سورة المؤمنون   

Surah Name: Al-Mominun Meaning: The Believers

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • • This Surah is also listed amongst the Makkan Surahs and begins by elaborating upon the qualities of the believers, as described in the previous Surah. It declares that all those who are blessed with faith in Allah-SWT have indeed succeeded, and have attained Falah (salvation). This word when translated into Urdu means success but in Arabic it carries a very vast meaning. It refers to a total success, in every action, in every situation and in every Realm. Be it this temporal life, its business, politics, collective or personal matters, or be it the moments of death, the interlude to Barzakh, the Day of Reckoning, or the Akhirah, a believer succeeds everywhere. This indeed is the fruit borne by faith.
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 6
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 118
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 23
  • Rukū / Section 1 contains Āyāt / Parts 22
  • Siparah/ Volume 18


قَدْ أَفْلَحَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ

Qad aflaha almuminoon(a)

Blissful are the believers.


الَّذِينَ هُمْ فِي صَلَاتِهِمْ خَاشِعُونَ

Allatheena hum fee salatihim khashiAAoon(a)

Those who in their Salat are lowly.


وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ عَنِ اللَّغْوِ مُعْرِضُونَ

Wa(a)llatheena hum AAani allaghwi muAAridoon(a)

And those who turn away from everything vain.


وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ لِلزَّكَاةِ فَاعِلُونَ

Wa(a)llatheena hum li(l)zzakati faAAiloon(a)

And those who are doers for the sake of purification.


وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ لِفُرُوجِهِمْ حَافِظُونَ

Wa(a)llatheena hum lifuroojihim hafithoon(a)

And those who are guards of their private parts.


إِلَّا عَلَى أَزْوَاجِهِمْ أوْ مَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُهُمْ فَإِنَّهُمْ غَيْرُ مَلُومِينَ

Illa AAala azwajihim aw ma malakat aymanuhum fainnahum ghayru maloomeen(a)

Save in regard to their wives and those whom their right hands own so they are not blameworthy.


فَمَنِ ابْتَغَى وَرَاء ذَلِكَ فَأُوْلَئِكَ هُمُ الْعَادُونَ

Famani ibtagha waraa thalika faolaika humu alAAadoon(a)

And those who crave beyond that, then it is they who are the transgressors.


وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ لِأَمَانَاتِهِمْ وَعَهْدِهِمْ رَاعُونَ

Wa(a)llatheena hum liamanatihim waAAahdihim raAAoon(a)

And those who are keepers of their trusts and covenant


وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ عَلَى صَلَوَاتِهِمْ يُحَافِظُونَ

Wa(a)llatheena hum AAala salawatihim yuhafithoon(a)

And those who are observant of their Salat.


أُوْلَئِكَ هُمُ الْوَارِثُونَ

Olaika humu alwarithoon(a)

These! They are indeed the inheritors;


الَّذِينَ يَرِثُونَ الْفِرْدَوْسَ هُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ

Allatheena yarithoona alfirdawsa hum feeha khalidoon(a)

Who shall inherit Paradise; therein they shall abide.


وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنسَانَ مِن سُلَالَةٍ مِّن طِينٍ

Walaqad khalaqna alinsana min sulalatin min teen(in)

Assuredly We-SWT created man out of an extract of clay.


ثُمَّ جَعَلْنَاهُ نُطْفَةً فِي قَرَارٍ مَّكِينٍ

Thumma jaAAalnahu nutfatan fee qararin makeen(in)

Thereafter We-SWT made him a sperm in a safe receptacle.


ثُمَّ خَلَقْنَا النُّطْفَةَ عَلَقَةً فَخَلَقْنَا الْعَلَقَةَ مُضْغَةً فَخَلَقْنَا الْمُضْغَةَ عِظَامًا فَكَسَوْنَا الْعِظَامَ لَحْمًا ثُمَّ أَنشَأْنَاهُ خَلْقًا آخَرَ فَتَبَارَكَ اللَّهُ أَحْسَنُ الْخَالِقِينَ

Thumma khalaqna a(l)nnutfata AAalaqatan fakhalaqna alAAalaqata mudghatan fakhalaqna almudghata AAithaman fakasawna alAAithama lahman thumma anshanahu khalqan akhara fatabaraka Allahu ahsanu alkhaliqeen(a)

Thereafter We-SWT made the sperm a clot, then We-SWT made the clot a lump of flesh, then We-SWT made the lump of flesh bones; then We-SWT clothed the bones with flesh, thereafter We-SWT brought him forth as another creature. Blessed be then Allah-SWT , the Best of Creators.


ثُمَّ إِنَّكُمْ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ لَمَيِّتُونَ

Thumma innakum baAAda thalika lamayyitoon(a)

Then thereafter you are sure to die.


ثُمَّ إِنَّكُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ تُبْعَثُونَ

Thumma innakum yawma alqiyamati tubAAathoon(a)

Then verily on the Day of Judgment you shall be raised up.


وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا فَوْقَكُمْ سَبْعَ طَرَائِقَ وَمَا كُنَّا عَنِ الْخَلْقِ غَافِلِينَ

Walaqad khalaqna fawqakum sabAAa taraiqa wama kunna AAani alkhalqi ghafileen(a)

And assuredly We-SWT created above you seven paths; and of the creation We-SWT have not been neglectful.


وَأَنزَلْنَا مِنَ السَّمَاء مَاء بِقَدَرٍ فَأَسْكَنَّاهُ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَإِنَّا عَلَى ذَهَابٍ بِهِ لَقَادِرُونَ

Waanzalna mina a(l)ssamai maan biqadarin faaskannahu fee alardi wainna AAala thahabin bihi laqadiroon(a)

And We-SWT sent down from the heaven water in measure, and We-SWT Command it to settle in the earth; and verily We-SWT are Able to take it away.


فَأَنشَأْنَا لَكُم بِهِ جَنَّاتٍ مِّن نَّخِيلٍ وَأَعْنَابٍ لَّكُمْ فِيهَا فَوَاكِهُ كَثِيرَةٌ وَمِنْهَا تَأْكُلُونَ

Faanshana lakum bihi jannatin min nakheelin waaAAnabin lakum feeha fawakihu katheeratun waminha takuloon(a)

Then for you We-SWT brought forth with it the gardens of palm and vines, for you therein are many fruits, and thereof you eat.


وَشَجَرَةً تَخْرُجُ مِن طُورِ سَيْنَاء تَنبُتُ بِالدُّهْنِ وَصِبْغٍ لِّلْآكِلِينَ

Washajaratan takhruju min toori saynaa tanbutu bi(al)dduhni wasibghin lilakileen(a)

And a tree that springs forth from the Mount of Sinai, that grows oil and is a sauce for the eaters.


وَإِنَّ لَكُمْ فِي الْأَنْعَامِ لَعِبْرَةً نُّسقِيكُم مِّمَّا فِي بُطُونِهَا وَلَكُمْ فِيهَا مَنَافِعُ كَثِيرَةٌ وَمِنْهَا تَأْكُلُونَ

Wainna lakum fee alanAAami laAAibratan nusqeekum mimma fee butooniha walakum feeha manafiAAu katheeratun waminha takuloon(a)

And verily in the cattle there is a lesson for you. We-SWT give you to drink of what is in their bellies, and for you in them are many advantages, and of them you eat.


وَعَلَيْهَا وَعَلَى الْفُلْكِ تُحْمَلُونَ

WaAAalayha waAAala alfulki tuhmaloon(a)

And you are borne on them and on the ship.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

A Believer's Desire And Choice

Has a person ever lived in this world without having to brave distress? Has there ever been someone whose every wish has always been fulfilled? Even the Prophets-AS and the Companions-RAU had to live through turmoils. It must, therefore, be noted that the desire and the pursuit of a Prophet-AS a Companion-RAU or an accomplished believer revolve around Allah-SWT’s Pleasure and His-SWT Nearness. A Prophet-AS in any case is perfect while a Companion-RAU upon acquiring the Barakah and Prophetic lights, and a believer through adherence to the latter, initiate in themselves that fervent desire. Thus any outward distress befalling such people also serves as a source of attaining Allah-SWT’s Pleasure and Nearness, resulting in their ultimate triumph. Therefore, success is the lot of a believer under all circumstances.


Next, the qualities of a believer are discussed. The first one is that he enjoys a stale of Khashooh (humility) in worship which is a state of the Qalb. The auspicious Name of Allah-SWT is so deeply embedded in his Qalb, that everything else is driven out. It is only then that the physical self can also engage in worship peacefully. The second quality of believers is that they value every moment of their life, sparing themselves from futile endeavours. The third quality typical of believers is that they actively strive for Zakat i.e. purification: physical, moral and fiscal. The fourth quality is that they safeguard their modesty, and remain mindful of Allah-SWT’s Injunctions even under the most overpowering physical instincts. They fulfil their desire only with their legally wedded spouses, or the bondswoman which they legally possess. Through no other channel they seek sexual satisfaction and keep their shames well guarded. And those who resort to any other means apart from the above two are indeed transgressors. The fifth quality of believers is that they are trustworthy and keep their pledges. They exert fully with due sincerity to safeguard and uphold the trust and covenants, whether in the form of Allah-SWT’s Rights, or the rights of fellow beings. And finally they do not merely offer worships but rightfully guard these by duly observing the rites. They worship diligently with due regard to the obligations (Fardh), the imperatives (Wajib), the Sunnah and the meritorious (Mustahib) aspects. Besides, they convey it to others and through propagation and teaching serve as the guardians of worships. They are to inherit Jannah, as inevitably as the inheritance reaches an heir, and therein they will abide.


Everything is made for a purpose and has an end. So if people fail to believe in the Akhirah and the Reckoning, would it mean that the human life will bear no results? A person may lead a virtuous or sinful life and pass away without ever having to face any accountability? The answer is revealed here. Just ponder over human genesis, how Allah-SWT has assigned the entire universal system, the sun, the moon, the stars, the heavens and the earth, as well as clouds and water, winds and countless angels to support this task.


