سورة طه   

Surah Name: Taha Meaning: Ta ha

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 8
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 135
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 20
  • Rukū / Section 6 contains Āyāt / Parts 11
  • Siparah/ Volume 16


وَيَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ الْجِبَالِ فَقُلْ يَنسِفُهَا رَبِّي نَسْفًا

Wayasaloonaka AAani aljibali faqul yansifuha rabbee nasfa(n)

And they question you regarding the mountains. Say you: my Rabb-SWT will scatter them with a total scattering.


فَيَذَرُهَا قَاعًا صَفْصَفًا

Fayatharuha qaAAan safsafa(n)

Then He-SWT shall leave it a level plain.


لَا تَرَى فِيهَا عِوَجًا وَلَا أَمْتًا

La tara feeha AAiwajan wala amta(n)

In which you shall not find any crookedness or ruggedness.


يَوْمَئِذٍ يَتَّبِعُونَ الدَّاعِيَ لَا عِوَجَ لَهُ وَخَشَعَت الْأَصْوَاتُ لِلرَّحْمَنِ فَلَا تَسْمَعُ إِلَّا هَمْسًا

Yawmaithin yattabiAAoona a(l)ddaAAiya la AAiwaja lahu wakhashaAAati alaswatu li(l)rrahmani fala tasmaAAu illa hamsa(n).

That Day they shall follow the caller for whom there shall be no crookedness and voices shall be humbled for the Compassionate; so that you shall hear but muttering.


يَوْمَئِذٍ لَّا تَنفَعُ الشَّفَاعَةُ إِلَّا مَنْ أَذِنَ لَهُ الرَّحْمَنُ وَرَضِيَ لَهُ قَوْلًا

Yawmaithin la tanfaAAu a(l)shshafaAAatu illa man athina lahu a(l)rrahmanu waradiya lahu qawla(n)

That Day intercession will not avail except him for whom the Compassionate gives leave, and of whom He-SWT Approves the word.


يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ وَلَا يُحِيطُونَ بِهِ عِلْمًا

YaAAlamu ma bayna aydeehim wama khalfahum wala yuheetoona bihi AAilma(n)

He-SWT Alone knows what is before them and what is behind them, and they cannot encompass it with their knowledge.


وَعَنَتِ الْوُجُوهُ لِلْحَيِّ الْقَيُّومِ وَقَدْ خَابَ مَنْ حَمَلَ ظُلْمًا

WaAAanati alwujoohu lilhayyi alqayyoomi waqad khaba man hamala thulma(n)

Downcast will be faces before the Living, the Self Subsisting, and disappointed will be he who bears a wrong.


وَمَن يَعْمَلْ مِنَ الصَّالِحَاتِ وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَلَا يَخَافُ ظُلْمًا وَلَا هَضْمًا

Waman yaAAmal mina a(l)ssalihati wahuwa muminun fala yakhafu thulman wala hadma(n)

Whosoever works of the righteous works and is a believer he will not fear wrong or begrudging.


وَكَذَلِكَ أَنزَلْنَاهُ قُرْآنًا عَرَبِيًّا وَصَرَّفْنَا فِيهِ مِنَ الْوَعِيدِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَّقُونَ أَوْ يُحْدِثُ لَهُمْ ذِكْرًا
Wakathalika anzalnahu quranan AAarabiyyan wasarrafna feehi mina alwaAAeedi laAAallahum yattaqoona aw yuhdithu lahum thikra(n)

And thus We-SWT have sent it down, an Arabic Recitation, and have propounded variously therein of the threats, that perhaps they may fear God, or that it may, generate in them some admonition.


فَتَعَالَى اللَّهُ الْمَلِكُ الْحَقُّ وَلَا تَعْجَلْ بِالْقُرْآنِ مِن قَبْلِ أَن يُقْضَى إِلَيْكَ وَحْيُهُ وَقُل رَّبِّ زِدْنِي عِلْمًا

FataAAala Allahu almaliku alhaqqu wala taAAjal bi(a)lqurani min qabli an yuqda ilayka wahyuhu waqul rabbi zidnee AAilma(n)

Exalted is Allah-SWT, the True King! Hasten you not with the Quran before its Revelation to you is finished, and say you: Rabb-SWT : give me increase in knowledge.


