سورة الحج   

Surah Name: Al-Hajj Meaning: The Pilgrimage

  • Revealed at Makkah and Madinah
  • • This is a Surah full of wonders. Some of its Ayat were revealed ai Makkah while others at Madinah, both at night as well as in day time, during a journey and at home. Some were revealed in the battle field and some in peace time. And some of its Ayat are abrogative and others abrogated, some are allegorical while others clearly issue commands. In short, according to the learned Commentators this Surah is a collection of all the genres of revelation.

    The last Section of the preceding Surah discussed the obduracy of the infidels and their inevitable humiliation in Akhirah, the raising of the Holy Prophet-SW as a mercy for all realms, the infidels' deprivation and their denial of the Day of Judgment. Towards the end it emphasized that it will come in any case, being Allah s Decision. This Surah, at the very outset, unfolds the horrifying ambience of al-Qayamah and prov ides logical arguments of its inevitability

  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 7
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 112
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 22
  • Rukū / Section 10 contains Āyāt / Parts 6
  • Siparah/ Volume 17


يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ ضُرِبَ مَثَلٌ فَاسْتَمِعُوا لَهُ إِنَّ الَّذِينَ تَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ لَن يَخْلُقُوا ذُبَابًا وَلَوِ اجْتَمَعُوا لَهُ وَإِن يَسْلُبْهُمُ الذُّبَابُ شَيْئًا لَّا يَسْتَنقِذُوهُ مِنْهُ ضَعُفَ الطَّالِبُ وَالْمَطْلُوبُ

Ya ayyuha a(l)nnasu duriba mathalun fa(i)stamiAAoo lahu inna allatheena tadAAoona min dooni Allahi lan yakhluqoo thubaban walawi ijtamaAAoo lahu wain yaslubuhumu a(l)ththubabu shayan la yastanqithoohu minhu daAAufa a(l)ttalibu wa(a)lmatloob(u)

O mankind! a similitude is propounded; listen to it. Verily those whom you call upon beside Allah-SWT can by no means create a single fly, even though all of them assembled for that; and if a fly were to snatch away anything from them, they cannot restrain it. Feeble indeed are the seeker and the sought!


مَا قَدَرُوا اللَّهَ حَقَّ قَدْرِهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَقَوِيٌّ عَزِيزٌ

Ma qadaroo Allaha haqqa qadrihi inna Allaha laqawiyyun AAazeez(un)

They have not estimated Allaah-SWT His-SWT rightful estimate; verily Allaah-SWT is Strong, Mighty.


اللَّهُ يَصْطَفِي مِنَ الْمَلَائِكَةِ رُسُلًا وَمِنَ النَّاسِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ سَمِيعٌ بَصِيرٌ

Allahu yastafee mina almalaikati rusulan wamina a(l)nnasi inna Allaha sameeAAun baser(un)

Allah-SWT chooses Messengers from the angels and the mankind; Verily Allaah-SWT is Hearing, Beholding.


يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ وَإِلَى اللَّهِ تُرْجَعُ الأمُورُ

YaAAlamu ma bayna aydeehim wama khalfahum waila Allahi turjaAAu alomoor(u)

He-SWT knows what is before them and what is behind them and to Allaah-SWT are returned all affairs.


يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا ارْكَعُوا وَاسْجُدُوا وَاعْبُدُوا رَبَّكُمْ وَافْعَلُوا الْخَيْرَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ

Ya ayyuha allatheena amanoo irkaAAoo wa(o)sjudoo wa(o)AAbudoo rabbakum wa(i)fAAaloo alkhayra laAAallakum tuflihoon(a)

O you who believe! bow down and prostrate yourselves and worship your Rabb-SWT , and do good, haply you may thrive.


وَجَاهِدُوا فِي اللَّهِ حَقَّ جِهَادِهِ هُوَ اجْتَبَاكُمْ وَمَا جَعَلَ عَلَيْكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ مِنْ حَرَجٍ مِّلَّةَ أَبِيكُمْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ هُوَ سَمَّاكُمُ الْمُسْلِمينَ مِن قَبْلُ وَفِي هَذَا لِيَكُونَ الرَّسُولُ شَهِيدًا عَلَيْكُمْ وَتَكُونُوا شُهَدَاء عَلَى النَّاسِ فَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآتُوا الزَّكَاةَ وَاعْتَصِمُوا بِاللَّهِ هُوَ مَوْلَاكُمْ فَنِعْمَ الْمَوْلَى وَنِعْمَ النَّصِيرُ

Wajahidoo fee Allahi haqqa jihadihi huwa ijtabakum wama jaAAala AAalaykum fee a(l)ddeeni min harajin millata abeekum ibraheema huwa sammakumu almuslimeena min qablu wafee hatha liyakoona a(l)rrasoolu shaheedan AAalaykum watakoonoo shuhadaa AAala a(l)nnasi faaqeemoo a(l)ssalata waatoo a(l)zakata wa(i)AAtasimoo bi(A)llahi huwa mawlakum faniAAma almawla waniAAma a(l)nnaseer(u)

And strive hard for Allaah-SWT as is due unto Him-SWT hard striving. He-SWT has distinguished you, and has not laid upon you any narrowness in religion: the faith of your father Ibrahim. He-SWT has named you Muslim before, and in this, that the Messenger may be witness against you and that you may be witnesses against mankind. So establish the Salat and pay Zakat, and hold fast to Allaah-SWT . He-SWT is your Patron, an Excellent Patron, and an Excellent Helper!


