The english Tafseer
Ya ayyuha a(l)nnasu oAAbudoo rabbakumu allathee khalaqakum wa(a)llatheena min qablikum laAAallakum tattaqoon(a)
O mankind! Worship your Rabb-SWT , Who-SWT created you and those before you, so that you may remain conscious of Him-SWT .
Allathee jaAAala lakumu alarda firashan wa(al)ssamaa binaan waanzala mina a(l)ssamai maan faakhraja bihi mina a(l)ththamarati rizqan lakum fala tajAAaloo lillahi andadan waantum taAAlamoon(a)
Who-SWT has made the earth your carpet and the sky a canopy and has sent down rain from the sky and with it, has brought froth fruits for your sustenance.
Wain kuntum fee raybin mimma nazzalna AAala AAabdina fatoo bisooratin min mithlihi wa(o)dAAoo shuhadaakum min dooni Allahi in kuntum sadiqeen(a)
And if you doubt what We-SWT have revealed to Our-SWT servant, then produce a Surah of this merit and call your helpers besides Allah-SWT , if you are truthful.
Fain lam tafAAaloo walan tafAAaloo fa(i)ttaqoo a(l)nnara allatee waqooduhaa(l)nnasu wa(a)lhijaratu oAAiddat lilkafireen(a)
But if you cannot and most certainly you cannot, then beware of the Fire, whose fuel is men and stones, prepared for those who do not believe.
وَبَشِّرِ الَّذِين آمَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ الصَّالِحَاتِ أَنَّ لَهُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهَا الأَنْهَارُ كُلَّمَا رُزِقُواْ مِنْهَا مِن ثَمَرَةٍ رِّزْقاً قَالُواْ هَـذَا الَّذِي رُزِقْنَا مِن قَبْلُ وَأُتُواْ بِهِ مُتَشَابِهاً وَلَهُمْ فِيهَا أَزْوَاجٌ مُّطَهَّرَةٌ وَهُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ
Wabashshiri allatheena amanoo waAAamiloo a(l)ssalihati anna lahum jannatin tajree min tahtiha alanharu kullama ruziqoo minha min thamaratin rizqan qaloo hathaallathee ruziqna min qablu waotoo bihi mutashabihan walahum feeha azwajun mutahharatun wahum feeha khalidoon(a)
And give good news to those who embrace faith and act righteously, that for them are gardens, beneath which streams flow. Every time they are given its fruit to eat, they exclaim, “We have received this before!” For, they will be given things resembling. For them will be spouses pure. And therein they will live forever.
إِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يَسْتَحْيِي أَن يَضْرِبَ مَثَلاً مَّا بَعُوضَةً فَمَا فَوْقَهَا فَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ فَيَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّهُ الْحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّهِمْ وَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ فَيَقُولُونَ مَاذَا أَرَادَ اللَّهُ بِهَـذَا مَثَلاً يُضِلُّ بِهِ كَثِيراً وَيَهْدِي بِهِ كَثِيراً وَمَا يُضِلُّ بِهِ إِلاَّ الْفَاسِقِينَ
Inna Allaha la yastahyee an yadriba mathalan ma baAAoodatan fama fawqahafaamma allatheena amanoo fayaAAlamoona annahu alhaqqu min rabbihim waamma allatheena kafaroo fayaqooloona matha arada Allahu bihatha mathalan yudillu bihi katheeran wayahdee bihi katheeran wama yudillu bihi illa alfasiqeen(a)
Allah-SWT h does not mind to quote the example of even a gnat or anything lesser. Believers know that it is the truth from their Rabb-SWT . But those who do not believe say, “What does Allah-SWT mean by such an example?” By this He-SWT causes many to go astray and guides many. Yet He-SWT causes none to stray except the evil doers.
Allatheena yanqudoona AAahda Allahi min baAAdi meethaqihi wayaqtaAAoona ma amara Allahu bihi an yoosala wayufsidoona fee alardi olaika humu alkhasiroon(a)
Those who break their solemn promise with Allaah-SWT after its confirmation. And break what Allaah-SWT has ordered to be joined and make mischief on earth. It is they who are losers.
Kayfa takfuroona bi(A)llahi wakuntum amwatan faahyakum thumma yumeetukum thumma yuhyeekum thumma ilayhi turjaAAoon(a)
How can you refuse to acknowledge Allah-SWT, seeing that He-SWT gave you life, when you were lifeless. Then He-SWT will cause you to die and will give you life again. And to Him-SWT you shall ultimately be brought back.
