Now ponder over your own creation, which carries extraordinary evidence of monotheism. Allaah-SWT did not create people equal in terms of affluence. Just as they are different in physical and mental capacities, so are they in monetary status. Some can afford to hire servants, possess luxuries and are rich enough to spend as they wish. Rather they serve as a means of livelihood for many others.
Then there are others who are not so privileged and are employed as labourers, servants and slaves. Does any affluent master accept his slave as an equal, or can he make him equal? Even if he gives away many things to his slave, these will still belong to the master. And if the wealth is given after freeing the slave, he may become equally rich, but no longer remains a slave. So why these polytheists accept their idols and deities, when a creation can never be equal to its Creator? How preposterous is their claim and what a sheer dissidence it is over Allaah-SWT ’s Grace, without any logic!
The Economic System of Islam
This Ayah indicates that being rich or poor is not accidental. Rather, the system of human life is based on this classification. For instance, people vary in intelligence and knowledge. A person knows how to build a wall but has no money. The other has the money but does not know how to build it. So both make a deal; the mason builds the wall, while the rich pays him the wages. Acting within this system they are also being tried for ability and virtue. But when the rules of this system were violated and the means of earning a livelihood were monopolised by a few persons or establishments, they invented oppressive ways of amassing wealth for themselves and making others dependant on them. This system is known as capitalism. Tired of this oppressive system, communism or socialism was launched to substitute it. The oppressed heard an appealing slogan that wealth would now be distributed equally amongst everyone. But once trapped by the system they discovered that it was even worse than capitalism. For despite of being poor in a capitalistic society a person managed to maintain his human dignity, which was snatched away by socialism, reducing man to a machine. All his belongings, his house, even his children were declared as the State property. He neither had any freedom of expression, nor the right to raise a voice against anything which bothered his conscience. The slightest expression of frustration by anyone would be taken as a rebellion and he will be put to death in the most brutal manner.
Islam has blessed mankind with an ideal economic system, perfectly balanced between the cruel and the foolish manipulations of capitalism and socialism. The Islamic System abolishes interest and gambling in order to uproot illegal investments. It prohibits hoardings, and all other practices which artificially create inflation and shortages. This ensures that no person or group usurps the wealth of the other. Above all, Islam enjoins charity on every affluent Muslim. It also distributes the inheritance of the deceased amongst his heirs. It declares natural springs of water, seas and oceans, natural forests growing on mountains, etc. a common property for all. All these measures are to ensure that wealth is not concentrated in a few hands. And as for the dissimilarity between people in terms of affluence, it is as natural a phenomenon as the variance of physical and mental faculties. The financial difference among people is a universal reality, and the slogan to obliterate this gradation can either be raised by fools, or by those who intend to befool others. Can you efface the differences by virtue of which Allaah-SWT created wives for you from your own kind, and made this a source of preservation of your race? They bear children and then their children bear children.
The Status of a Woman
Speaking of the human race, a woman has been declared as a human being, of the same kind as a man. It means that she too has similar emotions and feelings, and as such deserves similar respect. Although the duties assigned to both are different, yet their mutual relationship has been made a source of procreation and continuance of human race. So can anyone expunge this system and make men and women equal, or declare men to be women and vice versa? If it is done can the systematic fuijptioning of this world and the continuation of human race be possible? And for the sustenance of mankind, Allaah-SWT provided for it the best of foods and diets, which again cannot be the same for everyone. A particular food maybe harmful to someone and beneficial to the other. So when in all these matters even no two people can be equal to another, how foolish it is to claim equality with the Creator and the Owner! Does it not amount to denial of His-SWT Blessings and Favours by believing in irrational and absurd concepts?
People also indulge in worshipping others besides Allah-SWT, who themselves are creations and dependant. They have no say in the matters of the heavens or the earth, nor any power to grant anything to their devouts. Therefore, do not try to compare Allaah-SWT with the rulers of this world asserting that they need others to assist them, so does Allaah-SWT ! Do bear in mind that a king and his deputies are parts of creation, whereas Allaah-SWT Alone is the Creator. So it is totally wrong to draw a parallel between Him and them, in a bid to rationalize polytheism. Allaah-SWT is all-Knowing while people are ignorant and dependant upon Him-SWT for knowledge. Allaah-SWT has given two parables; firstly of a slave who himself is the property of someone and cannot disburse anything from his masters belongings at his own. Whereas his master not only owns everything but also the slave, and can do with his wealth as he pleases. He can also command the slave to do whatever he wants. The two of them, inspite of being human, can never be equal. How then, can a creation claim to be equal to the Creator? Whereas all excellence belongs to Allaah-SWT Alone; yet most of the human beings do not acknowledge it.
The second parable is also of a slave who is useless as well as ignorant, having no knowledge or sense. And he is also physically weak to run any errands, and is rather a liability for the master, who has to look after him. And whatever task is assigned to him, he always spoils it and incurs loss. Now take another person possessing admirable knowledge and also the strength to execute; not only does he do the right things himself but is also capable of making others do well. In short, he possesses the perfect skills. Can the two be equal? Certainly not! Then how can anyone be equal to Allaah-SWT ?