سورة النور   

Surah Name: An-Noor Meaning: The Light

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • Its basic theme is the guarding of one's shame. The violation of chastity and modesty has been declared as heinous and a punishable crime.
  • Islam authorizes a Qadhi (judge) to adjudge after carefully evaluating eye witness accounts. The circumstantial evidence, the plea of guilty or not guilty by the accused must be duly taken into account. Punishment aims at reforming the society, as well as the criminal, and when awarded by a Qadhi is termed as T'azir. However, there are four aspects in which a Qadhi cannot alter the punishment prescribed by Shari'ah. He can only evaluate the available evidence and decide whether the crime was committed or not. Allah-SWT Himself has prescribed the punishment, termed as Hudud. These crimes are; (1) theft (2) accusing chaste women (3) drinking alcohol and (4) adultery.

    All these crimes are so heinous that wherever committed, the society is divested of peace and tranquillity. It fails to flourish even in the worldly sense, and is ruined from the religious point of view as it loses the very belief in Allah-SWT ’s Greatness. The use of inebriating drinks and adultery in the Western society present great lessons of admonition, including complete deterioration of the sanctity of relationships. There remains no importance of lineage, nor any concept of modesty and honour. The children of Adam are living a life below the moral standards of animals while the very fibre of relationships, both worldly and religious, has frayed. A society stripped of modesty, chastity and sanctity of relationships can, by no stretch of imagination, be termed as a human society. It is only an outward facade of superiority which the West puts up for the world; otherwise they are hollow and feeble inside. Despite employing all its military power, America returned from Vietnam in humiliation. Russia invaded and occupied Afghanistan but was destroyed in her war with the Mujahidin. Forty countries jointly attacked Iraq but could not cause it harm equal to what America, Britain and France incurred in turn. They only use threats and deceit to control the world. If only the Muslim of today would waken and take to Jihad, with Allah-SWT's Grace, these nations would soon realise their worth. They are societies plagued by alcohol and adultery, and are a loathsome burden on the earth. So Islam has enjoined preventive measures to fight these evil forces.

  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 9
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 64
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 24
  • Rukū / Section 7 contains Āyāt / Parts 7
  • Siparah/ Volume 18


إِنَّمَا كَانَ قَوْلَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ إِذَا دُعُوا إِلَى اللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ لِيَحْكُمَ بَيْنَهُمْ أَن يَقُولُوا سَمِعْنَا وَأَطَعْنَا وَأُوْلَئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ

Innama kana qawla almumineena itha duAAoo ila Allahi warasoolihi liyahkuma baynahum an yaqooloo samiAAna waataAAna waolaika humu almuflihoon(a)

The only saying of the faithful, when they were called to Allah-SWT and His-SWT Messenger-SW that he-SW might judge between them was that they said we hear and we obey. And these! They are the blissful.


وَمَن يُطِعِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَيَخْشَ اللَّهَ وَيَتَّقْهِ فَأُوْلَئِكَ هُمُ الْفَائِزُونَ

Waman yutiAAi Allaha warasoolahu wayakhsha Allaha wayattaqhi faolaika humu alfaizoon(a)

And whoever obeys Allah-SWT and His-SWT Messenger-SW, and is in awe of Allah-SWT and fears Him-SWT ; These! They are the triumphant.


وَأَقْسَمُوا بِاللَّهِ جَهْدَ أَيْمَانِهِمْ لَئِنْ أَمَرْتَهُمْ لَيَخْرُجُنَّ قُل لَّا تُقْسِمُوا طَاعَةٌ مَّعْرُوفَةٌ إِنَّ اللَّهَ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ

Waaqsamoo bi(A)llahi jahda aymanihim lain amartahum layakhrujunna qul la tuqsimoo taAAatun maAAroofatun inna Allaha khabeerun bima taAAmaloon(a)

And they swear by Allah-SWT with their solemn oaths that if you command them they will surely go forth. Say you: Do not swear, your obedience is well-known. Verily Allah-SWT is Aware of what you do.