Creation Of Humanity And Islam; The Findings Of Science

The running of this system in turn makes the soil yield that quintessential substance which is required to build a human body. Every particle is destined to be a part of some human body. Different commodities growing out of the soil such as fruits, grains and medicine reach the body after having gone through a lengthy process.


Allah-SWT initiated this system by fashioning the first human being Aadam-AS by His-SWT Omnipotence while all of his-AS progeny is being created through this complex system. And O’ Reader! Just ponder over how a Grand System is operating to convert the soil into food which in turn is stored into two different human beings, that is, prospective father and mother. When they consume food, this System allows the food apportioned for them to be absorbed into their bodies, while the ingredients intended for the procreation are segregated and stored in the form of semen or seed. Then at a moment predetermined, that seed finds its place into the mother's womb. Nature then converts this seed into a clot of blood, which in turn is converted into a lump of flesh. Then, bones are formed and every joint sets in at its appropriate place. The skeleton is then covered by flesh and the human body stands completed. It is now animated and turned into a new creation. By blowing His-SWT Spirit (the Ruh) into this body, Allah-SWT finally delivers it into this world.



There are two kinds of Ruh; one is animalistic in nature and is generated in the form of subtle vapours during the process of the formation of the organs and limbs of an embryo and the contents of its blood. It penetrates into every cell of the body. The physicians and the philosophers call it Ruh, but the real human Spirit or Ruh belongs to the higher Realm. Allah-SWT by His-SWT Absolute Powers assigns it from Alam-e-Amr into the human body and connects it with the animalistic one. How it is done is beyond human understanding. It is true that Arwah were created long before the creation of human bodies. And before the beginning of time the question “Am I not your Creator?” was also put forth to the Ruh. It is this very Ruh which is the source of human lifeand the condition when this vital connection is snapped is termed as death.


Khaliq (The Creator)

If only this entire system of creation is pondered over, it reveals that Allah-SWT indeed is the Most Perfect, Absolutely Powerful, the Best and the Most Superior of all Creators. The real Creator is Allah-SWT Alone, Who-SWT is not dependant on anything and creates things from non-existence. However, the word Khaliq (or creator) is also used for manufacturers and human inventions are also called as takhleeq (creation). This creation attributed to human beings is nothing more than merely putting together in different ways what has already been created by Him-SWT . The difference between Divine Creativity and human creativity can be assessed by the fact that a thing created naturally can never be produced by human endeavour, even though it may be a straw of grass. And this indeed is a great miracle of the Quran and an undeniable evidence of its authenticity that it explained the developmental stages of the human embryo inside a mother’s womb fourteen centuries before their discovery through medical science, which has after much research and effort succeeded in merely endorsing these facts revealed by the Quran. Praise be to Allah-SWT ! This meticulous system of human creation can never be an exercise in vain, and will be followed by death. Death is the end of the worldly life and not absolute extinction of a human being, for after this he will be raised again to face the outcome of his conduct on the Day of Judgment.


See how Allah-SWT’s Magnificence has created seven heavens, the Administrative Centres of the terrestrial existence, and has stimulated the resources of life therein. It is there that the angels receive instructions for running the system of earthly life. The conduct and the prayers of human beings also proceed to the heavens. This entire system was devised because Allah-SWT is not at all oblivious of the needs of His-SWT creation. See how He-SWT pours down water from heights. So many factors control this process, and water goes through so many transformations before pouring down as rain drops. His-SWT Absolute Power does not allow these drop to fall down uncounted, rather each and every drop is duly accounted for, and falls over the site predetermined.


He-SWT is so Omnipotent that He-SWT even spreads it on land in the form of snow, accumulates it in lakes, and also stores it underground, only to let it sprout as springs and cascades. Had Allah-SWT Willed, He-SWT could have drained the rain water away as soon as it poured down or withheld it altogether. However, He-SWT out of His-SWT Benevolence, makes it a source of growing orchards laden with fruits and flowers, multifarious dates, grapes and unlimited variety of other fruits which human beings enjoy eating. He-SWT also makes auspicious trees to grow, like the olive tree in the Sinai.


The Olive

The fruit borne on this tree is brimming with oil and is the best curry, declared as such by the Quran fourteen hundred years ago. It has now been discovered as a substitute for pure ghee (an extract of butter) by modern science. It is recommended for those with high cholesterol and triglyceride levels in blood. It gives more nourishment than pure ghee and reduces the level of these substances in blood.


For mankind, even cattle provide ample evidence of Allah-SWT’s Benevolence and Magnificence as He-SWT makes them yield the purest milk separating it from their blood and dung by a grand process. Even their meat bones, hides and fur serve mankind. These animals also serve as stock-in-trade, as well as means of transportation, and in fact have given mankind the concept of building means of transport. Inspired by birds and marine animals, man invented aeroplanes and ships respectively.