سورة الحج   

Surah Name: Al-Hajj Meaning: The Pilgrimage

  • Revealed at Makkah and Madinah
  • • This is a Surah full of wonders. Some of its Ayat were revealed ai Makkah while others at Madinah, both at night as well as in day time, during a journey and at home. Some were revealed in the battle field and some in peace time. And some of its Ayat are abrogative and others abrogated, some are allegorical while others clearly issue commands. In short, according to the learned Commentators this Surah is a collection of all the genres of revelation.

    The last Section of the preceding Surah discussed the obduracy of the infidels and their inevitable humiliation in Akhirah, the raising of the Holy Prophet-SW as a mercy for all realms, the infidels' deprivation and their denial of the Day of Judgment. Towards the end it emphasized that it will come in any case, being Allah s Decision. This Surah, at the very outset, unfolds the horrifying ambience of al-Qayamah and prov ides logical arguments of its inevitability

  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 7
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 112
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 22
  • Rukū / Section 5 contains Āyāt / Parts 5
  • Siparah/ Volume 17


وَلِكُلِّ أُمَّةٍ جَعَلْنَا مَنسَكًا لِيَذْكُرُوا اسْمَ اللَّهِ عَلَى مَا رَزَقَهُم مِّن بَهِيمَةِ الْأَنْعَامِ فَإِلَهُكُمْ إِلَهٌ وَاحِدٌ فَلَهُ أَسْلِمُوا وَبَشِّرِ الْمُخْبِتِينَ

Walikulli ommatin jaAAalna mansakan liyathkuroo isma Allahi AAala ma razaqahum min baheemati alanAAami failahukum ilahun wahidun falahu aslimoo wabashshiri almukhbiteen(a)

And in every community We have appointed a ritual, so that they may mention the name of Allaah-SWT over the beast cattle with which He-SWT has provided them, and your god is One God, so unto Him-SWT submit. And bear you glad tidings to the humble.


الَّذِينَ إِذَا ذُكِرَ اللَّهُ وَجِلَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَالصَّابِرِينَ عَلَى مَا أَصَابَهُمْ وَالْمُقِيمِي الصَّلَاةِ وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ يُنفِقُونَ

Allatheena itha thukira Allahu wajilat quloobuhum wa(al)ssabireena AAala ma asabahum wa(a)lmuqeemee a(l)ssalati wamimma razaqnahum yunfiqoon(a)

Those whose hearts, when Allaah-SWT is mentioned, are filled with awe, and who patiently endure what befalls them, and those who establish the Salat, and spend of what We-SWT have provided them.


وَالْبُدْنَ جَعَلْنَاهَا لَكُم مِّن شَعَائِرِ اللَّهِ لَكُمْ فِيهَا خَيْرٌ فَاذْكُرُوا اسْمَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهَا صَوَافَّ فَإِذَا وَجَبَتْ جُنُوبُهَا فَكُلُوا مِنْهَا وَأَطْعِمُوا الْقَانِعَ وَالْمُعْتَرَّ كَذَلِكَ سَخَّرْنَاهَا لَكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ

Wa(a)lbudna jaAAalnaha lakum min shaAAairi Allahi lakum feeha khayrun fa(o)thkuroo isma Allahi AAalayha sawaffa faitha wajabat junoobuha fakuloo minha waatAAimoo alqaniAAa wa(a)lmuAAtarra kathalika sakhkharnaha lakum laAAallakum tashkuroon(a)

And camels! We have appointed them for you among the land­marks of Allah-SWT; for you is good in them. So mention over them the name of Allah-SWT, standing in rows. Then when they fall down on their sides, eat of them, and feed the contented and the suppliant. Thus We-SWT have subjected them to you that perchance you may return thanks.


لَن يَنَالَ اللَّهَ لُحُومُهَا وَلَا دِمَاؤُهَا وَلَكِن يَنَالُهُ التَّقْوَى مِنكُمْ كَذَلِكَ سَخَّرَهَا لَكُمْ لِتُكَبِّرُوا اللَّهَ عَلَى مَا هَدَاكُمْ وَبَشِّرِ الْمُحْسِنِينَ

Lan yanala Allaha luhoomuha wala dimaoha walakin yanaluhu a(l)ttaqwa minkum kathalika sakhkharaha lakum litukabbiroo Allaha AAala ma hadakum wabashshiri almuhsineen(a)

It is neither their flesh nor their blood that reaches Allah-SWT, but it is piety from you that reaches Him-SWT . He-SWT has subjected them to you that you may magnify Allaah-SWT for He-SWT has guided you, and give you glad tidings to the well-­doers.


إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُدَافِعُ عَنِ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ كُلَّ خَوَّانٍ كَفُورٍ

Inna Allaha yudafiAAu AAani allatheena amanoo inna Allaha la yuhibbu kulla khawwanin kafoor(in)

Verily Allaah-SWT will repel infidels from those who believe; verily Allaah-SWT loves not any treacherous, ingrate.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

The sacrifice of animals and the worships have not been confined to Muslim Ummah only. Every community was given a mode of worship compatible to their times, temperaments and needs. Sacrifice being a part of worship remained obligatory for every preceding nation to ensure that people do not covet only the mundane gains and wealth but sacrifice their precious and pet animals in the Name of Allah-SWT, as all blessings are after all from Him-SWT . The ultimate aim is to seek His-SWT Pleasure, while the love for cattle and wealth is not a worthwhile pursuit. Sacrificing in His-SWT Name is an acknowledgement of the fact that He-SWT Alone is worthy of worship.


Humility Is A Virtue Highly Appreciated By Allah-SWT

So O Prophet-SW! You must bow down in all humility before Him-SWT , and convey glad tidings to those fully devoted to Him-SWT . Some believers performing the Hajj and other worships begin to presume that they have done a great job and that the System of the Universe must now run according to their desires. If things do not turn out to be so, they become extremely rueful. A word of advice for them is that the final outcome of worship is not sovereignty but obedience, and the realisation of one's nothingness, for after all the capacity to worship is also given by Him-SWT .


The Qualities Of Those Doing Allah's Zikr

It is His favour that the feeling of humbleness increases in His-SWT servants and the truly devoted are those whose hearts soften at the very mention of His-SWT Name. Under all circumstances, they remain patient and establish His-SWT worships diligently. They spend whatever they have been blessed with, in His-SWT Cause, be it wealth or power, authority or knowledge. Moreover, sacrifice is not merely a ritual but is one of the fundamentals of faith. Actions which identify a person as Muslim are called Landmarks of Allah-SWT, and sacrifice is one of them, for it carries great auspiciousness for a believer.


So O’ believers! Slaughter the animals in the Name of Allaah-SWT . Eat and share their meat with the needy and the suppliant and appreciate the favours of Allaah-SWT . It is He-SWT Who has put these animals at your service, whereby you earn merit by slaughtering them, while the animal endorses its loyalty to your service even at the cost of its life. In this indeed is a great lesson, that you too should be grateful to your real Owner.


Allah-SWT has no concern with the flesh and blood of sacrificed animals. Rather, He-SWT values the state which fills your hearts when you obey Him-SWT by sacrificing your possessions in His Cause. This elates you into an ambience of His-SWT Pleasure and Nearness. He-SWT has put the rest of the creation at your service, selecting you exclusively for Himself-SWT , that you may glorify Him-SWT . And indeed it is a great favour that He-SWT has instilled in you the awareness of His-SWT Magnificcncc and has blessed you with guidance. So the Holy Prophet-SW may give glad tidings to the nobles who, as defined by Hadlth Jibril-AS, enjoy a state of Ihsan whereby one worships Allaah-SWT as if he is seeing Him-SWT , or is sure of being seen by Him-SWT .


End Results Of Infidels’ Dominance

As for the non believers dominance, Allaah-SWT assures the Holy Prophet-SW that it was only momentary and that He-SWT shall soon inflict defeat upon them, as He-SWT does not approve of this vicious and ingrate lot. This Ayah was revealed in the early years of Islam, when the infidels returned the Muslims from Hudaibiah without performing Umrah. Yet it laid down a rule forever that Allaah-SWT is with the believers. Thereafter, Allaah-SWT blessed the believers with victories one after the other, culminating in the Conquest of Makkah. Ever, today, the dominance which the non believers enjoy globally is superfluous, the only problem is that the Muslims are not being loyal to their Din and are in fact following the infidel ways. May Allaah-SWT grant them the capacity to revert to Islam with total conviction and the tables can In-sha-Allah be turned.