سورة النور   

Surah Name: An-Noor Meaning: The Light

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • Its basic theme is the guarding of one's shame. The violation of chastity and modesty has been declared as heinous and a punishable crime.
  • Islam authorizes a Qadhi (judge) to adjudge after carefully evaluating eye witness accounts. The circumstantial evidence, the plea of guilty or not guilty by the accused must be duly taken into account. Punishment aims at reforming the society, as well as the criminal, and when awarded by a Qadhi is termed as T'azir. However, there are four aspects in which a Qadhi cannot alter the punishment prescribed by Shari'ah. He can only evaluate the available evidence and decide whether the crime was committed or not. Allah-SWT Himself has prescribed the punishment, termed as Hudud. These crimes are; (1) theft (2) accusing chaste women (3) drinking alcohol and (4) adultery.

    All these crimes are so heinous that wherever committed, the society is divested of peace and tranquillity. It fails to flourish even in the worldly sense, and is ruined from the religious point of view as it loses the very belief in Allah-SWT ’s Greatness. The use of inebriating drinks and adultery in the Western society present great lessons of admonition, including complete deterioration of the sanctity of relationships. There remains no importance of lineage, nor any concept of modesty and honour. The children of Adam are living a life below the moral standards of animals while the very fibre of relationships, both worldly and religious, has frayed. A society stripped of modesty, chastity and sanctity of relationships can, by no stretch of imagination, be termed as a human society. It is only an outward facade of superiority which the West puts up for the world; otherwise they are hollow and feeble inside. Despite employing all its military power, America returned from Vietnam in humiliation. Russia invaded and occupied Afghanistan but was destroyed in her war with the Mujahidin. Forty countries jointly attacked Iraq but could not cause it harm equal to what America, Britain and France incurred in turn. They only use threats and deceit to control the world. If only the Muslim of today would waken and take to Jihad, with Allah-SWT's Grace, these nations would soon realise their worth. They are societies plagued by alcohol and adultery, and are a loathsome burden on the earth. So Islam has enjoined preventive measures to fight these evil forces.

  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 9
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 64
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 24
  • Rukū / Section 9 contains Āyāt / Parts 3
  • Siparah/ Volume 18


إِنَّمَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَإِذَا كَانُوا مَعَهُ عَلَى أَمْرٍ جَامِعٍ لَمْ يَذْهَبُوا حَتَّى يَسْتَأْذِنُوهُ إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَسْتَأْذِنُونَكَ أُوْلَئِكَ الَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ فَإِذَا اسْتَأْذَنُوكَ لِبَعْضِ شَأْنِهِمْ فَأْذَن لِّمَن شِئْتَ مِنْهُمْ وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمُ اللَّهَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

Innama almuminoona allatheena amanoo bi(A)llahi warasoolihi waitha kanoo maAAahu AAala amrin jamiAAin lam yathhaboo hatta yastathinoohu inna allatheena yastathinoonaka olaika allatheena yuminoona bi(A)llahi warasoolihi faitha istathanooka libaAAdi shanihim fathan liman shita minhum wa(i)staghfir lahumu Allaha inna Allaha ghafoorun raheem(un)

The faithful are those who have believed in Allah-SWT and His-SWT Messenger, and when they are with him-SW on some affair collecting people together, they do not depart till they have begged his leave. Verily those who ask your-SW leave; those are they who really believe in Allah-SWT and His-SWT Messenger-SW. So if they ask your-SW leave for some business of theirs, give you leave to whom you will, and implore you Allah-SWT for their forgiveness. Verily Allah-SWT is Forgiving, Merciful.


لَا تَجْعَلُوا دُعَاء الرَّسُولِ بَيْنَكُمْ كَدُعَاء بَعْضِكُم بَعْضًا قَدْ يَعْلَمُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ يَتَسَلَّلُونَ مِنكُمْ لِوَاذًا فَلْيَحْذَرِ الَّذِينَ يُخَالِفُونَ عَنْ أَمْرِهِ أَن تُصِيبَهُمْ فِتْنَةٌ أَوْ يُصِيبَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ

La tajAAaloo duAAaa a(l)rrasooli baynakum kaduAAai baAAdikum baAAdan qad yaAAlamu Allahu allatheena yatasallaloona minkum liwathan falyahthari allatheena yukhalifoona AAan amrihi an tuseebahum fitnatun aw yuseebahum AAathabun aleem(un)

Do not place the Messenger-SW’s calling of you on the same footing as your calling of each other. Of a surety Allah-SWT knows them who slip away privately. Let, therefore, those who oppose His-SWT Commandment beware lest there befall them a trial or there befall them an afflictive torment.


