سورة الحجر   

Surah Name: Al-Hijr Meaning: The Rock

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • This Surah is dilating on the same subject as of preceding Surah, it highlights the causes and genesis leading to people's deprivation from faith.
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 6
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 99
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 15
  • Rukū / Section 3 contains Āyāt / Parts 19
  • Siparah/ Volume 14


وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الإِنسَانَ مِن صَلْصَالٍ مِّنْ حَمَإٍ مَّسْنُونٍ

Walaqad khalaqna alinsana min salsalin min hamain masnoon(in)

And assuredly We-SWT have created human being from ringing clay of loam moulded.


وَالْجَآنَّ خَلَقْنَاهُ مِن قَبْلُ مِن نَّارِ السَّمُومِ

Wa(a)ljanna khalaqnahu min qablu min nari a(l)ssamoom(i)

And the Jinn, We-SWT had created them afore of the fire of the scorching wind.


وَإِذْ قَالَ رَبُّكَ لِلْمَلاَئِكَةِ إِنِّي خَالِقٌ بَشَرًا مِّن صَلْصَالٍ مِّنْ حَمَإٍ مَّسْنُونٍ

Waith qala rabbuka lilmalaikati innee khaliqun basharan min salsalin min hamain masnoon(in)

And recall when your Rabb-SWT said to the angels: I-SWT am about to create a man from ringing clay of loam moulded.


فَإِذَا سَوَّيْتُهُ وَنَفَخْتُ فِيهِ مِن رُّوحِي فَقَعُواْ لَهُ سَاجِدِينَ

Faitha sawwaytuhu wanafakhtu feehi min roohee faqaAAoo lahu sajideen(a)

Then when I-SWT have formed him and breathed into him of My-SWT Spirit fall down unto him prostrate.


فَسَجَدَ الْمَلآئِكَةُ كُلُّهُمْ أَجْمَعُونَ

Fasajada almalaikatu kulluhum ajmaAAoon(a)

So the angels prostrated themselves, all of them together.


إِلاَّ إِبْلِيسَ أَبَى أَن يَكُونَ مَعَ السَّاجِدِينَ

Illa ibleesa aba an yakoona maAAa a(l)ssajideen(a)

But Iblis did not; he refused to be with the prostrate.


قَالَ يَا إِبْلِيسُ مَا لَكَ أَلاَّ تَكُونَ مَعَ السَّاجِدِينَ

Qala ya ibleesu ma laka alla takoona maAAa a(l)ssajideen(a)

Allah-SWT said: O’ Iblis! How is it that you are not with the prostrate?


قَالَ لَمْ أَكُن لِّأَسْجُدَ لِبَشَرٍ خَلَقْتَهُ مِن صَلْصَالٍ مِّنْ حَمَإٍ مَّسْنُونٍ

Qala lam akun liasjuda libasharin khalaqtahu min salsalin min hamain masnoon(in)

He said: it was not for me that I should prostrate myself before a human being whom You-SWT have created from ringing clay of loam moulded.


قَالَ فَاخْرُجْ مِنْهَا فَإِنَّكَ رَجِيمٌ

Qala fa(o)khruj minha fainnaka rajeem(un)

Allah-SWT said: then get you forth here from, verily you are one damned.


وَإِنَّ عَلَيْكَ اللَّعْنَةَ إِلَى يَوْمِ الدِّينِ

Wainna AAalayka allaAAnata ila yawmi a(l)ddeen(i)

And on you shall be the curse of all on the Day of Judgement.


قَالَ رَبِّ فَأَنظِرْنِي إِلَى يَوْمِ يُبْعَثُونَ

Qala rabbi faanthirnee ila yawmi yubAAathoon(a)

He said: Rabb-SWT ! Respite me then till the Day on which people will be raised up.


قَالَ فَإِنَّكَ مِنَ الْمُنظَرِينَ

Qala fainnaka mina almunthareen(a)

Allah-SWT said: well, then you are of the respited.


إِلَى يَومِ الْوَقْتِ الْمَعْلُومِ

Ila yawmi alwaqti almaAAloom(i)

Till the Day of the Time Known.


