سورة البقرة   

Surah Name: Al-Baqarah Meaning:The Cow

  • Revealed at Madinah
  • The Longest Surah of the Quran.
  • This Surah, with reference to its revelation, is Madni and some of its Aayat and injunctions pertain to the very last period of Quranic revelation, but in order of placement it is in the very beginning. The Quran, an answer to the prayer contained in al-Fatihah, begins with this Surah. There was a basic difference in the life patterns of Makkah and Madinah. The addressees of Divine Revelation at Makkah in general, were the pagans and the idolaters; but at Madinah there were also people who considered themselves to be the nearest to Allah-SWT and the true followers of Prophet Musa--AS (Moses). Whereas, in reality, over the passage of time, they had not only forgotten his teachings, but had also distorted the Divine Scriptures. They had replaced worship with rituals, and true faith with absurd beliefs. Despite this they claimed to be on the right path. The Quran in the first place, highlighted the difference between belief and disbelief. Thus the very first Aayat of this Surah also spells out the fundamentals of Islam
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 40
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 286
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 2
  • Rukū / Section 7 contains Āyāt / Parts 2
  • Siparah/ Volume 1 & 2


وَإِذِ اسْتَسْقَى مُوسَى لِقَوْمِهِ فَقُلْنَا اضْرِب بِّعَصَاكَ الْحَجَرَ فَانفَجَرَتْ مِنْهُ اثْنَتَا عَشْرَةَ عَيْناً قَدْ عَلِمَ كُلُّ أُنَاسٍ مَّشْرَبَهُمْ كُلُواْ وَاشْرَبُواْ مِن رِّزْقِ اللَّهِ وَلاَ تَعْثَوْاْ فِي الأَرْضِ مُفْسِدِينَ

Waithi istasqa moosa liqawmihi faqulna idrib biAAasaka alhajara fa(i)nfajarat minhu ithnata AAashrata AAaynan qad AAalima kullu onasin mashrabahum kuloo wa(i)shraboo min rizqi Allahi wala taAAthaw fee alardi mufsideen(a)

And when Musa-AS (Moses) asked for water for his people. We-SWT said, “Strike the rock with your staff.” There gushed forth twelve springs from it. Each group knew its drinking point. Eat and drink from the provisions of Allaah-SWT and do not make mischief on the earth.


وَإِذْ قُلْتُمْ يَا مُوسَى لَن نَّصْبِرَ عَلَىَ طَعَامٍ وَاحِدٍ فَادْعُ لَنَا رَبَّكَ يُخْرِجْ لَنَا مِمَّا تُنبِتُ الأَرْضُ مِن بَقْلِهَا وَقِثَّآئِهَا وَفُومِهَا وَعَدَسِهَا وَبَصَلِهَا قَالَ أَتَسْتَبْدِلُونَ الَّذِي هُوَ أَدْنَى بِالَّذِي هُوَ خَيْرٌ اهْبِطُواْ مِصْراً فَإِنَّ لَكُم مَّا سَأَلْتُمْ وَضُرِبَتْ عَلَيْهِمُ الذِّلَّةُ وَالْمَسْكَنَةُ وَبَآؤُوْاْ بِغَضَبٍ مِّنَ اللَّهِ ذَلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ كَانُواْ يَكْفُرُونَ بِآيَاتِ اللَّهِ وَيَقْتُلُونَ النَّبِيِّينَ بِغَيْرِ الْحَقِّ ذَلِكَ بِمَا عَصَواْ وَّكَانُواْ يَعْتَدُونَ

Waith qultum ya moosa lan nasbira AAala taAAamin wahidin faodAAu lanarabbaka yukhrij lana mimma tunbitu alardu min baqliha waqiththaiha wafoomihawaAAadasiha wabasaliha qala atastabdiloona allathee huwa adna bi(a)llathee huwa khayrun ihbitoo misran fainna lakum ma saaltum waduribat AAalayhimu a(l)ththillatu wa(a)lmaskanatu wabaoo bighadabin mina Allahi thalika biannahum kanoo yakfuroona biayati Allahi wayaqtuloona a(l)nnabiyyeena bighayri alhaqqi thalika bima AAasaw wakanoo yaAAtadoon(a)

And when you said, “O Musa-AS (Moses)! We cannot (always) endure one type of food, so ask your Rabb-SWT , to bring forth for us what the earth grows, its vegetables, and lentils and its onions.” He-AS said, “Would you exchange the better for the worse? Go down to any town and there you shall find what you ask for.” Humiliation and misery befell them and they were surrounded by the wrath of Allah-SWT . That was because they (repeatedly) denied His-SWT Signs and wrongfully slew the Prophets-AS. That was for their defiance and (Continued) transgression.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

And when Musa--AS asked for water .. • and do not make mischief on the earth.