Huwa allathee khalaqa lakum ma fee alardi jameeAAan thumma istawa ilaa(l)ssamai fasawwahunna sabAAa samawatin wahuwa bikulli shayin AAaleem(un)
It is He-SWT Who has created for you all that is in the earth, then He-SWT applied His-SWT design to the heavens and balanced them into seven heavens. And He-SWT has the perfect knowledge of all things.
0 mankind! Worship your Rabb-SWT , .. . may remain conscious of Him-SWT .
After indicating the difference between faith and disbelief, and the corresponding qualities, Allaah-SWT divides the entire human race in two nations; the believer and the non-believer. This is not just an idle talk; rather, the criterion has been laid down. Those disbelievers have also been identified who claim to be Muslims but hold false beliefs and cause trouble in the name of reformation. This is the most dangerous form of disbelief. By no means are they a third nation, but are amongst the disbelievers. After the right and wrong have been manifested, there is a general invitation to the entire mankind. People are asked to give up their erroneous paths and to embrace and practice what is true, and to worship the Creator-SWT , owing all their loyalties to Him-SWT alone. He-SWT is the Rabb-SWT , which means that He-SWT is fulfilling all needs of the entire creation continuously and simultaneously, and is gradually taking everything towards its climax.
The essence of worship is obedience, and the basic instinct behind obedience is to acquire some gain or else, at a secondary level to avert a loss. This is in deed the stimulant behind all human activity. No one undertakes any venture without hoping to gain something out of it. In this pursuit, he obeys anyone who to his mind, can help him in attaining his goal. Although Allaah-SWT deserves to be worshipped unconditionally as the Supreme Being yet to comprehend this is beyond the normal level of understanding. Therefore, the invitation to wards Allaah-SWT is extended by introducing Him-SWT through His-SWT Attribute of Providence Worship your Rabb-SWT as He-SWT is your Creator, and also the Creator of your ancestors. When He-SWT has created, He-SWT will certainly provide the means of sustenance. Here the Attribute of Creating is presented as evidence to His Providence. Besides, the emphasis on the point: created all those before you, clarifies that this Ummah is the last to come, as it gives no hint about any succeeding Ummah. He alone is the Creator and the rest all are created. The ‘created’ is always dependent for its own existence, and cannot possibly provide for and sustain others. The best way for the mankind is to realise His-SWT greatness as the only Creator and Sustainer, and obey Him-SWT . This will certainly help develop Taqwa, generally translated as fear. In fact it is a state of the heart, a deep- rooted devotion that compels a person to obey Allah-SWT, and the very idea of annoying Him-SWT becomes unbearable.
Man has been blessed with the ability and the power to attain Allaah-SWT ’s cognition, while the rest of the creation is instinctively obeying Him-SWT , whether it is the sun, the moon, the earth, the seasons or the wind. In short, each and every particle of this universe is busy observing its own pattern of obedience to Allaah-SWT . They only follow the instructions and have no other choice. They have no knowledge of His-SWT Elegance, His-SWT Magnificence and His-SWT Splendour, because they have not been given the capability to conceive it. This power is associated with Prophethood, and is an honour conferred upon mankind only.
Human personality has two aspects. In one, man is no different than other creation, for example, birth, death, sickness, health, appearance, gender, poverty or richness etc. These are beyond his control and he too flows with the decisions of destiny. However, the other aspect of his personality is the sense to appreciate beauty and employ various means to fulfil this instinct. This is the stimulating force behind his struggle for attaining an abode, raiment and food. Whereas the attractions and the beauty of this world lie bare before him, the capacity to attain Allah-SWT ’s cognition has also been bestowed on him. If the latter is lost, all efforts are diverted to the attainment of mundane pleasures. But if he manages to attain even an iota of Divine Cognition, he is ready to sacrifice the beauty of the entire world for it. Once he beholds the Divine Grace, he can never turn back to temporal desires. The spirit that keeps him anxious to sacrifice everything for Allah-SWT, is called Taqwa, attainable through worship. He is far beyond the access of human intellect, understanding and imagination. The physical eye cannot behold Him-SWT , and there is no simile, which can facilitate imagination. How can then one attain His-SWT recognition and nearness? The only course open is of His-SWT worship and obedience. His-SWT Light illuminates the forehead doing Sajdah (prostration) in submission before Him-SWT , and the heart that adores Him-SWT becomes the reception centre of His-SWT Splendor. Worship is the only means to attain His-SWT cognition. And if a trace of His-SWT cognition is acquired, it leads to more worship, as one seeks to adore Him-SWT endlessly. Anyone who does not obey Allaah-SWT or invents his own ways of worship and yet claims accomplishment is unreliable. Remember that only that worship is valid and sound, which leads to His-SWT cognition. And cognition shall pave the way for further worship eliminating the desire for momentary pleasures and temporary excellence such as Kashf and Karämah. Though these may be acquired automatically, but are not the goal. This is an important point, because some seekers, when blessed with Kashf, begin to believe that they have attained the goal and become less zealous towards their worship, which impedes progress. They some times get so engrossed in it that they eventually lose all that they had achieved. The seekers must be extremely cautious and must not settle for anything other than Allaah-SWT . May Allaah-SWT bless us with His-SWT love and with the love of His-SWT beloved Prophet-SW!