قُلْ أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ فَإِن تَوَلَّوا فَإِنَّمَا عَلَيْهِ مَا حُمِّلَ وَعَلَيْكُم مَّا حُمِّلْتُمْ وَإِن تُطِيعُوهُ تَهْتَدُوا وَمَا عَلَى الرَّسُولِ إِلَّا الْبَلَاغُ الْمُبِينُ

Qul ateeAAoo Allaha waateeAAoo a(l)rrasoola fain tawallaw fainnama AAalayhi ma hummila waAAalaykum ma hummiltum wain tuteeAAoohu tahtadoo wama AAala a(l)rrasooli illa albalaghu almubeen(a)

Say you: Obey Allah-SWT and obey the Messenger-SW, then if you turn away, upon him-SW is only that which has been laid upon him-SW and upon you is that which has been laid upon you. If you obey him-SW you will be guided, and nothing is upon the Prophet-SW except the plain preaching.


وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنكُمْ وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لَيَسْتَخْلِفَنَّهُم فِي الْأَرْضِ كَمَا اسْتَخْلَفَ الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ وَلَيُمَكِّنَنَّ لَهُمْ دِينَهُمُ الَّذِي ارْتَضَى لَهُمْ وَلَيُبَدِّلَنَّهُم مِّن بَعْدِ خَوْفِهِمْ أَمْنًا يَعْبُدُونَنِي لَا يُشْرِكُونَ بِي شَيْئًا وَمَن كَفَرَ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ فَأُوْلَئِكَ هُمُ الْفَاسِقُونَ

WaAAada Allahu allatheena amanoo minkum waAAamiloo a(l)ssalihati layastakhlifannahum fee alardi kama istakhlafa allatheena min qablihim walayumakkinanna lahum deenahumu allathee irtada lahum walayubaddilannahum min baAAdi khawfihim amnan yaAAbudoonanee la yushrikoona bee shayan waman kafara baAAda thalika faolaika humu alfasiqoon(a)

Allah-SWT has promised those of you who believe and work the righteous deeds that He-SWT shall make them successors on the earth even as He-SWT made those who were before them successors, and that He-SWT shall certainly establish for them their religion which He-SWT has approved for them, and that He-SWT shall certainly exchange unto them after fear a security, provided they worship Me-SWT . joining nothing with Me-SWT ; and whoever will disbelieve thereafter, then those! They are the ungodly.


وَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآتُوا الزَّكَاةَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُرْحَمُونَ

Waaqeemoo a(l)ssalata waatoo a(l)zzakata waateeAAoo a(l)rrasoola laAAallakum turhamoon(a)

And establish the Salat, and pay the Zakat and obey the Messenger-SW, perhaps you may be shown Mercy.


لَا تَحْسَبَنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مُعْجِزِينَ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَمَأْوَاهُمُ النَّارُ وَلَبِئْسَ الْمَصِيرُ

La tahsabanna allatheena kafaroo muAAjizeena fee alardi wamawahumu a(l)nnaru walabisa almaseer(u)

Do not consider them who disbelieve able to frustrate His-SWT Purpose on the earth, and their abode shall be the Fire, an ill retreat.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

Enforcement Of Islam A Responsibility Of Believers

The distinction of the believers is that when asked to accept a decision taken in accordance with Shari’ah, they do it whole heartedly and obey readily. In other words, it is only the hypocrisy of people that hinders the enforcement of Islam or its laws, while the true believers at once adopt the Islamic laws in their practical lives. It is they who emerge as victorious.


Four Conditions For Eternal Bliss

Eternal triumph depends on four conditions (1) To obey Allah-SWT and fulfil all obligations towards Him-SWT , (2) To obey the Holy Prophet-SW and adhere to his-SW Sunnah (3) To fear Allah-SWT , repent over past errors and pledge to abstain in future and (4) To adopts Taqwa and become subservient to Him-SWT from the very core of heart. The quasi Muslims and the hypocrites do make tall claims and vow that if Allah-SWT's Prophet-SW orders them, they would sacrifice everything in the execution of his-SW command. They must be told not to make hollow vows but prove their obedience through actions, for Allah-SWT is well Aware of what they do. The obedience in practical terms covers both beliefs and practices. If they refuse to do so, the responsibility of Allah-SWT's men is only to convey the message and leave the choice to them. However, the Holy Prophet-SW must inform them that if they opt for obedience they will certainly attain guidance. His-SW duty was to convey the Message of Allah-SWT which he-SW has rightfully done, and not to force anyone into obedience.  It is a matter exclusively between Allah-SWT and His-SWT subjects.


