سورة النحل   

Surah Name: An-Nahl Meaning: The Bee

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • This Surah, also revealed in Makkah, carries on the discussion initiated in the preceding Surah, extending it to the evidence or the inevitability of the Day of Judgement. It also presents the various creations of Allah-SWT as testimony to His-SWT Unity: amongst them the honeybee has been especially mentioned. This is why the Surah is named An-Nahl.
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 16
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 128
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 16
  • Rukū / Section 4 contains Āyāt / Parts 9
  • Siparah/ Volume 14


قَدْ مَكَرَ الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ فَأَتَى اللّهُ بُنْيَانَهُم مِّنَ الْقَوَاعِدِ فَخَرَّ عَلَيْهِمُ السَّقْفُ مِن فَوْقِهِمْ وَأَتَاهُمُ الْعَذَابُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لاَ يَشْعُرُونَ

Qad makara allatheena min qablihim faata Allahu bunyanahum mina alqawaAAidi fakharra AAalayhimu a(l)ssaqfu min fawqihim waatahumu alAAathabu min haythu layashAAuroon(a)

Surely there plotted those before them, but Allaah-SWT came upon their structures from their foundations, so the roof fell upon them from above them, and the torment came to them whence they perceived not.


ثُمَّ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ يُخْزِيهِمْ وَيَقُولُ أَيْنَ شُرَكَآئِيَ الَّذِينَ كُنتُمْ تُشَاقُّونَ فِيهِمْ قَالَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ الْعِلْمَ إِنَّ الْخِزْيَ الْيَوْمَ وَالْسُّوءَ عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ

Thumma yawma alqiyamati yukhzeehim wayaqoolu ayna shurakaiya allatheena kuntum tushaqqoona feehim qala allatheena ootoo alAAilma inna alkhizya alyawma wa(al)ssooa AAala alkafireen(a)

Then on the Day of Judgement He-SWT will disgrace them and say: where are My-SWT associates regarding whom you used to cause cleavage? Those who are given knowledge will say: verily the disgrace and ill-hap to-day are upon the infidels.


الَّذِينَ تَتَوَفَّاهُمُ الْمَلائِكَةُ ظَالِمِي أَنفُسِهِمْ فَأَلْقَوُاْ السَّلَمَ مَا كُنَّا نَعْمَلُ مِن سُوءٍ بَلَى إِنَّ اللّهَ عَلِيمٌ بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ

Allatheena tatawaffahumu almalaikatu thalimee anfusihim faalqawoo a(l)ssalama makunna naAAmalu min sooin bala inna Allaha AAaleemun bima kuntum taAAmaloon(a)

Those whom the angels cause to die while they are wronging themselves, and only then they proffer submission: we have not been working any evil. Yea! Allaah-SWT is the Knower of what they have been doing.


فَادْخُلُواْ أَبْوَابَ جَهَنَّمَ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا فَلَبِئْسَ مَثْوَى الْمُتَكَبِّرِينَ

Fa(o)dkhuloo abwaba jahannama khalideena feeha falabisa mathwaalmutakabbireen(a)

So enter the portals of Hell as abiders therein. Vile is the abode of the arrogant.


وَقِيلَ لِلَّذِينَ اتَّقَوْاْ مَاذَا أَنزَلَ رَبُّكُمْ قَالُواْ خَيْرًا لِّلَّذِينَ أَحْسَنُواْ فِي هَذِهِ الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةٌ وَلَدَارُ الآخِرَةِ خَيْرٌ وَلَنِعْمَ دَارُ الْمُتَّقِينَ

Waqeela lillatheena ittaqaw matha anzala rabbukum qaloo khayran lillatheena ahsanoo fee hathihi a(l)ddunya hasanatun waladaru alakhirati khayrun walaniAAma daru almuttaqeen(a)

And when it is said to those who observe Taqwa what is it that your Rabb-SWT has sent down? They say: that which is good. For those who do good is good in the world, and better still is the dwelling in the Akhirah. Excellent is the dwelling of those who fear Him-SWT .


جَنَّاتُ عَدْنٍ يَدْخُلُونَهَا تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهَا الأَنْهَارُ لَهُمْ فِيهَا مَا يَشَآؤُونَ كَذَلِكَ يَجْزِي اللّهُ الْمُتَّقِينَ

Jannatu AAadnin yadkhuloonaha tajree min tahtiha alanharu lahum feeha mayashaoona kathalika yajzee Allahu almuttaqeen(a)

Gardens everlasting which they shall enter, streams running beneath, theirs then shall be whatsoever they will. Thus does Allaah-SWT recompense those who fear Him-SWT .