Allah-SWT is so Powerful, that He-SWT has created the earth as a place of comfort for mankind, which in spite of its spherical shape is levelled for everyone. It is equipped with all the necessities and provisions of life for its inhabitants, soft enough to be scooped with a needle and hard enough to bear the weight of castles. It is so trustworthy that it gives every living being its due share, without depriving the other. It does not give away the share of the future occupants to the present dwellers and vice-versa. Full of treasures, the life-giving water flows through its veins. A beautiful resting-place equipped with all provisions of life but not a place of permanent abode, only a break in the journey. We have to move on to the real destination.
The sky is a canopy for the earth, free from any support. Everyone benefits from it without ever having to worry for its repair and maintenance. It distributes to all what is ordained, but does not take anything in return. It is a canopy, which by virtue of its creation will remain intact till the Yaum al-Qiyamah (day of judgement). Thither, the water descends on earth. Allaah-SWT is so Powerful that He-SWT diffuses the water in the atmosphere. Winds carry the clouds and as they begin to pour, water is splashed over the land, often spurting out of rivers and brooks. It is a demonstration of Allaah-SWT ’s Omnipotence that He-SWT keeps it suspended in the air. It is a famous proverb that anything descending from above is said to be coming from the heavens and it is quite possible that the water originally came from there. Stranger than the downpour are its effects on the soil, making flowers bloom in a spectrum, crops ready for harvest and fruits ready to be picked. Colourless and tasteless itself, water dispenses a wide range of tastes and colours all around us, and is vital for the production of food for us.
In short, the creation of mankind, the earth and the sky with all their excellence and meritorious qualities are all manifestations of Allah-SWT ’s Omnipotence, and symbols of His-SWT Greatness. Any excellence or virtue, whether personal or universal, is from Him-SWT . It is He-SWT , Who fashions human figures in the wombs in blood and filth. He-SWT has created the earth and the sky and dissipates greenery and fertility by showering water. Will man ignore Allaah-SWT and begin to worship the clouds, the mountains, the trees and the stones instead? If he does so he will still fail to worship each and every one of them, and will not gain any thing, as these things are themselves dependant on Him-SWT . Therefore, do not ascribe partners to Allah-SWT, nor worship anyone besides Him-SWT , especially after witnessing these living manifestations of His-SWT Magnificence. Islam indeed is the acceptance of the Unity of Allaah-SWT and His-SWT Attributes. It is the only way of attaining peace and tranquillity in life, so that no transition in life may ever depress man. Rather every upheaval begins to depict His-SWT Magnificence. Since no one but He-SWT becomes the focus of all hopes, there can be no frustration. Any one attaining this state can move the mountains with his toe as Allah-SWT ’s support accompanies him. And if a relationship is not developed with Him-SWT , there is no peace at all. Be it a king or a pauper, anxiety becomes his lot.
And finally, who introduced the concept of Unity and acquainted humanity with Allah-SWT ’s Greatness? Who delivered mankind from the worship of creation and adorned their foreheads with the light of the One and the Only Supreme Being-SWT ? And what was the panacea he had, which turned raw copper into pure gold? This celebrity is the Holy Prophet-SW and that panacea is the Quran.
