سورة الحج   

Surah Name: Al-Hajj Meaning: The Pilgrimage

  • Revealed at Makkah and Madinah
  • • This is a Surah full of wonders. Some of its Ayat were revealed ai Makkah while others at Madinah, both at night as well as in day time, during a journey and at home. Some were revealed in the battle field and some in peace time. And some of its Ayat are abrogative and others abrogated, some are allegorical while others clearly issue commands. In short, according to the learned Commentators this Surah is a collection of all the genres of revelation.

    The last Section of the preceding Surah discussed the obduracy of the infidels and their inevitable humiliation in Akhirah, the raising of the Holy Prophet-SW as a mercy for all realms, the infidels' deprivation and their denial of the Day of Judgment. Towards the end it emphasized that it will come in any case, being Allah s Decision. This Surah, at the very outset, unfolds the horrifying ambience of al-Qayamah and prov ides logical arguments of its inevitability

  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 7
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 112
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 22
  • Rukū / Section 4 contains Āyāt / Parts 8
  • Siparah/ Volume 17


وَإِذْ بَوَّأْنَا لِإِبْرَاهِيمَ مَكَانَ الْبَيْتِ أَن لَّا تُشْرِكْ بِي شَيْئًا وَطَهِّرْ بَيْتِيَ لِلطَّائِفِينَ وَالْقَائِمِينَ وَالرُّكَّعِ السُّجُودِ

Waith bawwana liibraheema makana albayti an la tushrik bee shayan watahhir baytiya li(l)ttaifeena wa(a)lqaimeena wa(al)rrukkaAAi a(l)ssujood(i)

Recall when We-SWT settled for Ibrahim the place of the House, saying: associate not then with Me-SWT anything, and keep pure My-SWT House for those who circumambulate and those who stand up and those who bow and prostrate themselves.


وَأَذِّن فِي النَّاسِ بِالْحَجِّ يَأْتُوكَ رِجَالًا وَعَلَى كُلِّ ضَامِرٍ يَأْتِينَ مِن كُلِّ فَجٍّ عَمِيقٍ

Waaththin fee a(l)nnasi bi(a)lhajji yatooka rijalan waAAala kulli damirin yateena min kulli fajjin AAameeq(in)

And proclaim you among mankind the pilgrimage, they shall come to you on foot and on any lean mount, coming from every deep defile.


لِيَشْهَدُوا مَنَافِعَ لَهُمْ وَيَذْكُرُوا اسْمَ اللَّهِ فِي أَيَّامٍ مَّعْلُومَاتٍ عَلَى مَا رَزَقَهُم مِّن بَهِيمَةِ الْأَنْعَامِ فَكُلُوا مِنْهَا وَأَطْعِمُوا الْبَائِسَ الْفَقِيرَ

Liyashhadoo manafiAAa lahum wayathkuroo isma Allahi fee ayyamin maAAloomatin AAala ma razaqahum min baheemati alanAAami fakuloo minha waatAAimoo albaisa alfaqeer(a)

That they may witness the benefits to them and may mention the name of Allaah-SWT on the days known over the beast of cattle with which He-SWT has provided them. So eat of it, and feed the hungry poor.


ثُمَّ لْيَقْضُوا تَفَثَهُمْ وَلْيُوفُوا نُذُورَهُمْ وَلْيَطَّوَّفُوا بِالْبَيْتِ الْعَتِيقِ

Thumma lyaqdoo tafathahum walyoofoo nuthoorahum walyattawwafoo bi(a)lbayti alAAateeq(i)

Thereafter let them cleanse their unkemptness and fulfil their vows and circumambulate the Ancient House.