Allah-SWT provided them water miraculously, by commanding Prophet Musa-AS to strike the rock with his-AS staff. Immediately, twelve springs sprouted and began to flow and each person was guided to the spring from which he was to drink. What a Divine Favour indeed, that for twelve tribes of Bani Israil, twelve springs were provided in a supernatural way! Under the normal circumstances human endeavour is essential for every task. Had it been provided through rain, they would have had to build ponds and reservoirs to store the rain water, which in due course would become muddy or create various other problems. Allah-SWT bid them to enjoy His-SWT provisions, not to make mischief on land and be grateful to Him-SWT , because the elegance and peace of the world is directly dependent upon the human conduct. If human character is evil, it will affect the environment and be a source of mischief on land.


The reason why man, in spite of his technological advancement, has failed to establish peace on earth is that he has alienated himself from Allaah-SWT . He is disobedient and wrongdoer and that is why there is disturbance everywhere. In fact this world is like a home and when its dwellers begin to misbehave, it certainly causes disruption. Do eat and drink, but it is important to consume only what is permissible and the means employed to earn the livelihood must be le­gitimate in terms of ‘Shari'ah’. One should not grab anything and everything that comes his way without having regard for the permissible and the forbidden. Such an attitude will not only lead to self-destruction, but will also disrupt peace all around, which is extremely undesirable.


And when you said... for their defiance and (continued) transgression.

In spite of all the Divine Blessings and favours, the Bani Israil began to complain to Prophet Musa-AS that they were irked by eating the same food everyday and it was difficult to live on a single diet for long. So he should pray to Allaah-SWT to grow for them some crops from the land, such as lentils, cucumbers, onions and garlic. Despite this blatant ingratitude and rudeness, He-SWT fulfilled their desires, though Prophet Musa-AS did try his best to persuade them to give up their foolish demand of the inferior against the superior that had been pro­vided to them without any effort whatsoever.


The Hunted Meat

The food that Bani Israil miraculously received from Allaah-SWT was purely legitimate whereas when man earns his living through his own efforts, there is always a chance that a mistake committed somewhere in the process may render the earnings illegitimate. Shah Muhammad Isma'il Shahid-RAU was asked as to why he preferred hunting. He replied that the meat so obtained was the purest form of food as it came directly from Allah-SWT, without the involvement of any butcher or trader.


In spite of Prophet Musa's-AS pleadings, the Bani Israil insisted on their demands and always called upon him to tell his Rabb-SWT to meet their demands, as if Allaah-SWT was only his Rabb-SWT , and not theirs. They did not even for once pro­claim Allaah-SWT as their Rabb-SWT , Who-SWT was still so forgiving and generous to grant their wish. He-SWT ordered them to enter any township, wherein they would find all that they had demanded. Then they were hit with hardships and indigence for they had to labour hard with little time to rest and a meagre income. Thus humiliation fell to their lot forever, as their characters were stripped of perseverance and determination. Agriculture, in general, is an occupation that usually leaves the peasants poor, while others reap the benefits of their labour.


Vile and baseness is part of Jewish character. Even a billionaire will pose as a pauper. Moreover, they stand deprived forever of power and a homeland, except that Allaah-SWT may alleviate this punishment to a certain extent for some of them, or they may gain power temporarily, relying on others: The present State of Israil is nothing more then a colony of USA and Britain, established only to harm the Muslims and keep them entangled in various conflicts. Otherwise, from that early period to this age, and forever, the Jews have been condemned to lead a life of dishonour. They have, and will always live as parasites propped by others.


Because of their defiance and indifference, they qualified for Allah-SWT's wrath. Consequently, they got deeply involved in the mundane affairs and drifted away from the faith. This alienation culminated in hostility towards it, to the extent that they no longer tolerated the biddings of their Prophets-AS. In order to preserve their own rituals and traditions, which would have obliterated if Allah-SWT's Commandments were to be enforced, they even resorted to the wrongful murder of their Prophets-AS. Slaying a Prophet-AS is always wrongful, as he is innocent; how can an innocent person deserve to be killed? The Quran, by stating this act as wrongful, has highlighted the fact that the killers themselves knew that they were transgressing; yet they committed it. This was because continuous indulgence in sin had gradually taken them to a point where they had crossed all limits. This indeed is the fruit borne by continuous disobedience.