If someone thinks that like so many other fabricated religions, Islam is also an invention of the Holy Prophet-SW he has to face the Divine challenge: If this Book, which the Holy Prophet-SW has presented before mankind, is a human endeavour, then let all the non-believers unite to produce something similar to it or just one Ayah like it. It was impossible for them, despite the fact that the Arabs living in the sparsely inhabited desert without any schools or educational institutions, rearing camels and goats, were naturally gifted with such eloquence and wisdom that their poetry and prose amazed the non-Arab writers. Amongst these Arabs was a personality, born in a noble family, an orphan who experienced the tragic death of his mother in early childhood, and shortly thereafter the loss of his grandfather. By worldly standards, he was a destitute in childhood who never attended any literary congregation. His-SW childhood was spent in a family of shepherds and when he grew up, he-SW had to look after the herds on wages to help his poor uncle Abü Talib, who had a large family to support. He-SW never indulged in poetry nor composed an ode, nor had any inclination towards such things. Being totally unlettered, he was blessed with the highest morals, and his-SW honesty and trustworthiness were adorned with such wisdom and sagacity that he-SW was honoured by all and became known as Sadiq (truthful) and Amin (trustworthy).
Having spent forty years of such a noble life amongst his-SW people, he-SW begins to present a Scripture, which outclasses the literary skills of all poets and authors in term of its text and composition. At the same time, he-SW declares it to be a Divine Message. His-SW personal conduct, his-SW nobility and his-SW truthfulness were enough to make people accept it, as expressed by Walid bin Mughirah during a meeting of the Makkans. He said: “It is very difficult to accept that a person, who never lied about anyone in forty years, can suddenly begin to lie about Allaah-SWT .”
Nevertheless, those having doubts about the Quran being Allaah-SWT ’s Message are welcome to bring a single Ayah similar to it, and to call anyone for their assistance in presenting Ayah of such eloquence and rhetoric, covering complete human civilisation, imparting guidance on politics and government, social norms as well as matters of trade and commerce, family relationships and standards for friendship and enmity.
Therefore, this Quran is certainly a Divine Message. Had it been a human brainchild people all over the world would have competed to possibly produce similar or a better version. But this is impossible because the man-made and the Divine creation are poles apart. Man can manufacture jetliners but cannot make a fly. No machine can make a wisp of hay. When there is no comparison here, how can anyone possibly produce a Scripture like the Quran, which is an Attribute of Allah-SWT, His-SWT Personal Word, outside the pale of His-SWT creation? The most voluminous books of the world fail to discuss any single topic completely, despite the fact that their scope is limited to the span of human life from birth to death. The Quran not only reveals the period before human birth, but also the times prior to the very creation of the universe. It converses at length over the creation of the universe, of man and his requirements, and of the means of attaining them. It goes on discussing human culture, social norms and realities pertaining to death and its aftermath. The Quran presents this short span of worldly life as a foundation for the eternal life of Akhirah and certainly only a Divine Scripture can do that.
While the human intellect laboured on many a stratagem in formulating various codes of life, yet no one could present an exemplary society like the one that emerged through the practice of the Quranic teachings. This is not a fable but a historical fact, which even the anti Islam forces are compelled to accept. The cultures of a society are the ramifications of the requirements of a particular time; as times change, the cultures also begin to distort. A man made law can never remain applicable or useful forever; in fact the very legislative agencies, which formulate a law, sooner or later are forced to amend it.
The civilisation based on Quranic laws is eternal. It is neither confined to geographical bound nor affected by the passage of time. In fact these laws are applicable, practicable and beneficial in every era, for every nation. Any virtue in a society, when carefully analysed, will owe its existence to its Un-perceived compliance to Quranic teachings in that particular field. The principles of the Quran are so wonderful that even if a non-believer adopts them, he gains worldly benefits, although his disbelief deprives him of eternal salvation. Then the spectacular historical events, which could be known only through the distinguished Jews and Christian scholars, were reported with flawless accuracy by a personality who-SW had never stepped in a school in his life. Leaving the reports of past events aside, just see how true his prophecies proved to be. Like the prophecy about the Romans regaining power after their crushing defeat, seemingly impossible at that time, did come true and the disbelievers lost all their betting.