قَالَ رَبِّ بِمَآ أَغْوَيْتَنِي لأُزَيِّنَنَّ لَهُمْ فِي الأَرْضِ وَلأُغْوِيَنَّهُمْ أَجْمَعِينَ

Qala rabbi bima aghwaytanee laozayyinanna lahum fee alardi walaoghwiyannahum ajmaAAeen(a)

He said: Rabb-SWT ! Because You-SWT have led me to err I will surely make things alluring to them on the earth, and I will surely seduce them all.


إِلاَّ عِبَادَكَ مِنْهُمُ الْمُخْلَصِينَ

Illa AAibadaka minhumu almukhlaseen(a)

But not such of them as are Your-SWT sincere bondmen.


قَالَ هَذَا صِرَاطٌ عَلَيَّ مُسْتَقِيمٌ

Qala hatha siratun AAalayya mustaqeem(un)

Allah-SWT said: this is the path leading to Me-SWT straight.


إِنَّ عِبَادِي لَيْسَ لَكَ عَلَيْهِمْ سُلْطَانٌ إِلاَّ مَنِ اتَّبَعَكَ مِنَ الْغَاوِينَ

Inna AAibadee laysa laka AAalayhim sultanun illa mani ittabaAAaka mina alghaween(a)

Verily as for My-SWT bondmen, no authority shall you have over them, except over erring ones who follow you.


وَإِنَّ جَهَنَّمَ لَمَوْعِدُهُمْ أَجْمَعِينَ

Wainna jahannama lamawAAiduhum ajmaAAeen(a)

And verily Hell is the place promised to them all.


لَهَا سَبْعَةُ أَبْوَابٍ لِّكُلِّ بَابٍ مِّنْهُمْ جُزْءٌ مَّقْسُومٌ

Laha sabAAatu abwabin likulli babin minhum juzon maqsoom(un)

To it are seven portals; to each portal is a portion of them assigned.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

Jinn Preceded Man in Creation

Prior to the creation of man Allah-SWT had created Jinn from a flame of fire, that is, the heat of fire in the form of hot air. The fire becomes visible only when it combines with dense elements. Otherwise it is very subtle. The Jinn were created from fire, hence they cannot be seen. And the earth was inhabited by them before the creation of mankind.


Then there was a time when Allah-SWT informed the angels that He-SWT was going to create a human being out of ringing clay of loam moulded. And when its structure is complete He-SWT would breathe into it of His-SWT Ruh, whence the angels must do Sajdah to him.


Ruh and its Blowing in

The scholars have extensively discussed the reality of the Ruh; giving thousands of arguments about whether it is a subtle being or is an incorporeal substance. According to the author of Mu'arif-al-Quran, majority of the scholars agree that it is a subtle being, and this indeed is the truth. The theory of incorporeal substance is presented by philosophers and has been accepted by some Sufis also. Yet the most excellent research on this topic has been rendered by Qazi Thana Ullah Panipati-RUA, the illustrious author of Tafsir-e-Mazhari. He writes that the Ruh is of two kinds, Alvi (celestial) and the Sifli (inferior). The former is a creation of Allah-SWT , pure of any matter. The comprehension of its quintessence is beyond human understanding. Those who have been blessed with Kashf cite its origin to be the ‘Arsh, as it is subtler than the 'Arsh itself. And it is felt in five levels consecutively, that is, Qalb, Ruh, Sirr, Khaffi and Akhfa. These are the Lataif of 'Alam-e-Amr and according to Quran, "Ruh is from the Amr of my Rabb-SWT ".


A further explanation seems appropriate here. In fact there are nine 'Urush whose expanse is beyond human understanding. The earth, the space and the seven heavens put together, when compared with the first ‘Arsh appear as if a ring lying in a vast desert. When human knowledge cannot grasp the volume of the stars and heavenly bodies and the distance between the earth and the heavens, how can it assess the magnanimity of the ‘Arsh? And the second 'Arsh is far greater than the first; the third bigger than the second in the same way, until the farthest end of the ninth ‘Arsh marks the end of ‘Alam-e-Khalq and the.beginning of ‘Alam-e-Amr. No matter or material body exists there because 'Alam-e-Khalq has ended. The first Circle of 'Alam-e-Amr itself is so vast that compared to it, the nine ‘Urush including all that lies within them appear to be a ring lying in a desert. These Circles are forty-two in number, each vaster than the former in the aforesaid proportion, beyond which lie the Veils of Divinity. It is from this 'Alam-e-Amr that the Ruh is commanded to enter into the human body (after 120 days in the womb) to make it alive. It enters directly into the heart which comes to life first, and then the remaining Lataif are enlightened.


