سورة طه   

Surah Name: Taha Meaning: Ta ha

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 8
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 135
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 20
  • Rukū / Section 7 contains Āyāt / Parts 13
  • Siparah/ Volume 16


وَإِذْ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلَائِكَةِ اسْجُدُوا لِآدَمَ فَسَجَدُوا إِلَّا إِبْلِيسَ أَبَى

Waith qulna lilmalaikati osjudoo liadama fasajadoo illa ibleesa aba

Recall when We-SWT said to the angels: seek obeisance to Adam-AS.  They sought obeisance, except Iblis; he refused.


فَقُلْنَا يَا آدَمُ إِنَّ هَذَا عَدُوٌّ لَّكَ وَلِزَوْجِكَ فَلَا يُخْرِجَنَّكُمَا مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ فَتَشْقَى

Faqulna ya adamu inna hatha AAaduwwun laka walizawjika fala yukhrijannakuma mina aljannati fatashqa

Then We-SWT said, Adam-AS! Verily he is an enemy to you and your spouse, so let him not expel you twain from the Garden, lest you be distressed.


إِنَّ لَكَ أَلَّا تَجُوعَ فِيهَا وَلَا تَعْرَى

Inna laka alla tajooAAa feeha wala taAAra

It is for you that you shall not hunger here nor go naked.


وَأَنَّكَ لَا تَظْمَأُ فِيهَا وَلَا تَضْحَى

Waannaka la tathmao feeha wala tadha

Nor that you shall thirst here nor shall suffer from the sun.


فَوَسْوَسَ إِلَيْهِ الشَّيْطَانُ قَالَ يَا آدَمُ هَلْ أَدُلُّكَ عَلَى شَجَرَةِ الْخُلْدِ وَمُلْكٍ لَّا يَبْلَى

Fawaswasa ilayhi a(l)shshaytanu qala ya adamu hal adulluka AAala shajarati alkhuldi wamulkin la yabla

Then did Satan whisper to him, and said: Adam-AS I shall direct you to a tree of eternity and a dominion that ages not.


فَأَكَلَا مِنْهَا فَبَدَتْ لَهُمَا سَوْآتُهُمَا وَطَفِقَا يَخْصِفَانِ عَلَيْهِمَا مِن وَرَقِ الْجَنَّةِ وَعَصَى آدَمُ رَبَّهُ فَغَوَى

Faakala minha fabadat lahuma sawatuhuma watafiqa yakhsifani AAalayhima min waraqi aljannati waAAasa adamu rabbahu faghawa

Then the twain ate of that tree; so they beheld their nakedness, and they took to stitching upon themselves with leaves of the Garden. Thus did Adam-AS disobey his Rabb-SWT , and erred.


ثُمَّ اجْتَبَاهُ رَبُّهُ فَتَابَ عَلَيْهِ وَهَدَى

Thumma ijtabahu rabbuhu fataba AAalayhi wahada

Thereafter his Rabb-SWT accepted him, and relented toward him and guided him.


قَالَ اهْبِطَا مِنْهَا جَمِيعًا بَعْضُكُمْ لِبَعْضٍ عَدُوٌّ فَإِمَّا يَأْتِيَنَّكُم مِّنِّي هُدًى فَمَنِ اتَّبَعَ هُدَايَ فَلَا يَضِلُّ وَلَا يَشْقَى

Qala ihbita minha jameeAAan baAAdukum libaAAdin AAaduwwun faimma yatiyannakum minnee hudan famani ittabaAAa hudaya fala yadillu wala yashqa

Allah-SWT said: get down you twain here from together. Some of you are an enemy to some others. Then if there comes to you guidance from Me-SWT , whoever follows My-SWT guidance, shall neither go astray nor be distressed.


وَمَنْ أَعْرَضَ عَن ذِكْرِي فَإِنَّ لَهُ مَعِيشَةً ضَنكًا وَنَحْشُرُهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ أَعْمَى

Waman aAArada AAan thikree fainna lahu maAAeeshatan danka(n) wanahshuruhu yawma alqiyamati aAAma(n)

And whoever turns away from My-SWT guidance, verily for him will be a shrunken livelihood, and We-SWT shall raise him up sightless on the Day of Judgment.


قَالَ رَبِّ لِمَ حَشَرْتَنِي أَعْمَى وَقَدْ كُنتُ بَصِيرًا

Qala rabbi lima hashartanee aAAma waqad kuntu baseera(n)

And he will say: Rabb-SWT ! Why have You-SWT raised me sightless whereas I have been able to see?


قَالَ كَذَلِكَ أَتَتْكَ آيَاتُنَا فَنَسِيتَهَا وَكَذَلِكَ الْيَوْمَ تُنسَى

Qala kathalika atatka ayatuna fanaseetaha wakathalika alyawma tunsa

Allah-SWT will say: in a like way did Our-SWT Signs come to you, and you ignored them, so you too shall be ignored this day.


وَكَذَلِكَ نَجْزِي مَنْ أَسْرَفَ وَلَمْ يُؤْمِن بِآيَاتِ رَبِّهِ وَلَعَذَابُ الْآخِرَةِ أَشَدُّ وَأَبْقَى

Wakathalika najzee man asrafa walam yumin biayati rabbihi walaAAathabu alakhirati ashaddu waabqa

We-SWT thus requite him who transgresses and does not believe in the Signs of your Rabb-SWT; and surely the torment of the Hereafter is most severe and most lasting.