At the time of Hudaibiyah Truce, the tidings of the conquest of Makkah, and of the believers performing ‘Umrah fearlessly in the company of the Holy Prophet-SW was given by the Quran. And a ‘Great Victory’ preceding the conquest of Makkah was also foretold. Now, a contingent of fourteen hundred souls denied permission to perform ‘Umrah by the Makkans, are returning unhappy after signing a treaty, the terms of which are apparently favourable, to the disbelievers and the Quran proclaims it to be a prelude to the conquest of Makkah and a great victory! History bears witness that this retreating contingent from Hudaibiyyah set off for Khyber, and after crushing the Jewish forces lodged in the fort, performed Sajdah before Allah-SWT, thanking Him-SWT for blessing them with a great victory. And take a look at the conquest of Makkah that followed and see how true the prophecies of the Quran proved to be. Many secrets buried deep in people’s hearts that were never expressed, were revealed by the Quran and were later confessed by them. Moreover, the unexplainable pleasure and exhilaration derived from its recitation and audience is not only enjoyed by a believer but also mesmerizes a non-believer.
The knowledge of the Quran has not been completely encompassed by anyone to date, nor will it ever be possible, in the future. It holds a fathomless ocean of secrets and deep meanings only known to Allaah-SWT . And its open challenge to the Jews on matters, apparently within their control, that they simply cannot do so, like asking them to wish for death if they were truthful. In case the Jews, in-spite of their extreme hostility, dared not accept this challenge. Not even a single punctuation mark could be altered in spite of all the joint efforts of its enemies. Allaah-SWT had made the hearts of the believers its abode, whereby even a child can correct the most erudite person making a mistake.
All these facts not withstanding, the Divine announcement that all human beings put together cannot produce even a single Ayah comparable to the Quran testifies that it is His-SWT Scripture. The entire Arabia failed to come up with any thing remotely similar to the Quran, or even to make a false claim to that effect. Had anything similar to the Quran ever been presented, it would have been recorded in history. And all those striving with their wealth and life over the past fourteen centuries to eliminate Islam, would certainly have capitalised on it, but they failed to outclass the Quran. Even today the Quran challenges each and every person to come up and offer a complete code of life if they can, which is pure and ideal for the human temperament to which people convert willingly, abandoning their own customs and traditions, and it is enforced on the world in a short period, Never! Then beware of the Fire fore told by the Quran, of which the fuel is rocks and the people who refute the Quranic teachings. But for the believers are the glad tidings.
Those who accept the Unity of Allaah-SWT and the Prophethood of the Holy Prophet-SW and practise the Quranic teachings, shall reside in Gardens, beneath which streams flow. The Arabic word ‘Tahti-ha’ has been translated as ‘beneath’ here, but it may also mean that the streams will be under the command of the dwellers of Paradise.
The plantation and growth of gardens depends on the availability of canals in this world. But in Paradise, the streams will have to flow wherever the gardens shall be. This is endorsed by a saying of the Holy Prophet-SW that in Paradise the springs shall change course as commanded by the dwellers. The fruit offered to the residents would be similar to the fruit of this world in appearance, but different in taste. They will be blessed with chaste women, who would have either been created in Paradise or the believing women admitted to it. A married believing couple will be reunited in Paradise. The non-believer spouses will be accordingly replaced by a Divine plan, for instance believing women who had died as spinsters, or those whose husbands were non-believers, will be given into the marriage of those believing men who were either bachelor, or had non-believing wives. Chastity, cleanliness and purity are the characteristics of Paradise. There will be no excretions, neither will the Women go through any phase of impurity, nor will there be any impurity of morals, but there will be perfection of beauty, character and physical appearance. In short, the basic needs for food, abode and spouse, as well as all the desires of the fortunate ones entering Paradise, will be fulfilled in a splendid way, free of any form of pollution. There will be no continuation of posterity, nor will there be any need for it. All the bounties in Paradise shall be eternal, so much so that all the dwellers of Paradise will be permanently returned to youth. But all these pleasures put together shall not match the pleasure of seeing Allaah-SWT ! The real meaning of the verse: The believers love Allaah-SWT the most will be practically demonstrated in Paradise, the place where desires are fulfilled and dreams realised.
These pure women will be the models of perfection in terms of their beauty, morals and temperament and the spouses will together reside in Paradise for ever. In other words, all the bounties that a human being covets in this world viz. palaces, affluence, health, best food, a noble companion, will be the hall marks of eternal life in Paradise. To qualify for it, one must induct Quran in practical life both in letter and in spirit.