According to Qazi Thana Ullah Panipati the inferior Ruh comprises the subtle vapour produced by the combination of the four elements i.e. fire, clay, air and water and their interaction with the warmth of Ruh after it is blown in. This subtle vapour penetrates through each and every vein and vessel of the human body and it is this perpetration which is alluded to as the breathing or blowing in of the Ruh. This inferior Ruh is responsible for arousing desires and physical needs as well as the sense of their fulfilment. If the celestial Ruh dominates, a person observes the limits set by Allah-SWT while fulfilling his needs. As a result it gains more strength and its ties with "Alam-e-Amr continue to grow stronger. However, if the inferior Ruh also termed us Nafs (soul) becomes dominant in a person he simply follows his fancies, which plunge him into the darkness of sin. Then the splendour of the celestial Ruh reflecting upon the inferior one honouring it to be human begins to fade away and eventually gives way to infidelity. That is why the Quran compares the non believers with animals who have inferior Ruh only, having nothing in common with the extremely subtle splendour from ‘Alam-e-Amr called the celestial Ruh. This is why the non believers will not even be given a human face in the Akhirah, and will scream and howl like animals in the Hell. When the Prophets-AS are raised, it is the celestial Ruh of the people which they revitalize. And a single glance of a Prophet-AS elevates the believers to the status of Companionship, the highest state of enlightenment of the celestial Ruh. It is for this revitalization that the company of an accomplished Shaikh is needed. Otherwise the inferior Ruh, that is, soul carries on its functions in routine.


The celestial Ruh is an extremely subtle entity, created purely out of Rabb-SWT's Command free from any matter. This is why it has the capability to withstand His-SWT Splendour, an honour singularly enjoyed by human beings. Qazi Thana Ullah Panipati-RUA further elaborates that since clay is the dominant element in a human body, it is referred to as created of clay, whereas in reality a human being comprises ten elements. Of these, five belong to ‘Alam-e-Khalq, namely, clay, fire, air, water and the subtle vapour produced by the interaction thereof, that is, the inferior Ruh or Nafs. The other five belong to "Alam-e-Amr namely, Qalb, Ruh, Sirr, Khaffi and Akhfa. It is because of this combination that man can withstand the Divine Lights of cognition and is capable of feeling a passionate love for Him-SWT , resulting in the subtle attainment of His-SWT Company. It is because of this human excellence that the angels were commanded to bow down before him. Allah-SWT knows the best!



So all the angels did Sajdah to Aadam-AS save Iblis who refused. Although he was a Jinn yet had been admitted to the ranks of angels due to his extensive worship. Thus he was present at the time when Sajdah was Commanded and it also applied to him but he refused to bow down. Allah-SWT asked him the reason for his behaviour. He said that he was not an ordinary being who would prostrate before a man made out of loam and moulded clay. Iblis was therefore, condemned and expelled, and also deprived of Divine Mercy till the Day of Judgment, in fact eternally, as after that there is no hope of any improvement. A very important fact has been established here. Just as Iblis had worked hard on worships keeping his own superiority in mind and had managed to get into the ranks of the angels, a seeker can also cover the stations of the Suluk in the company of a Shaikh, while harbouring in his heart a desire to gain personal fame. And as the Satan was ultimately exposed and damned, so will such a seeker be deprived of all that he had earned and will die as a loser.


Having been condemned, Iblis pleaded for a respite until the Day of Resurrection when the dead will be raised, so that he could encounter man and mislead him. He was granted respite until a time pre-ordained, that is, until the Day of Judgement when he too shall die. Instead of acknowledging his mistake, he blamed Allah-SWT for misleading him out of arrogance and waywardness and vowed to seduce man by making evil very attractive. However, he confessed his inability to mislead Allah-SWT's chosen bondsmen as they will not fall for his tricks and will not be allured. The possibility of human error exists but Allah-SWT's bondsmen do not persist on it, rather, they seek His-SWT Mercy through repentance. Allah-SWT said: It is this sincerity and dedication for the attainment of My-SWT Pleasure which is the straight path leading to Me-SWT . And certainly you will fail to allure My-SWT chosen people; for you will be able to seduce only those who will abandon My-SWT Path to obey you. All such followers of yours will be condemned to Hell, which has seven portals or grades, and every one of them will be graded according to the gravity of his misdeeds.