It is Allah-SWT's Promise to the believers with sound beliefs and virtuous conduct that He-SWT would give them authority and rule over the entire world, as given to the virtuous and practical believers of the preceding nations. He-SWT would make His-SWT selected Din, prevail in such an overwhelming way that the believers will neither feel threatened by nor fear anyone. They will only worship and obey Allah-SWT with such devotion that they as well as their words and actions shall be matchless in the contemporary world. But if despite all these favours, some people still resort to ingratitude, they will be disowned by Islam.


Ayah Istikhlaf

This is also known as Ayah Istikhlaf, as it promises Khilafa; (governance) to the true believers. This was manifested in the illustrious era of the Holy Prophet-SW when the vanity of the infidels and polytheists was trampled over. Makkah and Khyber were taken; rather the entire Arabian Peninsula and Yemen came under the sway of Islam. Mighty rulers across the globe paid tribute to and acknowledged the grandeur of Islamic Stale by sending gifts to the Holy Prophet-SW. During the era of the first Caliph Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddiq-RAU; the impostors claiming Prophethood and those who refused to pay Zakat were dealt with an iron fist. Then the Muslim forces proceeded to Egypt and the areas from Basra to Damascus were also taken. And the second Caliph, Hadhrat ‘Umar-RAU’ took the light of Islam from one end of the globe to the other. The spiritual zephyr of Islamic System spread in a way that astonished everyone under the sky, for it had never witnessed such a peaceful, just and courageous State, save in the eras of the Prophets-AS. Persia and the countries ruled by the Khosroes slipped into the fold of Islam. This grandeur was maintained during the eras of Hadhrat ‘Uthman-RAU’ and ‘Ali-RAU’. Rather during the period of the former, Islam was the sole authority and system from East to West and no other Government or State worth the name was there to match it.


Therefore, the very first manifestation of this blessed Ayah is the Caliphate of the first four Righteous Caliphs. According to Quran these Caliphs were exemplary Muslims as well as rulers. The learned Commentators assert that despite this greatness, the conspiring group (of Jewish imposter Muslims) comprises those ingrates who martyred Hadhrat Uthman-RAU’ Plotting to hit the magnificence of Islam, they opted for infidelity. Historical evidence proves that it was this group that martyred Hadhrat ‘Ali-RAU’, ‘Hasan-RAU, and finally the household of the Holy Prophet-SW and beheaded his illustrious grandson Hadhrat ‘Hussain-RAU at Karbala. They drifted away from the teachings of their pious precursors and established the basis of Shi’aism, by misleading unsuspecting Muslims, exploiting their love for the Ahl-e-Bait of the Prophet-SW. Thus dividing the Muslim Ummah into factions (which was until then united). Establishing themselves as the Shi’a Clerics they damaged and distorted each and every Islamic precept and practice (Denying the authenticity of the Quran in it's present pristine form. Raising doubts about the Hadith and moving people away from the Sunnah of the Prophet-SW and his-SW Companions-RAU). To date, they are exerting all efforts to oppose Islamic beliefs, right from Unity of Allah-SWT to the Akhirah. The commentary on this Ayah by the learned Shaikh Allah Yar Khan-RUA must be studied, in his booklet titled Tafsir Ayat-e-Arba’h.


The believers are commanded to establish Allah-SWT's worship diligently and adopt the Islamic Economic System. The insistence to pay Zakat indeed aims at this very objective. This will, in turn, invoke Allah-SWT's Mercy Who-SWT by removing all mundane hurdles shall honour the believers in this world, and by protecting them against evil pave the way for eternal bliss. And the infidels must never assume that they can hold sway over the land forever, or can maintain their oppressive control on Islam. This will not be so as they are themselves heading towards Hell, and are about to meet a tragic end, which they just cannot avert, while it is His-SWT unbeatable Promise that Islam will prevail. However, this Promise is for the true Muslims, in terms of both precepts and practices.