سورة الحج   

Surah Name: Al-Hajj Meaning: The Pilgrimage

  • Revealed at Makkah and Madinah
  • • This is a Surah full of wonders. Some of its Ayat were revealed ai Makkah while others at Madinah, both at night as well as in day time, during a journey and at home. Some were revealed in the battle field and some in peace time. And some of its Ayat are abrogative and others abrogated, some are allegorical while others clearly issue commands. In short, according to the learned Commentators this Surah is a collection of all the genres of revelation.

    The last Section of the preceding Surah discussed the obduracy of the infidels and their inevitable humiliation in Akhirah, the raising of the Holy Prophet-SW as a mercy for all realms, the infidels' deprivation and their denial of the Day of Judgment. Towards the end it emphasized that it will come in any case, being Allah s Decision. This Surah, at the very outset, unfolds the horrifying ambience of al-Qayamah and prov ides logical arguments of its inevitability

  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 7
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 112
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 22
  • Rukū / Section 7 contains Āyāt / Parts 9
  • Siparah/ Volume 17


قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّمَا أَنَا لَكُمْ نَذِيرٌ مُّبِينٌ

Qul ya ayyuha a(l)nnasu innama ana lakum natheerun mubeen(un)

Say you: mankind! I am to you only a manifest warner.


فَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لَهُم مَّغْفِرَةٌ وَرِزْقٌ كَرِيمٌ

Fa(a)llatheena amanoo waAAamiloo a(l)ssalihati lahum maghfiratun warizqun kareem(un)

Then those who believe and work righteous deeds for them is forgiveness and an honourable provision.


وَالَّذِينَ سَعَوْا فِي آيَاتِنَا مُعَاجِزِينَ أُوْلَئِكَ أَصْحَابُ الْجَحِيمِ

Wa(a)llatheena saAAaw fee ayatina muAAajizeena olaika ashabu aljaheem(i)

And those who endeavour in respect of Our-SWT Signs to frustrate them; those shall be the inmates of the Flaming Fire.


وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِن قَبْلِكَ مِن رَّسُولٍ وَلَا نَبِيٍّ إِلَّا إِذَا تَمَنَّى أَلْقَى الشَّيْطَانُ فِي أُمْنِيَّتِهِ فَيَنسَخُ اللَّهُ مَا يُلْقِي الشَّيْطَانُ ثُمَّ يُحْكِمُ اللَّهُ آيَاتِهِ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ

Wama arsalna min qablika min rasoolin wala nabiyyin illa itha tamanna alqa a(l)shshaytanu fee omniyyatihi fayansakhu Allahu ma yulqee a(l)shshaytanu thumma yuhkimu Allahu ayatihi wa(A)llahu AAaleemun hakeem(un)

And We-SWT have sent before you no Messenger or Prophet but as he recited, Satan cast forth suggestions in respect of the recital. Then Allaah-SWT abolishes what Satan casts forth, and Allaah-SWT continues His-SWT Revelations; and Allaah-SWT is Knowing, Wise.


لِيَجْعَلَ مَا يُلْقِي الشَّيْطَانُ فِتْنَةً لِّلَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٌ وَالْقَاسِيَةِ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَإِنَّ الظَّالِمِينَ لَفِي شِقَاقٍ بَعِيدٍ

LiyajAAala ma yulqee a(l)shshaytanu fitnatan lillatheena fee quloobihim maradun wa(a)lqasiyati quloobuhum wainna a(l)ththalimeena lafee shiqaqin baAAeed(in)

That He-SWT may make what Satan casts forth a temptation for those in whose hearts is a disease and whose hearts are hardened, and the ungodly are in divergence far-off.


وَلِيَعْلَمَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْعِلْمَ أَنَّهُ الْحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّكَ فَيُؤْمِنُوا بِهِ فَتُخْبِتَ لَهُ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَهَادِ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِلَى صِرَاطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ

WaliyaAAlama allatheena ootoo alAAilma annahu alhaqqu min rabbika fayuminoo bihi fatukhbita lahu quloobuhum wainna Allaha lahadi allatheena amanoo ila siratin mustaqeem(in)

And that those who have been given knowledge may know that it is the truth from your Rabb-SWT and may believe therein, and so their hearts may submit to it. And verily Allaah-SWT is the Guide of those who believe in a straight path.