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

O' Mankind! Do ponder that if all those worshipped besides Allaah-SWT join hands, they cannot even create a fly, an insignificant insect. Not only that, but also if a fly eats from the offerings made to their idols and deities, these cannot even wave it away. How can they possibly help anyone else? How contemptuous are they who seek help and how feeble and helpless are the ones they turn to! It is a pity that you failed to discern His-SWT Magnificence and appreciate it. But O’ infidels! Your denial will not affect it in any way, for He-SWT is the Mighty Who-SWT dominants over everything.


He-SWT selects as His-SWT Messenger whom He-SWT likes from the angels. He-SWT appoints whom He-SWT chooses as a Prophet from the human beings. The objection of the infidels that the Messenger of Allaah-SWT should have been a rich man, or a chieftain of a notable tribe, is absurd as Allaah-SWT chooses whoever He-SWT likes for His-SWT mission and needs no counsel from anyone. He-SWT Himself-SWT listens to and sees everything. So the deniers need not be paid any heed, rather the believers who enjoy His-SWT Favours must worship Him-SWT most diligently, as He-SWT is their Sustainer. It is He-SWT Who-SWT is dishing out everything now and can also do so in the future.


Worship Generates Capacity To Act Piously

It is through worship that one is blessed with the capacity to act righteously and develop a noble conduct, which serve as a source of salvation. So there should be no slackening in worships or practices.


Misfortune Of Modern Era

The dilemma faced by the Muslims today is that those dedicated to worship limit themselves, taking it as the real Din. And those who are in practical lives devote themselves entirely to the field of action, considering worship as a futile activity. Both the attitudes are incorrect. A Muslim must exert in worship and work hard to acquire knowledge of both normative as well as physical sciences. He must acquire the most modern education and must discharge his duties with diligence in practical life. A believer is a Mujahid; who has to strive hard in the Cause of Allaah-SWT . He is, therefore, called upon to strive in the way of Allaah-SWT to the utmost so as to set an example. This is because Allaah-SWT has been extremely generous to the believers and has singled them out as a nation for Himself-SWT . Unlike the previous religions there is not a single Divine Command which is austere or difficult to execute. Rather He-SWT has moulded the daily routines of life into a beautiful cast of norms based on His-SWT obedience, rendering the execution of His-SWT Commands far easier. Above all, the believers are also a nation of their forefather Prophet Ibrahim-AS, who indirectly is the father of the entire Ummah through the Holy Prophet-SW. O' believers! You are the Ummah for which Prophet Ibrahim-AS had prayed, and had named you as Muslims: "Our Rabb-SWT ! And make us submissive unto you and of our offspring a nation submissive unto you" (128:2)


Allah-SWT has raised His-SWT Exalted and Glorious Prophet-SW a witness over you, as it is under his guidance that you obey Allaah-SWT while you, as a nation, have been appointed as a witness over all the other nations. When the infidels would complain on the Day of Reckoning, that the Messengers-AS had not given them any guidance it is you who will testify on behalf of the Messengers-AS in these words. "O Allah-SWT ! Your-SWT Prophet Muhammad-SW had informed us that all the Prophets-AS had conveyed your Command to their people. It is these infidels who are lying," The believers must realize that Allaah-SWT has rested the fate of mankind on their testimony; does it then befit them to indulge in disobedience? So they must observe their worships diligently and must also remain conscious of Allaah-SWT in their practical lives, pinning all hopes on Him-SWT . He-SWT Alone is their Owner and what a Propitious Owner He-SWT is! Praise be to Him-SWT , He-SWT is capable of extending all types of help at all times.


To dispute over the Divine Commands and to say that it was not so in the preceding laws is highly inappropriate, for every nation and Ummah was given a Shari'ah and Code of Action commensurate to their times. The basic beliefs were the same but the practices corresponded with the level of understanding and knowledge of every nation in accordance with the circumstances attending that era So no one has the right to compare the laws of Islamic Shari'ah with the preceding ones, which were valid in their own time. Now it is the Holy Prophet-SW's Shariah which is valid and supersedes all. He-SW is being advised not to pay any heed to such arguments and to continue his campaign of inviting mankind to Allaah-SWT being certainly on the straight path; a path acceptable to a sound mind. If the infidels still wrangle over this issue, he-SW must tell them that Allaah-SWT is well Aware of their conduct and will judge over and settle their disputes on the Day of Reckoning once for all. 

It is well known to man that Allah-SWT's Knowledge is all pervading. He-SWT is Aware of everything that exists and happens in the heavens and on the earth His-SWT Knowledge is profound and unlimited. All this is recorded in the Guarded Tablet and an account of the conduct of these wranglers is also available in their Registers of Conduct and certainly it is least difficult for Allaah-SWT to know and judge over them.


These wretched souls have opted to worship others than Allah-SWT, for which they have neither practical nor logical evidence, nor has any Scripture ever ordained the worship of anyone save Him-SWT . Nor is it acceptable to reasoning that a creation begins to worship other creation. When such transgressors will be taken to task by Allaah-SWT nobody will be able to help them. They have drifted so far away from the truth and are so weary of it that when faced with Allah-SWT's Commands, which arc logical, rational and factual, they become extremely repugnant, as can be seen from their facial expressions. They are so agitated as if they would attack anyone conveying Allah-SWT's Word to them. The Holy Prophet-SW must tell them that there is a far more distressing news for them, that is the Fire, the Hell which indeed is an evil abode.