ذَلِكَ وَمَن يُعَظِّمْ حُرُمَاتِ اللَّهِ فَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَّهُ عِندَ رَبِّهِ وَأُحِلَّتْ لَكُمُ الْأَنْعَامُ إِلَّا مَا يُتْلَى عَلَيْكُمْ فَاجْتَنِبُوا الرِّجْسَ مِنَ الْأَوْثَانِ وَاجْتَنِبُوا قَوْلَ الزُّورِ

Thalika waman yuAAaththim hurumati Allahi fahuwa khayrun lahu AAinda rabbihi waohillat lakumu alanAAamu illa ma yutla AAalaykum fa(i)jtaniboo a(l)rrijsa mina alawthani wa(i)jtaniboo qawla a(l)zzoor(i)

Thus it is. And whosoever respects the Ordinances of Allaah-SWT it will be better for him with his Rabb-SWT . And allowed to you are the cattle, save what have been rehearsed unto you; so avoid the pollution of the idols, and avoid the falsehood.


حُنَفَاء لِلَّهِ غَيْرَ مُشْرِكِينَ بِهِ وَمَن يُشْرِكْ بِاللَّهِ فَكَأَنَّمَا خَرَّ مِنَ السَّمَاء فَتَخْطَفُهُ الطَّيْرُ أَوْ تَهْوِي بِهِ الرِّيحُ فِي مَكَانٍ سَحِيقٍ

Hunafaa lillahi ghayra mushrikeena bihi waman yushrik bi(A)llahi fakaannama kharra mina a(l)ssamai fatakhtafuhu a(l)ttayru aw tahwee bihi a(l)rreehu fee makanin saheeq(in)

Reclining unto Allah-SWT, not associating anything with Him-SWT . And whosoever associates anything with Allah-SWT, it is as though he had fallen from the sky and birds had snatched him away or the wind had swept him to a remote place.


ذَلِكَ وَمَن يُعَظِّمْ شَعَائِرَ اللَّهِ فَإِنَّهَا مِن تَقْوَى الْقُلُوبِ

Thalika waman yuAAaththim shaAAaira Allahi fainnaha min taqwa alquloob(i)

Thus it is. And whosoever venerates the rites of Allah-SWT, and then it is from the piety of the hearts.


لَكُمْ فِيهَا مَنَافِعُ إِلَى أَجَلٍ مُّسَمًّى ثُمَّ مَحِلُّهَا إِلَى الْبَيْتِ الْعَتِيقِ

Lakum feeha manafiAAu ila ajalin musamman thumma mahilluha ila albayti alAAateeq(i)

In them there are benefits for you for an appointed term, and thereafter the destination is towards the Ancient House.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

The Sacred Masjid was originally constructed by Prophet Aadam-AS, but was swept away during the Deluge. Its exact location was later revealed to Prophet Ibrahim-AS who rebuilt it.


All the Prophets-AS from Nuh-AS to Ibrahim-AS, would visit and circumambulate it. Most of the Prophets-AS whose nations were destroyed also retired here. They died and got buried around it. Most of them were buried under the dust carried by the winds over a period of time. They can be spiritually visualized under the Mutaaf, as explained earlier. Here, the Quran describes how Prophet Ibrahim-AS was taken there, given the indication of site and honoured with the prestigious responsibility of rebuilding the K'abah. His-AS whole life comprised a sequence of incessant sacrifices. His-AS migration from his homeland, toils of the journey, and the command to leave his wife and son in the deserted valley were some of the toughest trials he braved. Consequently it was realized how precious was the sapling that he had nurtured throughout his life. Indicated the site he reconstructed the K'abah, which has to date, and will until the end of time continue to enjoy honour and consecration, while it is ardently circumambulated day in and day out.


Simultaneously with its construction, Allaah-SWT commanded that it be kept pure of any polytheism; rather it was to serve as the centre of enlightenment to eliminate polytheism from the face of the earth. Besides, its cleanliness and purity must be maintained at all times, and it must be kept free of all extrinsic and intrinsic pollutions for those servants of Allaah-SWT who would visit it for circumambulation and Salat.