الَّذِينَ تَتَوَفَّاهُمُ الْمَلآئِكَةُ طَيِّبِينَ يَقُولُونَ سَلامٌ عَلَيْكُمُ ادْخُلُواْ الْجَنَّةَ بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ

Allatheena tatawaffahumu almalaikatu tayyibeena yaqooloona salamun AAalaykumu odkhuloo aljannata bima kuntum taAAmaloon(a)

Those whom the angels take away while they are goodly, saying: peace be upon you, enter the Garden for what you have been working.


هَلْ يَنظُرُونَ إِلاَّ أَن تَأْتِيَهُمُ الْمَلائِكَةُ أَوْ يَأْتِيَ أَمْرُ رَبِّكَ كَذَلِكَ فَعَلَ الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ وَمَا ظَلَمَهُمُ اللّهُ وَلـكِن كَانُواْ أَنفُسَهُمْ يَظْلِمُونَ

Hal yanthuroona illa an tatiyahumu almalaikatu aw yatiya amru rabbika kathalika faAAala allatheena min qablihim wama thalamahumu Allahu walakin kanoo anfusahum yathlimoon(a)

Do they await that the angels should come to them or the Command of your Rabb-SWT should come? Thus did those before them. Allaah-SWT wronged them not, but they were used to wrong themselves.


فَأَصَابَهُمْ سَيِّئَاتُ مَا عَمِلُواْ وَحَاقَ بِهِم مَّا كَانُواْ بِهِ يَسْتَهْزِؤُونَ

Faasabahum sayyiatu ma AAamiloo wahaqa bihim ma kanoo bihi yastahzioon(a)

Then there befell them the vices of what they had worked, and then surrounded them that at which they had been mocking.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

For the protection of their own vested interests and authority, these infidels do not miss a chance to mislead others. History bears witness that the preceding infidel nations too had left no stone unturned in opposing the truth. They went to great lengths in planning and amassing all possible material resources against it but could not fight their predestined fate. Allaah-SWT devastated them and uprooted them completely. The roofs of their dwellings collapsed on them and the very structure made for protection proved to be the cause of their destruction. The doom seized them in such a way that they stood aghast at what was going on. This was what they faced in this world while the real torment awaits them in the Akhirah. On the Day of Resurrection, they will be disgraced and humiliated before the entire creation. They will be asked where their deities are and what about their status and affluence, by dint of which they had opted to disobey and deny Allaah-SWT adamantly?


Seeing this state, the righteous will comment that it is the limit of disgrace and torment to which the disbelievers have been subjected to, as their real sequel. Those who died on disbelief will resort to submission on that occasion, asserting that they had only done what seemed right to them and are even now ready to comply with any instructions. They will be reminded that none of their actions ever escaped Allaah-SWT ’s Notice, so deceiving Him-SWT was impossible. Therefore, they must enter the portals of Hell corresponding to their punishments and abide therein for ever. It is indeed a morbid place to which their arrogance has led them.


Rewards promised for Propagation of Islam

When the same question, that is, 'what is revealed by their Rabb-SWT ?' is put to the righteous, they say that their Rabb-SWT ’s Message is indeed perfect and guarantees the temporal as well as the eternal success. For such people and for those who convey Allaah-SWT ’s Word to His-SWT creation is promised bliss in this world in the form of Divine Pleasure and a tranquil Qalb while their Akhirah is undoubtedly the best, a beautiful abode. Here propagation of Islam means to convey His-SWT Message to His-SWT creation, complemented with personal adherence. Otherwise, promoting rituals in the name of propagation of Islam is neither correct nor will it bring the promised rewards.


Jannah is that beautiful and everlasting place which has luxuriant gardens with rivers flowing beneath. The dwellers of Jannah will find everything therein that they may desire. This is how Allaah-SWT rewards the righteous.


Admission to Jannah upon Death refers to that State whereby a Grave is said to be a Garden of Jannah

Those who die as believers pass over their Arwah to the angels in a state of purity peculiar to Islam. The angels greet them and tell them that they are only doing their duty by terminating their vital connection with this world while Jannah awaits them. So they must enter it in straight-away as a reward of their obedience to Allaah-SWT .


Do the infidels await the angels of death or a Divine Decree that they do not pay attention to and embrace Islam? This was the state the preceding infidels had been in, whereby they died as disbelievers and failed to repent. They wronged their own selves, for Allaah-SWT had never been unkind to them. He-SWT blessed them with intellect and understanding and sent His-SWT Prophet'-SW and the Book inviting them to the truth. Unfortunately it were their own wrongdoings, which stood in their way. At last the darkness of their sinful conduct prevailed and they were seized by the Doom they used to mock at.