سورة الحجر   

Surah Name: Al-Hijr Meaning: The Rock

  • Revealed at Makkah
  • This Surah is dilating on the same subject as of preceding Surah, it highlights the causes and genesis leading to people's deprivation from faith.
  • Total Number of Rukū / Sections 6
  • Total Number of Āyāt / Parts 99
  • Sūrah / Chapter number 15
  • Rukū / Section 2 contains Āyāt / Parts 10
  • Siparah/ Volume 14


وَلَقَدْ جَعَلْنَا فِي السَّمَاء بُرُوجًا وَزَيَّنَّاهَا لِلنَّاظِرِينَ

Walaqad jaAAalna fee a(l)ssamai buroojan wazayyannaha li(l)nnathireen(a)

And assuredly We-SWT have set constellations in the heaven and made it far-seeming to the onlookers.


وَحَفِظْنَاهَا مِن كُلِّ شَيْطَانٍ رَّجِيمٍ

Wahafithnaha min kulli shaytanin rajeem(in)

And We-SWT have guarded it from every Satan damned.


إِلاَّ مَنِ اسْتَرَقَ السَّمْعَ فَأَتْبَعَهُ شِهَابٌ مُّبِينٌ

Illa mani istaraqa a(l)ssamAAa faatbaAAahu shihabun mubeen(un)

Save him who steals the hearing, and him pursues a flame gleaming.


وَالأَرْضَ مَدَدْنَاهَا وَأَلْقَيْنَا فِيهَا رَوَاسِيَ وَأَنبَتْنَا فِيهَا مِن كُلِّ شَيْءٍ مَّوْزُونٍ

Wa(a)larda madadnaha waalqayna feeha rawasiya waanbatna feeha min kulli shayin mawzoon(in)

And the earth! We-SWT have stretched it out and have cast on it firm mountains, and We-SWT have caused to spring up on it everything weighable.


وَجَعَلْنَا لَكُمْ فِيهَا مَعَايِشَ وَمَن لَّسْتُمْ لَهُ بِرَازِقِينَ

WajaAAalna lakum feeha maAAayisha waman lastum lahu biraziqeen(a)

And We-SWT have appointed on it your means of living and also for those of whom you are not the providers.


وَإِن مِّن شَيْءٍ إِلاَّ عِندَنَا خَزَائِنُهُ وَمَا نُنَزِّلُهُ إِلاَّ بِقَدَرٍ مَّعْلُومٍ

Wain min shayin illa AAindana khazainuhu wama nunazziluhu illa biqadarin maAAloom(in)

And there is nothing of which there are not with Us-SWT the treasurers, and We-SWT do not send it down save in a known measure.


وَأَرْسَلْنَا الرِّيَاحَ لَوَاقِحَ فَأَنزَلْنَا مِنَ السَّمَاء مَاء فَأَسْقَيْنَاكُمُوهُ وَمَا أَنتُمْ لَهُ بِخَازِنِينَ

Waarsalna a(l)rriyaha lawaqiha faanzalna mina a(l)ssamai maan faasqaynakumoohu wama antum lahu bikhazineen(a)

And We-SWT send the winds fertilizing, then We-SWT send down water from the heaven, and We-SWT give it to you to drink, and of it you could not be the treasurers.


وَإنَّا لَنَحْنُ نُحْيِي وَنُمِيتُ وَنَحْنُ الْوَارِثُونَ

Wainna lanahnu nuhyee wanumeetu wanahnu alwarithoon(a)

And verily We-SWT ! We-SWT it is Who-SWT give life and death, and We-SWT shall be the survivors.


وَلَقَدْ عَلِمْنَا الْمُسْتَقْدِمِينَ مِنكُمْ وَلَقَدْ عَلِمْنَا الْمُسْتَأْخِرِينَ

Walaqad AAalimna almustaqdimeena minkum walaqad AAalimnaalmustakhireen(a)

And assuredly We-SWT know those of you who have gone before and those who will come hereafter.


وَإِنَّ رَبَّكَ هُوَ يَحْشُرُهُمْ إِنَّهُ حَكِيمٌ عَلِيمٌ

Wainna rabbaka huwa yahshuruhum innahu hakeemun AAaleem(un)

And verily your Rabb-SWT ! He-SWT will gather them and verily He-SWT is the Wise, the Knowing.