وَلَا يَزَالُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا فِي مِرْيَةٍ مِّنْهُ حَتَّى تَأْتِيَهُمُ السَّاعَةُ بَغْتَةً أَوْ يَأْتِيَهُمْ عَذَابُ يَوْمٍ عَقِيمٍ

Wala yazalu allatheena kafaroo fee miryatin minhu hatta tatiyahumu a(l)ssaAAatu baghtatan aw yatiyahum AAathabu yawmin AAaqeem(in)

And those who disbelieve will not cease to be in doubt concerning it until the Hour comes upon them on a sudden, or there comes upon them the torment of a disastrous Day


الْمُلْكُ يَوْمَئِذٍ لِّلَّهِ يَحْكُمُ بَيْنَهُمْ فَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ فِي جَنَّاتِ النَّعِيمِ

Almulku yawmaithin lillahi yahkumu baynahum fa(a)llatheena amanoo waAAamiloo a(l)ssalihati fee jannati a(l)nnaAAeem(i)

The dominion on that Day will be Allah-SWT's; He-SWT shall decide between them. Then those who believed and worked righteous deeds shall be in the Gardens of Delight.


وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَكَذَّبُوا بِآيَاتِنَا فَأُوْلَئِكَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ مُّهِينٌ

Wa(a)llatheena kafaroo wakaththaboo biayatina faolaika lahum AAathabun muheen(un)

And those who disbelieved and belied Our-SWT Signs then these! for them shall be an ignominious torment.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

The Holy Prophet-SW must let these infidels know that it was his exacting job to forewarn them of the dire consequences of treading the path of disbelief they have chosen. To unleash doom was never within his jurisdiction, nor had he ever made such a claim. However, he was certain of one thing that the path they had chosen leads inevitably to disaster. Only those who believed in and obeyed Allah-SWT will be spared and blessed with His-SWT Forgiveness and best bounties. However, the unfortunate, who instead of reforming themselves try to refute the Holy Prophet-SW and the Divine Commandments, will certainly end up in Hell.


Prophet And Messenger

And this warning is nothing new. All the Prophets-AS and Messengers-AS who preceded the Holy Prophet-SW delivered the same Message. Take note that the Ayah mentions Prophet-AS and Messenger-AS separately. The difference between the two is that though the former receives revelation, he acts according to a previously revealed Shari'ah, while the latter receives revelation and is also given a Shari'ah. In other words, every Messenger is a Prophet but every Prophet is not a Messenger.


Satan always tried to add his whispers mto their words so as to create misunderstanding in their teachings. But Allah-SWT rendered his tricks ineffective by erasing his whispers altogether. Satanic whispers could never propagate through a Prophet-AS, so the teachings of a Prophet which in fact are the Divine Commands remained , pure. Allah-SWT is Omniscient and the Wisest. His-SWT Omnipotence would have totally eliminated the very probability of such Satanic whispers but for those with ailing Qulub.


The Ailing Qalb

For those whose Qulub are diseased and hardened, Allah has allowed such whispers to be a trial and a bait. Infidelity and polytheism are the most fatal diseases of the Qalb while Allah-SWT's disobedience is the main cause of its hardening. The transgressors, making these whispers a pretext, have gone far away in defiance.


Qalb Of A Believer Acquires Spiritual States

However, the believers also enjoy the knowledge that the Divine Revelations received through the Prophet-AS are indeed true. They believe in them, while their Qulub receive a downpour of spiritual states because of the Barakah of these Ayat, leading to an increasing level of Divine Cognition, which, in turn, enhances their passion for obedience. And thus Allaah-SWT prompts the believers to tread the straight path, and makes these spiritual states a source of strength to persevere on it. The infidels on the other hand, only live in a fool's paradise, until the Hour strikes suddenly, or they are seized by a Divine Punishment. They will find no way to escape it, and on that Day the Authority would only be with Allaah-SWT . No one will dare claim even a momentary control. Allaah-SWT will judge between them. The believers and the obedient will enter Jannah and the lush green meadows while the infidels and the defiant will be condemned to a humiliating punishment.