وَلَقَدْ عَهِدْنَا إِلَى آدَمَ مِن قَبْلُ فَنَسِيَ وَلَمْ نَجِدْ لَهُ عَزْمًا

Walaqad AAahidna ila adama min qablu fanasiya walam najid lahu AAazma(n)

And assuredly We-SWT covenanted with Adam-AS before, then he forgot. Indeed We-SWT did not find steadiness in him.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

The infidels enquire of the Holy Prophet-SW how could the hard rocks and high mountains fall apart? He must let them know that their Rabb-SWT shall scatter each particle thereof and will level the earth leaving no elevation or depression or any type of growth on it. That Day, mankind shall obey the Caller so diligently that every person would straightaway reach the rendezvous.


According to the Commentators, Angel Israfil-ASwill blow the Trumpet standing on the dome of Bait al Maqdas and will call out loudly, “O’ rotten bones, putrefied skins and broken hair! Come forth and gather before your Rabb-SWT ”. Every dead will requicken and begin to move in that direction. And all those with chirping tongues today will walk dumb-founded with terror, so slowly and steadily that nothing shall be heard except the faint sound of their footsteps. That will be a hard Day when the interceders will intercede only for those duly permitted by Allah-SWT, that is the believers. A person dying on disbelief will be deprived of intercession.


Allah-SWT is well Aware of what they did in their temporal life, but the infidels failed to appreciate this magnificent Divine Attribute. On that Day the entire creation shall stand before Him-SWT breathless and downcast. And those toiling under the burden of transgression shall suffer the most; polytheism being the worst form of transgression.


The Link between Precepts And Practices 

Often it is the infidel who indulges in polytheism. On that Day peace will only be for those who had acted righteously and were believers. They will not be wronged and none of their good deeds will go waste. Here the righteous deeds are placed ahead of faith, which means that the preservation and strengthening of faith depends on righteous deeds. Negligence in conduct definitely affects faith and weakens it.


The Quran is revealed in the Arabic language. It discusses past situations and all possible eventualities at length with clarity to help mankind in its efforts to find ways of avoiding distress and in seeking Allah-SWT's Nearness. By listening to these events, one can contemplate and may ultimately be blessed with repentance and reformation. Gracious and Exalted is Allah-SWT , the Greatest and the True Ruler. He-SWT is so kind to His-SWT creation that He-SWT forewarns them time and again of the impending situations.


The Holy Prophet-SW is told not to make haste in repeating the revelation but to keep listening until its completion. He used to repeat the Ayat after Angel Jibril-AS in order to memorize. Allaah-SWT desires him to listen in peace assuring him that to inscribe these in his memory is His-SWT responsibility. However, he must pray to Allaah-SWT for augmenting his knowledge. Praise be to Him-SWT .Even though the Holy Prophet--SW was blessed with the greatest trove of knowledge yet he is being advised that he must keep on asking for more and will be duly blessed, as Allah-SWT's Knowledge is boundless.


No Limits Of Wilayah

Allah-SWT ’s Cognition is indeed the yield of knowledge and is synonymous to Wilayah. So there are no limits of Wilayah as well. Though there is a limit of meditations and spiritual stations yet the spiritual states are limitless. Allaah-SWT may bless anyone He-SWT chooses and continue to endow these endlessly.

While the past events are being discussed, at the core is the story of Prophet Adam--AS, highlighting the enmity of Satan towards mankind. His very first victim was Prophet Adam-AS himself. When Allaah-SWT sent him to Jannah, He-SWT directed him not to eat from a specific tree. However, Adam-AS was beguiled and forgot. To act by mistake because of forgetting is not the least a sin while the Prophets-AS are innocent. But even minor lapses by the near ones are taken seriously .And, at that time, he had not been formally appointed a Prophet-AS, for there is no possibility of the slightest lapse in the execution of revealed Commands.