سورة طه   

Surah Name: Taha Meaning: Ta ha

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 8
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 135
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 20
  • Rukū / Section 8 contains Āyāt / Parts 7
  • Siparah/ Volume 16


وَلَوْلَا كَلِمَةٌ سَبَقَتْ مِن رَّبِّكَ لَكَانَ لِزَامًا وَأَجَلٌ مُسَمًّى

Walawla kalimatun sabaqat min rabbika lakana lizaman waajalun musamma(n)

And had not a word gone forth from your Rabb-SWT and a term determined, it must necessarily have come.


فَاصْبِرْ عَلَى مَا يَقُولُونَ وَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ قَبْلَ طُلُوعِ الشَّمْسِ وَقَبْلَ غُرُوبِهَا وَمِنْ آنَاء اللَّيْلِ فَسَبِّحْ وَأَطْرَافَ النَّهَارِ لَعَلَّكَ تَرْضَى

Fa(i)sbir AAala ma yaqooloona wasabbih bihamdi rabbika qabla tulooAAi a(l)shshamsi waqabla ghuroobiha wamin anai allayli fasabbih waatrafa a(l)nnahari laAAallaka tarda

So bear you patiently with what they say, and hallow the praise of your Rabb-SWT before sunrise and before sunset, and hallow Him-SWT in parts of the night and the ends of the day, so that you be pleased.


وَلَا تَمُدَّنَّ عَيْنَيْكَ إِلَى مَا مَتَّعْنَا بِهِ أَزْوَاجًا مِّنْهُمْ زَهْرَةَ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنيَا لِنَفْتِنَهُمْ فِيهِ وَرِزْقُ رَبِّكَ خَيْرٌ وَأَبْقَى

Wala tamuddanna AAaynayka ila ma mattaAAna bihi azwajan minhum zahrata alhayati a(l)ddunya linaftinahum feehi warizqu rabbika khayrun waabqa

And do not strain your eyes after what We-SWT have given pairs of them to enjoy: the splendour of the life of this world, that We-SWT might try them therein; and the provision of your Rabb-SWT is the best and most lasting.


وَأْمُرْ أَهْلَكَ بِالصَّلَاةِ وَاصْطَبِرْ عَلَيْهَا لَا نَسْأَلُكَ رِزْقًا نَّحْنُ نَرْزُقُكَ وَالْعَاقِبَةُ لِلتَّقْوَى

Wamur ahlaka bi(al)ssalati wa(i)stabir AAalayha la nasaluka rizqan nahnu narzuquka wa(a)lAAaqibatu li(l)ttaqwa

And bid your household for Salat and persevere you therein. We-SWT do not ask any provision of you; it is We-SWT Who-SWT provide you. The happy end is for piety.


وَقَالُوا لَوْلَا يَأْتِينَا بِآيَةٍ مِّن رَّبِّهِ أَوَلَمْ تَأْتِهِم بَيِّنَةُ مَا فِي الصُّحُفِ الْأُولَى

Waqaloo lawla yateena biayatin min rabbihi awalam tatihim bayyinatu ma fee a(l)ssuhufi aloola

And they say: why does he not bring us a Sign from his Rabb-SWT ? Has not there come to them the fulfilment of what is in the former Scriptures?


وَلَوْ أَنَّا أَهْلَكْنَاهُم بِعَذَابٍ مِّن قَبْلِهِ لَقَالُوا رَبَّنَا لَوْلَا أَرْسَلْتَ إِلَيْنَا رَسُولًا فَنَتَّبِعَ آيَاتِكَ مِن قَبْلِ أَن نَّذِلَّ وَنَخْزَى

Walaw anna ahlaknahum biAAathabin min qablihi laqaloo rabbana lawla arsalta ilayna rasoolan fanattabiAAa ayatika min qabli an nathilla wanakhza

And had We-SWT destroyed them with a torment before it, they would have said our Rabb-SWT ! Why did You-SWT not send us a Messenger that we might have followed Your-SWT Signs before we were disgraced and humiliated?


قُلْ كُلٌّ مُّتَرَبِّصٌ فَتَرَبَّصُوا فَسَتَعْلَمُونَ مَنْ أَصْحَابُ الصِّرَاطِ السَّوِيِّ وَمَنِ اهْتَدَى

Qul kullun mutarabbisun fatarabbasoo fasataAAlamoona man ashabu a(l)ssirati a(l)ssawiyyi wamani ihtada

Say you: everyone is on the watch; so watch on, and soon you shall know who are the fellows of the even path and who has let himself be guided


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

And certainly these infidels would also have been instantly doomed had Allah-SWT, by pre-determining the time of death and resurrection, not given them the respite. Until then they are free to amass worldly affluence, also a form of trial. So the Holy Prophet-SW must forbear the nonsense they utter and dedicate his time in hallowing His-SWT Praise. Most of the Commentators interpret this as Salat because the following Ayah mentions the timings. It lays down that Allaah-SWT must be worshipped before sunrise, during the day and after sunset Indeed. He-SWT should be worshipped continuously as Allah-SWT's Zikr is a safe fortress against harassment by the enemy. And it is His-SWT Worship that provides the capacity to be patient and tolerant. His-SWT Zikr is not only a source of attaining His-SWT Nearness and the capacity to worship Him-SWT , but also leads to His-SWT Company in the temporal affairs. So a believer is never alone. Allaah-SWT being constantly with him to help.


Besides, the affluence of the infidels must not even be noticed, it being the cause of their alienation from Allaah-SWT . And the best of provisions is the one given by Him-SWT . In other words, when a believer earns livelihood in accordance with the dictates of Islam, his efforts and his labour are counted as worship. And whatever he lawfully earns is considered a Divine Gift and is indeed the best of provisions. It is not only a source of tranquillity in this world but will also attract Allah-SWT's eternal favours in the Akhirah. So if a non believer is devoting all his precious time in amassing wealth, it is a big headache for him, while a believer's time spent in lawful earnings is counted as Allah-SWT's Worship, The Holy Prophet-SW must, therefore, prevail upon his family to worship Allaah-SWT and himself stand fast on it. Likewise, every believer must himself persevere on Allah-SWT's Worship and bring about an environment for the members of his household to conform to it rather than himself becoming negligent. Allaah-SWT does not expect human beings to create provisions, it is He-SWT Who-SWT provides. These provisions are merely for sustenance of the physical body, while real affluence is the one peculiar to Akhirah, which can only be acquired through piety, that is, His-SWT worship, Zikr and obedience.


These infidels still insist that they have not seen any evidence or substantial Sign to become believers. Could there be a better evidence than the prophecies given by their own Books regarding the raising of the Holy Prophet-SW and the revelation of the Quran? Had they been decimated before it, they would have certainly complained why did the Munificent Allaah-SWT not send a Prophet-AS unto them so that they could obey him and followed His-SWT Commandments to avert this humiliation and ruin. But given this opportunity, their attitude towards Divine Favours is that of ingratitude. So the Holy Prophet-SW must tell them that every individual expects a certain outcome from each activity he undertakes. Only time will tell who had been on the track of guidance and success .In other words, if they do not accept Islam they must wait for the death and resurrection, when the consequences will become manifest. This indeed is the greatest of deprivations suffered because of the lack of contemplation and failure to accept the faith. They will, of course, perceive the truth on the Day of Reckoning but it would be too late and certainly of no avail, except adding to their anguish and regret.