In The Name of Allah-SWT the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

Allah-SWT's Omnipotence is so evident that it can be witnessed even without actually ascending to the heavens. After all it is He-SWT Who-SWT has decorated the heavens with stars and planets, making it a delightful sight for the viewers. Besides many other benefits, the task of protecting the heavens is also assigned to these stars. The process of disintegration, the heat and light, and their various effects drive the Satans away from the heavens, and do not permit anyone to go beyond a certain limit in the space. And if anyone of them sneaks into the space to get a wind of what is going on, he is attacked with a luminous flame which either destroys him or forces him to make away in bewilderment.


Shooting Star

After being expelled from the heavens, Iblis no longer enjoyed any access there. But he and his progeny managed to travel to the farther end in space near the heavens. They would pick bits of information by sneaking in on the angels, add some falsehood to it and relay it to the sorcerers and soothsayers, whose business flourished. This went on until the raising of the Holy Prophet-SW when these Satanic adventures were banned. It also adversely affected the business of the magicians, thus a major source of the spread of infidelity was curbed, indeed another great blessing of the Holy Prophet-SW. After his-SW advent, the Satans were deterred from such excursions by the shooting stars. As for .the scientific explanation that certain gases in the space get ignited or any part of a star or a planet breaks away as a routine phenomena is correct in its own way. According to the scholars the shooting stars had existed even before the raising of the Holy Prophet-SW. However, these were later also employed for driving away the Satans.


It is Allah-SWT Who-SWT spread the earth and placed gigantic mountains on it. He-SWT created a variety of growth in a perfectly balanced quantity. This perfection and precision can be witnessed in the shape, size, colour and taste of things, designed to fulfil human needs comprehensively. Compare the height and texture of the trees whose wood is used for construction, to those yielding firewood and appreciate the difference. Similarly among fruits, the larger ones in size grow on creepers and vines lying on the ground, while the smaller ones grow up on trees. A stalk of wheat and a cob of corn each grow with their individual characteristics. Everything grows in perfect measure, as determined by His-SWT Wisdom. Neither are these in such abundance as to putrefy and leave the atmosphere stinking. In short, everything, in every aspect, has been created in the most balanced manner. Allah-SWT also created the resources of acquiring these blessings and the means of livelihood. Human beings earn their living by utilizing these resources made available by nature. These do not rain on every rooftop or in the courtyard just like that. Rather, man has to earn them. It is amazing how Allah-SWT caters for the sustenance of innumerable creatures, for which man is not responsible. In short, with Allah-SWT lie the inexhaustible treasures of everything but these are sent down in the world in a quantity decreed and pre-determined by Him-SWT . The water system itself is a wonder and a masterpiece of His-SWT Omnipotence, He-SWT has made the ocean waters brackish and bitter. Although it remains fresh itself; yet destroys the filth and impurities flowing into it. Had these ocean waters been sweet, the stink would have made life impossible on earth. Then He-SWT made these oceans the source of life on land. The sun evaporates the water into clouds which are carried by the winds, and wherever needed the water poured down as rain, by Allah-SWT's Command. Of course, it was not within human power to have stored enough water for all their needs, while a daily rainfall for acquiring fresh water would have made life miserable. So Allah-SWT made a perfect arrangement by storing the water in the form of snow on the peaks of mountains. At such altitude it remains unpolluted and pure. And when it is needed the snow melts into rivers. The water also percolates into the soil to gush out in the form of springs and riverlets, satiating not only human beings and animals but also vegetation. Are these not symbols of His-SWT Magnificence?


Certainly the entire system of the universe is a witness to His-SWT Omnipotence. It is He-SWT Who-SWT gives life and causes death, and Himself-SWT survives as the Owner of everything. Moreover, He-SWT Who is Aware of each and every particle and drop is certainly also well Aware of those who excel in piety, and those who lag behind. And He-SWT will gather everyone on the Day of Judgement. He-SWT is the Wisest and All Knowing and will grade each individual according to his conduct.