A brief account of Paradise and Hell is given here. The Quranic view is that the human being is immortal, this ephemeral existence being one of the stations of life, but a term of trial for the eternal life. If this span of life is lived in compliance with Divine Injunctions it will result in eternal salvation, which will be a great triumph. Otherwise, it will be a tremendous loss! To prove that the result of this life will be seen in the eternal life of the Akhirah, it has been argued that when a human being does not undertake any futile venture, how could it be expected of the Creator-SWT of this universe to make something meaningless and in vain. So the end result of the creation of mankind will be His-SWT nearness for the obedient, manifested as Paradise, and His-SWT distance from the disobedient, manifested as Hell. From amongst His-SWT creation even the most in significant insects like a fly or a mosquito bear witness to Allah-SWT ’s Powers, and He-SWT does not hesitate to quote them as examples.
Now, when the disbelievers could not meet the Quranic challenge of producing a single Ayah of its kind, they resorted to baseless objections: “Had it been a Divine Scripture, there would have been no mention of a fly and a mosquito”. The Quran makes a mention of these small insects to highlight the worthlessness and helplessness of the idols that cannot even ward off a fly, and to bring home to the idolaters that idol worship cannot give them any benefit. It is said ‘Why should Allaah-SWT be embarrassed while mentioning a fly or a mosquito?’ Besides, this creation though tiny in structure, speaks volumes on His-SWT creative skills. A mosquito obtains its food, builds an abode, procreates and moves around at free will! Who has placed such understanding and sense in a tiny body having wonderful physical features? Take the example of a fly; look at its tiny head, its two eyes, each having approximately eighteen thou sand eyes! Who teaches the bee to build a hive, obtain nectar for making honey, obey its queen and to protect and raise its young? All praise be to Him-SWT ! Teachings of the Quran can be compared to rainfall, which brings many blessings with it. While the rain causes the flowers to bloom, it makes the piles of garbage to stink. Similarly, the believers derive comfort and peace of mind from the Quran while the wrongdoers are confused and led further astray because of their impiety and evil conduct.
Such people break the Covenant taken from the entire mankind, in the Realm of Spirits. When asked, Am I not your Rabb-SWT ? All replied, Yes, we bear witness (7:172). But once born in this world, physical self and spirit together, man contravened this Covenant by obeying and pinning his hopes on those other than Allaah-SWT . Those who claim to be believers, but practically indulge in sin, also to some extent fall in the category of Covenant breakers. They disobey Allah-SWT ’s commands, or break the ties He-SWT has ordered to maintain, thus create mischief, irrespective of their claim of promoting peace. If the beliefs are against Islam, they create mischief in beliefs; and if actions are contrary to Islam, they cause practical mischief. History bears witness to the fact that mankind only experienced peace and tranquillity under the benevolent rule of Islam. Elsewhere firearms are employed to enforce peace! The effect of a sin does not remain confined to the sinner alone, but spreads around and becomes a source of destruction across the globe, for which he is responsible, proportionate to his contribution. Those who create trouble on Allah-SWT ’s land will never be exonerated before Him-SWT . He-SWT warns the deniers of His-SWT Greatness and His-SWT Attributes.
He-SWT brought you to life from a state of non-existence! Even after the creation of the universe, you were no more than lifeless particles, scattered in the atoms of various foods and water in the world. He-SWT gathered the Four Elements of your physical body through various stages and stored the seed in the loins of your father and the bosom of your mother. Then, through various developmental stages, He fashioned the body and gave you life, which shall culminate in death and the body will scatter in elements once again. This is the rule in general, whereas the physical bodies of the Prophets-AS and the martyrs remain intact.
The aim is not to discuss the life in Barzakh (interim period) here, because that too is a temporary abode. Neither is it the place for action, nor of recompense. Rather it is a waiting place till the Day of Resurrection and the nature of stay will be according to one’s status. Here only the permanent life is being discussed, that Allaah-SWT will reassemble all the particles and bring mankind back to life. No one shall then be allowed respite for action, but all will return to and stand before Him-SWT for reckoning.
Allah-SWT is so kind that He-SWT created everything on earth to serve mankind. Then He-SWT created the seven heavens with perfection. He-SWT indeed is the Knower of everything. The earth, the heavens, and their bounties like days and nights, sun, moon, fruits and flowers, crops, rivers and oceans, lightening and winds, are all forces created by Allah-SWT, for the service of man. Then how can it be proper for him to forsake the Creator-SWT and worship any of the creations meant for his service? Above all the most interesting part is that everything is under His-SWT observation and in the end everyone has to face Him-SWT for accountability.