أَلَا إِنَّ لِلَّهِ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ قَدْ يَعْلَمُ مَا أَنتُمْ عَلَيْهِ وَيَوْمَ يُرْجَعُونَ إِلَيْهِ فَيُنَبِّئُهُم بِمَا عَمِلُوا وَاللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ

Ala inna lillahi ma fee a(l)ssamawati wa(a)lardi qad yaAAlamu ma antum AAalayhi wayawma yurjaAAoona ilayhi fayunabbiohum bima AAamiloo wa(A)llahu bikulli shayin AAaleem(un)

Lo! Verily Allah-SWT's is whatever is in the heavens and the earth. Surely He-SWT Knows what you are about, and the Day whereon they shall be made to return to Him-SWT , then He-SWT will declare to them what they worked. And Allah-SWT is the Knower of everything.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

Certainly true believers are those who gather before the Holy Prophet-SW on every momentous occasion for the execution of his-SW command and despite compelling reasons they do not stay back. And they also do not leave or return from his-SW presence without permission.


The Office Of Amir And Shaikh

The same holds good for the office of the Amir of an Islamic State or a Shaikh as he too summons the believers in adherence to Sunnah and for practising Islam. A true believer never lags behind intentionally.


When the Holy Prophet-SW summons the believers they respond quickly and in case of any compelling reasons they come to seek his-SW permission personally. It is they who enjoy faith in Allah-SWT and His-SWT Prophet-SW. They seek leave only due to some extremely constraining circumstances, for it is contrary to a believer's standing not to present himself to the Holy Prophet-SW altogether. Although a believer has the right to express his constraints yet the authority to grant him leave lies with the Holy Prophet-SW, the execution of whose-SW orders is far more important than any other engagement. So if he-SW grants someone leave, he-SW must also pray to Allah-SWT for forgiveness of the excused, as the top priority was to execute the Holy Prophet-SW’s command. Why, after all should a believer let any constraints stand in his way? He should bear wholeheartedly any losses that may be met in compliance of the Holy Prophets-SW word. But if someone cannot take the burden and seeks his permission to be excused which is accepted, the Holy Prophet-SW must seek forgiveness for him from Allah-SWT , the Most Forgiving and Merciful.


The believers must not take the summoning by the Holy Prophet-SW lightly as if they were calling one another, responding to or ignoring the call at their convenience. On the contrary, if he-SW summons any believer it becomes obligatory for him to go, and returning without his permission is forbidden. According to Hadhrat Ibn ‘Abbas-RAU’, the Holy Prophet-SW must never be called out in a manner as people call out one another in frankness. He-SW must never be addressed as ‘O’ Muhammad-SW!' Rather he-SW is to be addressed politely, respectfully with such titles as 'O' Prophet-SW of Allah' or ‘O’ Messenger-SW of Allah!' and when he-SW summons the believers, if someone tries to slip out of his-SW presence without making it known, this covert disobedience cannot be concealed from Allah-SWT . This is typical of the hypocrites; so anyone doing so must realize that his action might invoke Allah-SWT's Wrath in the form of a trial or a tormenting chastisement.


Negligence Of Contemporary Muslims Towards The Holy Prophet-SW Obedience

Sadly enough the Muslim Society of today is not only blatantly violating the Holy Prophet-SW's commands, but also declares the same as obsolete and impracticable. The so called intellectuals of today, who are ardent supporters of the Western culture, also constantly preach such ideas to the Muslims. The result is obvious. There are about two billion Muslims across the globe and there is not a single Muslim State where Islam is enforced as the law of the land. Obviously the Muslims are either under trial or under a Divine Punishment, for they are not only being humiliated by the infidels but are also subjected to genocide. The only remedy lies in reversion to the obedience of Allah-SWT's Prophet-SW as all that lies within the universe is in His-SWT Absolute Control. And He-SWT has subjected the perfect running of the entire system to His-SWT obedience. So whenever any disobedience or violation takes place, it invokes some trial or calamity. Allah-SWT is well Aware of what people do and is also acquainted with their desires and aspirations. These trials and tribulations are only for this temporal world, while real doom will break loose once they arrive in His-SWT Presence on the Day of Reckoning, as nothing is concealed from Allah-SWT . May Allah-SWT protect us!