his-AS Ark, while the rest perished in the Deluge. This story has been recounted as a great admonition and highlights the consequences of defying a Prophet-AS. However, majority of the people still remain deprived of faith whereas Allah-SWT is Potent over destroying them too. Yet He-SWT is Merciful that they enjoy a respite.