And O Ibrahim-AS! After finishing the construction, do announce to the children of Aadam-AS that the K'abah is ready and whosever can afford to undertake this journey is obliged to perform Hajj. Once this announcement is made, people will throng it from distant lands, mounted or on foot. The Commentators quote a saying of the Holy Prophet-SW that Prophet Ibrahim-AS had said: O Allaah-SWT ! Who will listen to my call in this wilderness?


Allah-SWT Let His Call Heard

He was asked to repeat his announcement. When Prophet Ibrahim-AS did it, Allaah-SWT carried his voice to every human being on the face of earth as well as to each and every Ruh in the Realm of the Spirits (in Aalam-e-Amr). In return, the people on earth and the Spirits in the celestial world exclaimed: ‘Labbaik Allah Humma Labbaik' (We are present, O our Allah-SWT, we are present). This prompt response is termed as Talbiyah and is recited by every pilgrim in remmiscence of the event. So whoever had answered the call of Prophet Ibrahim-AS is sure to be blessed with the honour of performing Hajj.


As for the voice carried to the living human beings, the satellite based systems today not only carry the voice but also the pictures from one place to another. So it was not difficult for Allaah-SWT to convey the Message to everyone around the world. While it is beyond human ability to convey message to the Spirits, it is easy and simple for Allaah-SWT to do so. So there is nothing to be surprised at.


People will throng this place for both spiritual and material benefits. They will not only be blessed with the honour of Hajj but also with the opportunity to gain through trading, which is not prohibited. The condition, however, is that the journey must be undertaken with the intention of performing Hajj and not as a business trip. The pilgrims will remember Allah-SWT, invoking His-SWT Name during the prescribed days, and will sacrifice animals in His-SWT Name. The meat of the sacrificed animals should be fed to the needy.


Sacrificial Meat

Consuming the meat of sacrificed animals, as well as of those vowed to Allah-SWT, is permissible for every believer rich or poor, friend or relative, and it is desirable to apportion one third of it for the needy. However, meat of the sacrifice that becomes obligatory as atonement for some sin, or for some violation of the rules of Hajj, is not permissible to be consumed by the atoner.


So the pilgrims must complete their Hajj and after offering the sacrifices and fulfilling any vows if made, they must cleanse themselves both inwardly and outwardly. The latter is achieved by opening the Ihram, trimming the hair and taking a bath, while the former is attained through adorning the innersclf with Allah-SWT‘s Zikr. Now they must circumambulate the K'abah, the last rite of Hajj termed as Tawaf-e-Ziarat. This is obligatory being the second pillar of Hajj, while the first is Stay at ‘Arafat.


The meaning of Bait-al-'Ateeq is an Ancient House and according to Hadith, it will ever remain free of any influence by the non believers. And whoever rcspects the Divine Decrees, will as a rule be benefited and will reap the blessings of Hajj.


All animals are permissible for the believers except those already decreed as prohibited. The scholars agree that basically everything is permitted unless the Shari'ah bans it.


The believers are being warned to stay away from the filth of idols which means that thev must neither be worshipped, nor carved nor sold. In other words believers should not be involved with idols in any form. And they must also abstain from falsehood, for polytheism indeed is a big lie. So be very straight forward with Allah-SWT, without an iota of polytheism in any shade And whoever indulges in polytheism is like the one who falls from the heavens and on the way is either swooped by carrion-eater birds, or is swept away by the whirlwind to a distant wilderness, indeed a fall to the destruction.


So whoever observes the sanctity of Allah-SWT's Monuments, it is without doubt a testimony to the purity of his heart. In other words, Taqwa is manifested through actions and conduct.


Besides, it is permissible to benefit from the sacrificial animals but only until the prescribed time, for they belong to the House Allaah-SWT and the place for sacrifice is indeed the Sacred Precincts. This means that before nominating a sacrificial animal for the Sacred House it can be benefited from but not thereafter save a highly compelling reason.