أَفَلَمْ يَهْدِ لَهُمْ كَمْ أَهْلَكْنَا قَبْلَهُم مِّنَ الْقُرُونِ يَمْشُونَ فِي مَسَاكِنِهِمْ إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِّأُوْلِي النُّهَى

Afalam yahdi lahum kam ahlakna qablahum mina alqurooni yamshoona fee masakinihim inna fee thalika laayatin liolee a(l)nnuha

Has it not served as guidance to them ‘how many a generation We-SWT have destroyed before them, in whose dwellings they walk? Verily therein are Signs for men of reason.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

The relevant part of Prophet Adam-AS story is revealed here. When the angels were commanded to prostrate before him in respect-Iblis until then residing amongst them-plainly refused, while all the angels obeyed. Details may be seen in Surah Al-Baqarah. Allaah-SWT informed Prophet Adam-AS that Iblis was an enemy to him and his wife, so they must watch out lest his deception causes their expulsion from Jannah. They shall then be exposed to the problems of life and he shall have to work hard for survival.

Hard Work is a Rule for Survival

To work hard for acquiring the means of livelihood is typical to the life of this world. So every individual must work in order to earn a lawful living. To hope for affluence without toiling is absurd.

Husband is Responsible to Fulfill Wife's Four Basic Needs

Only Prophet Adam-AS is addressed with regard to the hard work, while the warning of expulsion from Jannah was given to both the spouses. The scholars explain that this Ayah assigns the responsibility for the maintenance of wife to the husband. He is obliged to work hard to earn a living. The term ‘maintenance’ covers four basic needs as hinted here namely, eating, drinking, clothing and lodging. So whoever is responsible for maintaining somebody will have to attend to these basic needs. Anyone spending over and above this on his wife or children will be considered as doing a favour. There is no concept of hunger in Jannah as unlimited bounties shall always be available. Neither is there worry for clothing nor any shortage of water to cause thirst nor of shelter against adverse weather. Yet the Satan allured Prophet Adam-AS by lying to him about the forbidden tree. He said that its fruit facilitates eternal stay in Jannah as well as the Divine Nearness, which he enjoyed. In another version, the Satan swore upon Allaah-SWT which moved Prophet Adam-AS and the twain ate from the forbidden tree.


Human Nature

Instantly they were stripped off the clothes of Jannah; and tried to cover up their shame with large tree leaves. To conceal one’s body is the human nature. Nudity was against human temperament even before man's descent on earth. The naked society of the West projects its deprivation from the basic human traits. Though coveted by the majority today, yet it is a society which the West has picked up from the animals.


Adam-AS disobeyed the Divine Command and erred. Mark the words "disobeyed" and "erred" which speak of his high status as even minor slips by the chosen ones are taken a serious view of by Him-SWT . The scholars agree that no one must utter these words for Prophet Adam-AS except while reciting the relevant Quranic verses or the Hadith wherein mentioned. It is also forbidden to associate the adjectives used by the Quran with the Prophets-AS, for instance, to call Prophet Adam-AS as  “”Asi” , (disobedient) or Prophet Musa-ASas ‘Ajeer’ (employee) or Prophet Yunus-AS as 'Zalim' (transgressor). These words must never be used even for a deceased believer let alone the most exalted ones amongst mankind, the Prophets-AS.


When Prophet Adam-AS, was ushered into this world. Angel Jibril-AS taught him agriculture, cooking and weaving. He was forewarned that the animosity between Satan and mankind will continue forever, and so will Allah-SWT's guidance through His-SWT Prophets-AS and His-SWT Books. Those who turn away from His-SWT guidance and forget His-SWT Zikr will be subjected to twofold punishment. First of all their livelihood shall be straitened. This must not be assumed as financial or worldly hardships as these are faced in the highest degree by the Prophets-AS as well as the Aulia’. Yet it does not cause any anxiety to their Qulub in contrast to the evil-doers who despite being filthy rich are not spiritually satiated. Greed for more keeps them restless. Most of them die accumulating wealth throughout life while strange diseases haunt them. The Qulub of Allah-SWT's truly devoted servants, on the other hand, remain illuminated and tranquil with Divine Lights under all circumstances.


The second aspect of the punishment will be that the heedless of His-SWT Zikr shall be resurrected blind on the Day of Judgment. They will cry out at this ordeal and argue with their Rabb-SWT that in the world they had enjoyed eyesight. They will be told that He-SWT had sent so many of His-SWT Signs including His-SWT Prophet-AS and His-SWT Scriptures but they failed to pay attention. Although the power to see was also meant to serve many worldly needs, yet its real purpose was to behold the Magnificence of Allah-SWT which they forgot altogether. In turn, Allah-SWT has forgotten them and deprived them of their sight. To 'forget' is contrary to His-SWT Greatness. Therefore, wherever such words are used with reference to Him-SWT in the Quran, these will be interpreted to mean the consequences of forgetting by the transgressors and will not be taken literally.


Whoever exceeds the limits of faith and fails to believe in His-SWT Revelations will be requited likewise. While this Ayah pertains to Barzakh or the Day of Resurrection, there is an eternal life beyond where the punishments shall be severer and never ending.


Why can’t these infidels, vainglorious over their worldly affluence and pleasures, envisage the ruins they often pass by and the accounts of the doomed nations inscribed on the leaflets of history? They had also possessed abundant resources of life but were annihilated in punishment for their waywardness. They were decimated in a way that nothing was spared, and surely these accounts carry a word of admonition for the wise.